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Oldest old health conditions

Volha Lazuka
Do early-life effects of investments in public health persist to the oldest-old ages? This article answers this question by using the primary care reform in rural Sweden that between 1890 and 1917 led to the establishment of local health districts, together with openings of hospitals and recruitments of medical personnel, as a natural experiment in early-life environmental conditions. The initiatives undertaken within these districts targeted control of infectious diseases, including various isolation and disinfection measures...
January 16, 2019: Demography
David R Murdock, Yunyun Jiang, Michael Wangler, Michael M Khayat, Aniko Sabo, Jane Juusola, Kirsty McWalter, Krista S Schatz, Meral Gunay-Aygun, Richard A Gibbs
A 55-year-old male with severe intellectual disability, behavioral problems, kyphoscoliosis, and dysmorphic features was referred for a genetic evaluation. Chromosomal microarray, RASopathy gene panel, mitochondrial sequencing, and fragile X testing were all negative. Subsequent whole exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous, truncating variant in the AHDC1 gene, consistent with a diagnosis of Xia-Gibbs Syndrome (XGS). Review of his clinical history showed many classic dysmorphic and clinical features of XGS, but no major health issues in adulthood other than intellectual disability...
January 8, 2019: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
S K Jyväkorpi, A Urtamo, T E Strandberg
INTRODUCTION: Self-perception of economic means may affect dietary choices, diet quality, and health behavior. We examined these associations in the oldest-old men from the highest socioeconomic class. METHODS: The participants in this cross-sectional analysis were the oldest- old home-dwelling men (n = 314, mean age 87 years, range 82-97 years) from the longitudinal Helsinki Businessmen Study cohort. They responded to a postal health and nutrition questionnaire, whereupon dietary intakes were assessed using 3-day food diaries and two diet quality indices...
2019: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Na Chen, Xin Li, Jin Wang, Chengchao Zhou, Changqing Wang
INTRODUCTION: The issue of disability prevention is considered as a priority for research in geriatrics in modern society, especially for the oldest-old. There are many evidences certificated that obesity is associated with disability in developed countries. However, few studies pay attention to relationship between them in developing countries. Furthermore, it is also unknown whether the association is similar among the oldest-old in rural and urban areas. The purpose of this study is to explore rural-urban differences in the association between disability and BMI among the oldest-old in China...
December 4, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hanyuying Wang, Yue Leng, Emily Zhao, Jane Fleming, Carol Brayne
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of loneliness on all-cause mortality in the oldest old population over a 10-year follow-up. METHOD: Participants were from the third wave of the Cambridge City over-75s Cohort (CC75C) study, a population-based longitudinal study of older people aged 75 or over. Loneliness was measured two further times. At each wave, participants were asked how often they felt lonely and the answers were divided into three levels: not lonely, slightly lonely and lonely...
November 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong, Ming Yang, Biao Dong, Yuquan Wei
Backgrounds: Frailty and cognitive impairment are critical geriatric syndromes. In previous studies, both conditions have been identified in old-age adults as increased risk factors for mortality. However, the combined effect of these two syndromes in predicting mortality among people with advanced age is not well understood. Thus, we used Chinese community cohort to determine the impact of the combined syndromes on the oldest-old people. Methods: Our present study is part of an ongoing project on Longevity and Aging in Dujiangyan, which is a community study on a 90+ year cohort in Sichuan Province in China...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen, Charlotte Juul Nilsson, Rikke Lund, Volkert Siersma, Stefan Fors
BACKGROUND: The concept of social foreground describes how adult offspring's socioeconomic resources may influence older adults' health and several studies have shown an association between socioeconomic position of adult offspring and the health of their older parents. However, little is known about the factors that generate these associations. We study 1) how adult offspring's social class is associated with physical function (PF) among older adults, 2) whether geographical closeness and contact frequency with offspring modify the association, and 3) whether intergenerational social mobility of offspring is associated with PF of older adults...
October 13, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Shireen Sindi, Lena Johansson, Johan Skoog, Alexander Darin Mattsson, Linnea Sjöberg, Hui-Xin Wang, Laura Fratiglioni, Jenni Kulmala, Hilkka Soininen, Alina Solomon, Boo Johansson, Ingmar Skoog, Miia Kivipelto, Ingemar Kåreholt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between sleep disturbances in mid-life and late-life and late-life cognitive status. METHODS: In four population-based studies (three Swedish studies: H70 study, Kungsholmen Project (KP) and The Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD); and one Finnish study: Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE)), participants provided self-reports on insomnia, nightmares and general sleep problems...
January 3, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Lisa J Wallis, Dóra Szabó, Boglárka Erdélyi-Belle, Enikö Kubinyi
Although dogs' life expectancies are six to twelve times shorter than that of humans, the demographics (e. g., living conditions) of dogs can still change considerably with aging, similarly to humans. Despite the fact that the dog is a particularly good model for human healthspan, and the number of aged dogs in the population is growing in parallel with aged humans, there has been few previous attempts to describe demographic changes statistically. We utilized an on-line questionnaire to examine the link between the age and health of the dog, and owner and dog demographics in a cross-sectional Hungarian sample...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
George R Milner, Jesper L Boldsen, Stephen D Ousley, Sara M Getz, Svenja Weise, Peter Tarp, Dawnie W Steadman
OBJECTIVE: A mortality sample of white American male and female skeletons was examined to illustrate a simple means of identifying skeletal conditions associated with an increased risk of dying relatively early in adulthood and to determine if males and females with Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) displayed the same general age-specific pattern of mortality. METHODS: Age-specific probability distributions for DISH were generated from 416 white Americans who died from the 1980s to the present, and whose remains were donated to the University of Tennessee Forensic Anthropology Center...
2018: PloS One
Ayse Deniz Elmali, Ruken Simsekoglu, Erdi Sahin, Canan Duman Ilki, Ozge Uygun, Oguzhan Coban, Candan Gurses
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a well-known childhood disease; however, the adult onset of SSPE cases are also widely recognized where the oldest case reported is 52 years old. We report a 61-year-old woman patient presenting with atypical clinical and EEG features, diagnosed with SSPE. Measles and SSPE have decreased dramatically owing to worldwide immunization programs; however, there are still reasons to consider SSPE in differential diagnosis even in patients presenting with atypical clinical findings and older ages...
August 13, 2018: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
H Zandstra, L B P M Brentjens, B Spauwen, R N H Touwslager, J A P Bons, A L Mulder, L J M Smits, M A H B M van der Hoeven, R J T van Golde, J L H Evers, J C M Dumoulin, A P A Van Montfoort
STUDY QUESTION: Is embryo culture media used during an IVF/ICSI treatment associated with differences in growth, body composition and cardiovascular development as determined in 9-year-old singleton IVF children? SUMMARY ANSWER: The choice of in vitro culture medium for human embryos is associated with differences in body weight, BMI, truncal adiposity, waist circumference and waist/hip ratio at the age of 9, while no significant differences were observed in cardiovascular development...
September 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Bridget L Ryan, Krista Bray Jenkyn, Salimah Z Shariff, Britney Allen, Richard H Glazier, Merrick Zwarenstein, Martin Fortin, Moira Stewart
OBJECTIVES: To determine volumes and rates of multimorbidity in Ontario by age group, sex, material deprivation, and geography. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was completed using linked provincial health administrative databases. Ontario residents were classified as having multimorbidity (3+ chronic conditions) or not, based on the presence of 17 chronic conditions. The volumes (number of residents) of multimorbidity were determined by age categories in addition to crude and age-sex standardized rates...
December 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Lena Dahlberg, Neda Agahi, Pär Schön, Carin Lennartsson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between social factors and planned and unplanned hospital admissions among older people. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: 2011 data from the Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD) and data from the Swedish National Patient Register until December 31, 2012. STUDY DESIGN: The study had a prospective design. Data were analyzed via Cox proportional hazard regressions with variables entered as blocks (social factors, sociodemographic and ability factors, health factors)...
December 2018: Health Services Research
A Hajek, C Brettschneider, H van den Bussche, H Kaduszkiewicz, A Oey, B Wiese, S Weyerer, J Werle, A Fuchs, M Pentzek, J Stein, T Luck, H Bickel, E Mösch, K Heser, M Bleckwenn, M Scherer, S G Riedel-Heller, W Maier, H-H König
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify determinants of outpatient health care utilization among the oldest old in Germany longitudinally. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective cohort "Study on Needs, health service use, costs and health-related quality of life in a large sample of oldest-old primary care patients (85+)" (AgeQualiDe). SETTING: Individuals in very old age were recruited via GP offices at six study centers in Germany...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
July 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
George Theocharis, Spyridon G Barbas, Theodore Spiropoulos, Petroula E Stamouli, Dimitrios N Perdikis, Matthew E Falagas
BACKGROUND: The SOS-doctors are a network of physicians who perform house-call visits in the areas of Attica and Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: Patients requesting medical services by the SOS doctors during the period 1/1/2005 - 31/12/2015 were eligible for inclusion in this retrospective analysis. RESULTS: During this period 335, 212 home visits were performed. Females used this service more frequently compared to males (60.5% versus 39.5%)...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Shin-Young Lee, Madhu Sudhan Atteraya
We examined to what extent the depression, poverty, and elder abuse experience affect suicide ideation among older Koreans. The data from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons were used. A sample of 10,279 members was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger old (65-69 years) were more likely to have suicide ideation that oldest old (80 years and older). After including all predicting variables such as depression, poverty, and abuse experience, results showed that depression, poverty, and abuse experience remained predictors for suicide ideation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Katarzyna Szpilewska, Jan Juzwiszyn, Zofia Bolanowska, Zofia Bolanowska, Magdalena Milan, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak
INTRODUCTION: The main reason of the emergence of enteric stoma is colorectal cancer. Enteric stoma is a serious health, as well as life problem. In Poland, there are about 6,000 stoma surgeries yearly. It changes the functioning of patients, restricts their daily activity and influences their quality of life significantly. Therefore, in the modern treatment process, all spheres of human life and its surroundings are considered. The evaluation of the quality of life and the level of acceptance of the disease enables us to identify the regions in which patients require attention and help, as well as places to which health promotion among patients with a stoma should be directed...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Catarina Canivet, Gunnar Aronsson, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Constanze Leineweber, Mahnaz Moghaddassi, Johanna Stengård, Hugo Westerlund, Per-Olof Östergren
Precarious employment has been associated with poor mental health. Moreover, increasing labour market precariousness may cause individuals to feel 'locked-in', in non-desired workplaces or occupations, out of fear of not finding a new employment. This could be experienced as a 'loss of control', with similar negative health consequences. It is plausible that the extent to which being in a non-desired occupation (NDO) or being in precarious employment (PE) has a negative impact on mental health differs according to age group...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
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