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'Social Media'

Afiq Izzudin A Rahim, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Faizul Nizam A Salim, Mohd Ariff Ikram Ariffin
Health organizations have widely adopted social media for health promotion, public health communication conveyance, and organizational promotion activities. However, little published data exists on the factors that facilitate health information diffusion in South East Asia, especially Malaysia compared with Western countries. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with good engagement rates among internet users on the Facebook (FB) page of Ministry of Health Malaysia. In this observational study, 2123 FB posts were randomly selected...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pedro C Marijuán, Raquel Del Moral, Sungchul Ji, Marta Gil Lacruz, Juan David Gómez-Quintero, Jorge Navarro
In whatever domain of life, from cells to organisms to societies, communicative exchanges underlie the formation and maintenance, and decay, of the emerging collective structures. It can be clearly seen in the human social world. The different classes of social bonds in a complex society revolve around, and are intimately related with, the communicative relationships that every individual entertains-essentially via face-to-face conversation. In the present work we have investigated the fundamental metrics of both social bonds and communicative exchanges along the development of the "sociotype" construct...
February 16, 2019: Bio Systems
Jacob C Eaton, Pamela Rothpletz-Puglia, Margaret R Dreker, Lora Iannotti, Chessa Lutter, Joyceline Kaganda, Pura Rayco-Solon
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrients early in life promote cognitive development and are critical for proper growth and functioning. The effect of individual nutrients consumed through food is often not the same as consuming the same nutrients in supplementary form due to 'food synergy', the biological and chemical interrelations that occur between nutrients. Animal-source foods, such as eggs, meat, fish, and dairy, are energy dense and contain multiple micronutrients and essential fatty acids with high bioavailability...
February 19, 2019: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rebecca R Ortiz, Andrea Smith, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
This article summarizes the findings from a systematic literature review to examine how social media may impact HPV vaccine uptake and HPV and HPV vaccine related awareness, knowledge, and attitudes. Study inclusion criteria was original data collection of at least one data point about social media and HPV and/or HPV vaccination, such that the study provided insight into how social media content may influence HPV and HPV vaccine related knowledge, attitudes, and/or behaviors. A total of 44 relevant articles were identified using the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, Communication Source, Sociological Abstracts, Business Source Elite, and the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC)...
February 19, 2019: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Megan K Maas, Bethany C Bray, Jennie G Noll
Adolescents' online sexual experiences (e.g., pornography use, sexual chatting, sexualized social media use, and nude image exchange) provide a new context for sexual socialization. Traditionally, online sexual experiences are often aggregated averages, which neglect their complexity and fail to identify individual differences in the experience. Moreover, the lack of longitudinal research in this area has failed to determine if these experiences predict later offline sexual health and violence outcomes. An analysis of two waves of surveys completed by ethnically and socioeconomically diverse female adolescents (N = 296; 49% maltreated; aged 14-16 years) participating in a larger cross-sequential study was conducted to address these gaps...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
José B Negrón
The objective of this study was to explore the hashtag #EULAR2018 on Twitter during the period of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Annual European Congress to better comprehend the implications and patterns of social media (SM) data and their possible impact on users interested in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. A mixed methods study combining SM performance data with qualitative content analysis of tweets was conducted. All the tweets publicly posted with #EULAR2018 were tracked using Symplur™ and Keyhole...
February 18, 2019: Rheumatology International
Holly C P Chun, Siew-Mei Skinner, Tara Rosewall
INTRODUCTION: The value of a blog as an educational tool is thought to be underestimated by health care professionals. This research aimed to explore the MRI educational utility of blogs, and to determine who was participating in writing those blogs. It was hoped that this research would increase awareness of alternative education formats that would be useful for MRI technologists. METHODS: Between March and April of 2017, an online blog search was performed using MRI-related keywords...
March 2019: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
Nigel S Cook, Konstantinos Kostikas, Jean-Bernard Gruenberger, Bhavik Shah, Purnima Pathak, Vinay Preet Kaur, Alaknanda Mudumby, Rajat Sharma, Florian S Gutzwiller
We utilised social media listening (SML) to obtain patients' perspectives on symptoms, diagnosis and comorbidities associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). A comprehensive search on social media platforms was performed for English language content posted between July 2016 and January 2018 using COPD-related terms. Social Studio, a social media data aggregator tool, was used to capture relevant records. The content was manually curated to analyse and map psychological aspects with descriptive statistics applied on aggregated findings...
February 2019: ERJ Open Research
Manal R Alammari, Dalea M Bukhary
Introduction: Prosthodontics is a challenging subject for dental students. This study explores the incidence of exam anxiety among prosthodontics students and the variables that moderate it. Methods: A cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to fourth-year undergraduate students immediately before examinations, with a 77% response rate (55.7% female, 44.3% male). Results: A lack of time to prepare before exams and an inability to recall before exams were the main factors affected by gender...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Rachel Filinson, Marianne Raimondo
Rhode Island College has spearheaded state-wide age-friendly initiatives while simultaneously fostering three principles of Age-Friendly Universities on its campus. The principles consist of dialogue with advocacy organizations for older adults, enhanced student understanding of the impact of an aging society that includes its benefits, and promotion of gerontological research in higher education. The challenges encountered in grafting age-friendliness onto both "town" (the community) and "gown" (the campus) have been limited resources, small-scale endeavors, barriers to dissemination of information, and difficulties in mobilizing older adults to share governance...
February 16, 2019: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Keri K Stephens
The pursuit of knowledge surrounding health-related issues during disasters, emergencies, and crises, can be delicate and challenging. Social scientists use a host of research methods to design and execute studies with the goal of making intellectual contributions. During extended field work following Hurricane Harvey in the Greater Houston area, our team collected data - interviews, observations, and private social media - from citizens, emergency responders, and volunteer rescuers. Yet sometimes the data collected, analyzed, and reported in published findings is only part of the research story...
February 18, 2019: Health Communication
Ronald Ming Ren Tan, Chaoyan Dong, Germac Qiaoyue Shen, Jasmine Xun Yi Feng, Rupini Piragasam, Arif Tyebally, Shu-Ling Chong
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries and fatalities represent a significant public health problem. In Singapore, compliance with appropriate child car restraints (CCRs) is poor. We aimed to understand parental knowledge, beliefs and barriers regarding the use of CCRs. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we conducted five focus group discussions with parents who drive with their children in private cars. Participants were recruited using the KK Women's and Children's Hospital's social media page...
February 18, 2019: Singapore Medical Journal
John Mandrola, Piotr Futyma
Digital and social media are transforming society and Medicine. In this review, we discuss how social media speeds the translation of medical evidence, disrupts peer review, changes the path to leadership, improves lifelong learning, connects colleagues and may even transform cardiovascular research. Despite some downsides, we make the case that social media will be a net positive for Medicine.
February 5, 2019: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Jake Linardon, Mariel Messer
My Fitness Pal (MFP) is a calorie-tracking smartphone application that is gaining popularity worldwide. Although MFP has the potential to be a cheap and efficient weight-loss tool, concerns that MFP could trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptoms have been raised. Preliminary research has documented associations between MFP use and eating disorder symptoms in women with eating disorders and in undergraduate students. However, whether these associations exist additionally in a male-only sample has not been tested...
February 10, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Robert Ritson, Dustin H Ranglack, Nate Bickford
A wide variety of environmental stimuli can influence the behavior of animals including temperature, weather, light, lunar and seasonal cycles, seismic activity, as well as other perturbations to their circadian rhythm. Solar eclipses offer a unique opportunity to evaluate the relative influence of unexpected darkness on behavior of animals due to their sudden interference with local light levels and meteorology. Though occasionally bizarre, modern studies have lent support to the idea that at least some individuals of certain species display altered behavior during these events...
February 14, 2019: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Nikki Lee Stephenson, Erin Hetherington, Shawn Dodd, Alexander Mathews, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Facebook, a popular social media site, allows users to communicate and exchange information. Social media sites can also be used as databases to search for individuals, including cohort participants. Retaining and tracking cohort participants are essential for the validity and generalizability of data in longitudinal research. Despite numerous strategies to minimize loss to follow-up, maintaining contact with participants is time-consuming and resource-intensive. Social media may provide alternative methods of contacting participants who consented to follow-up but could not be reached, and thus are potentially "lost to follow-up...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jeanine P D Guidry, Eric G Benotsch
Chronic pain is an increasing public health concern, with an associated poor quality of life. Social media platforms play an increasing role in health communication issues, but visual platforms such as Pinterest are understudied. This study analyzed 502 Pinterest posts for chronic pain-related variables, including health belief model constructs, as well as measures of social support and coping mechanisms. Most pins mentioned the high severity of chronic pain, and a third mentioned self-efficacy related to self-care, while almost 50% referred to cues to action related to self-care...
February 15, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Thomas C King, Nikita Aggarwal, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Luciano Floridi
Artificial intelligence (AI) research and regulation seek to balance the benefits of innovation against any potential harms and disruption. However, one unintended consequence of the recent surge in AI research is the potential re-orientation of AI technologies to facilitate criminal acts, term in this article AI-Crime (AIC). AIC is theoretically feasible thanks to published experiments in automating fraud targeted at social media users, as well as demonstrations of AI-driven manipulation of simulated markets...
February 14, 2019: Science and Engineering Ethics
Johnette A Peñas, Vikki Carr de Los Reyes, Ma Nemia L Sucaldito, Julius Erving D Ballera, Herdie L Hizon, Rio L Magpantay, Vicente Y Belizario, Kenneth Hartigan-Go
Introduction: In July 2015, the Philippines conducted a school-based mass drug administration using albendazole for soil-transmitted helminths infection. Reports of adverse events were subsequently made through the event-based surveillance system, mostly from the Zamboanga Peninsula on the island of Mindanao. A team from the Epidemiology Bureau investigated the reports of adverse events following mass drug administration (AEFMDA). Methods: Five schools were identified for the investigation which comprised an unmatched case-control study, key informant interviews and laboratory examinations...
October 2018: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Dong Roman Xu, Mengyao Hu, Wenjun He, Jing Liao, Yiyuan Cai, Sean Sylvia, Kara Hanson, Yaolong Chen, Jay Pan, Zhongliang Zhou, Nan Zhang, Chengxiang Tang, Xiaohui Wang, Scott Rozelle, Hua He, Hong Wang, Gary Chan, Edmundo Roberto Melipillán, Wei Zhou, Wenjie Gong
INTRODUCTION: Primary healthcare (PHC) serves as the cornerstone for the attainment of universal health coverage (UHC). Efforts to promote UHC should focus on the expansion of access and on healthcare quality. However, robust quality evidence has remained scarce in China. Common quality assessment methods such as chart abstraction, patient rating and clinical vignette use indirect information that may not represent real practice. This study will send standardised patients (SP or healthy person trained to consistently simulate the medical history, physical symptoms and emotional characteristics of a real patient) unannounced to PHC providers to collect quality information and represent real practice...
February 13, 2019: BMJ Open
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