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Fasting Exercise

Bergthora Baldursdottir, Susan L Whitney, Alfons Ramel, Palmi V Jonsson, Brynjolfur Mogensen, Hannes Petersen, Ella K Kristinsdottir
BACKGROUND: Asymmetric vestibular function, decreased plantar sensation, postural control and functional ability have been associated with fall-related wrist fractures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether multi-sensory training (MST) improves postural control, vestibular function, foot sensation and functional ability among people with fall-related wrist fractures compared to wrist stabilization training (WT). METHODS: This was an assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
February 11, 2019: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
J A Chowdhury, A Nessa
The present cross-sectional analytical study was carried out in the department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, from January 2016 to December 2016 to observe serum total cholesterol in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. For this purpose, a total number of 200 subjects of both sexes with age ranged from 30-60 years were selected of whom 100 were type 2 diabetic person and 100 were apparently healthy. Serum total cholesterol was significantly higher (p<0.0001) in both male and female of the study group in comparison to healthy control group...
January 2019: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Chris Kite, Ian M Lahart, Islam Afzal, David R Broom, Harpal Randeva, Ioannis Kyrou, James E Brown
BACKGROUND: Typically, management of PCOS focuses on lifestyle changes (exercise and diet), aiming to alleviate symptoms, and lower the associated risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to analyse evidence on the effectiveness of exercise in the management of PCOS, when compared to (i) usual care, (ii) diet alone, and (iii) exercise combined with diet, and also exercise combined with diet, compared to (i) control or usual care and (ii) diet alone. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched (June 2017) with no time limit for trial inclusion...
February 12, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Michelle Curran, John Campbell, Mark Drayson, Rob Andrews, Parth Narendran
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a T cell mediated autoimmune disease that targets and destroys insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells. Beta cell specific T cells are highly differentiated and show evidence of previous antigen exposure. Exerciseinduced mobilisation of highly-differentiated CD8+ T cells facilitates immune surveillance and regulation. We aimed to explore exercise-induced T cell mobilisation in T1D. In this study, we compared the effects of a single bout of vigorous intensity exercise on T cell mobilisation in T1D and control participants...
2019: Exercise Immunology Review
Guohua Zheng, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Kun Ling, Jing Tao, Lidian Chen
This study investigated the effects of Tai Chi compared to no exercise control on the cerebral haemodynamic parameters and other health-related factors in community older adults at risk of ischemic stroke. 170 eligible participants were randomly allocated to Tai Chi or control group. The cerebral haemodynamic parameters and physical fitness risk factors of cardiovascular disease were measured at baseline, 12 weeks and 24 weeks. After 12-weeks intervention, Tai Chi significantly improved the minimum of blood flow velocity (BFVmin ), BFVmean , pulsatility index and resistance index of the right anterior cerebral artery, and BFVmax , BFVmin and BFVmean parameters of the right middle cerebral artery...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Teri Lawton, Ming-Xiong Huang
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. 3.8 million people have a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) each year. Rapid brain training exercises to improve cognitive function after a mild TBI are needed. OBJECTIVE: This study determines whether cognitive remediation by discriminating the direction a test pattern moves relative to a stationary background (movement figure-ground discrimination) improves the vision and cognitive deficits that result from a TBI, providing a paradigm shift in treatment methods...
February 5, 2019: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Wales A Carter, John P Whiteman, Clara Cooper-Mullin, Seth D Newsome, Scott R McWilliams
Although tissue fatty acid (FA) composition has been linked to whole-animal performance (e.g., aerobic endurance, metabolic rate, postexercise recovery) in a wide range of animal taxa, we do not adequately understand the pace of changes in FA composition and its implications for the ecology of animals. Therefore, we used a C4 to C3 diet shift experiment and compound-specific δ13 C analysis to estimate the turnover rates of FAs in the polar and neutral fractions of flight muscle lipids (corresponding to membranes and lipid droplets) of exercised and sedentary zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata)...
March 2019: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
Tahereh Shamizadeh, Leila Jahangiry, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Koen Ponnet
BACKGROUND: The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effectiveness of a theory-based physical activity (PA) intervention for rural patients with prediabetes. It was hypothesized that a PA intervention program based on the social cognitive theory (SCT) will modify fasting blood sugar (FBS) among rural people with prediabetes, which in turn will result in a decrease in diabetes incidence in the rural area. METHODS: A cluster RCT on prediabetic people was conducted in Ahar, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran...
February 4, 2019: Trials
Daniel P Bailey, Charlie J Orton, Benjamin D Maylor, Julia K Zakrzewski-Fruer
This study compared the effects of interrupting prolonged sedentary time with high-intensity physical activity (SED-ACT), a volume- and duration-matched high-intensity interval exercise session followed by prolonged sedentary time (HIIE), and prolonged uninterrupted sedentary time (SED) on postprandial glucose, insulin and triglyceride concentrations. Twelve sedentary and inactive but otherwise healthy adults completed 3, 6.5 h conditions in an incomplete counterbalanced order. During SED, participants sat continuously...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Julia Schipke, Marius Vital, Anke Schnapper-Isl, Dietmar H Pieper, Christian Mühlfeld
Background: Excess dietary fat and sugar are linked to obesity and metabolic syndrome. Polyamines such as spermidine are implicated in fat accumulation and may support activity-induced weight loss. Objective: This study tested interventional spermidine supplementation and voluntary activity against fat- and sucrose-induced systemic and gut microbiota changes. Methods: A 3-factorial study design (3 × 2 × 2) was used to test the factors diet, activity, and spermidine...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Nutrition
Djeniffer Elias da Silva, Antônio José Grande, Leonardo Roever, Gary Tse, Tong Liu, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Joni Márcio de Farias
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-intensity exercise may beneficially impact on insulin sensitivity. However, there is still uncertainty on the actual impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on chronic physiologic adaptations among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to systematically search and appraise the evidence base on the effects of HIIT in comparison to mild- or moderate-intensity interval training (MMIIT) on glycemic control inT2DM. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 5 RCT met the inclusion criteria...
February 2, 2019: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Mohamed Nashrudin Bin Naharudin, Ashril Yusof, Harry Shaw, Matthew Stockton, David J Clayton, Lewis J James
Bin Naharudin, MN, Yusof, A, Shaw, H, Stockton, M, Clayton, DJ, and James, LJ. Breakfast omission reduces subsequent resistance exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Although much research has examined the influence of morning carbohydrate intake (i.e., breakfast) on endurance performance, little is known about its effects on performance in resistance-type exercise. Sixteen resistance-trained men (age 23 ± 4 years, body mass 77.56 ± 7.13 kg, and height 1.75 ± 0.04 m) who regularly (≥3 day/wk) consumed breakfast completed this study...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
I V Ponomarenko, I A Sukmanova
Goal of research. Study the role of thrombosis risk factors and polymorphisms in genes in young age patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Te study included 299 patients of age 25 to 44 years old with ACS were treated from 2012 to 2017 at the department of myocardial infarction 1st KGBUZ Altay regional cardiological clinic. Te middle age of patients with ACS was 40.3 ± 0.2 years. Te control group included of 53 apparently healthy volunteers aged from 25 to 44 years old, the average age those patients was 39...
January 31, 2019: Kardiologiia
Seyedeh Ameneh Motallebi, Jamileh Amirzadeh Iranagh, Fatemeh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the efficacy of walking program on biochemical parameters among elderly women. METHODS: A total of one hundred elderly women participated in this randomized clinical trial study. The intervention group attended a 24-week walking exercise meeting five times per week. The control group continued with their routine activities. The subjects were assessed in Fasting blood glucose (FBS) and lipid profile before and after 12th and 24th weeks of the program...
January 31, 2019: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Tobias Dünnwald, Andreas Melmer, Hannes Gatterer, Karin Salzmann, Christoph Ebenbichler, Martin Burtscher, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Wilhelm Grander
Irisin is a myokine involved in adipocyte transformation. Its main beneficial effects arise from increased energy expenditure. Irisin production is particularly stimulated by physical exercise. The present study investigates the changes of plasma irisin in type 2 diabetic patients performing 2 different training modalities. Fourteen type 2 diabetic patients underwent 4 week of supervised high-intensity interval training (HIT; n=8) or continuous moderate-intensity training (CMT; n=6), with equivalent total amounts of work required...
January 31, 2019: International Journal of Sports Medicine
W H K Soon, K J Guelfi, E A Davis, G J Smith, T W Jones, P A Fournier
AIMS: To determine whether pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrates to maintain stable glycaemia during moderate-intensity exercise results in excessive hyperglycaemia if combined with repeated sprints in individuals with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Eight overnight-fasted people with Type 1 diabetes completed the following four 40-min exercise sessions on separate days in a randomized counterbalanced order under basal insulinaemic conditions: continuous moderate-intensity exercise at 50% V̇O2 peak; intermittent high-intensity exercise (moderate-intensity exercise interspersed with 4-s sprints every 2 min and a final 10-s sprint); continuous moderate-intensity exercise with prior carbohydrate intake (~10 g per person); and intermittent high-intensity exercise with prior carbohydrate intake...
January 30, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Beata Zdrodowska, Katarzyna Leszczyńska, Ryszard Leszczyński
Type 2 diabetes has long been called the epidemic of the XXI century. It is the most common type of diabetes. One of the main causes of premature mortality, primarily due to serious complications, which for many years, developing "deceitfully" and asymptomatic. Despite the dynamic growth of the pharmaceutical industry and diabetes care for all patients is not possible to achieve target glycemic index values. It is emphasized that in type 2 diabetes by lifestyle, proper diet and regular physical activity are non-pharmacological treatment methods for maintaining good health...
December 28, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Orawan Prasartwuth, Roongtip Suteebut, Jitapa Chawawisuttikool, Utku S Yavuz, Kemal S Turker
INTRODUCTION: The first bout of eccentric exercise is known to have a protective effect on the consequent bouts. This effect is still disputable as it is not known whether it protects muscle damage by reducing force production or by improving force recovery in the healing process. The underlying mechanisms of this protective effect have not been fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine the mechanisms of this protective effect, three different loads were used for the first eccentric bout...
January 2019: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Nagaraj Malipatil, Helene A Fachim, Kirk Siddals, Bethany Geary, Gwen Wark, Nick Porter, Simon Anderson, Rachelle Donn, Michelle Harvie, Anthony D Whetton, Martin J Gibson, Adrian Heald
We investigated biological determinants that would associate with the response to a diet and weight loss programme in impaired glucose regulation (IGR) people using sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion spectra (SWATH) mass spectrometry (MS), a data acquisition method which complement traditional mass spectrometry-based proteomics techniques. Ten women and 10 men with IGR underwent anthropometric measurements and fasting blood tests. SWATH MS was carried out with subsequent immunoassay of specific peptide levels...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Hong Cai, Guichen Li, Shengqian Jiang, Huiru Yin, Peng Liu, Li Chen
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of low-intensity, Kinect™-based Kaimai-style Qigong exercise among older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A non-randomized controlled trial was conducted in a community center in Changchun, China, from July to September 2017. Participants (N = 55) were assigned to the Qigong group or control group. Participants in the Qigong group received 30-minute Kinect-based Kaimai-style Qigong sessions three times per week for 12 weeks. Participants in the control group were waitlisted...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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