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Rebekah Eden, Andrew Burton-Jones, Ian Scott, Andrew Staib, Clair Sullivan
Objective The transition to digital hospitals is fast-moving. Although US hospitals are further ahead than some others in implementing eHealth technologies, their early experiences are not necessarily generalisable to contemporary healthcare because both the systems and technologies have been rapidly evolving. It is important to provide up-to-date assessments of the evidence available. The aim of this paper is to provide an assessment of the current literature on the effects to be expected from hospital implementations of eHealth technologies...
July 10, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Kathrin Cresswell, Ann Slee, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: There is currently limited guidance for hospitals to implement ePrescribing systems. We have developed an ePrescribing Toolkit designed to support ongoing implementation, adoption and optimisation of efforts. AIM: To investigate the perceived usefulness, reported use and areas for further development of the Toolkit by ePrescribing implementers in English hospitals. METHODS: Questionnaire-based survey of hospitals that have or are interested in implementing ePrescribing systems...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
Albert Farre, Gemma Heath, Karen Shaw, Teresa Jordan, Carole Cummins
Objectives To explore paediatric nurses' experiences and perspectives of their role in the medication process and how this role is enacted in everyday practice. Methods A qualitative case study on a general surgical ward of a paediatric hospital in England, one year prior to the planned implementation of ePrescribing. Three focus groups and six individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, involving 24 nurses. Focus groups and interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymized and subjected to thematic analysis...
April 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Hajar Mozaffar, Kathrin M Cresswell, Robin Williams, David W Bates, Aziz Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: Hospital electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) systems offer a wide range of patient safety benefits. Like other hospital health information technology interventions, however, they may also introduce new areas of risk. Despite recent advances in identifying these risks, the development and use of ePrescribing systems is still leading to numerous unintended consequences, which may undermine improvement and threaten patient safety. These negative consequences need to be analysed in the design, implementation and use of these systems...
September 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
Justin Keasberry, Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib, Richard Ashby
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of hospital-based eHealth technologies on quality, safety and efficiency of care and clinical outcomes. Methods Systematic reviews and reviews of systematic reviews of eHealth technologies published in PubMed/Medline/Cochrane Library between January 2010 and October 2015 were evaluated. Reviews of implementation issues, non-hospital settings or remote care or patient-focused technologies were excluded from analysis. Methodological quality was assessed using a validated appraisal tool...
December 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Shane P Stenner, Rohini Chakravarthy, Kevin B Johnson, William L Miller, Julie Olson, Marleen Wickizer, Nate N Johnson, Rick Ohmer, David R Uskavitch, Gordon R Bernard, Erin B Neal, Christoph U Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: Spending on pharmaceuticals in the US reached $373.9 billion in 2014. Therapeutic interchange offers potential medication cost savings by replacing a prescribed drug for an equally efficacious therapeutic alternative. METHODS: Hard-stop therapeutic interchange recommendation alerts were developed for four medication classes (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, serotonin receptor agonists, intranasal steroid sprays, and proton-pump inhibitors) in an electronic prescription-writing tool for outpatient prescriptions...
December 14, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Kathrin Cresswell, Jamie Coleman, Pam Smith, Charles Swainson, Ann Slee, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Electronic systems that facilitate prescribing, administration and dispensing of medicines (ePrescribing systems) are at the heart of international efforts to improve the safety, quality and efficiency of medicine management. Considering the initial costs of procuring and maintaining ePrescribing systems, there is a need to better understand how to accelerate and maximise the financial benefits associated with these systems. OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate how different sectors are approaching the realisation of returns on investment from ePrescribing systems in U...
July 4, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
Kathrin M Cresswell, Lisa Lee, Hajar Mozaffar, Robin Williams, Aziz Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To explore and understand approaches to user engagement through investigating the range of ways in which health care workers and organizations accommodated the introduction of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and computerized decision support (CDS) for hospital prescribing. STUDY SETTING: Six hospitals in England, United Kingdom. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative case study. DATA COLLECTION: We undertook qualitative semi-structured interviews, non-participant observations of meetings and system use, and collected organizational documents over three time periods from six hospitals...
October 2017: Health Services Research
(no author information available yet)
Topics addressed include the value of eprescribing and ebooking, engaging clinicians in the national programme for information technology (NPfIT), legal issues relating to ehealth, local implementation challenges for NHS trusts and primary care trusts, and the direction of technological development.
October 1, 2004: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Maya Dewan, Heather Wolfe, Carola Young, Bimal Desai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A safety event drew attention to unsafe and inappropriate payer formulary alerts. These alerts display formulary, coverage, and eligibility data from the pharmacy benefits manager in response to an electronic prescription. They are intended to redirect prescribers to medications that are covered by insurance; however, these alerts were found to be inaccurate and contribute to potentially harmful alerts. Our objective was to reduce inappropriate payer formulary alerts by 30% within 1 year and to change the ePrescribing certification requirements to prevent future instances of harm...
September 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Clare L Brown, Katie Reygate, Ann Slee, Jamie J Coleman, Sarah K Pontefract, David W Bates, Andrew K Husband, Neil Watson, Sarah P Slight
OBJECTIVES: A key element of the implementation and ongoing use of an electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) system is ensuring that users are, and remain, sufficiently trained to use the system. Studies have suggested that insufficient training is associated with suboptimal use. However, it is not clear from these studies how clinicians are trained to use ePrescribing systems or the effectiveness of different approaches. We sought to describe the various approaches used to train qualified prescribers on ePrescribing systems and to identify whether users were educated about the pitfalls and challenges of using these systems...
June 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Albert Farre, Danai Bem, Gemma Heath, Karen Shaw, Carole Cummins
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) or computerised provider/physician order entry (CPOE) systems can improve the quality and safety of healthcare services. However, it has also become clear that their implementation is not straightforward and may create unintended or undesired consequences once in use. In this context, qualitative approaches have been particularly useful and their interpretative synthesis could make an important and timely contribution to the field...
July 8, 2016: BMJ Open
Valentina Lichtner, Ralph Hibberd, Tony Cornford
Medicine management is at the core of hospital care and digitalization of prescribing and administration of medicines is often the focus of attention of health IT programs. This may be conveyed to the public in terms of the elimination of paper-based drug charts and increased readability of doctors' prescriptions. Based on analysis of documents about hospital medicines supply and use (including systems' implementation) in the UK, in this conceptual paper electronic prescribing and administration are repositioned as only one aspect of an important wider transformation in medicine management in hospital settings, involving, for example, procurement, dispensing, auditing, waste management, research and safety vigilance...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Kathrin Cresswell, Hajar Mozaffar, Sonal Shah, Aziz Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To identify approaches of using stand-alone and more integrated hospital ePrescribing systems to promote and support the appropriate use of antibiotics, and identify gaps in order to inform future efforts in this area. METHODS: A systematic scoping review of the empirical literature from 1997 until 2015, searching the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Google Scholar, Clinical Trials, International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number Registry, Economic Evaluation database and International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Lisa Lee, Aziz Sheikh
Appropriately identifying and representing stakeholders' interests and viewpoints in evaluations of health information technology (health IT) is a critical part of ensuring continued progress and innovation in eHealth. This contribution therefore seeks to clarify the principles of stakeholder analysis in an eHealth context. We describe this with reference to a mixed methods national evaluation of ePrescribing systems in English hospitals. We use this evaluation to exemplify the engagement and analytical tools required to ensure a detailed understanding of the issues, challenges and lessons learnt across stakeholder groups...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Kathrin M Cresswell, Hajar Mozaffar, Lisa Lee, Robin Williams, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Concerns with the usability of electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) systems can lead to the development of workarounds by users. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the types of workarounds users employed, the underlying reasons offered and implications for care provision and patient safety. METHODS: We collected a large qualitative data set, comprising interviews, observations and project documents, as part of an evaluation of ePrescribing systems in five English hospitals, which we conceptualised as case studies...
July 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
Kathrin M Cresswell, Hajar Mozaffar, Lisa Lee, Robin Williams, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Substantial sums of money are being invested worldwide in health information technology. Realising benefits and mitigating safety risks is however highly dependent on effective integration of information within systems and/or interfacing to allow information exchange across systems. As part of an English programme of research, we explored the social and technical challenges relating to integration and interfacing experienced by early adopter hospitals of standalone and hospital-wide multimodular integrated electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) systems...
July 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
P De Raeve, S Gomez, P Hughes, T Lyngholm, M Sipilä, D Kilanska, P Hussey, A Xyrichis
AIM: To report on the outcomes of the European project ENS4Care, which delivered evidence-based guidelines enabling implementation of eHealth services in nursing and social care. BACKGROUND: Within a policy context of efficiency, safety and quality in health care, this project brought together a diverse group of stakeholders from academia, industry, patient and professional organizations to lead the development of five eHealth guidelines in the areas of prevention, clinical practice, integrated care, advanced roles and nurse ePrescribing...
March 2017: International Nursing Review
Hajar Mozaffar, Kathrin M Cresswell, Lisa Lee, Robin Williams, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation delays are common in health information technology (HIT) projects. In this paper, we sought to explore the reasons for delays in implementing major hospital-based HIT, through studying computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and clinical decision support (CDS) systems for prescribing and to develop a provisional taxonomy of causes of implementation delays. METHODS: We undertook a series of longitudinal, qualitative case studies to investigate the implementation and adoption of CPOE and CDS systems for prescribing in hospitals in the U...
February 24, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
James Brennan, Annette McElligott, Norah Power
OBJECTIVE: Recent research from the European Commission (EC) suggests that the development and adoption of eHealth in primary care is significantly influenced by the context of the national health model in operation. This research identified three national health models in Europe at this time - the National Health Service (NHS) model, the social insurance system (SIS) model and the transition country (TC) model, and found a strong correlation between the NHS model and high adoption rates for eHealth...
November 25, 2015: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
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