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Hypertension Intracraneal

Laila Portolani, Erika Pirini, Alice Rasi, Paola Ceccarelli, Umberta Dradi, Maurizio Ravaldini, Francesco Cocciolo, Giovanni Bini
. The tracheo-team in the management of intracranic pressure during a dilatative tracheostomy in severe head trauma: the impact of a checklist. INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous dilatative tracheostomy (PDT) is a common technique in neurosurgical intensive care. However, it may cause imbalances of brain parameters causing secondary damages. AIM: To assess the intra cranic pressure (ICP) values and the safety of PDT performed by a tracheo-team of doctors and nurses, according to a procedure described in a checklist, in patients with severe head trauma...
October 2018: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
Chunhai Tang, Yun Bao, Min Qi, Lizhi Zhou, Fan Liu, Jian Mao, Qingmei Lei, Songtao Qi, Binghui Qiu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mild induced hypothermia for intracranial hypertension in patients with traumatic brain injury after decompressive craniectomy. METHODS: A total of 60 adults with intracranial pressure (ICP) of more than 20 mm Hg after decompressive craniectomy were randomly assigned to standard care (control group) or hypothermia (32°C-35°C) plus standard care. Then, ICP, cerebral perfusion pressure, Glasgow Outcome Scale score, and complications were assessed...
June 2017: Journal of Critical Care
Louis Jacob, Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common mental disorder affecting around 16% of elderly people without dementia. MCI is considered an intermediate state between normal cognition and dementia. OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors for the development of MCI in German primary care practices. METHODS: In total, 3,604 MCI patients and 3,604 controls without MCI were included between January 2010 and December 2015. Several disorders potentially associated with MCI were determined...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
B Tarazona, W Ramos, J Arce, J Yarinsueca, S Morales, G Ronceros, C Galarza, J Pérez
INTRODUCTION: To determinate the etiology and risk factors for a first episode of cerebral ischemia in young adults at three hospitals of Lima and Callao-Peru. METHODS: Multicentric study carried out at three national hospitals in Lima. The sample included 30 patients with a first episode of stroke and 60 controls matched by age and sex 2:1 with the patients. Serum biochemistry studies, EKGs and echocardiograms were done. Etiologies were classified based on the classification of Baltimore-Washington Cooperative Young Stroke Study...
October 2010: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Salvatore Turano, Candida Mastroianni, Caterina Manfredi, Rosalbino Biamonte, Silvia Ceniti, Virginia Liguori, Rosanna De Simone, Serafino Conforti, Aldo Filice, Antonio Rovito, Caterina Viscomi, Giuseppe Patitucci, Salvatore Palazzo
The esthesioneuroblastoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that derives from the olfactory cells. In the last 20 years, around 1,000 cases have been described, with an overall survival rate of 60-70% at 5 years. The most common symptoms are nasal bleeding, nasal clogging and, in locally advanced cases, signs/symptoms of intracranic hypertension such as papilla edema, cefalea, and vomiting. The standard treatments are surgery and radiotherapy. Chemotherapy can be used in an adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting and in the metastatic phase, even if its role is still not established with certainty...
May 2010: Journal of Neuro-oncology
D San-juan Orta
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is a common parasitic infection caused by the larval phase of the Taenia solium, it infects humans as well as pigs. Considered an endemic parasitosis in developing countries including Latin America, Asia and Africa. Clinical manifestations of the disease can be influenced by ambient factors, host individualities and the infectious agent itself. Neurocysticercosis can be asymptomatic or present with various signs and symptoms that can vary in severity. OUTLINE: This review is focused on analyzing the various presentations of Neurocysticercosis throughout different age groups, and special populations...
June 2009: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Fayin Wu, Wenyan Xie, Hualin Li, Qiong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of ICP after different jugular vein ligation (JVL), search for a better fashion of JVI, and provide a scientific proof for neck dissection clinically. METHOD: Forty-eight rabbits were divided into 6 groups randomly that were taken for BC, BEJVL, BIJVL, RJVL, SBJVL and SJVL. Skull puncture technique was employed to get the values of ICP in 0 h, 0.5 h, 1.0 h, 2.0 h, 3.0 h, 4.0 h postoperatively. Necephalic tissue was removed from these rabbits after a week...
February 2005: Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke za Zhi, Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology
A Vázquez, P Portillo, I Zazpe, B Muñoz
Brain tumours are a frequent cause of intracraneal hypertension syndrome, clinically manifested by headache, nausea and vomiting, and a decrease in the level of consciousness. The keypoint sign of intracraneal hypertension is papilloedema. Other manifestations depend on the localization of the tumour, appearing as neurological focality and seizures. The causes of intracranial hypertension of tumoural origin are the mass effect of the tumour, brain edema, the possibility of intratumoural haemorrhage and hydrocephalus caused by obstruction in the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid...
2004: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 1963: Revista Clínica Española
Aya Ebihara, Terunao Ashida, Takao Sugiyama, Shigeru Okuno, Jun Fujii, Tsutomu Yonemitsu
The patient was 47 years old on his first visit in 1969 and has been treated at our outpatient clinic until now, at the age of 79. The initial blood pressure was 164/98 mmHg without abnormalities on electrocardiogram or urinalysis. He was followed-up for 8 years with non-pharmacologic treatment, which was eventually changed to antihypertensive drug treatment. At the age of 71 he was admitted because blood pressure increased to 210/110 mmHg, with marked fluctuation. At admission bilateral ocular (right < left) and carotid bruits (right < left) were detected...
January 2002: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
J Pericás, G Gallego
We review the physiopathology of the intracraneal hypertension (ICH), the present device for its monitoring and the relevance of the PIC waves from some significant figures of the epidemiology of traffic accidents, which are the first cause of the craneoencephalical traumatisms (CET) which are admitted into an Intensive Care Unit. Following that we examine the valuing criteria of the patients with intracraneal hypertension, their evolution through their symptoms, the medical treatment, and the nursing actions which can alter the PIC...
January 1995: Enfermería Intensiva
F Cano Iglesias, L Amarillas Sánchez, F Descalzo Faraldo, M D Fernández Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 1970: Revista Clínica Española
V Benes
Our clinical experiments with a simulation of intracerebral haematomas in hypertonics and our clinical experiences lead us to the conclusions that a pure isolated ventricular haemorrhage causes according to the quantity of blood only a gradual increase of intracranial pressure. Pia's three classical types are marking points on the continual scale from haematocephalus totalis to haemorrhage. Haematoma rupture into the ventricles is to a certain degree a beneficial increase of intracranial volume reserve. Pia's types can be supplemented with the so called "pseudoventricular haemorrhage" in which the haematoma only bulges into the ventricle and is covered by ependym...
1985: Zentralblatt Für Neurochirurgie
J A García Hernández, F Rubio Quiñones, G Ródenas Luque, F Gavilán Carrasco, G Pineda Cuevas, A M Alvarez Silván
Two cases of Ewing's sarcoma primary found in the skull are presented. Both started with neurologic symptoms, the first case with intracraneal hypertension syndrome, and the second case with Jackson-like crisis. We emphasize the rareness of the initial localization, as well as the favorable evolution of both cases after surgery and radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment.
April 1989: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
R Simón de las Heras, M Cebrero García, J Torres Mohedas, C Cabeza Alvarez, A Olivas Domínguez, F Mateos Beato
Two cases of benign intracraneal hypertension or pseudotumor cerebri, associated with non specific infective illness, in infants are reported. Presenting symptoms were vomiting, irritability and bulging anterior fontanelle. Both infants had rapid resolution of their symptoms after lumbar puncture, although the second case had recurrences with further febrile diseases. We suggest that a non specific infective illness can interfere transiently with cerebrospinal fluid dynamics.
August 1990: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
P Fossas, P Barrufet, J Andreu, C Navarro
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is an almost constant finding in Alzheimer's disease and in Alzheimer type senile dementia (EA/DSTA) but it has also been described in association with other processes such as in age-related hereditary or non hereditary cerebral hemorrhage (CH) relapse. The case of a non hypertensive 78 year old women is presented. Over a period of 27 months the patient had 3 cerebral hemorrhages located in the left parietotemporal, caudate nucleus and right frontobasal and right parietotemporal lobes, all of which had cortico-subcortical topography and eruption of blood to the subarachnoid space...
March 1992: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
C Siles Quesada, P Puyol Buil, F Omeñaca Teres, F Molero Díaz, A Díaz Cirujano, R González Montero, J de Castro Fernández, A Belaustegui Cueto
The clinical histories of 27 neonates ventilated with high frequency respirators (Volumetric Diffusive Respirator VDR-2) have been analyzed in order to evaluate the efficiency of this type of ventilation in neonatal pathology. The average gestational age of these patients was 32 +/- 4 weeks. Most of them (70%) presented respiratory distress due to hyaline membrane disease. Of the remaining cases, three (11%) presented with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, two with pulmonary hypertension, two with meconium aspiration syndrome, one with Group B Streptococal sepsis/shock and one with case diaphragmatic agenesia...
November 1992: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
D Pedrola Guixé, J M Corretger Rauet, F Rodríguez Hierro, J Argemí Renom, M Cruz Hernández
Clinical findings in the initial and developed stages were studied in 33 cases of craneopharyngiomas in children under sixteen. A predominance of intracraneal hypertension symptoms and sight defects over endocrine symptoms was discovered; the latter appearing later on or only being detected after exhaustive studies.
November 1976: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
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