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cascade nanosystem

Philippe Grenier, Iara Maíra de Oliveira Viana, Eliana Martins Lima, Nicolas Bertrand
Multiple studies highlight the strong prevalence of anti-poly(ethylene glycol) (anti-PEG) antibodies in the general human population. As we develop therapeutic modalities using this polymer, it is increasingly relevant to assess the importance of anti-PEG antibodies on biological performances. Here, we show that the anti-PEG Immunoglobulin M (IgM) raised in mice following the injection of polymeric nanoparticles could have significant neutralizing effects on subsequent doses of PEGylated nanosystems in vivo...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Mercedes Peleteiro, Elena Presas, Jose Vicente González-Aramundiz, Beatriz Sánchez-Correa, Rosana Simón-Vázquez, Noemi Csaba, María J Alonso, África González-Fernández
The use of biomaterials and nanosystems in antigen delivery has played a major role in the development of novel vaccine formulations in the last few decades. In an effort to gain a deeper understanding of the interactions between these systems and immunocompetent cells, we describe here a systematic in vitro and in vivo study on three types of polymeric nanocapsules (NCs). These carriers, which contained protamine (PR), polyarginine (PARG), or chitosan (CS) in the external shell, and their corresponding nanoemulsion were prepared, and their main physicochemical properties were characterized...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Bowen Li, Peilian Liu, Hao Wu, Xin Xie, Zelin Chen, Fang Zeng, Shuizhu Wu
Bioorthogonal bond-cleavage reactions have emerged as promising tools for manipulating biological processes, still the therapeutic effect of these reactions in vivo needs to be explored. Herein a bioorthogonal-activated prodrug has been developed for bioimaging and therapy, which is composed of a Pd-mediated cleavable propargyl, a coumarin fluorophore and a potent anticancer drug. In vitro investigations show that, the presence of a Pd complex induces the cleavage of propargyl and subsequently trigger the cascade of reactions, thereby activating the coumarin fluorophore for imaging and releasing the anticancer drug for therapy...
September 2017: Biomaterials
Dinggeng He, Xing He, Xue Yang, Hung-Wing Li
Efficient strategies for the ultrasensitive imaging of gene expression in living cells are essential in chemistry and cell biology. Here, we report a novel and efficient enzyme-free dual signal amplification strategy for live cell mRNA imaging by using a smart nucleic acid hairpin-based nanosystem. This nanosystem consists of a ZnO nanoparticle core, an interlayer of polydopamine and an outer layer of four hairpin DNA (hpDNA) probes. Such a core-shell nanosystem facilitates the cellular uptake of molecular hairpin payloads, protects them from nuclease digestion, and delivers them into the cytoplasm by the acid-triggered dissolution of the ZnO core...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Wei-Hai Chen, Guo-Feng Luo, Qi Lei, Sheng Hong, Wen-Xiu Qiu, Li-Han Liu, Si-Xue Cheng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
In this study, we developed a general method to decorate plasmonic gold nanorods (GNRs) with a CD44-targeting functional polymer, containing a hyaluronic acid (HA)-targeting moiety and a small molecule Glut1 inhibitor of diclofenac (DC), to obtain GNR/HA-DC. This nanosystem exhibited the superiority of selectively sensitizing tumor cells for photothermal therapy (PTT) by inhibiting anaerobic glycolysis. Upon specifically targeting CD44, sequentially time-dependent DC release could be achieved by the trigger of hyaluronidase (HAase), which abundantly existed in tumor tissues...
February 28, 2017: ACS Nano
Hui Xiong, Shi Du, Jiang Ni, Jianping Zhou, Jing Yao
Dual-targeted nanoparticles have been increasingly used to realize greater anti-proliferation effect by attacking double key sites of tumor cells. In order to retain nuclei inhibition effect and enhance DOX-induced apoptosis by mitochondrial pathway simultaneously, hyaluronic acid (HA) modified hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanoparticles (HAP-HA), the functional calcium-based tumor targeting nanoparticles, have been developed. In this nanosystem, HA acts as an active tumor-targeting ligand to bind the CD44 receptors which are overexpressed on the surface of tumor cells while HAP can load and deliver DOX to both nuclei and mitochondria of tumor cells...
July 2016: Biomaterials
Morcos Hanna, Moorsalin Munshi, Nancy A Kedzierski, Paul N Chung, Terry Huang, Allen K Mok, Philip S Lukeman
We use sterically inaccessible 'seed' strands, released from a surface into solution by photocleavage to initiate a nucleated DNA polymerization reaction. We demonstrate control of the quantity of 'seed' release and that hairpin steric protection of the 'seed' leads to less 'leaky' surfaces. This polymerization is a model system for surface-photocleavage initiation of sub-stoichiometric reaction cascades; these cascades should find use as a component of labs-on-chips capable of bioanalytical and DNA-computing tasks...
February 21, 2014: Nanoscale
Ping Li, Yu Yu, Hua Liu, Chang-Yan Cao, Wei-Guo Song
A hierarchical core-shell-satellite structured composite system Fe3O4@MS-NH2@Pd, which was composed of Pd nanoparticles well-dispersed on an amino group functionalized mesoporous silica (MS-NH2) nanosphere, and superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles scattered inside the silica sphere, was prepared by using a facile procedure. The composite combined the catalytic properties of amino groups and Pd nanoparticles with superparamagnetic properties of magnetite into a single platform. This integrated nanosystem acted as an efficient magnetically recyclable noble metal-base multifunctional nanocatalyst and showed excellent catalytic activity, selectivity and stability for the direct synthesis of α-alkylated nitriles under mild conditions through facile one-pot multistep cascade reaction sequences...
January 7, 2014: Nanoscale
Hao Yan, Hwan Sung Choe, SungWoo Nam, Yongjie Hu, Shamik Das, James F Klemic, James C Ellenbogen, Charles M Lieber
A nanoprocessor constructed from intrinsically nanometre-scale building blocks is an essential component for controlling memory, nanosensors and other functions proposed for nanosystems assembled from the bottom up. Important steps towards this goal over the past fifteen years include the realization of simple logic gates with individually assembled semiconductor nanowires and carbon nanotubes, but with only 16 devices or fewer and a single function for each circuit. Recently, logic circuits also have been demonstrated that use two or three elements of a one-dimensional memristor array, although such passive devices without gain are difficult to cascade...
February 10, 2011: Nature
Islam Hamad, Othman Al-Hanbali, A Christy Hunter, Kenneth J Rutt, Thomas L Andresen, S Moein Moghimi
Nanoparticles with surface projected polyethyleneoxide (PEO) chains in "mushroom-brush" and "brush" configurations display stealth properties in systemic circulation and have numerous applications in site-specific targeting for controlled drug delivery and release as well as diagnostic imaging. We report on the "structure-activity" relationship pertaining to surface-immobilized PEO of various configurations on model nanoparticles, and the initiation of complement cascade, which is the most ancient component of innate human immunity, and its activation may induce clinically significant adverse reactions in some individuals...
November 23, 2010: ACS Nano
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