Read by QxMD icon Read

Hand Or Upper Quarter

N B Zhu, M Zhou, C Q Yu, Y Guo, Z Bian, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, Z M Chen, J Lyu, L M Li
Objective: To examine the prevalence of 'healthy lifestyle' from data extracted from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) of 0.5 million adults from ten areas across China. Methods: After excluding participants with self-reported histories of coronary heart disease, stroke or cancer, a total of 487 198 participants at baseline (2004-2008) and 22 604 participants at second survey (2013- 2014), were included for analysis. 'Healthy lifestyle' was defined as haing the following characteristics: a) never smoking or having stopped smoking for reasons other than illness; b) alcohol drinking <25 g/day (men)/<15 g/day (women); c) diet rich in vegetables, fruits, legumes and fish, but low in red meat; d) upper quarter of the physical activity level; e) body mass index of 18...
February 10, 2019: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
T Hill, M J M Sullman, A N Stephens
There is extensive evidence that using a mobile phone whilst driving is one of the biggest contributors to driver distraction, which in turn increases the risk of motor vehicle collisions. Whilst most of the developed countries have been trying to deter this behaviour through legislation, enforcement and educational campaigns, in Ukraine, where the road fatality rate is the highest in Europe, this issue has only recently become publicised. The present study examined psychological factors that are associated with hand-held mobile phone use while driving among a sample of Ukrainian drivers, in particular writing or reading a text message while driving...
February 8, 2019: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Sachin Wani, Samuel Han, Violette Simon, Matthew Hall, Dayna Early, Eva Aagaard, Wasif M Abidi, Subhas Banerjee, Todd H Baron, Michael Bartel, Erik Bowman, Brian C Brauer, Jonathan M Buscaglia, Linda Carlin, Amitabh Chak, Hemant Chatrath, Abhishek Choudhary, Bradley Confer, Gregory A Coté, Koushik K Das, Christopher J DiMaio, Andrew M Dries, Steven A Edmundowicz, Abdul Hamid El Chafic, Ihab El Hajj, Swan Ellert, Jason Ferreira, Anthony Gamboa, Ian S Gan, Lisa Gangarosa, Bhargava Gannavarapu, Stuart R Gordon, Nalini M Guda, Hazem T Hammad, Cynthia Harris, Sujai Jalaj, Paul Jowell, Sana Kenshil, Jason Klapman, Michael L Kochman, Sri Komanduri, Gabriel Lang, Linda S Lee, David E Loren, Frank Lukens, Daniel Mullady, Raman V Muthusamy, Andrew S Nett, Mojtaba S Olyaee, Kavous Pakseresht, Pranith Perera, Patrick Pfau, Cyrus Piraka, John M Poneros, Amit Rastogi, Anthony Razzak, Brian Riff, Shreyas Saligram, James M Scheiman, Isaiah Schuster, Raj J Shah, Rishi Sharma, Joshua P Spaete, Ajaypal Singh, Muhammad Sohail, Jayaprakash Sreenarasimhaiah, Tyler Stevens, James H Tabibian, Demetrios Tzimas, Dushant S Uppal, Shiro Urayama, Domenico Vitterbo, Andrew Y Wang, Wahid Wassef, Patrick Yachimski, Sergio Zepeda-Gomez, Tobias Zuchelli, Rajesh N Keswani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Minimum EUS and ERCP volumes that should be offered per trainee in "high quality" advanced endoscopy training programs (AETPs) are not established. We aimed to define the number of procedures required by an "average" advanced endoscopy trainee (AET) to achieve competence in technical and cognitive EUS and ERCP tasks to help structure AETPs. METHODS: ASGE-recognized AETPs were invited to participate; AETs were graded on every fifth EUS and ERCP examination using a validated tool...
February 7, 2019: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
John Leung, Margot Lehman
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports the key findings of the first survey of Australian, New Zealand (ANZ) and Singaporean radiation oncology trainees on contouring and planning. METHODS: The survey was conducted from May to July 2018 using a 35-question instrument. It was emailed to all ANZ and Singaporean trainees on the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR) database with at least 6 months experience. The questions related to demographics, time spent on contouring, most difficult sites to contour, most useful atlas, feedback on contouring, interaction with radiation therapists, plan reviews, stereotactic radiation therapy (SBRT), brachytherapy and suggested areas of improvement...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Clarisa R Krueger, Robert D Lewis, C Wayne McIlwraith, Michael D Major, Jeffrey E Brakenhoff, D Reese Hand, Aileen L Rowland, Ann M Hess, Samuel W Johnson, Eileen S Hackett
OBJECTIVE To determine effects of prosthetic laryngoplasty on return to racing, performance index, and career longevity in racing Quarter Horses with recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) and to evaluate performance variables for horses with RLN undergoing prosthetic laryngoplasty, compared with a control horse population. DESIGN Multicenter, retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS 162 racing Quarter Horses with RLN treated with prosthetic laryngoplasty (case horses) and 324 racing Quarter Horse without RLN (control horses)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Damir A Gubaidullin, Rinat G Zaripov, Liudmila A Tkachenko, Linar R Shaidullin
The characteristics of the deposition of a polydisperse gas suspension (tobacco smoke) in a closed tube in the mode of transition to shock waves at the first natural frequency are studied experimentally. The natural deposition of tobacco smoke continues for a long time. When the oscillations are excited, the process occurs hundreds of times faster. The shortest time for the deposition of tobacco smoke takes place when the tube is half filled. When filling the tube by a quarter and three quarters, the time of the process is almost the same, despite the three-fold difference in the content of smoke in the tube...
January 2019: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Jeremy S Dittman
Nervous systems are built on synaptic connections, and our understanding of these complex compartments has deepened over the past quarter century as the diverse fields of genetics, molecular biology, physiology, and biochemistry each made significant in-roads into synaptic function. On the presynaptic side, an evolutionarily conserved core fusion apparatus constructed from a handful of proteins has emerged, with Unc13 serving as a hub that coordinates nearly every aspect of synaptic transmission. This review briefly highlights recent studies on diverse aspects of Unc13 function including roles in SNARE assembly and quality control, release site building, calcium channel proximity, and short-term synaptic plasticity...
January 25, 2019: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
Cristina López de Subijana, Jorge Lorenzo
The aims of this study were: i) to analyze whether relative age effect occurs in the athletes of the junior national teams and professional athletes in Spain in general and in soccer and basketball, and ii) to compare the long-term success of the players selected for the junior national team between these sports. The samples for this study were Spanish professional soccer (n = 461) and basketball (n = 250) players in the 2013-2014 premier league and players from the junior Spanish soccer (i.e., n = 273; U-17: n = 107; U-19: n = 166) and basketball (i...
December 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
Yawara Eguchi, Masaki Norimoto, Munetaka Suzuki, Ryota Haga, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Tomotaka Umimura, Takashi Sato, Yasuchika Aoki, Atsuya Watanabe, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Junichi Nakamura, Tsutomu Akazawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
OBJECTIVEThe purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between vertebral bodies, psoas major morphology, and the course of lumbar nerve tracts using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) before lateral interbody fusion (LIF) to treat spinal deformities.METHODSDTI findings in a group of 12 patients (all women, mean age 74.3 years) with degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) were compared with those obtained in a matched control group of 10 patients (all women, mean age 69.8 years) with low-back pain but without scoliosis...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Yoshitsugu Oki, Makoto Kawai, Kosuke Minai, Kazuo Ogawa, Yasunori Inoue, Satoshi Morimoto, Toshikazu Tanaka, Tomohisa Nagoshi, Takayuki Ogawa, Michihiro Yoshimura
High serum uric acid (UA) has been reported to be associated with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction; however, the relationship between UA and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), a sensitive biomarker of heart failure, is still unclear. This study investigated their relationship to provide an accurate assessment of high UA. The study patients consisted of 3,077 subjects who underwent cardiac catheterization because of various cardiovascular disorders. Since the explanatory factors of multiple regression analysis were mostly confounding with each other, subgroup analysis was performed by quartering the study population using the respective risk factors and by covariance structure analysis...
January 24, 2019: Scientific Reports
Geraldine Favrais, Moreno Ursino, Catherine Mouchel, Estelle Boivin, Vincent Jullien, Sarah Zohar, Elie Saliba
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic schedules for treating neonatal seizures remain elusive. First-line treatment with phenobarbital is widely supported but without strong scientific evidence. Levetiracetam (LEV) is an emerging and promising antiepileptic drug (AED). The aim of this phase II trial is to determine the benefits of LEV by applying a strict methodology and to estimate the optimal dose of LEV as a first-line AED to treat seizures in newborns suffering from hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy...
January 24, 2019: BMJ Open
Hana M Broulikova, Vaclav Sladek, Marketa Arltova, Jakub Cerny
BACKGROUND: In Czechia, only about a quarter of people suffering from the Alzheimer's disease (AD) receive (usually belated) treatment. Because of their more rapid cognitive decline, untreated patients require extensive assistance with basic daily activities earlier than those receiving treatment. This assistance provided at home and nursing homes represents a substantial economic burden. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To calculate lifetime costs of care per AD patient and to evaluate potential care savings from early treatment...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
W Arjaans, M Ouwehand, G Bouma, T van der Meulen, M A E de van der Schueren
RATIONALE: The Cortrak® feeding tube, an electromagnetic (EM) guided feeding tube which is placed by a trained nurse at the patient's bedside, is reported to be a safe, patient friendly and cost effective answer to the disadvantages of endoscopic placement of naso-duodenal feeding tubes. However, this procedure requires a learning curve and regular practice. This study aims to evaluate whether introducing Cortrak® feeding tube placement would be profitable in a tertiary referral academic hospital...
February 2019: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Bas C J Majoor, Michiel A J van de Sande, Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra, Andreas Leithner, Paul C Jutte, Roberto Vélez, Tamás Perlaky, Eric L Staals, Judith V M G Bovée, Neveen A T Hamdy, Sander P D Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: Mazabraud syndrome is a rare disorder, characterized by the presence of fibrous dysplasia (FD) with associated intramuscular myxomas. Data are scarce on the prevalence, clinical features, and natural history of this disorder and outcomes. In this multicenter study, we evaluated a series of patients from 6 European centers. METHODS: All centers affiliated with the European Musculo-Skeletal Oncology Society (EMSOS) were invited to include data on all patients with Mazabraud syndrome who were seen between 1980 and 2015...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Gianluigi Forloni, Roberto Chiesa, Orso Bugiani, Mario Salmona, Fabrizio Tagliavini
A quarter of a century ago, we proposed an innovative approach to studying the pathogenesis of prion disease, one of the most intriguing biomedical problems that remains unresolved. The synthesis of a peptide homologous to residues 106-126 of the human prion protein (PrP106-126), a sequence present in the PrP amyloid protein of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome patients, provided a tractable tool for investigating the mechanisms of neurotoxicity. Together with several other discoveries at the beginning of the 1990s, PrP106-126 contributed to underpinning the role of amyloid in the pathogenesis of protein-misfolding neurodegenerative disorders...
January 12, 2019: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Towel K K Wong, Ada W W Ma, Karen P Y Liu, Louisa M Y Chung, Young-Hyeon Bae, Shirley S M Fong, Balasankar Ganesan, Hsing-Kuo Wang
In this study, balance performance, agility, eye-hand coordination, and sports performance were compared between amateur badminton players and active controls.Thirty young adult badminton players and 33 active controls participated in the study. Static single-leg standing balance (with eyes closed) was measured using a force platform, and dynamic balance was measured using the Y Balance Test (lower quarter). Agility was measured using a hexagon agility test, and eye-hand coordination was measured using a computerized finger-pointing task...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Noëlle Sherber
The U.S. Census Bureau defines the Millennial generation as those born between 1982 and 2000, placing the upper age range at 36 years old. The largest generation in US history, outnumbering Baby Boomers and representing more than one-quarter of the US population, they are poised to reshape the economy. They are outspending Baby Boomers 2 to 1 on self-care, and the ASDS 2016 annual survey reported that, in the prior year, patients under 30 saw 20% growth in neuromodulators and 100% growth in injectable filler procedures...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Sheila Jasanoff
Xenotransplantation, or the grafting of organs from one species to another, may seem at first a far cry from brain death, but there is rising hope in some quarters of the biomedical community that such transplants may reduce, even obviate, the need to harvest human organs-and hence eliminate the primary reason for needing an unambiguous definition of brain death. As with all research on the frontiers of biomedicine, xenotransplantation raises its own ethical quandaries. One concern that has long occupied ethical thought is the degree to which advances in science and technology should control the boundaries between the human and the nonhuman...
November 2018: Hastings Center Report
Uri Gottlieb, Dor Kelman, Shmuel Springer
BACKGROUND Worldwide, there is a high attrition rate, or dropout rate, from combat in trained soldiers, mainly due to musculoskeletal injuries. This study aimed to determine whether the use of an upper limb stability test, the Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (UQYBT), and a modified version of the Ranger Test (MRT) that included a lower limb step-up endurance test, could predict attrition from combat service in female infantry soldiers. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 2015, a group of 167 newly recruited female light infantry soldiers were evaluated using the UQYBT and the MRT...
December 22, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
N B Zhu, M Zhou, C Q Yu, Y Guo, Z Bian, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, Z M Chen, J Lyu, L M Li
Objective: To examine the associations between family history of major chronic diseases and healthy lifestyle in adults in China. Methods: Data were from the baseline and second survey of China Kadoorie Biobank study, which were conducted during 2004-2008 and 2013-2014, respectively. After excluding participants with self-reported histories of coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer or diabetes, a total of 461 213 adults from baseline survey and 20 583 adults from second survey were included in the current study...
December 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"