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Public Health And Physical Activity

Michael Brannan, Matteo Bernardotto, Nick Clarke, Justin Varney
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals are key informants to support individual behaviour change, and although there has been some progress in empowering clinicians to promote physical activity and health at work, an effective strategy overarching the whole medical educational journey is still lacking. This report provides an overview from the Moving Healthcare Professionals programme (MHPP), a whole-system educational approach to embed prevention and physical activity promotion into clinical practice...
March 15, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Laura E Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori, Samantha M Harden
BACKGROUND: Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially among older adults, coinciding with urbanization and an increase in sedentary work. Community-based physical activity programs are a recommended method of increasing physical activity levels; however, none currently exist in Ghana. The aim of this exploratory study was to determine older Ghanaian adults' perceptions of physical activity and asses fit and feasibility of adapting and delivering a physical activity program for this population...
March 15, 2019: BMC Geriatrics
Christoph Becker, Sebastian Schmidt, Elmo W I Neuberger, Peter Kirsch, Perikles Simon, Ulrich Dettweiler
The worldwide prevalence of mental disorders in children and adolescents increased constantly. Additionally, the recommended amount of physical activity (PA) is not achieved by this age group. These circumstances are associated with negative impacts on their health status in later life and can lead to public health issues. The exposure to natural green environments (NGE) seems to be beneficial for human health. The compulsory school system offers great opportunities to reach every child with suitable health-related contents and interventions at an early stage...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Nason Maani Hessari, May Ci van Schalkwyk, Sian Thomas, Mark Petticrew
There are concerns about the accuracy of the health information provided by alcohol industry (AI)-funded organisations and about their independence. We conducted a content analysis of the health information disseminated by AI-funded organisations through Twitter, compared with non-AI-funded charities, to assess whether their messages align with industry and/or public health objectives. We compared all tweets from 2016 from Drinkaware (UK); (Ireland); and DrinkWise (Australia), to non-AI-funded charities Alcohol Concern (UK), Alcohol Action Ireland, and FARE (Australia)...
March 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Halima Umer, Alemayehu Negash, Mengesha Birkie, Asmare Belete
Background: Depression and heart disease are an important public-health problem. Depression is one of the most prevalent and disabling psychiatric disorders with more than three times increased risk among patients with cardiovascular disorders. Objective: To identify the prevalence and associated factors of depressive disorder among adult patients with cardiovascular disease. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study design was used to conduct this study on 293 study participants attending an outpatient cardiac clinic at Jimma University Teaching Hospital...
2019: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Michele S Y Kok, Lisa Bryant, Clare Cook, Sara Blackmore, Mat Jones
Type 2 diabetes prevention is a major priority for healthcare services and public health. This study aimed to evaluate how a local authority in England piloted a diabetes prevention programme. The South Gloucestershire Diabetes Prevention (Pilot) Programme (SGDPP) comprised a group health education course over six weeks with subsequent support provision up to six months post-enrolment. Of the 300 patients invited onto the programme, 32% enrolled and 29% completed the full six-month programme. There was an attendance rate of 84% throughout group sessions and at a six-month follow-up...
March 7, 2019: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Loveline L Niba, Paul B Itor, Yemele K Sibelle Aurelie, Foba M Singam, Emmanuel A Tange, Mary B Atanga, Lifoter K Navti
Background: Childhood overweight/obesity is a fast growing public health problem in developing countries. The adverse health consequences of obesity have been attributed to higher body fat levels and this has drawn overwhelming attention towards more accurate assessment of body fat. The goal of this study is to evaluate the relationships between selected behavioral factors and percentage body fat (%BF) estimated using bioelectrical impedance analysis in school-age children. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was carried out in randomly selected 6- to 11-year-old children (507 boys and 501 girls)...
2019: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Jason A Bennie, Ding Ding, Asaduzzaman Khan, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Stuart Jh Biddle, Junghoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Clinical exercise interventions show that combining moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and muscle strengthening exercise (MSE) has more favourable cardiometabolic health benefits than engaging in only one mode of physical activity. However, few studies have examined these associations among community-based samples and none among Asian adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 9120 participants aged 20-80 years from the 2014-2015 Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey...
December 6, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Ana D Goode, Philayrath Phongsavan, Adrian Bauman, Genevieve Maher, Elisabeth Winkler, Jennifer Job, Elizabeth G Eakin
BACKGROUND: Extended intervention contact after an initial, intensive intervention is becoming accepted as best practice in behavioral weight control interventions. Whether extended contact mitigates weight regain in the longer term or it simply delays weight regain until after the extended intervention contact ceases is not clear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate, in multiple ways, maintenance of weight, diet, and physical activity outcomes following Get Healthy, Stay Healthy (GHSH), a text message-delivered extended contact intervention...
March 12, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Casper J P Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Janice M Johnston, Poh-Chin Lai, Ruby S Y Lee, Cindy H P Sit, Ester Cerin
With an ageing world population, preservation of older adults' health and quality of life (QoL) is paramount. Due to lower levels of physical functionality, older adults are particularly susceptible to local environment influences, especially those living alone and lacking family support. Using generalised additive mixed models, we examined associations and confounder-adjusted associations between objectively-measured neighbourhood attributes and QoL domains in 909 Hong Kong Chinese elderly community dwellers...
March 10, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maria Carolina Barreto Moreira Couto, Ila Rocha Falcão, Juliana Dos Santos Müller, Ivone Batista Alves, Wendel da Silva Viana, Verônica Maria Cadena Lima, Paulo Gilvane Lopes Pena, Courtney Georgette Woods, Rita Franco Rego
Lower back musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are an important public health problem and the leading cause of disability worldwide, but with yet unknown prevalence among shellfish gatherers. To investigate the prevalence and work-related factors associated with lower back MSD in a population of female shellfish gatherers, an epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out in Saubara, Bahia-Brazil, in 2013. The Brazilian version of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), in addition to a questionnaire containing the physical demands adapted to the artisanal work, were applied to a random sample of 209 female shellfish gatherers...
March 8, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Margaretha de Looze, Frank J Elgar, Candace Currie, Petra Kolip, Gonneke W J M Stevens
PURPOSE: Sex differences in adolescent health are widely documented, but social explanations for these sex differences are scarce. This study examines whether societal gender inequality (i.e., men's and women's unequal share in political participation, decision-making power, economic participation, and command over resources) relates to sex differences in adolescent physical fighting, physical activity, and injuries. METHODS: National-level data on gender inequality (i...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Yuliya Semenova, Lyudmila Pivina, Almira Manatova, Geir Bjørklund, Natalia Glushkova, Tatyana Belikhina, Marzhan Dauletyarova, Tamara Zhunussova
The present study investigates the rates of depression, anxiety, somatic distress, and fatigue in a rural population of Abayskiy, Borodulikha and Mayskiy districts exposed to radiation from Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site in comparison with the unexposed population of Kurchum district. The sample size included 901 people, of whom 656 were residents of radioecological contaminated areas, while 245 resided at ecologically safe territories and had no radiation exposure in the past. Both study groups had no significant differences concerning age, sex, level of education, smoking habit, and alcohol consumption...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Y Matsuyama, G Tsakos, S Listl, J Aida, R G Watt
Comparing the burden of dental conditions to other health outcomes provides useful insight for public policy. We aimed to estimate quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) loss due to dental conditions in the US adult population. Social inequalities in QALE loss by dental conditions were also examined. Data from 3 cross-sectional waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES waves 2001 to 2002, 2003 to 2004, and 2011 to 2012) were pooled and analyzed. The average age of study participants ( n = 9,445) was 48...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Dental Research
Yasir Almuzaini, Hoda Jradi
Obesity and overweight are global public health concerns with major consequences. Physical inactivity has been repeatedly linked with a high Body Mass Index (BMI) and the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases. In Saudi Arabia, approximately 60% of the entire population is considered physically inactive. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlates and burden of physical inactivity and high BMI among male office workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 395 adult Saudi males between the ages of 18 and 60 years working in governmental offices in AL Madinah...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Community Health
Stephanie E Bonn, Marie Löf, Claes-Göran Östenson, Ylva Trolle Lagerros
BACKGROUND: Mobile health, mHealth is recognized as a strategy to improve lifestyle behaviors. Research targeting specific lifestyle behaviors has shown that interventions using smartphones can be effective. However, few studies have evaluated solutions with multicomponent interventions, tailoring the intervention to the specific needs of the participant using a combination of mHealth and conventional treatment. To accomplish this, we developed Health Integrator, an mHealth platform with services and offers in the areas of diet, physical activity, sleeping habits, stress, alcohol and tobacco use...
March 7, 2019: BMC Public Health
Laura E Castro-Jiménez, Yenny P Argüello-Gutiérrez, Diana A Camargo-Rojas
OBJECTIVE : To identify the actions developed within the framework of physical activity from primary health care (PHC) as manifested by the actors themselves. METHODS : Qualitative research, with an interpretative approach and narrative method, which sought to identify, through in-depth interviews, the actions developed and the factors underlying the implementation of physical activity programs In the city of Bogotá. RESULTS : Regarding the actions developed, individualized and sectoral work was observed, without evidence of articulation between sectors or knowledge of all the programs developed by the city government on the part of the actors...
July 2018: Revista de Salud Pública
Mariusz Duplaga
BACKGROUND: Social campaigns focusing on health are commonly used within an attempt to change behavior. To date, there has not been a targeted analysis of societies' general perception about social campaigns. The aim of this study is to assess citizens' opinions on the effectiveness of health-related social campaigns. METHODS: The data set used in the analysis was obtained from Poland's nationwide "Social Diagnosis" study. The determinants of public opinion were assessed using a multivariate logistic regression...
March 4, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Julie Redfern, Karice Hyun, Anna Singleton, Nashid Hafiz, Rebecca Raeside, Lissa Spencer, Bridie Carr, Ian Caterson, John Cullen, Cate Ferry, Karla Santo, Alison Hayes, Regina W M Leung, Simon Raadsma, Jessica Swinbourne, Jin G Cho, Meredith King, Mary Roberts, Cindy Kok, Christine Jenkins, Clara Chow
INTRODUCTION: Simple and scalable strategies are needed to improve 'out-of-hospital' support and management for people living with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and respiratory disease. Text messaging via mobile phones has been shown to be effective in helping promote lifestyle change and is supported by quantitative and qualitative evidence. The aim of this study is to test the effectiveness and implementation of a 6-month text messaging support programme for people with CVD and respiratory disease as an addition to cardiac and pulmonary outpatient rehabilitation...
March 1, 2019: BMJ Open
Nicole M Rodriguez, Alisa Arce, Alice Kawaguchi, Jenna Hua, Bonnie Broderick, Sandra J Winter, Abby C King
BACKGROUND: While promoting active commuting to school can positively affect children's daily physical activity levels, effectively engaging community members to maximize program impact remains challenging. We evaluated the initial utility of adding a technology-enabled citizen science engagement model, called Our Voice, to a standard Safe Routes to School (SRTS) program to enhance program engagement activities and student travel mode behavior. METHODS: In Investigation 1, a prospective controlled comparison design was used to compare the initial year of the Santa Clara County Public Health Department's SRTS program, with and without the Our Voice engagement model added, in two elementary schools in Gilroy, California, USA...
March 1, 2019: BMC Public Health
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