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Pediatric And Anesthesiology

Teeda Pinyavat, Neeta R Saraiya, Jerri Chen, Lynne R Ferrari, Dena Goffman, Thomas A Imahiyerobo, William Middlesworth, Joshua E Hyman, Grace Hyun, Constance S Houck
In December 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a drug safety warning stating that 11 commonly used anesthetic and sedative medications had potential neurotoxic effects when used in children under the age of 3 years and in pregnant women during the third trimester. A panel presentation at the sixth biennial Pediatric Anesthesia Neurodevelopmental Assessment (PANDA) symposium addressed the FDA announcement in a session entitled "Anesthesia Exposure in Children During Surgical and Non-Surgical Procedures: How Do We Respond to the 2016 FDA Drug Safety Communication?" Panelists included representatives from pediatric anesthesiology, obstetrics, pediatric surgery, and several pediatric surgical subspecialties...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Justin L Lockman, Nadir Yehya, Alan Jay Schwartz, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND: Previously published work established the need for a specialty-specific definition of professionalism in pediatric anesthesiology. That work established a composite definition consisting of 11 domains and their component "defining themes" for professionalism in pediatric anesthesiology. As a next step towards assessing generalizability of our single-center findings, we sought to gain input from a national sample of pediatric anesthesiologists. AIM: To establish the construct validity of our previously published multidimensional definition of professionalism in pediatric anesthesiology using a nationally representative sample of pediatric anesthesiologists...
February 1, 2019: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Kleopatra Georgantzi, Erik Sköldenberg, Eva Tiensuu Janson, Åke Jakobson, Rolf Christofferson
BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood and accounts for 15% of deaths in pediatric oncology. Apart from the clinical stage at diagnosis, molecular factors are important for the characterization of the tumor and for decision on adequate treatment. Pretreatment diagnosis and molecular profiling are based on analysis of a tumor sample, obtained either by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), cutting needle biopsy or open surgical biopsy...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Daniel Nilsson, Asgeir Jakola, Martin Hubrich, Lars Jönsson, Birgitta Leiram, Thomas Skoglund
In surgery for brain tumors, the main challenge is to resect the tumor completely without causing injury to surrounding structures. Intraoperative MRI can provide updated information on remaining tumor and the relationship to critical brain structures. We report our initial experiences from an intraoperative 3 T MRI suite from a surgical, radiological and anesthesiological perspective. The technique has been useful in treating pediatric brain tumor patients, pituitary tumors, low-grade gliomas and epilepsy surgery patients...
January 17, 2019: Läkartidningen
Anna Clebone, Kim M Strupp, Gina Whitney, Michael R Anderson, Jeffrey Hottle, James Fehr, Myron Yaster, Laura E Schleelein, Barbara K Burian, Jorge A Galvez, Justin L Lockman, David Polaner, Natalie R Barnett, Michael J Keane, Shashikanth Manikappa, Stephen Gleich, Robert S Greenberg, Ariel Vincent, Sarah L Oswald, Red Starks, Scott Licata
When life-threatening, critical events occur in the operating room, the fast-paced, high-distraction atmosphere often leaves little time to think or deliberate about management options. Success depends on applying a team approach to quickly implement well-rehearsed, systematic, evidence-based assessment and treatment protocols. Mobile devices offer resources for readily accessible, easily updatable information that can be invaluable during perioperative critical events. We developed a mobile device version of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia 26 Pediatric Crisis paper checklists-the Pedi Crisis 2...
December 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Zulfiqar Ahmed, Christine Mai, Katherine G Skinner, Myron Yaster
Dr. Estela Melman (1939-present), Professor in the Department of Anesthesiology, the American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico, is an influential pioneer who has shaped the scope and practice of pediatric anesthesia in Mexico and throughout the world. Her early work to reintroduce neural blockade into routine pediatric anesthetic care, particularly the caudal approach to the epidural space, helped to transform current anesthesia practice. Based on a series of interviews held with Dr. Melman between 2016 and 2017, this article reviews the remarkable career of a pioneering pediatric anesthesiologist...
December 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Laura Bogusaite, Ilona Razlevice, Laura Lukosiene, Andrius Macas
BACKGROUND Adequate preoperative information for pediatric patients and their families can prevent preoperative anxiety and improve postoperative outcome. The aim of this study was to conduct a survey to determine the preoperative information needs of children and their parents before anesthesia for elective surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Two healthcare centers enrolled children from 10 to 17 years of age who had planned elective surgery under general or regional anesthesia, and their parents and anesthesiologists...
December 4, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Carol Nhan, Meredith Young, Ilana Bank, Peter Nugus, Rachel Fisher, Milène Azzam, Lily H P Nguyen
Objective: Emergent medical crises, such as acute airway obstruction, are often managed by interdisciplinary teams. However, resident training in crisis resource management traditionally occurs in silos. Our objective was to compare the current state of interdisciplinary crisis resource management (IDCRM) training of otolaryngology residents with other disciplines. Methods: A survey study examining (1) the frequency with which residents are involved in interdisciplinary crises, (2) the current state of interdisciplinary training, and (3) the desired training was conducted targeting Canadian residents in the following disciplines: otolaryngology, anesthesiology, emergency medicine, general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, and pediatric/neonatal intensive care...
April 2018: OTO open
Nareman D H Khaleel, Waleed M M Mahmoud, Oliver Olsson, Klaus Kümmerer
Chlorprothixene (CPTX) is an antipsychotic drug of the thioxanthene class. Although it is widely used as a tranquillizer in psychiatry, anesthesiology, pediatrics, and in general medical practice, there is a gap in knowledge regarding its occurrence and fate in the environment. Therefore, we provide for the first-time data on the environmental fate and ecotoxicity of CPTX and its potential photo-transformations products (PTPs). Firstly, two standardized biodegradation tests (Closed Bottle test (CBT) and Manometric Respiratory test (MRT)) were performed to assess CPTX's environmental biodegradability...
November 8, 2018: Water Research
Michal Frelich, Jan Divák, Vojtěch Vodička, Michaela Masárová, Ondřej Jor, Roman Gál
BACKGROUND Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication of pediatric anesthesia, but the overall incidence of PONV in patients undergoing adenoidectomy is unknown. The aim of this controlled study was to compare the effect of dexamethasone administration with placebo to reduce PONV in children undergoing endoscopic adenoidectomy under general anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized placebo-controlled study included 118 pediatric patients who underwent elective endoscopic adenoidectomy under general anesthesia...
November 22, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Antoinette Esce, David A Rodeberg, David H Rothstein, Marybeth Browne, Derek Wakeman
BACKGROUND: Team training programs adapt crew resource management principles from aviation to foster communication and prevent medical errors. Although multiple studies have demonstrated that team training programs such as TeamSTEPPS improve patient outcomes and safety across medical disciplines, limited data exist about their application to pediatric surgical teams. The purpose of this study was to investigate usage and perceptions of team training programs by pediatric surgeons and anesthesiologists...
December 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Sylvia Kramer, Martin Krebs, Claudia Spies, Shahab Ghamari, Claudia Höhne, Karin Becke, Christoph Eich, Andreas Hoeft, Julius Wermelt, Richard K Ellerkmann
The upcoming and ongoing debate on neurotoxicity of anesthetics at a young age put a new spotlight on the emergence delirium of children (paedED). The European Society for Anesthesiology published a consensus guideline on prevention and therapy in 2017 which can be a useful guidance in daily clinical practice. Patient data management systems with their clear documentation concerning pain/therapy of pain and paedED will be valuable tools in order to assess the real incidence of paedED. Differentiating between pain/agitation and paedED migth not always be easy...
November 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Lanair Amaad Lett, Whitney U Orji, Ronnie Sebro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in racial, ethnic, and sex representation at US medical schools across 16 specialties: internal medicine, pediatrics, surgery, psychiatry, radiology, anesthesiology, obstetrics and gynecology, neurology, family practice, pathology, emergency medicine, orthopedic surgery, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and dermatology. Using a novel, Census-derived statistical measure of diversity, the S-score, we quantified the degree of underrepresentation for racial minority groups and female faculty by rank for assistant, associate, and full professors from 1990-2016...
2018: PloS One
Hugo Rodrigues, Ricardo Cobucci, Antônio Oliveira, João Victor Cabral, Leany Medeiros, Karen Gurgel, Tházio Souza, Ana Katherine Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a psychological syndrome that is very common among medical residents. It consists of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). OBJECTIVE: To estimate burnout among different medical residency specialties. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A search of bibliographic databases and grey literature was conducted, from inception to March 2018...
2018: PloS One
Joanna Miller, Emuejevoke Chuba, Stacie Deiner, Samuel DeMaria, Daniel Katz
Despite increasing representation in medicine, women continue to be a minority in academic practice and leadership, especially in male-dominated fields like anesthesiology. Differences in compensation and participation in leadership may represent barriers to career advancement for women in anesthesiology. Key factors for promotion in academic anesthesiology are research, funding, and publication. As such, designation as a first or senior author on a publication in a professional journal may act as currency for promotion...
November 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Andrew D Franklin, Jenna H Sobey, Eric T Stickles
Proper planning and communication between psychiatry and anesthesiology teams is vital to conferring the greatest therapeutic benefit to children presenting for electroconvulsive therapy while minimizing risk. Anesthesia for the child undergoing electroconvulsive therapy should ideally provide deep hypnosis, ensure muscle relaxation to reduce injury, have minimal effect on seizure dynamics, and allow for rapid recovery to baseline neurologic and cardiopulmonary status. Unique factors for pediatric electroconvulsive therapy include the potential need for preoperative anxiolytic and inhalational induction of anesthesia, which must be weighed against the detrimental effects of anesthetic agents on the evoked seizure quality required for a successful treatment...
January 2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Robinder G Khemani, Lincoln Smith, Yolanda M Lopez-Fernandez, Jeni Kwok, Rica Morzov, Margaret J Klein, Nadir Yehya, Douglas Willson, Martin C J Kneyber, Jon Lillie, Analia Fernandez, Christopher J L Newth, Philippe Jouvet, Neal J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Paediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) is associated with high mortality in children, but until recently no paediatric-specific diagnostic criteria existed. The Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC) definition was developed to overcome limitations of the Berlin definition, which was designed and validated for adults. We aimed to determine the incidence and outcomes of children who meet the PALICC definition of PARDS. METHODS: In this international, prospective, cross-sectional, observational study, 145 paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) from 27 countries were recruited, and over a continuous 5 day period across 10 weeks all patients were screened for enrolment...
October 22, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Thomas J Papadimos, Evadne G Marcolini, Mehrnaz Hadian, George E Hardart, Nicholas Ward, Mitchell M Levy, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Judy E Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Outbreaks of disease, especially those that are declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, present substantial ethical challenges. Here we start a discourse (with a continuation of the dialogue in Ethics of Outbreaks Position Statement. Part 2: Family-Centered Care) concerning the ethics of the provision of medical care, research challenges and behaviors during a Public Health Emergency of International Concern with a focus on the proper conduct of clinical or epidemiologic research, clinical trial designs, unregistered medical interventions (including vaccine introduction, devices, pharmaceuticals, who gets treated, vulnerable populations, and methods of data collection), economic losses, and whether there is a duty of health care providers to provide care in such emergencies, and highlighting the need to understand cultural diversity and local communities in these efforts...
November 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Miles Berger, Katie J Schenning, Charles H Brown, Stacie G Deiner, Robert A Whittington, Roderic G Eckenhoff, Martin S Angst, Sinziana Avramescu, Alex Bekker, Marek Brzezinski, Greg Crosby, Deborah J Culley, Maryellen Eckenhoff, Lars I Eriksson, Lis Evered, Jim Ibinson, Richard P Kline, Andy Kofke, Daqing Ma, Joseph P Mathew, Mervyn Maze, Beverley A Orser, Catherine C Price, David A Scott, Brendan Silbert, Diansan Su, Niccolo Terrando, Dian-Shi Wang, Huafeng Wei, Zhoncong Xie, Zhiyi Zuo
As part of the American Society of Anesthesiology Brain Health Initiative goal of improving perioperative brain health for older patients, over 30 experts met at the fifth International Perioperative Neurotoxicity Workshop in San Francisco, CA, in May 2016, to discuss best practices for optimizing perioperative brain health in older adults (ie, >65 years of age). The objective of this workshop was to discuss and develop consensus solutions to improve patient management and outcomes and to discuss what older adults should be told (and by whom) about postoperative brain health risks...
December 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Chukwudi Chiaghana, Christopher Giordano, Danielle Cobb, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Patrick J Tighe, Joshua W Sappenfield
BACKGROUND: In the 1990s, emergency medicine (EM) physicians were responsible for intubating about half of the patients requiring airway management in emergency rooms. Since then, no studies have characterized the airway management responsibilities in the emergency room. METHODS: A survey was sent via the Eastern Association for Surgery and Trauma and the Trauma Anesthesiology Society listservs, as well as by direct solicitation. Information was collected on trauma center level, geographical location, department responsible for intubation in the emergency room, department responsible for intubation in the trauma bay, whether these roles differed for pediatrics, whether an anesthesiologist was available "in-house" 24 hours a day, and whether there was a protocol for anesthesiologists to assist as backup during intubations...
October 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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