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Z R Lin, H P Wu, Z W Xie, S R Luo, X Fang, L Yan, Z S Liu, N Dong, X M Shang
Objective: To investigate the effect of deproteinized calf blood extract eye drops on early postoperative recovery in primary pterygium patients. Methods: This is a prospective randomized controlled study. Patients diagnosed with primary pterygium in single eye at affiliated Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen University during March 2016 to May 2016 were enrolled. After Pterygium excision with autologous conjunctival transplantation, patients were randomly assigned into four groups by a random number table, treated with anti-inflammaroty drugs only (control group) or combined with the following agents: deproteinized calf blood extract eye drops (DCBE group), carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops (CMC group), and recombinant human epidermal growth factor eye drops (rEGF group)...
February 11, 2019: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Eran Ellenbogen, Shmuel Epshteyn, Shir Azrielant, Mor Pavlovski, Andrea Gat, Eli Sprecher, Ilan Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Frozen section (FS) is often performed when histopathological evaluations are urgently required for implementation of therapeutic measures. In dermatology, this method is most commonly used to evaluate excision margins of tumors. FS are also routinely employed to differentiate toxic epidermal necrolysis from staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. However, little is currently known about the performance of FS in the diagnosis of inflammatory dermatoses. OBJECTIVES: To compare histopathological diagnoses in a series of patients with a clinical diagnosis of an inflammatory dermatosis for which FS and paraffin-section (PS) specimens were obtained on the same day...
February 2019: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Juan Fernando Suárez-Varela Úbeda, Sara Rodríguez-Vázquez, José Antonio Ordóñez Barranco, Gilberto Vega Caldera, Pedro Pablo Pérez Alvárez, Francisco Buitrago
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of smoking cessation interventions can be quite diverse in day-to-day clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effectiveness in smoking cessation of multicomponent interventions carried out in groups or individually in primary care practices. METHODS: A quasi-experimental, multicentre study of 12-month follow-up of patients treated in multicomponent smoking cessation interventions was carried out in Urban health care centres in Sevilla, Spain...
February 17, 2019: Family Practice
Wei Du, Danijela Gnjidic, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Sarah N Hilmer, Andrew J McLachlan, Fiona Blyth, Rosalie Viney, Grace Joshy, Cathy Day, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the relationship between home medicines review (HMR) receipt in older adults and sociodemographic, medication-related and health factors. DESIGN: Prospective cohort analysis. SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Questionnaire data from a population-based cohort study of individuals aged ≥45 years, Sydney, Australia were linked with primary healthcare data, medication and hospitalisation data, to ascertain factors associated with HMR receipt during the period July 2009-June 2014...
February 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Megan E Roberts, Michael D Slater, Micah Berman, Amy K Ferketich
OBJECTIVE: Blu's 'Something Better' advertising campaign ran in popular print magazines in 2017. The campaign included advertisements with fake warnings conveying positive messages, which mimicked the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s warning requirements for electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements that took effect in 2018. We report adolescent males' recall of these fake warnings and how exposure to fake warnings affected recall of other advertisement components, including the actual warning or health risks, brand and product...
February 16, 2019: Tobacco Control
Thattakudian Sheikuduman Mohamed Saleem, Kakavakam Jyothi, S Chandra Babu
Drug induced adverse drug reactions is more common in long term therapy particularly in immune compromised patients. Most of the drugs causing dermatological reactions like skin rashes, pruritus, steven johnson syndrome and exfoliative dermatitis. Nevirapine is the first line drug for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection from the category of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase enzyme inhibitor (NNRTI). In the present cases, we have reported the nevirapine induced severe exfoliative dermatitis. A patient admitted in the hospital with the symptoms of scaling on the skin and he received Nevirapine as a drug for his diagnosis of HIV for past three years...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kousalya Prabahar, Teja Katikam, Saranya Punniyakotti, Praveen Devanandan
To evaluate the anti-hypertensive drugs used in pregnancy induced hypertension and to determine the safety of the anti-hypertensive drugs administered in gestational hypertensive patients. Pregnancy induced hypertension are very common in women and if unnoticed may lead to severe complications. The appropriate therapy is very much essential for the welfare of both the mother and the child. Hence this study was undertaken to identify the commonly used and safe drugs in pregnancy induced hypertension. This retrospective study was carried out in the Medical Records Department of a specialized gynecological hospital...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mubshara Saadia, Muhammad Sher, Sajid Bashir, Mian Anjum Murtaza, Amin Shah, Mahmood Ahmad Khan
Synthetic drugs are associated with adverse side-effects and rapid increase in resistance to most of them inspires to evaluate plants for their therapeutic values. We have been aimed to suggest the medicinal use of Nigella sativa seed aqueous extract to minimize the severity of liver damage via its antioxidant properties and its role in maintenance of cell ion-homeostasis. Annoyances in serum levels of some antioxidants and trace metals in human hepatitis C infected patients were compared with that from acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxic rabbits...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Muhammad Farhan, Mehwish Parveen
Apomorphine is a classical psychostimulant and used throughout the world as prescribed medicine. Despite of their therapeutic effects, use of psychostimulants is restricted because some psychosis and impulse control disorders are the consequence of their long term use. Studies suggest that serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) has a critical role in psychosis and drug abuse. Center of the present article is to assess the impacts of serotonin in the easing of misuse potential; the sensitization prompted by recommended psychostimulant apomorphine...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Cheng Jiayi, Ning Tianyi, Teng Dan, Kang Tingguo, Wang Qingfeng, Zhang Qianqian
To explore the protective effect and mechanism of isorhamnetin against oxidative injury caused by H2 O2 to endothelial cell strain CRL1730 of human umbilical vein. H2 O2 and endothelial cell strain CRL1730 were used, as a model of injured endothelial cell. Three levels of crude drugs areorhamnetin, 22.8μg/ml, 11.4μg/mL and 5.7μg/mL was added to the injured cell strain CRL1730 respectively. The cell injury was measured in terms of necrotic rate, quantities of von Wilebr and factor (vWf) and thrombomodulin (TM), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and intracellular free calcium ions through flow cytometry, ELISA, fluorescent spectrometer and laser scanning confocal microscopy respectively...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Riffat Yasmin, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Faaiza Qazi, Muhammad Iqbal Nasiri, Tariq Ali, Huma Ali, Farya Zafar
The objective of study was to develop Aceclofenac fast dispersible compacted pellets with improved taste and fast drug release. Pellets were prepared by extrusion spheronization technique followed by direct compression to make compacted pellets. Formulations were comprised of sucrose, mannitol, ac-di-sol, aspartame, pine apple flavor and magnesium stearate. A mixture of distilled water and isopropyl alcohol (1:1) was used for wet massing. The effect of ac-di-sol on the drug release pattern was examined and dissolution profile comparison was established...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Fizza Naqvi, Saida Haider, Faizan Naqvi, Sadia Saleem, Tahira Perveen, Zehra Batool
Curcumin possesses wide spectrum of biological actions, on that account the current study was aimed to investigate the beneficial effectiveness of curcumin on memory and oxidative stress if any, over synthetic drug donepezil approved for the treatment of memory disorders. Eighteen Albino wistar (male) rats were divided into 3 groups namely vehicle control which received neutral oil orally and 0.9% saline intraperitoneally, curcumin which received curcumin orally dissolved in neutral oil at the dose of 100mg/ml/kg for seven days, donepezil which received donepezil intraperitoneally at the dose of 1mg/ml/kg for seven days...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Durr-E-Shahwar Siddiqui, Syeda Afroz, Rafeeq Alam Khan
Psoriasis has become a topic of global concern because of consistency in its prevalence according to Global Report on Psoriasis 2016, however, till date, no therapy has provided complete cure of this disease and no useful measure was discovered to prevent it or eliminate the risk of its relapse. Hence, the present study was designed to evaluate anti-psoriatic effects of Spinacia oleracea due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative and skin-strengthening contents. Psoriasis was induced by oral potassium iodide solution which was then determined by two methods i...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mahboob Ahmad, Bilal Aslam, Faqir Muhammad, Mashkoor Mohsin, Ahmad Raza
Present study was planned to estimate the gastroprotective activity of Euphorbia prostrata plant against aspirin induced gastric ulcers in male adult albino rabbits. The ulcer was induced by oral administration of aspirin in all groups except normal control group. Gastric contents were used to estimate total acid output, gastric volume and gastric pH. Results showed that there was a significant decrease in gastric volume, total acid output, ulcer score and ulcer index in groups treated with extract of E. prostrata and it enhanced the pH of gastric mucosa...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
N Baldwin, R Gray, A Goel, E Wood, J Buxton, L Rieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Wanda E Leal, Dylan B Jackson
AIMS: The current study aims to examine whether energy drink consumption is associated with intentions to try marijuana among adolescents who have never tried marijuana, and whether the effects of energy drink consumption on the intention to try marijuana vary between adolescents who have previously tried alcohol or cigarettes and those who have not. METHODS: This study employs a pooled cross-sectional design and uses a nationally representative sample of 8th (ages 13-14) and 10th (ages 15-16) grade adolescents from seven recent cohorts (2010-2016) of the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study...
February 10, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Eva M Mathews, Emily Jeffries, Chenen Hsieh, Glenn Jones, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Synthetic cannabinoid use is associated with severe problems, including psychosis, kidney failure, and death. Given that young adults are especially vulnerable to using synthetic cannabinoids, the current study sought to identify factors and consequences related to use within this population. METHODS: 1140 undergraduates completed an online survey of synthetic cannabinoid use, consequences, and related constructs. RESULTS: The prevalence of lifetime synthetic cannabinoid use was 7...
February 11, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Anthony B DeNicola, Yi Tang
Mutated RNA splicing machinery drives many human diseases and is a promising therapeutic target for engineering and small molecule therapy. In the case of mutations in individual genes that cause them to be incorrectly spliced, engineered splicing factors can be introduced to correct splicing of these aberrant transcripts and reduce the effects of the disease phenotype. Mutations that occur in certain splicing factor genes themselves have been implicated in many cancers, particularly myelodysplastic syndromes...
February 14, 2019: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Jianping Li, Yingyi Wang, Xuejun Xu, Wenjuan Cao, Zhiqiang Shen, Nan Wang, Jing Leng, Ning Zou, Erxin Shang, Zhenhua Zhu, Jianming Guo, Jinao Duan
BACKGROUND: Indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresyl sulfate (pCS) are two key protein-bound uremic toxins that accumulate in patients with end-stage renal disease. IS and pCS cannot be efficiently removed by conventional hemodialysis because they are highly bound to proteins. One promising means to optimize the removal of protein-bound uremic toxins involves using binding competitors to liberate uremic toxins from protein-binding partners. PURPOSE: In this study, we try to identify potential binding competitors that can enhance the dialysis removal of IS and pCS in natural compounds of phytomedicine...
December 16, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Tamonud Modak, Tamonud Modak, Siddharth Sarkar
Despite proven clinical utility, use of sublinugual buprenorphine is fraught with issues of potential diversion among patients with opioid dependence. Transdermal buprenorphine patches provide an alternative delivery model that can be utilized to reduce such diversion. This narrative review discusses the transdermal buprenorphine formulations, and its pharmacology, drug interaction and tolerability profile. The studies utilizing buprenorphine transdermal patches in the treatment of opioid dependence are examined, while the potential of using such patches for maintenance treatment of opioid dependence is examined...
February 10, 2019: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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