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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766484/psychodynamically-oriented-psychopharmacotherapy-towards-a-necessary-synthesis
#1
Angela Iannitelli, Serena Parnanzone, Giulia Pizziconi, Giulia Riccobono, Francesca Pacitti
The discovery of psychoanalysis and of psychotropic medications represent two radical events in understanding and treatment of mental suffering. The growth of both disciplines together with the awareness of the impracticality of curing mental suffering only through pharmacological molecules-the collapse of the "Great Illusion"-and the experience of psychoanalysts using psychotropic medications along with depth psychotherapeutic treatment, have led to integrated therapies which are arguably more effective than either modality alone...
2019: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745688/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-comorbid-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Lavanya P Sharma, Y C Janardhan Reddy
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms (OCS) are known to be highly comorbid with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Comorbid OCD/OCS influences the course of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. There is also some evidence to suggest that a diagnosis of OCD may be associated with elevated risk for later development of psychosis and bipolar disorder. Comorbid OCD/OCS is associated with a greater severity of schizophrenia phenotype and poorer prognosis. In addition, certain atypical antipsychotics, clozapine in particular are known to induce or worsen OCS in schizophrenia...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721994/sixth-kraepelin-symposium-understanding-and-treating-cognitive-impairment-and-depression-in-schizophrenia-and-affective-disorders
#3
Schaub Annette, Falkai Peter
The Sixth Kraepelin Symposium was held at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich in October 2018, covering reports from 12 working groups (Keith H. Nuechterlein, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles; Kim T. Mueser, Ph.D., Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, U.S.A.; Dominic Dwyer, Ph.D, Hospital LMU, Munich; David Fowler, Ph.D. University of Sussex, Brighton, U.K.; Martin Hautzinger, Ph.D., University of Tübingen; Nikolaos Koutsouleris, M...
February 5, 2019: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686281/-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-psychosis
#4
Bent Rosenbaum, Francisco Alberdi, Ulrik Haahr, Anne Lindhardt, Annick Urfer-Parnas
This Danish review is a description of the relevance and importance of psychodynamic psychotherapy in the understanding and treatment of patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis. Previous research is included, and the results of a recently published, large-scale, prospective comparative study showing good results of adding psychodynamic psychotherapy to treatment as usual are summarised. Concrete examples are given to demonstrate the specificity of the dynamics and the supportive characteristics of the effective interventions in the relationship between patient and therapist...
January 14, 2019: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30658277/unmet-needs-in-patients-with-brief-psychotic-disorders-too-ill-for-clinical-high-risk-services-and-not-ill-enough-for-first-episode-services
#5
Amedeo Minichino, Grazia Rutigliano, Sergio Merlino, Cathy Davies, Dominic Oliver, Andrea De Micheli, Rashmi Patel, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPDs) are by definition remitting, but have a high risk of developing persistent psychoses, resembling a subgroup of individuals at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P). Their pathways to care, treatment offered and long-term clinical outcomes beyond risk to psychosis are unexplored. We conducted an electronic health record-based retrospective cohort study including patients with ATPDs within the SLaM NHS Trust and followed-up to 8 years...
January 15, 2019: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623294/stepped-care-as-an-implementation-and-service-delivery-model-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosis
#6
Sarah L Kopelovich, Eric Strachan, Harry Sivec, Valerie Kreider
Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders is an evidence-based treatment that is recommended by United States schizophrenia treatment guidelines. Based on recent estimates, only 0.3% of individuals with a primary psychotic disorder are able to access this treatment in the United States. Stepped care interventions have shown promise as an applied treatment delivery model in other settings and for other psychotherapeutic interventions. The current paper describes how the stepped care model can be applied to CBT for psychosis in the US to increase access to the intervention in community mental health settings by leveraging the multidisciplinary team...
January 8, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30599378/the-clinical-trait-self-criticism-and-its-relation-to-psychopathology-a-systematic-review-update
#7
REVIEW
Antonia M Werner, Ana N Tibubos, Sonja Rohrmann, Neele Reiss
BACKGROUND: Self-criticism represents a central phenomenon in a variety of mental disorders. The review looks at the recent body of literature (2012-2018) to summarize the relation of self-criticism and psychopathology beyond depression and aims at detecting how different conceptualizations of self-criticism with psychoanalytical, psychodynamic, or cognitive-evolutionary background are related to psychopathology. Furthermore, latest treatment approaches for dysfunctional forms of self-criticism are reviewed...
December 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30587217/treatment-effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-based-inpatient-group-psychotherapy-in-adolescent-substance-use-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Christiane Baldus, Laura Mokros, Anne Daubmann, Nicolas Arnaud, Martin Holtmann, Rainer Thomasius, Tanja Legenbauer
BACKGROUND: Current treatments for adolescents with substance use disorder (SUD) have had only limited success. In recent years, research has underlined the role of self-regulatory processes and impulsivity in the development and maintenance of SUD in adolescents. Mindfulness has gained much attention due to its capacity to influence self-regulatory processes, particularly in adult populations. Initial studies have shown the potential of mindfulness-based approaches in younger SUD patients...
December 27, 2018: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30575709/call-for-high-dose-olanzapine-research-in-treatment-resistant-psychosis
#9
Joseph Westermeyer
Psychiatric care has entered a new era in which care for treatment-resistant psychiatric disorder has attained priority status. Addressing treatment resistance involves 1) alleviating symptoms and signs of the diagnostic condition, 2) returning the patient to functional capacity, and 3) preventing subsequent recurrence. This approach has achieved considerable momentum in regard to major depressive disorder, as evidenced by early recognition and timely treatment, medication augmentation strategies, mind-body training for the populace at large, effective and efficient psychotherapies, and new biomedical interventions...
January 2019: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555529/improving-psychotherapies-offered-in-public-hospitals-in-nairobi-kenya-extending-practice-based-research-model-for-lmics
#10
Manasi Kumar, Mary Wangari Kuria, Caleb Joseph Othieno, Fredrik Falkenström
Background: Psychotherapy and mental health services in Nairobi's public hospitals are increasing. Rather than prematurely imposing psychotherapy protocols developed in Western countries to Kenya, we argue that first studying psychological interventions as they are practiced may generate understanding of which psychological problems are common, what interventions therapists use, and what seems to be effective in reducing psychiatric problems in a lower and middle income country like Kenya...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30552285/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-a-protocol-for-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#11
Beth Fordham, Thavapriya Sugavanam, Sally Hopewell, Karla Hemming, Jeremy Howick, Shona Kirtley, Roshan das Nair, Julia Hamer-Hunt, Sarah E Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological therapy that has been used to improve patient well-being across multiple mental and physical health problems. Its effectiveness has been examined in thousands of randomised control trials that have been synthesised into hundreds of systematic reviews. The aim of this overview is to map, synthesise and assess the reliability of evidence generated from these systematic reviews of the effectiveness of CBT across all health conditions, patient groups and settings...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548375/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-living-more-consciously
#12
Steven de Jong, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Rozanne van Donkersgoed, André Aleman, Gerdina Hendrika Maria Pijnenborg
OBJECTIVES: Extensive research showed that one of the major difficulties that people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are struggling with involves their ability to reflect on their own and others' mental activities, also defined as metacognition. Several new psychotherapies have been developed to assist patients (re)gain metacognitive capacity, including Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy (MERIT). The current study investigated the client's subjective experience of psychotherapy, to determine whether service users found MERIT effective and whether these gains align with quantitative findings, which processes they considered responsible for these benefits, in which ways participants found MERIT similar or different from other interventions, and whether they experienced non-desirable factors and outcomes...
December 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30541622/correction-to-the-u-i-study-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-pre-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-digital-informed-choice-intervention-to-improve-attitudes-towards-uptake-and-implementation-of-cbt-for-psychosis
#13
Kathryn Greenwood, Katie Alford, Iain O'Leary, Emmanuelle Peters, Amy Hardy, Kate Cavanagh, Andy P Field, Richard de Visser, David Fowler, Matthew Davies, Alexandra Papamichail, Philippa Garety
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported a typing mistake in the spelling of author Iain O'Leary. The original article has been corrected.
December 12, 2018: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30533947/comorbidity-of-personality-disorder-among-substance-use-disorder-patients-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Arpit Parmar, Gaurishanker Kaloiya
Comorbidity of personality disorders (PDs) and substance use disorders (SUDs) is common in clinical practice. Borderline PD and antisocial PD are particularly found to be associated with SUDs. Our review suggests that the overall prevalence of PD ranges from 10% to 14.8% in the normal population and from 34.8% to 73.0% in patients treated for addictions. Even though the types of PD seen in patients with drug and alcohol use disorder are similar, the prevalence of any PD is higher among patients with drug use disorder than alcohol use disorder...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30477911/clinical-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-subjective-tinnitus
#15
Juan Li, Jianhua Jin, Songli Xi, Qian Zhu, Yuqin Chen, Min Huang, Chunyan He
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been known with a theoretical basis for tinnitus patients, there still were lack of clinical evidence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treatment of chronic subjective tinnitus. METHODS: One hundred patients with chronic subjective tinnitus patients were randomly divided into control (50 cases) and intervention (50 cases) groups, which received the masking therapy and sound treatment and masking therapy and sound treatment plus CBT...
October 29, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459662/the-clinic-of-identifications-in-the-different-processes-of-metamorphosis-into-woman
#16
Laure Westphal, Thierry Lamote
This article examines, from a psychoanalytical perspective, the function of identification in the relationship between the subject of the unconscious and his body, his body image, and the other. To this effect, the article leans on the clinic of the metamorphosis into a woman in psychosis, both in the way that it is presented by patients in the context of treatment, and in the form of testimonies extracted from literature. It demonstrates how specular identification allows the subject to unify himself, so long as there is an avoidance of possible deformations of the psychical body, including for example the delusion of transforming into a woman...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458850/the-u-i-study-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-pre-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-digital-informed-choice-intervention-to-improve-attitudes-towards-uptake-and-implementation-of-cbt-for-psychosis
#17
Kathryn Greenwood, Katie Alford, Ian O'Leary, Emmanuelle Peters, Amy Hardy, Kate Cavanagh, Andy P Field, Richard de Visser, David Fowler, Matthew Davies, Alexandra Papamichail, Philippa Garety
BACKGROUND: At least 40% of people with psychosis have persistent distressing symptoms despite optimal medication treatment. Cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is the only NICE-recommended individual therapy for psychosis, with effects on symptoms, distress and quality of life. Yet <10% of service-users receive it and 94% of trusts struggle to provide it. Of those offered it, 22-43% refuse or do not attend. We have developed a new pre-CBTp informed choice intervention to address knowledge and attitudes that influence uptake and implementation and now want to test it in a feasibility trial...
November 20, 2018: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30455657/the-necessity-of-ambiguity-in-self-other-processing-a-psychosocial-perspective-with-implications-for-mental-health
#18
Christophe Emmanuel de Bézenac, Rachel Ann Swindells, Rhiannon Corcoran
While distinguishing between the actions and physical boundaries of self and other (non-self) is usually straightforward there are contexts in which such differentiation is challenging. For example, self-other ambiguity may occur when actions of others are similar or complementary to those of the self. Even in the absence of such situational challenges, individuals experiencing hallucinations have difficulties with this distinction, often experiencing thoughts or actions of self as belonging to other agents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30443277/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-a-health-technology-assessment
#19
(no author information available yet)
Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for psychosis is a distinct type of psychotherapy that has been recommended together with antipsychotic drugs and comprehensive usual care in the management of schizophrenia, a complex mental health disorder associated with a high economic and societal burden. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness, harms, cost-effectiveness, and lived experience of CBT for psychosis in improving outcomes for adults with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia...
2018: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30439851/depression-as-a-comorbidity-of-a-disorder-not-recognized-in-adolescence
#20
Ivan Urlić
Depression is one of the most frequent mood disorders. The spectrum of its meanings is very complex. Symptoms of depression can be felt at every stage of life. Depressed mood states can, as for intensity, show the clinical picture that varies from mood changes to psychotic states. In this presentation, it is described a case of the patient who since early childhood showed the symptoms of ADHD that was showing as a comorbidity feelings of depression, which have significantly hindered the emotional maturation of the person...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
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