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Sexuality gender studies sexual orientation

Yin Xu, Sam Norton, Qazi Rahman
This study tested the association between multiple prenatal and postnatal early life factors and adolescent sexual orientation in a longitudinal birth cohort. Factors included birth weight, gestational age, parental age at birth, number of older brothers and sisters, breastfeeding, maternal anxiety/depression, family socioeconomic position, parent-child relationships, parental absences, pubertal body mass index, and housing issues. We used data on 5,007 youth from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
February 14, 2019: Developmental Psychology
Laura Baams, Bianca D M Wilson, Stephen T Russell
: media-1vid110.1542/5984244876001PEDS-VA_2017-4211 Video Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth are suggested to be overrepresented in unstable housing and foster care. In the current study, we assess whether LGBTQ youth are overrepresented in unstable housing and foster care and examine disparities in school functioning, substance use, and mental health for LGBTQ youth versus heterosexual youth in unstable housing and foster care. METHODS: A total of 895 218 students (10-18 years old) completed the cross-sectional California Healthy Kids Survey from 2013 to 2015...
February 11, 2019: Pediatrics
Emma Nye, Ashley Crossway, Sean M Rogers, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT: Research suggests that patients who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) are at risk for certain conditions and denied equal access to health care in physician offices compared with their heterosexual counterparts. However, little evidence exists regarding the treatment of LGBTQ patient student-athletes in the athletic training clinic and the role the athletic trainer (AT) plays in these health care experiences. OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of ATs treating LGBTQ patient student-athletes...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Ariella R Tabaac, Eric G Benotsch, Andrew J Barnes
PURPOSE: Sexual minority women (SMW) are vulnerable to cervical cancer, yet there is a dearth of research on potential mediators of cervical cancer disparities. Medical heterosexism, which involves sexual orientation-based discrimination in medical contexts, and provider-patient communication quality and trust in providers may be important factors influencing the cancer prevention decisions of SMW. The purpose of this study was to examine how provider-patient communication quality, trust in providers, and perceived medical heterosexism are associated with cervical cancer screening among SMW...
February 5, 2019: LGBT Health
Geoffrey L Ream
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore variability in circumstances around suicide deaths among youth and young adults by sexual/gender identity category (gay male, lesbian/gay female, bisexual male, bisexual female, transgender male, transgender female, non-LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] male, and non-LGBT female). METHODS: Secondary analysis of National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) data for all 12- to 29-year-olds who died by suicide in NVDRS participating states...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Milkie Vu, Jingjing Li, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle, Carla J Berg
BACKGROUND: Intersectionality theory focuses on how one's human experiences are constituted by mutually reinforcing interactions between different aspects of one's identities, such as race, class, gender, and sexual orientation. In this study, we asked: 1) Do associations between intersecting identities (race and sexual orientation) and mental health (depressive symptoms) and substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana) differ between men and women? and 2) How do single or intersecting self-reports of perceived racial and/or sexual orientation discrimination influence mental health and substance use outcomes for men and women? We compared results of assessing identities versus experiences of discrimination...
January 23, 2019: BMC Public Health
Tim C van de Grift, Garry L S Pigot, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Mark-Bram Bouman, Margriet G Mullender
Genital gender-affirming surgery (GAS) aims to alleviate feelings of gender dysphoria and support psychosexual outcomes. However, little is known of sexual activity and satisfaction of transmen after phalloplasty or metoidioplasty. A clinical follow-up study was conducted in transmen at least one year after genital GAS in order to evaluate measures of experienced sexuality. Participants (N = 38) received a set of self-constructed questionnaires on sexual relationships and orientation, use of genitals during sexual contact, and the experienced influence of surgery on sexuality...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Matthew Hanauer, Kathryn Sielbeck-Mathes, Lauren Berny
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health care providers aim to see their clients achieve lifelong recovery from substance use disorders (SUDs). To do so, they must accurately assess incoming resources and barriers to recovery to identify areas of need for their clients. A recovery capital scale (RCS) is one way to identify these resources and barriers. However, there is limited evidence that RCSs are invariant across different demographics. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a short 10-item RCS (SRCS-10) is invariant across gender (male versus female), ethnicity (white versus African American, Hispanic, and other racial identities) and sexual orientation (heterosexual versus non-heterosexual)...
January 22, 2019: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Andrew D Pinto, Tatiana Aratangy, Alex Abramovich, Kim Devotta, Rosane Nisenbaum, Ri Wang, Tara Kiran
BACKGROUND: Sexual orientation and gender identity are key social determinants of health, but data on these characteristics are rarely routinely collected. We examined patients' reactions to being asked routinely about their sexual orientation and gender identity, and compared answers to the gender identity question against other data in the medical chart on gender identity. METHODS: We analyzed data on any patient who answered at least 1 question on a routinely administered sociodemographic survey between Dec...
January 21, 2019: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Nektaria Varfi, Stephane Rothen, Katarzyna Jasiowka, Thibault Lepers, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are concerned with various aspects of cybersex addiction, the difficulty some persons have in limiting cybersex use despite a negative impact on everyday life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess potential links between the outcome variable cybersex addiction, assessed with the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) adapted for cybersex use, and several psychological and psychopathological factors, including sexual desire, mood, attachment style, impulsivity, and self-esteem, by taking into account the age, sex, and sexual orientation of cybersex users...
January 21, 2019: JMIR Mental Health
Van Anh T Nguyen, Ngoc Quynh H Nguyen, Thu Hong Khuat, Phuong Thao T Nguyen, Thu Trang Do, Xuan Thai Vu, Kien Tran, Manh Tung Ho, Hong Kong T Nguyen, Thu Trang Vuong, Quan Hoang Vuong
Protecting the rights of the lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender, intersex, and queers (LGBTIQ) population requires, first and foremost, a proper understanding of their sexual orientation and gender identity. This study highlights a severe misunderstanding and lack of knowledge among health professionals in Vietnam with regard to the men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgenders. This study uses (i) a survey based on the convenience sampling method among 150 health workers that covered 61 questions and (ii) 12 in-depth interviews in two metropolitan centres in Vietnam, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Janice M Habarth, Sevan C Makhoulian, Jacob C Nelson, Cassidy D Todd, Sandra Trafalis
Heteronormativity is a culturally embedded system defining acceptable identities and behaviors in romantic relationships. Recent literature has suggested that heteronormativity is strongly associated with political attitudes, personality characteristics such as tolerance of ambiguity, and key demographic variables such as gender and sexual orientation. However, interactions between gender and other factors have not been thoroughly explored as predictors of heteronormative attitude and beliefs. The current study (N = 306) expands the understanding of predictors of heteronormativity, particularly as they interact with gender...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Homosexuality
Rebecca L Volpe, Margaret Hopkins, Paul Haidet, Daniel R Wolpaw, Nancy E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Despite a recent surge in literature identifying professional identity formation (PIF) as a key process in physician development, the empiric study of PIF in medicine remains in its infancy. To gain insight about PIF, the authors examined the medical literature and that of two other helping professions. METHODS: The authors conducted a scoping review and qualitative metasynthesis of PIF in medicine, nursing and counselling/psychology. For the scoping review, four databases were searched using a combination of keywords to identify empiric studies on PIF in trainees...
February 2019: Medical Education
Shoshana K Goldberg, Kerith J Conron, Carolyn T Halpern
PURPOSE: The study tested if sexual orientation is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young adulthood (ages 24-32), and if economic strain impacts associations. METHODS: Gender-stratified logistic regressions were fit among 11,575 young adults (1644 sexual minority [SM]) in Wave IV of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. RESULTS: MetS was not associated with sexual orientation for either gender, yet economic strain was more prevalent among both SM males and females...
January 2019: LGBT Health
Matthew B Schabath, Catherine A Blackburn, Megan E Sutter, Peter A Kanetsky, Susan T Vadaparampil, Vani N Simmons, Julian A Sanchez, Steven K Sutton, Gwendolyn P Quinn
PURPOSE: To identify potential gaps in attitudes, knowledge, and institutional practices toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) patients, a national survey of oncologists at National Cancer Institute-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers was conducted to measure these attributes related to LGBTQ patients and desire for future training and education. METHODS: A random sample of 450 oncologists from 45 cancer centers was selected from the American Medical Association's Physician Masterfile to complete a survey measuring attitudes and knowledge about LGBTQ health and institutional practices...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Adil Haider, Rachel R Adler, Eric Schneider, Tarsicio Uribe Leitz, Anju Ranjit, Christina Ta, Adele Levine, Omar Harfouch, Danielle Pelaez, Lisa Kodadek, Laura Vail, Claire Snyder, Danielle German, Susan Peterson, Jeremiah D Schuur, Brandyn D Lau
Importance: Health care and government organizations call for routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) information in the clinical setting, yet patient preferences for collection methods remain unknown. Objective: To assess of the optimal patient-centered approach for SOGI collection in the emergency department (ED) setting. Design, Setting, and Participants: This matched cohort study (Emergency Department Query for Patient-Centered Approaches to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity [EQUALITY] Study) of 4 EDs on the east coast of the United States sequentially tested 2 different SOGI collection approaches between February 2016 and March 2017...
December 7, 2018: JAMA network open
Boyoung Nam, Hyun-Jin Jun, Lisa Fedina, Roma Shah, Jordan E DeVylder
Sexual minorities have higher risk for psychological distress than heterosexual populations. However, this disparity remains under-studied in urban settings, and there likewise has been minimal prior research of potential interactions with gender and race/ethnicity. The present study aimed to examine mental health correlates of sexual minority identification in conjunction with gender and race/ethnicity. A community sample of 1,615 adults from four eastern cities in the United States was used. A series of regression analyses were conducted to examine differences in psychological distress and suicidal ideation across different sexual orientation populations...
December 18, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Dmitry Zavlin, Richard J Wassersug, Vishwanath Chegireddy, Jürgen Schaff, Nikolaos A Papadopulos
INTRODUCTION: It has been theorized that there are 2 subgroups within the male-to-female (MtF) transgender population: individuals who are predominantly androphilic and those who are predominantly gynephylic or interested in both male and female partners. AIM: To explore the role of a dichotomous distribution of age at dysphoria onset in individuals diagnosed with MtF gender dysphoria. METHODS: 40 patients who presented to a surgical clinic in Germany for gender-affirming surgery (GAS) were included in this study...
January 9, 2019: Sexual Medicine
Lisa M Dario, Henry F Fradella, Megan Verhagen, Megan M Parry
Although lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people have achieved increased acceptance and access to social institutions in recent years, they have continued to be confronted with persistent homophobic attitudes, including from U.S. law enforcement personnel. Police culture often fosters these beliefs, and consequently results in the under-policing of LGBT citizens when victimized, but over-policing in places of leisure. This relationship is exacerbated when considering the intersectional effect of gender and sexual orientation, undoubtedly impacting legitimacy perceptions due to perceived (and actual) procedural injustice...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Homosexuality
Akua O Gyamerah, Kate L Collier, Vasu Reddy, Theo G M Sandfort
Although South Africa protects sexual orientation in its Constitution, homosexuality is socioculturally contested and unaccepted. This lack of acceptance may impact the coming-out process of men who have sex with men (MSM). This study explored diverse factors that influenced whether Black South African MSM disclosed their sexual practices and identities to their families, how their families responded, and how family responses affected them. In-depth interviews were conducted with 81 Black MSM from four Tshwane townships about their sexual and gender identities, sexual practices, social networks, and familial relationships...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Sex Research
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