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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30781770/physical-activity-of-workers-in-a-hospital
#1
So Yeon Jun, Jaewon Kim, Hyehoon Choi, Joon Sung Kim, Seong Hoon Lim, Bomi Sul, Bo Young Hong
Purpose : This study aims to evaluate the physical activity of healthcare personnel and the affecting factors of physical activity (PA) in a hospital using an accelerometer device (Actigraph wGT3X-BT). Method : A total of 63 subjects (22 physicians, 19 nurses, and 23 supporting staff) participated and wore an accelerometer for seven days. Among the outputs, the mean counts for a minute, time spent for light, moderate, and vigorous intensity PA, and step count were extracted. As a secondary study, 16 subjects continued for one more week after feedback on their PA of the previous week and counseling to encourage PA...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30781762/experiences-with-participation-in-a-supervised-group-based-outdoor-cycling-programme-for-people-with-mental-illness-a-focus-group-study
#2
Helle Schnor, Stina Linderoth, Julie Midtgaard
Epidemiological evidence suggests that physical exercise, notably popular sports, is associated with reduced, mental health burden. This study explored participation in a supervised, group-based, outdoor cycling programme (10 × 10 km rides over a five-month period) for people with mental illness. We conducted two rounds of three audio-taped focus groups with people with mental illness ( n = 25, mean age = 40 years) that focused on previous physical activity and motivation for enrolment (baseline), and on programme evaluation, including subjective wellbeing (after 10 weeks)...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30781708/the-effect-of-mechanically-generated-vibrations-on-the-efficacy-of-hemodialysis-assessment-of-patients-safety-preliminary-reports
#3
Beata Hornik, Jan Duława, Czesław Marcisz, Wojciech Korchut, Jacek Durmała
Muscle activity during a hemodialysis procedure improves its efficacy. We have formulated a hypothesis that vibrations generated by a specially-designed dialysis chair can, the same as physical exercise, affect the filtering of various fluids between fluid spaces during the hemodialysis procedure. This prospective and interventional study included 21 dialyzed patients. During a single dialysis session, each patient used a prototype device with the working name "vibrating chair". The chair's drive used a low-power cage induction motor, which, along with the worm gear motor, was a part of the low-frequency (3...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30781469/a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-social-ecological-correlates-of-exercise-in-men-and-women-following-cardiac-rehabilitation
#4
Mahshid Moghei, Robert D Reid, Evyanne Wooding, Gabriela Melo Ghisi, Andrew Pipe, Caroline Chessex, Stephanie A Prince, Chris Blanchard, Paul Oh, Sherry L Grace
Cardiac patients who engage in ≥150 min of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA)/week have lower mortality, yet MVPA declines even following cardiac rehabilitation (CR), and is lower in women. A randomized trial of nine socioecological theory-based exercise facilitation contacts over 50 weeks versus usual care (1:1 parallel arms) was undertaken (NCT01658683). The tertiary objective, as presented in this paper, was to test whether the intervention impacted socioecological elements, and in turn their association with MVPA...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779610/application-of-the-incident-command-system-to-the-hospital-biocontainment-unit-setting
#5
Lauren M Sauer, Mark Romig, Jennifer Andonian, Jade Borromeo Flinn, Noreen Hynes, Robert Maloney, Lisa L Maragakis, Brian Garibaldi
High-consequence pathogens create a unique problem. To provide effective treatment for infected patients while providing safety for the community, a series of 10 high-level isolation units have been created across the country; they are known as Regional Ebola and Special Pathogen Treatment Centers (RESPTCs). The activation of a high-level isolation unit is a highly resource-intensive activity, with effects that ripple across the healthcare system. The incident command system (ICS), a standard tool for command, control, and coordination in domestic emergencies, is a command structure that may be useful in a biocontainment event...
January 2019: Health Security
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30778851/physical-exercise-and-epigenetic-modifications-in-skeletal-muscle
#6
REVIEW
Manuel Widmann, Andreas M Nieß, Barbara Munz
Physical activity and sports play major roles in the overall health status of humans. It is well known that regular exercise helps to lower the risk for a broad variety of health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Being physically active induces a wide variety of molecular adaptations, for example fiber type switches or other metabolic alterations, in skeletal muscle tissue. These adaptations are based on exercise-induced changes to the skeletal muscle transcriptome. Understanding their nature is crucial to improve the development of exercise-based therapeutic strategies...
February 19, 2019: Sports Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30778618/the-effects-of-acute-exercise-on-visuomotor-adaptation-learning-and-inter-limb-transfer
#7
Jason L Neva, Jennifer A Ma, Dan Orsholits, Matthieu P Boisgontier, Lara A Boyd
Pairing an acute bout of lower-limb cycling exercise with skilled motor practice enhances acquisition and learning. However, it is not known whether an acute bout of exercise enhances a specific form of motor learning, namely motor adaptation, and if subsequent inter-limb transfer of this adaptation is enhanced. Seventeen young healthy participants performed a bout of cycling exercise and rest, on separate days, prior to right-arm reaching movements to visual targets under 45° rotated feedback of arm position (acquisition), followed by an immediate test of inter-limb transfer with the untrained left arm...
February 18, 2019: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777705/exercise-videogames-physical-activity-and-health-wii-heart-fitness-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Beth C Bock, Shira I Dunsiger, Joseph T Ciccolo, Eva R Serber, Wen-Chih Wu, Peter Tilkemeier, Kristen A Walaska, Bess H Marcus
INTRODUCTION: Adults who engage in regular physical activity have lower rates of morbidity and mortality than those who do not. Exercise videogames may offer an attractive, sustainable alternative or supplement to traditional modes of exercise. This study compared exercise videogames with standard exercise modalities for improving uptake and maintenance of moderate to vigorous physical activity, and health risk indices. STUDY DESIGN: A three-arm clinical RCT including 12 weeks of supervised laboratory-based moderate to vigorous physical activity followed by 6 months follow-up...
February 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777692/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-supervised-exercise-therapy-on-modifiable-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-intermittent-claudication
#9
REVIEW
Sandra C P Jansen, Beatrijs B N Hoorweg, Sanne E Hoeks, Marijn M L van den Houten, Marc R M Scheltinga, Joep A W Teijink, Ellen V Rouwet
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular events, such as myocardial infarction and stroke, contribute significantly to the prognosis of patients with peripheral artery disease. Therefore cardiovascular risk reduction is a vital element of treatment in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). The cardiovascular risk is largely determined by modifiable risk factors, which can be treated with medical care and lifestyle adjustments, such as increasing physical activity. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of supervised exercise therapy (SET) on modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in IC patients...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777641/exercise-and-hippocampal-memory-systems
#10
REVIEW
Michelle W Voss, Carmen Soto, Seungwoo Yoo, Matthew Sodoma, Carmen Vivar, Henriette van Praag
No medications prevent or reverse age-related cognitive decline. Physical activity (PA) enhances memory in rodents, but findings are mixed in human studies. As a result, exercise guidelines specific for brain health are absent. Here, we re-examine results from human studies, and suggest the use of more sensitive tasks to evaluate PA effects on age-related changes in the hippocampus, such as relational memory and mnemonic discrimination. We discuss recent advances from rodent and human studies into the underlying mechanisms at both the central and peripheral levels, including neurotrophins and myokines that could contribute to improved memory...
February 15, 2019: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777573/relationship-between-exercise-perception-with-physical-activity-level-body-awareness-and-illness-cognition-in-renal-transplant-patients-a-pilot-study
#11
Ayça Tığlı, Ebru Hatice Ayvazoğlu Soy, Aydan Aytar, Gökhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Transplantation offers better quality of life and long-term survival benefits. Further knowledge is needed regarding exercise in daily life of transplant recipients. Here, we investigated the relationship between exercise perception and physical activity level, body awareness, and illness cognition in renal transplant patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 53 renal transplant recipients (Standardized Mini-Mental Test score = 26.35 ± 1.36; age = 41...
January 2019: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777385/-prevalence-and-profile-of-the-frail-population-in-la-palma-canary-islands
#12
Elisa Díaz Navarro, José Ángel Rodríguez Gómez, María de Las Mercedes Novo Muñoz, Elena Martín Hernández, Efrén Arturo Pérez Pérez, María Dolores Morejón Serrano, María Del Pino Navarro Hernández, Mayra Catalina Piña Molina, Armando Aguirre-Jaime
INTRODUCTION: Population ageing requires that health and social systems focus their attention on identifying frailty in the elderly. In the Canary Islands, there are no studies to determine the prevalence of frailty among its population. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and profile of frailty in the island of La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and the profile of frailty...
February 15, 2019: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777164/physical-activity-levels-and-new-public-transit-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Christina Xiao, Yevgeniy Goryakin, Michele Cecchini
CONTEXT: Physical inactivity is a public health concern as it contributes to the rising burden of noncommunicable diseases. Introducing new public transportation options, such as extending or building new light rail or bus rapid transit stations, could encourage commuters to walk to and from public transit stops, thus increasing their physical activity levels. Despite previous research generally finding positive associations between public transit usage and physical activity levels, few have summarized the association between introducing new public transportation options and different intensities of physical activity...
March 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776012/is-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-modifiable
#14
Alberto Serrano-Pozo, John H Growdon
Population-based clinic-pathological studies have established that the most common pathological substrate of dementia in community-dwelling elderly people is mixed, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular ischemic disease (CVID), rather than pure AD. While these could be just two frequent unrelated comorbidities in the elderly, epidemiological research has reinforced the idea that mid-life (age <65 years) vascular risk factors increase the risk of late-onset (age ≥ 65 years) dementia, and specifically AD...
2019: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775541/school-based-exercise-interventions-effectively-increase-bone-mineralization-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Vu H Nguyen
Osteoporosis and fragility fractures have become major global public health concerns, and they can be prevented by maximizing peak bone mass during childhood and adolescence with weight-bearing physical activity, which can result in stronger and healthier bones that significantly decrease the risk of osteoporosis and fragility fractures in adulthood and the elderly years. From a public health perspective, implementing weight-bearing physical activity for children and adolescents is best achieved with school-based exercise interventions, and a review of school-based exercise interventions was conducted to determine their effectiveness in increasing bone mineral density (BMD) and/or bone mineral content (BMC)...
June 2018: Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775266/healthy-teens-school-evaluating-and-disseminating-transdiagnostic-preventive-interventions-for-eating-disorders-and-obesity-for-adolescents-in-school-settings
#16
Megan Jones Bell, Michael Zeiler, Rocío Herrero, Stefanie Kuso, Martina Nitsch, Ernestina Etchemendy, Sara Fonseca-Baeza, Elia Oliver, Tanja Adamcik, Andreas Karwautz, Gudrun Wagner, Rosa Baños, Cristina Botella, Dennis Görlich, Corinna Jacobi, Karin Waldherr
Background: The worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity is at alarming levels. Nearly one in three children in Europe is overweight or obese. Disordered eating and body image concerns are equally widespread and increase risk for more chronic and severe weight-related problems. Research has shown that online interventions that address both healthy weight regulation and body image can reduce risk for eating disorders and obesity simultaneously and are feasible to implement in school settings...
April 2019: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775175/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-its-influence-on-delivery-time-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Raquel Rodríguez-Blanque, Juan Carlos Sánchez-García, Antonio Manuel Sánchez-López, María José Aguilar-Cordero
Introduction: During pregnancy, women often change their lifestyle for fear of harmful effects on the child or themselves. In this respect, many women reduce the amount of physical exercise they take, despite its beneficial effects. Objective: To determine the duration of labor in pregnant women who completed a program of moderate physical exercise in water and subsequently presented eutocic birth. Methods: A randomized trial was performed with 140 healthy pregnant women, divided into an exercise group (EG) ( n  = 70) and a control group (CG) ( n  = 70)...
2019: PeerJ
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774601/exercise-and-arterial-modulation-in-children-the-examin-youth-study
#18
Katharina Endes, Sabrina Köchli, Lukas Zahner, Henner Hanssen
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains to be one of the most frequent causes of death worldwide. Cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as hypertension and obesity often manifest in childhood. The study examines the associations of blood pressure, body mass index and physical activity with cardiopulmonary, metabolic, and psychosocial health of children in a systems physiology approach. Methods/Design: This cross-sectional study will be performed in a cohort of 6 to 8 year old school children ( n = 1000)...
2019: Frontiers in Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774322/investigating-dose-response-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programs-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#19
Navin Kaushal, Francis Langlois, Laurence Desjardins-Crépeau, Martin S Hagger, Louis Bherer
Background: Older adults are at risk of multiple chronic diseases, most of which could be prevented by engaging in regular physical activity. Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability to diseases. Worsening symptoms of frailty, such as decrease in physical functionality, can compromise health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). Previous findings suggest that frailty moderates the relationship between physical activity and HR-QOL, yet intervention findings are limited, particularly in dose-response analyses...
2019: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774134/short-session-high-intensity-interval-training-and-treadmill-assessment-in-aged-mice
#20
Kenneth Ladd Seldeen, Yonas Z Redae, Ramkumar Thiyagarajan, Reem Nagi Berman, Merced Marie Leiker, Bruce Robert Troen
High intensity interval training (HIIT) is emerging as a therapeutic approach to prevent, delay, or ameliorate frailty. In particular short session HIIT, with regimens less than or equal to 10 min is of particular interest as several human studies feature routines as short as a few minutes a couple times a week. However, there is a paucity of animal studies that model the impacts of short session HIIT. Here, we describe a methodology for an individually tailored and progressive short session HIIT regimen of 10 min given 3 days a week for aged mice using an inclined treadmill...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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