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Paternal mental health

Emla Fitzsimons, Aase Villadsen
Father's permanent departure from the household in childhood has the potential to affect child mental health. The event is non-random, and a major limitation in most previous studies is lack of adequate control for unobserved confounders. Using five waves of data spanning ages 3 to 14 from the Millennium Cohort Study, a UK-wide nationally representative longitudinal study, this paper uses fixed effect models to examine the effect of paternal absence on children's mental health (i.e. externalising and internalising problems) in a sample of 6245 children...
November 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Laura Limiñana-Bravo
We aimed at developing and validating a scale on the beliefs and attitudes of mental health professionals towards services users' rights in order to provide a valid evaluation instrument for training activities with heterogeneous mental health professional groups. Items were extracted from a review of previous instruments, as well as from several focus groups which have been conducted with different mental health stakeholders, including mental health service users. The preliminary scale consisted of 44 items and was administered to 480 mental health professionals...
January 16, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anna R Van Meter, Diana Paksarian, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people. Both mental illness and social factors are associated with suicide in adolescents, and youth with mental disorders often experience social deficits, which may compound risk. The cumulative effects of mental disorders and social factors on suicidal ideation and behaviors (SIB) in adolescents have not previously been explored. Adolescents 13-18 years of age (N = 6,447; 49% female, 65% non-Hispanic White) participated in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kayleigh E Easey, Becky Mars, Rebecca Pearson, Jon Heron, David Gunnell
Previous cohort studies have observed higher birth order to be associated with increased risk of suicidal behaviour. However, the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we used multivariable logistic regression models and mediation analysis to investigate the associations of birth order with adolescent suicide attempts and psychiatric disorder. We investigated whether the number of maternal depressive episodes and father absence mediated the associations found...
January 2, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Sabana Aboobaker, Kavita V Jangam, K John Vijay Sagar, Anekal C Amaresha, Amrutha Jose
BACKGROUND: Emotional and behavioral problems place a heavy burden on the adolescents and their families. Many factors are known to influence adolescent mental health. The current study was designed to determine the predictors of emotional and behavioral problems among Indian adolescents. METHODS: The parents of adolescents in the age group of 10 to 18 (N = 81) were recruited from the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India...
December 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Subina Upadhyaya, Roshan Chudal, Terhi Luntamo, Jari Sinkkonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Hitoshi Kaneko, Andre Sourander
This nationwide population-based register study examined the family and parental risk factors associated with offspring reactive attachment disorder (RAD). We identified 614 children diagnosed with RAD from the Finnish Care Register for Health Care and each case was matched with four controls. Univariate and multivariate models examined the associations between risk factors and RAD. In the multivariate model, offspring RAD was associated with only mother, only father and both parents having psychiatric diagnoses...
December 29, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Qingqi Deng, Qiufang Li, Hua Wang, Huilian Sun, Xinfen Xu
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an evidence-based intervention that benefits low birth weight /preterm infants. However, China's health institutional policy inhibits parents from visiting their baby in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In addition, the Chinese traditional postpartum behavioral practice of confining women to home raises barriers to mother-infant contact. Thus, to shorten the duration of parent-infant separation, father-infant SSC is considered a possible alternative...
December 22, 2018: Trials
B Wm Siu, E C Fistein, H W Leung, L Sy Chan, C K Yan, A Ch Lai, K K Yuen, K K Ng
In Hong Kong, compulsory admission is governed by the Mental Health Ordinance Section 31 (detention of a patient under observation), Section 32 (extension of period of detention for such a patient), Section 36 (detention of certified patients), and the sections in Part IV for hospital order, transfer order, and removal order. Mental health professionals adopt both legal criteria and practice criteria for compulsory admission. The present study discusses the harm principle, the patient's decision-making capacity, the multi-axial framework for compulsory admission, and the balance between paternalism and patient liberty...
December 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
Hidekazu Nishigori, Taku Obara, Toshie Nishigori, Hirohito Metoki, Satoshi Mizuno, Mami Ishikuro, Kasumi Sakurai, Hirotaka Hamada, Zen Watanabe, Testuro Hoshiai, Takahiro Arima, Kunihiko Nakai, Shinichi Kuriyama, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: To survey prevalence and risk factors for paternal postpartum depression symptoms at one and 6 months postpartum in Japan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study participants enrolled in the prospective birth cohort study of an adjunct study of the Japan Environment & Children's Study. Postpartum depression symptoms were evaluated using the Japanese version the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS-J). The cut-off scores on the paternal EPDS-J was eight and on maternal EPDS-J was nine, respectively...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Hidekazu Nishigori, Taku Obara, Toshie Nishigori, Hirohito Metoki, Satoshi Mizuno, Mami Ishikuro, Kasumi Sakurai, Hirotaka Hamada, Zen Watanabe, Testuro Hoshiai, Takahiro Arima, Kunihiko Nakai, Shinichi Kuriyama, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: To survey the frequency and risk factors for father-to-infant lack of affection (LA) and anger / rejection (AR) bonding failure at 1 month postpartum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study participants enrolled in the prospective birth cohort study of an adjunct study of the Japan Environment & Children's Study. Bonding failure, psychological distress during pregnancy and postnatal depression symptoms were evaluated using the Japanese version of the Mother-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS-J), the Kessler 6-item (K6) psychological distress scale and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS-J)...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Pamela J Surkan, Donna M Strobino, Sucheta Mehra, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Mahbubur Rashid, Lee Shu-Fune Wu, Hasmot Ali, Barkat Ullah, Alain B Labrique, Rolf D W Klemm, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relation between unwanted pregnancy and intention discordance and maternal mental health in low-income countries. The study aim was to evaluate maternal and paternal pregnancy intentions (and intention discordance) in relation to perinatal depressive symptoms among rural Bangladeshi women. METHODS: Data come from a population-based, community trial of married rural Bangladeshi women aged 13-44. We examined pregnancy intentions among couples and pregnancy-intention discordance, as reported by women at enrollment soon after pregnancy ascertainment, in relation to depressive symptoms in the third trimester of pregnancy (N = 14,629) and six months postpartum (N = 31,422)...
December 13, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Jannike Kaasbøll, Stian Lydersen, Ingunn Ranøyen, Wendy Nilsen, Marit S Indredavik
Background: A growing body of research suggests that the children of parents with chronic pain are at risk for internalizing symptoms. The mechanisms of such associations have not been as thoroughly examined. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether adolescents' social competence mediates the association between parental chronic pain and offspring internalizing symptoms as well as whether these associations are moderated by adolescent gender. Methods: The current study was based on cross-sectional data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 3), a Norwegian population-based health survey conducted in 2006-2008...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Anna Riera-Martín, Antonio Oliver-Roig, Ana Martínez-Pampliega, Susana Cormenzana-Redondo, Violeta Clement-Carbonell, Miguel Richart-Martínez
Background: Postnatal bonding constitutes a major process during the postpartum period, and there is evidence that bonding difficulties have negative consequences for parents' mental health and the child's development. However, the conceptualization of postnatal bonding presents inconsistencies, as well as problems in having instruments that encompasses the father figure. The objective was to adapt the maternal postnatal attachment scale (MPAS) and the paternal postnatal attachment scale (PPAS) to Spanish, to evaluate its validity and reliability and to analyze the construct dimensionality of both questionnaires from a gender perspective...
2018: PeerJ
Gianna T Le, Julianna Deardorff, Maureen Lahiff, Kim G Harley
PURPOSE: Research on parental incarceration and the health of offspring is relatively scarce despite studies linking childhood adverse experiences to a range of physical and mental health conditions. This study aimed to estimate the associations between parental incarceration and sexual risk outcomes (early sexual onset, inconsistent condom use, and sexually transmitted infections [STIs]) in young adulthood. METHODS: We used logistic regression to estimate associations of sexual risk taking behaviors with parental incarceration during childhood in a sample of 3,972 participants in The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) between 2001 and 2009...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Alina Haines, Elizabeth Perkins, Elizabeth A Evans, Rhiannah McCabe
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the operation of multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings within a forensic hospital in England, UK. Design/methodology/approach: Mixed methods, including qualitative face to face interviews with professionals and service users, video observations of MDT meetings and documentary analysis. Data were collected from 142 staff and 30 service users who consented to take part in the research and analysed using the constant comparison technique of grounded theory and ethnography...
2018: Mental Health Review
Kirsimarja Raitasalo, Marja Holmila, Marke Jääskeläinen, Päivi Santalahti
Many studies have shown that children of alcohol abusing parents have a higher risk for mental and behavioural disorders compared to other children. Using a retrospective population-based cohort study, based on health care and social welfare registers that include children born in Finland in 1997 and their biological parents, we evaluated whether the severity of parental alcohol abuse is related to these disorders in children. We examined (1) differences in the incidence of mental and behavioural disorders over time among the children of parents with no alcohol problems, parents with less severe alcohol problems and parents with severe alcohol problems, and (2) associations between mother's and father's alcohol abuse and children's risk of disorders...
November 14, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Mandy Mihelic, Alina Morawska, Ania Filus
Fathers are increasingly expected to contribute to their parenting role at the transition to parenthood; however, many fathers experience mental health problems during this time. Parenting support for new fathers is limited, and research often only includes the mothers in intervention studies. Clear evidence for parenting programs for fathers has not yet been established. This study evaluated the effects of a parenting intervention (Baby Triple P) on fathers who were expecting their first baby. The design was a randomized controlled trial comparing Baby Triple P with care as usual over three time points (pregnancy, 10 weeks' postbirth, and 6 months' postbirth) for 112 fathers living in Brisbane, Australia...
November 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Charles Foster
Over the last quarter of a century, English medical law has taken an increasingly firm stand against medical paternalism. This is exemplified by cases such as Bolitho v City and Hackney Health Authority, Chester v Afshar, and Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board. In relation to decision-making on behalf of incapacitous adults, the actuating principle of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 is respect for patient autonomy. The only lawful acts in relation to an incapacitous person are acts which are in the best interests of that person...
January 2019: Journal of Medical Ethics
Brien K Ashdown, Amanda N Faherty, Carrie M Brown, Olivia Hanno, Alexandra Belden, Peter B Weeks
Interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory posits that people require parental acceptance in childhood to develop healthy psychological adjustment. People's beliefs about and their relationship with deity also influences their psychological adjustment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how both perceived parental acceptance and a relationship with deity are related to psychological adjustment for emerging adults in Guatemala and the United States. Participants (N = 189) from Guatemala and the United States completed measures of perceived parental acceptance-rejection, images of God, attachment to God, and psychological adjustment...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
Tiara C Willie, Trace Kershaw, Tami P Sullivan
Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) are at an increased risk of engaging in sexual risk behaviors and experiencing depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Adverse childhood events (ACEs) can put women at increased risk of poor sexual and mental health. Women experiencing IPV report ACEs, but few studies have examined the heterogeneity in women's experiences of ACEs and its effects on sexual and mental health. Therefore, the current study used latent profile analysis to identify profiles of ACEs (i...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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