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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745688/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-comorbid-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Lavanya P Sharma, Y C Janardhan Reddy
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms (OCS) are known to be highly comorbid with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Comorbid OCD/OCS influences the course of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. There is also some evidence to suggest that a diagnosis of OCD may be associated with elevated risk for later development of psychosis and bipolar disorder. Comorbid OCD/OCS is associated with a greater severity of schizophrenia phenotype and poorer prognosis. In addition, certain atypical antipsychotics, clozapine in particular are known to induce or worsen OCS in schizophrenia...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721994/sixth-kraepelin-symposium-understanding-and-treating-cognitive-impairment-and-depression-in-schizophrenia-and-affective-disorders
#2
Schaub Annette, Falkai Peter
The Sixth Kraepelin Symposium was held at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich in October 2018, covering reports from 12 working groups (Keith H. Nuechterlein, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles; Kim T. Mueser, Ph.D., Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, U.S.A.; Dominic Dwyer, Ph.D, Hospital LMU, Munich; David Fowler, Ph.D. University of Sussex, Brighton, U.K.; Martin Hautzinger, Ph.D., University of Tübingen; Nikolaos Koutsouleris, M...
February 5, 2019: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686281/-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-psychosis
#3
Bent Rosenbaum, Francisco Alberdi, Ulrik Haahr, Anne Lindhardt, Annick Urfer-Parnas
This Danish review is a description of the relevance and importance of psychodynamic psychotherapy in the understanding and treatment of patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis. Previous research is included, and the results of a recently published, large-scale, prospective comparative study showing good results of adding psychodynamic psychotherapy to treatment as usual are summarised. Concrete examples are given to demonstrate the specificity of the dynamics and the supportive characteristics of the effective interventions in the relationship between patient and therapist...
January 14, 2019: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30658277/unmet-needs-in-patients-with-brief-psychotic-disorders-too-ill-for-clinical-high-risk-services-and-not-ill-enough-for-first-episode-services
#4
Amedeo Minichino, Grazia Rutigliano, Sergio Merlino, Cathy Davies, Dominic Oliver, Andrea De Micheli, Rashmi Patel, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPDs) are by definition remitting, but have a high risk of developing persistent psychoses, resembling a subgroup of individuals at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P). Their pathways to care, treatment offered and long-term clinical outcomes beyond risk to psychosis are unexplored. We conducted an electronic health record-based retrospective cohort study including patients with ATPDs within the SLaM NHS Trust and followed-up to 8 years...
January 15, 2019: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623294/stepped-care-as-an-implementation-and-service-delivery-model-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosis
#5
Sarah L Kopelovich, Eric Strachan, Harry Sivec, Valerie Kreider
Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders is an evidence-based treatment that is recommended by United States schizophrenia treatment guidelines. Based on recent estimates, only 0.3% of individuals with a primary psychotic disorder are able to access this treatment in the United States. Stepped care interventions have shown promise as an applied treatment delivery model in other settings and for other psychotherapeutic interventions. The current paper describes how the stepped care model can be applied to CBT for psychosis in the US to increase access to the intervention in community mental health settings by leveraging the multidisciplinary team...
January 8, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30575709/call-for-high-dose-olanzapine-research-in-treatment-resistant-psychosis
#6
Joseph Westermeyer
Psychiatric care has entered a new era in which care for treatment-resistant psychiatric disorder has attained priority status. Addressing treatment resistance involves 1) alleviating symptoms and signs of the diagnostic condition, 2) returning the patient to functional capacity, and 3) preventing subsequent recurrence. This approach has achieved considerable momentum in regard to major depressive disorder, as evidenced by early recognition and timely treatment, medication augmentation strategies, mind-body training for the populace at large, effective and efficient psychotherapies, and new biomedical interventions...
January 2019: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555529/improving-psychotherapies-offered-in-public-hospitals-in-nairobi-kenya-extending-practice-based-research-model-for-lmics
#7
Manasi Kumar, Mary Wangari Kuria, Caleb Joseph Othieno, Fredrik Falkenström
Background: Psychotherapy and mental health services in Nairobi's public hospitals are increasing. Rather than prematurely imposing psychotherapy protocols developed in Western countries to Kenya, we argue that first studying psychological interventions as they are practiced may generate understanding of which psychological problems are common, what interventions therapists use, and what seems to be effective in reducing psychiatric problems in a lower and middle income country like Kenya...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30552285/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-a-protocol-for-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#8
Beth Fordham, Thavapriya Sugavanam, Sally Hopewell, Karla Hemming, Jeremy Howick, Shona Kirtley, Roshan das Nair, Julia Hamer-Hunt, Sarah E Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological therapy that has been used to improve patient well-being across multiple mental and physical health problems. Its effectiveness has been examined in thousands of randomised control trials that have been synthesised into hundreds of systematic reviews. The aim of this overview is to map, synthesise and assess the reliability of evidence generated from these systematic reviews of the effectiveness of CBT across all health conditions, patient groups and settings...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548375/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-living-more-consciously
#9
Steven de Jong, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Rozanne van Donkersgoed, André Aleman, Gerdina Hendrika Maria Pijnenborg
OBJECTIVES: Extensive research showed that one of the major difficulties that people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are struggling with involves their ability to reflect on their own and others' mental activities, also defined as metacognition. Several new psychotherapies have been developed to assist patients (re)gain metacognitive capacity, including Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy (MERIT). The current study investigated the client's subjective experience of psychotherapy, to determine whether service users found MERIT effective and whether these gains align with quantitative findings, which processes they considered responsible for these benefits, in which ways participants found MERIT similar or different from other interventions, and whether they experienced non-desirable factors and outcomes...
December 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30541622/correction-to-the-u-i-study-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-pre-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-digital-informed-choice-intervention-to-improve-attitudes-towards-uptake-and-implementation-of-cbt-for-psychosis
#10
Kathryn Greenwood, Katie Alford, Iain O'Leary, Emmanuelle Peters, Amy Hardy, Kate Cavanagh, Andy P Field, Richard de Visser, David Fowler, Matthew Davies, Alexandra Papamichail, Philippa Garety
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported a typing mistake in the spelling of author Iain O'Leary. The original article has been corrected.
December 12, 2018: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30533947/comorbidity-of-personality-disorder-among-substance-use-disorder-patients-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Arpit Parmar, Gaurishanker Kaloiya
Comorbidity of personality disorders (PDs) and substance use disorders (SUDs) is common in clinical practice. Borderline PD and antisocial PD are particularly found to be associated with SUDs. Our review suggests that the overall prevalence of PD ranges from 10% to 14.8% in the normal population and from 34.8% to 73.0% in patients treated for addictions. Even though the types of PD seen in patients with drug and alcohol use disorder are similar, the prevalence of any PD is higher among patients with drug use disorder than alcohol use disorder...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459662/the-clinic-of-identifications-in-the-different-processes-of-metamorphosis-into-woman
#12
Laure Westphal, Thierry Lamote
This article examines, from a psychoanalytical perspective, the function of identification in the relationship between the subject of the unconscious and his body, his body image, and the other. To this effect, the article leans on the clinic of the metamorphosis into a woman in psychosis, both in the way that it is presented by patients in the context of treatment, and in the form of testimonies extracted from literature. It demonstrates how specular identification allows the subject to unify himself, so long as there is an avoidance of possible deformations of the psychical body, including for example the delusion of transforming into a woman...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458850/the-u-i-study-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-pre-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-digital-informed-choice-intervention-to-improve-attitudes-towards-uptake-and-implementation-of-cbt-for-psychosis
#13
Kathryn Greenwood, Katie Alford, Ian O'Leary, Emmanuelle Peters, Amy Hardy, Kate Cavanagh, Andy P Field, Richard de Visser, David Fowler, Matthew Davies, Alexandra Papamichail, Philippa Garety
BACKGROUND: At least 40% of people with psychosis have persistent distressing symptoms despite optimal medication treatment. Cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is the only NICE-recommended individual therapy for psychosis, with effects on symptoms, distress and quality of life. Yet <10% of service-users receive it and 94% of trusts struggle to provide it. Of those offered it, 22-43% refuse or do not attend. We have developed a new pre-CBTp informed choice intervention to address knowledge and attitudes that influence uptake and implementation and now want to test it in a feasibility trial...
November 20, 2018: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30455657/the-necessity-of-ambiguity-in-self-other-processing-a-psychosocial-perspective-with-implications-for-mental-health
#14
Christophe Emmanuel de Bézenac, Rachel Ann Swindells, Rhiannon Corcoran
While distinguishing between the actions and physical boundaries of self and other (non-self) is usually straightforward there are contexts in which such differentiation is challenging. For example, self-other ambiguity may occur when actions of others are similar or complementary to those of the self. Even in the absence of such situational challenges, individuals experiencing hallucinations have difficulties with this distinction, often experiencing thoughts or actions of self as belonging to other agents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30443277/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-a-health-technology-assessment
#15
(no author information available yet)
Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for psychosis is a distinct type of psychotherapy that has been recommended together with antipsychotic drugs and comprehensive usual care in the management of schizophrenia, a complex mental health disorder associated with a high economic and societal burden. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness, harms, cost-effectiveness, and lived experience of CBT for psychosis in improving outcomes for adults with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia...
2018: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30427822/emerging-psychotherapies-for-psychosis
#16
Daniel Knauss, Jeremy Ridenour, Jay A Hamm
Recent developments in the research and clinical literatures have highlighted the importance of focusing on higher-order cognitive processes in the treatment of psychotic disorders. A particular emphasis has been placed on how impairments in self-monitoring and the ability to form mental representations of others uniquely manifest in psychosis. At the same time, the recovery movement has influenced clinical innovations by emphasizing the importance of subjective domains of recovery that privilege the individual's phenomenological experience...
September 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30419038/economic-evaluation-of-brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-activation-in-recent-onset-psychosis
#17
Ben F M Wijnen, Karin Pos, Eva Velthorst, Frederike Schirmbeck, Hoi Yau Chan, Lieuwe de Haan, Mark van der Gaag, Silvia M A A Evers, Filip Smit
BACKGROUND: In schizophrenia spectrum disorders, negative symptoms (e.g. social withdrawal) may persist after initial treatment with antipsychotics, much affecting the quality of life (QOL) of patients. This health-economic study evaluated if a dedicated form of cognitive behaviour therapy for social activation (CBTsa) would reduce negative symptoms and improve QOL in an economically sustainable way. METHODS: A health-economic evaluation was conducted alongside a single-blind randomised controlled trial in two parallel groups: guideline congruent treatment as usual (TAU; n = 50) versus TAU augmented with adjunct CBTsa (n = 49)...
2018: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30400765/recovery-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-case-study-of-metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-merit
#18
Bethany L Leonhardt, Kristen Ratliff, Jenifer L Vohs
Despite historically pessimistic views from both the professional community and lay public, research is emerging that recovery from psychosis is possible. Recovery has evolved to include not only a reduction in symptoms and return to functioning, but a sense of agency and connection to meaningful roles in life. The development of a more comprehensive conceptualization of recovery has particular importance in the treatment of first-episode psychosis, because early intervention may avoid some of the prolonged dysfunction that may make recovery difficult...
November 7, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30376124/individualized-metacognitive-training-mct-reduces-delusional-symptoms-in-psychosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Ryan P Balzan, Julie K Mattiske, Paul Delfabbro, Dennis Liu, Cherrie Galletly
Individualized metacognitive training (MCT+) is a novel psychotherapy that has been designed to specifically target delusional beliefs in people with psychosis. It works by developing an awareness of the implausible content of delusional beliefs, while also targeting the cognitive biases that contribute to their formation and maintenance. It was expected that MCT+ would lead to significantly greater reductions in delusional severity compared to a cognitive remediation (CR) active control condition. A total of 54 patients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder and active delusions were randomized into four 2-hourly sessions of MCT+ (n = 27) or CR (n = 27)...
October 30, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30364516/identifying-and-treating-the-prodromal-phases-of-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#20
Susan Conroy, Michael Francis, Leslie A Hulvershorn
Purpose of review: The goal of this paper is to review recent research on the identification and treatment of prodromal periods that precede bipolar and psychotic disorders. We also sought to provide information about current best clinical practices for prodromal youth. Recent findings: Research in the areas of identifying prodromal periods has rapidly advanced. Calculators that can predict risk are now available for use during both bipolar and psychotic disorder prodromes...
March 2018: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
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