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Flash pulmonary edema

Motasem Alyamani, Jissy Thomas, Miriam Shanks, Gavin Y Oudit
Resistant hypertension remains an important cause of heart failure. In this article, we describe a case of resistant hypertension in a 63-year-old woman leading to heart failure and marked morbidity. Her clinical course was characterized by chronic pleural effusions and recurrent hospitalizations with respiratory failure and flash pulmonary edema associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Her transthoracic echocardiogram showed severe concentric left hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Pramod K Guru, Anjali Agarwal, Mario Pimentel, Diane C McLaughlin, Vikas Bansal
Postobstructive pulmonary edema (POPE) also known as negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is an underdiagnosed entity in clinical practice and can lead to life-threatening hypoxemia. A 64-year-old male patient's perioperative course was complicated by acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, after extubation following general anesthesia, following the excision of the right vocal cord papilloma. His chest X-ray showed features of pulmonary edema, EKG showed dynamic ST-T changes in the lateral leads, and echocardiography showed evidence of regional motion abnormalities...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Michael Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a common presentation to the emergency department (ED), with the potential to cause significant morbidity and mortality. It is important to tailor treatments to the appropriate type of heart failure. OBJECTIVES: This review provides an evidence-based summary of the current ED management of acute heart failure. DISCUSSION: Heart failure can present along a spectrum, especially in acute exacerbation. Treatment should focus on the underlying disease process, with guidelines focusing primarily on blood pressure and hemodynamic status...
November 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Oreoluwa Oladiran, Salik Nazir
Left ventricular dysfunction is a rare side effect of bevacizumab occurring in 2-4% of cases. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department (ED) with sudden onset of shortness of breath, orthopnea, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. She was tachypneic and in respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed jugular venous distention, diffuse expiratory wheeze, and bipedal edema. She had been started on bevacizumab for the treatment of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia 1 month prior to presentation...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
Haojian Dong, Zhiqiang Nie, Wenhui Huang, Yuan Liu, Guang Li, Yanqiu Ou, Yingling Zhou, Jianfang Luo
As reported scoring systems of renal artery stenosis (RAS) screening were not easily validated, we further proposed a simple method to predict or rule out RAS in selective patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG). After preliminary inclusive criterion (severe hypertension or atherosclerosis, flash pulmonary edema, or unexplained renal dysfunction), 503 and 158 consecutive patients undergoing renal arteriography at the timing of CAG were separately enrolled between 2012 and 2015, and 2016 and 2017 as the development and validation cohort...
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Samantha Paone, Leigha Clarkson, Billy Sin, Sheena Punnapuzha
Sympathetic Crashing Acute Pulmonary Edema (SCAPE), or flash pulmonary edema, is the extreme end of the acute pulmonary edema spectrum. A sympathetic surge occurs as a result of decreased systemic perfusion resulting in further increases in afterload, causing the patient to decompensate. Patients can decompensate quickly, therefore patients require rapid interventions. The use of high-dose nitroglycerin (HDN) has been a topic of interest as it is believed to achieve preload and afterload reduction. However, its use continues to be controversial due to concerns of drug induced hypotension, syncope or paresthesia...
August 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Wendy Whiteside, Justin T Tretter, Jamil Aboulhosn, Osamah Aldoss, Aimee K Armstrong, Martin L Bocks, Matthew J Gillespie, Thomas K Jones, Mary Hunt Martin, Jeffrey J Meadows, Christina M Metcalf, Mariel E Turner, Thomas Zellers, Bryan H Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) is an established therapy for dysfunctional right ventricular (RV) outflow tract conduits. TPVR in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, subpulmonary left ventricle, and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) conduit dysfunction has not been studied. Unique anatomic and physiological aspects of this population may contribute to distinct risks and outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Across 10 US centers, 27 patients with a dysfunctional LVOT conduit were evaluated in the catheterization laboratory between December 2008 and August 2015 with the intent to perform TPVR...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Antonis S Manolis, Antonis A Manolis, Helen Melita
BACKGROUND: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) has a high prevalence in older patients, especially in the context of general atherosclerosis. It is frequently associated with resistant hypertension and impaired renal function and their attendant consequences. The issue whether revascularization via percutaneous renal angioplasty and stenting (PRA/S) can benefit these patients remains unsettled. OBJECTIVE: To present a case series of patients with refractory hypertension and RAS undergoing PRA/S and also to provide an extensive review of the literature on the current status of PRA/S for resistant hypertension...
2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
Albeir Y Mousa, Mark C Bates, Mike Broce, Joseph Bozzay, Ramez Morcos, Ali F AbuRahma
Renal artery stenosis may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of secondary hypertension, renal dysfunction, and flash pulmonary edema. Currently correction of renal arterial inflow stenosis is reserved for resistant hypertension patients who have failed maximal medical therapy, have worsening renal function and/or unexplained proximal congestive failure. With the recent advances in minimally invasive percutaneous stent placement techniques, open surgical revascularization has been largely replaced by renal artery stenting...
December 2017: Vascular
Tolga Cimen, Engin Algul, Tolga Han Efe, Hamza Sunman, Ekrem Yeter
Flash pulmonary edema frequently develop in case of bilateral renal artery stenosis and unilateral renal artery stenosis with functional solitary kidney. In some rare cases, unilateral renal artery stenosis with bilaterally functional kidneys may also lead to flash pulmonary edema. Here, we present a case of flash pulmonary edema caused by accessory renal artery stenosis. To our knowledge, it is the first case reported in the literature.
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jun Li, Sahil A Parikh
Severe atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis can manifest as treatment-resistant hypertension, ischemic nephropathy and/or cardiac disturbance syndromes of recurrent flash pulmonary edema and refractory angina. Renal artery revascularization can dramatically impact patient outcome. However, patient selection for revascularization can be challenging. Renal artery stenting is most commonly used for renal revascularization and is a safe procedure when performed in carefully selected patients. This review addresses the pathophysiology of renal artery stenosis and the data supporting revascularization in such patients...
October 2014: Interventional Cardiology Clinics
Nicholas Y Tan, Chance M Witt, Christopher J McLeod, Bernard J Gersh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: HeartRhythm Case Reports
S Tyler Constantine, Anand Gopalsami, Gregg Helland
BACKGROUND: Recurrent priapism secondary to sickle cell trait in an African-American male has been reported in the literature. A common treatment for these low-flow priapism cases is aspiration and injection of the corpus cavernosum with a sympathomimetic agent. We report a rare complication not described previously in the literature of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and cardiogenic shock in a 29-year-old male with sickle cell trait undergoing a routine detumescence procedure...
June 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jose D Tafur, Christopher J White
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis is the leading cause of secondary hypertension; it can also cause progressive renal insufficiency and cardiovascular complications such as refractory heart failure and flash pulmonary edema. Medical therapy including risk factor modification, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system antagonists, lipid lowering agents, and antiplatelet therapy is the first line of treatment in all patients. Patients with uncontrolled renovascular hypertension despite optimal medical therapy, ischemic nephropathy, and cardiac destabilization syndromes who have severe renal artery stenosis are likely to benefit from renal artery revascularization...
April 2017: Current Problems in Cardiology
M C Kihm, B Vogel, M Zeier, L P Kihm
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is one of the most relevant long-term complications of atherosclerotic disease. It is associated both with hypertension and increased renal and cardiovascular risk and overall mortality. Diagnostic modalities include non-invasive duplex ultrasound, dynamic magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computer tomography angiography (CTA) and are confirmed by using invasive renal angiography. Percutaneous revascularization of renal artery stenosis has been studied in various clinical trials...
June 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Joanna Matuszkiewicz-Rowińska, Monika Wieliczko
Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is one of the most common causes of secondary hypertension. In about 90% of cases it is due to atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, often accompanied by severe occlusive disease in the other vessels, and as such carries a bad prognosis. In the remaining 10% patients (usually young women) the underlying vascular lesion is fibromuscular dysplasia. A presence of RVH should be suspected in patients with severe or resistant hypertension, sudden decline of renal function, sudden development or worsening of hypertension, flash pulmonary edema, impairment of renal function after treatment with renal-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) antagonists...
2015: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Osami Kawarada, Satoshi Yasuda, Teruo Noguchi, Toshihisa Anzai, Hisao Ogawa
Atherosclerotic renal artery disease presents with a broad spectrum of clinical features, including heart failure as well as hypertension, and renal failure. Although recent randomized controlled trials failed to demonstrate renal artery stenting can reduce blood pressure or the number of cardiovascular or renal events more so than medical therapy, increasing attention has been paid to flash pulmonary edema and congestive heart failure associated with atherosclerotic renal artery disease. This clinical entity "renovascular heart failure" is diagnosed retrospectively...
July 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Tomas Lenz, Karl-Ludwig Schulte
Severe renal artery stenosis may cause renovascular hypertension; in case of bilateral narrowing or in a stenotic solitary kidney, renal insufficiency (e.g. ischemic kidney disease) or pulmonary flash edema may ensue. Renal artery stenosis can be treated by revasularization, using either percutaneous angioplasty (with or without stenting) or less common open surgical procedures, both with excellent primary patency rates. However, several randomized trials of renal artery angioplasty or stenting in patients with arteriosclerotic disease have failed to demonstrate a longer-term benefit with regard to blood pressure control and renal function over medical management...
March 2016: Panminerva Medica
Shohreh Honarbakhsh, Mohammad Chowdhury, Andrew Deaner, Fahad Farooqi
We submit a case of a young patient with known severe left ventricular (LV) systolic impairment who presented with recurrent flash pulmonary oedema (FPO) requiring multiple high-dependency care admissions. Despite extensive optimisation of his underlying heart failure, the presentations remained frequent. Investigations for alternative diagnosis were not approached due to the presence of LV impairment and compliance being questioned. However, deteriorating renal function prompted further investigation with multiple imaging modalities, and an effective diagnosis of bilateral renal artery stenosis secondary to an aortoiliac thrombus was made...
November 3, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Arash Bornak, Atif Baqai, Xiaoyi Li, Jorge Rey, Jun Tashiro, Omaida C Velazquez
Enlarging aneurysms in the thoracic aorta frequently remain asymptomatic. Fistulization of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) to adjacent structures or the presence of a patent ductus arteriosus and TAA may lead to irreversible cardiopulmonary sequelae. This article reports on a large aneurysm of the thoracic aorta with communication to the pulmonary artery causing pulmonary edema and cardiorespiratory failure. The communication was ultimately closed after thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair allowing rapid symptom resolution...
January 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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