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Red Wine And Exercise

Letícia Monteiro da Fonseca Cardoso, Nina Da Matta Alvarez Pimenta, Raiza Da Silva Ferreira Fiochi, Bruna Ferreira Mota Mota, Juliana Arruda de Souza Monnerat, Cristiane Correia Teixeira, Renata Beatriz Da Rocha Ramalho, Isabelle Waleska Maldronato, Manuela Dolisnky, Gilson Teles Boaventura, Vilma Blondet, Sergio Girão Barroso, Carlos Alberto Soares da Costa, Gabrielle De Souza Rocha
INTRODUCTION: intake of diets with high saturated fat may produce deleterious effects on bone mineralization. Lifestyle changes help reduce the bone loss observed in osteoporosis. Resveratrol, present in grape juice and red wine, has osteogenic and osteoinductive effects, being potentially beneficial for bone health. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effects of red grape juice, red wine and resveratrol consumption on bone parameters in Wistar rats submitted to a high-fat diet and physical training...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Samantha A Radford, Parinya Panuwet, Ronald E Hunter, Dana Boyd Barr, P Barry Ryan
Since urinary insecticide metabolites are commonly used as biomarkers of exposure, it is important that we quantify whether insecticides degrade in food and beverages in order to better perform risk assessment. This study was designed to quantify degradation of organophosphorus and pyrethroid insecticides in beverages. Purified water, white grape juice, orange juice, and red wine were fortified with 500 ng/mL diazinon, malathion, chlorpyrifos, permethrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, and deltamethrin, and aliquots were extracted several times over a 15-day storage period at 2...
February 2, 2018: Toxics
Mary M McDermott, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Jack M Guralnik, Lu Tian, Robert Sufit, Lihui Zhao, Michael H Criqui, Melina R Kibbe, James H Stein, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephen D Anton, Tamar S Polonsky, Ying Gao, Rafael de Cabo, Luigi Ferrucci
Importance: Research shows that resveratrol, a sirtuin activator in red wine, improves exercise endurance and skeletal-muscle oxidative metabolism in animals and may enhance vascular function in humans. Resveratrol supplement sales exceed $30 million annually in the United States, but few data are available regarding its efficacy in humans. Objective: To determine whether resveratrol, 125 mg/d or 500 mg/d, improves the 6-minute walk performance in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD)...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
Eva K Fenwick, Jing Xie, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Lyndell L Lim, Victoria M Flood, Robert P Finger, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
AIM: To explore the association between alcohol consumption and the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with type 2 diabetes answered questions on consumption of low and full-strength beer, white wine/champagne, red wine, fortified wines, and spirits. Never, moderate and high consumption of each alcoholic beverage, and overall alcoholic beverage consumption, were defined as <1, 1-14 and >14 standard drinks/week, respectively...
November 2015: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
P L da Luz, S Coimbra, D Favarato, C Albuquerque, R I Mochiduky, C E Rochitte, E Hojaij, C R L Gonsalves, F R Laurindo
Observational studies suggest there are clinical benefits to moderate red wine (RW) consumption. However, the effects on coronary vasculature and overall lifestyle are unclear. We investigated whether a lifestyle of regular long-term RW consumption is associated with changes in coronary plaque burden, calcium score, carotid intima/media thickness, endothelial function, and metabolic variables, compared with alcohol abstinence. Healthy volunteers were evaluated by coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) as well as carotid and brachial artery ultrasound...
August 2014: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Dirk W Droste, Catalina Iliescu, Michel Vaillant, Manon Gantenbein, Nancy De Bremaeker, Charlotte Lieunard, Telma Velez, Michèle Meyer, Tessy Guth, Andrea Kuemmerle, Anna Chioti
BACKGROUND: A Mediterranean diet, with and without small daily amounts of red wine, and physical activity reduce the risk of cerebrovascular disease and improve cognition. An increase in cerebral blood flow may be the underlying mechanism. Under normal conditions, cerebral blood flow velocity changes in the internal carotid arteries and in large basal cerebral arteries correlate closely with cerebral blood flow changes, as the diameter of these vessels hardly changes and only the smaller vessels downstream change their diameter...
2014: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Dirk W Droste, Catalina Iliescu, Michel Vaillant, Manon Gantenbein, Nancy De Bremaeker, Charlotte Lieunard, Telma Velez, Michèle Meyer, Tessy Guth, Andrea Kuemmerle, Anna Chioti
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of small amounts of red wine improves blood lipids. However, there is concern whether this beneficial effect might be counterbalanced by an increase in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR), which are risk factors for cerebro-cardiovascular disease. In particular, we studied whether regular consumption of red wine with and without lifestyle changes (LC; healthy diet and physical activity advice) results in an increase in BP and HR. METHODS: A prospective, unblinded randomized trial was performed in 108 patients (67% men) with carotid atherosclerosis documented by ultrasound, a mean BP of 122/79 mm Hg and a mean HR of 71 bpm at inclusion in the study...
2013: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Dirk W Droste, Catalina Iliescu, Michel Vaillant, Manon Gantenbein, Nancy De Bremaeker, Charlotte Lieunard, Telma Velez, Michèle Meyer, Tessy Guth, Andrea Kuemmerle, Georges Gilson, Anna Chioti
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise and a Mediterranean diet improve serum lipid profile. The present work studied whether red wine has an effect on top of a lipid-lowering lifestyle in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: A prospective randomised unblinded trial was performed from 2009 to 2011 in 108 patients with carotid atherosclerosis, 65% of whom were already on statin therapy with a low mean LDL of 104.9 mg/dl. Half of them were advised to follow a modified Mediterranean diet and to perform moderate physical exercise during 30 min/day (lifestyle changes) for 20 weeks...
November 15, 2013: Nutrition Journal
Maria C Patino-Alonso, José I Recio-Rodríguez, Jose Felix Magdalena Belio, Ruben Colominas-Garrido, Jorge Lema-Bartolomé, Amparo Gómez Arranz, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Luis García-Ortiz
Our aim was to analyze the variables associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the adult population. We conducted a cross-sectional study in an established cohort of 1,553 healthy study participants (mean age=55 ± 14 years; 60.3% women). Mediterranean diet adherence was evaluated based on a 14-item questionnaire and the Mediterranean diet adherence screener, which defines adequate adherence as a score of ≥ 9. Physical activity was evaluated using the 7-day physical activity record. Sociodemographic, biological, and anthropometric variables were also evaluated...
April 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
M E Rubio-Ruiz, M El Hafidi, I Pérez-Torres, G Baños, V Guarner
The definition of the Metabolic Syndrome (MS) has encountered difficulty in reaching a universal consensus although there exists an agreement of its main pathologies which are hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, inflammation and renal damage. The prevalent opinion is that three of those alterations may define the syndrome. The incidence of the MS has increased globally, particularly in the last few years, to the point of being regarded as an epidemic. The treatment of the MS can be approached from different angles, since it may be a multifaceted health problem...
2013: Current Medicinal Chemistry
S González, M Fernández, A Cuervo, C Lasheras
BACKGROUND: Polyphenols are bioactive compounds widely found in fruit, vegetables and beverages of plant origin. Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between polyphenol intake and health; antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and other bioactivities may contribute to these beneficially protective effects. To date, most epidemiological studies describing polyphenol intake have been limited by the information available in nutrient databases. The present study aimed to determine the total and individual polyphenol intake among institutionalised elderly people living in Asturias (North of Spain) and to identify the major dietary sources of polyphenol classes and subclasses...
April 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Protásio L da Luz, Leonardo Tanaka, Patrícia Chakur Brum, Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Desidério Favarato, José Eduardo Krieger, Francisco Rafael M Laurindo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in male Wistar rats, the effects of long-term moderate red wine (RW) consumption (equivalent to ∼0.15 mg% resveratrol RS), or RS in low (L, 0.15 mg%) or high (H, 400 mg%) doses in chow. BACKGROUND: Both RW and RS exhibit cardioprotection. RS extends lifespan in obese rats. It is unclear whether RW consumption or low-dose RS delay vascular aging and prolong life span in the absence of overt risk factors. METHODS: Endpoints were aerobic performance, exercise capacity, aging biomarkers (p53,p16,p21, telomere length and telomerase activity in aortic homogenates), vascular reactivity...
September 2012: Atherosclerosis
Thomas F Whayne, Nilanjana Maulik
In this era of potent medications and major cardiovascular (CV) procedures, the value of nutrition can be forgotten. A healthy diet is essential, regardless of CV risk. Caloric balance is inherent to a good diet. Despite patients who say they eat little, ideal weight can be maintained if calories are burned. Composition is another component of a healthy diet. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and Mediterranean diets provide proof of CV benefit from their specific content. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with poor diet and obesity...
August 2012: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Israel Pérez-Torres, Angélica Ruiz-Ramírez, Guadalupe Baños, Mohammed El-Hafidi
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an obesity-associated collection of disorders, each of which contributes to cardiovascular risk. For patients with MS, it is difficult to follow a diet/exercise regime that would improve their symptoms. Therefore, the investigation of agents that may deal with its more serious aspects is an important medical field for research. Numerous experimental studies have confirmed the important role of medicinal plants or their active components in the prevention and treatment, and in lowering risk factors of MS...
March 2013: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
J Salas-Salvadó, M Á Martinez-González, M Bulló, E Ros
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an important preventable disease and a growing public health problem. Epidemiologic and interventional studies suggest that weight loss is the main driving force to reduce diabetes risk. Landmark clinical trials of lifestyle changes in subjects with prediabetes have shown that diet and exercise leading to weight loss consistently reduce the incidence of diabetes. However, from these studies it cannot be established whether dietary changes alone play a significant role in preventing diabetes...
September 2011: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Barry A Logan, Matthew P Hammond, Benjamin M Stormo
Plant-derived phenolic compounds such as those found in red wine, tea, and certain fruit juices may protect against cardiovascular disease by detoxifying (scavenging) superoxide and other unstable reactive oxygen species. We present a laboratory exercise that can be used to assess the superoxide-scavenging capacity of beverages. Among the beverages examined, only those known to be rich in phenolic compounds (red wine, green tea, blueberry juice, and stout beer) exhibited appreciable superoxide scavenging. White wine and a 10% ethanol solution served as controls and did not scavenge superoxide...
January 2008: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
Paulo Roberto Soares Filho, Iran Castro, Adriene Stahlschmidt
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise (PE) is effective in the treatment and prevention of hypertension associated with improved lipid profile and cardiac contractile function. Regular and moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages such as red wine brings a cardiovascular protective effect. Beverage-derived polyphenols have antioxidant properties benefiting blood vessels. There is little evidence on the consumption of red wine associated with PE and the influences on the cardiovascular system...
April 2011: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Gavitt A Woodard, John Downey, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, John M Morton
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity remains the leading public health crisis of the industrialized world, with bariatric surgery the only effective and enduring treatment. Poor psychological adjustment has been occasionally reported postoperatively. In addition, evidence suggests that patients can metabolize alcohol differently after gastric bypass. STUDY DESIGN: Preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively, 19 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients' breath alcohol content (BAC) was measured every 5 minutes after drinking 5 oz red wine to determine peak BAC and time until sober in a case-crossover design preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively...
February 2011: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Stéphanie Dal-Ros, Joffrey Zoll, Anne-Laure Lang, Cyril Auger, Nathalie Keller, Christian Bronner, Bernard Geny, Valérie B Schini-Kerth
Aging is associated with oxidative stress-mediated endothelial dysfunction and decline in physical performance, which promote cardiovascular diseases. This study examined whether chronic intake of red wine polyphenols (RWPs), a rich source of natural antioxidants, prevents aging-related impairment of vascular function and physical exercise capacity. Vascular reactivity from 12, 20 and 40 week-old rats was assessed in organ chambers. Rats received from week 16 to 40 either solvent, RWPs or the antioxidant and NADPH oxidase inhibitor, apocynin...
January 14, 2011: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
John E Morley
Numerous studies have now found that good nutrition coupled with exercise are key factors to aging successfully. In addition, it is now clear that men who drink 2 shots of alcohol (red wine or other) do better. Women are limited to only 1 drink a day. This article examines some key nutritional factors involved in successful aging and highlights different needs between men and women.
May 2010: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
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