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Interview And Child Psychiatry

Stephanie J Lewis, Louise Arseneault, Avshalom Caspi, Helen L Fisher, Timothy Matthews, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Daniel Stahl, Jia Ying Teng, Andrea Danese
BACKGROUND: Despite the emphasis placed on childhood trauma in psychiatry, comparatively little is known about the epidemiology of trauma and trauma-related psychopathology in young people. We therefore aimed to evaluate the prevalence, clinical features, and risk factors associated with trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young people. METHODS: We carried out a comprehensive epidemiological study based on participants from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a population-representative birth-cohort of 2232 children born in England and Wales in 1994-95...
March 2019: Lancet Psychiatry
Gennaro Catone, Simone Pisano, Giulia Muzzo, Giuseppina Corrado, Katia Russo, Assunta Maiorano, Filomena Salerno, Antonella Gritti
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders display several psychiatric comorbidities. The aim of this study was to describe these comorbidities in a group of adolescent patients with Anorexia Nervosa or ED- NOS (Eating Disorder not otherwise specified); in detail, we have evaluated the comorbidity both with a clinical interview (categorical comorbidities) and with a self-report interview (dimensional comorbidities) in order to compare the two profiles. METHODS: The study was carried out at the child and adolescent psychiatry division (eating disorder service for developmental age) of the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" (ex Second University of Naples)...
February 13, 2019: Minerva Pediatrica
Gül Dikeç, Gülçin Uzunoğlu, Funda Gümüş
PURPOSE: This study determined the stigmatization experiences of parents with a child who received inpatient treatment at the psychiatry clinic in Turkey. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted. The study sample consisted of 15 parents. The data were evaluated using the thematic analysis method. FINDINGS: According to the data analysis, six themes and eight subthemes were created...
January 25, 2019: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
M Jaafari, T Tabril, A Ouraghene, C Aarab, I Rammouz, R Aalouane
OBJECTIVE: Usually Schizophrenia starts in late adolescence or early adulthood. However in childhood it is associated with significant impairment. The aim of this study is to investigate behavior disorders of schizophrenic patients in this particular period of life, and whether the presence of these disorders leads to predict a subsequent development of schizophrenia. METHODS: Our study is retrospective, about a group of patients with schizophrenia, conducted in the university department of psychiatry of Fez...
November 10, 2018: L'Encéphale
Suyog Vijay Jaiswal, Alka Anand Subramanyam, Henal Rakesh Shah, Ravindra M Kamath
Background: Raising a child with intellectual disability (ID) can add to parenting stress significantly. This stress can manifest into psychopathologies such as anxiety and depression. The aims of the study were to assess psychopathology and coping mechanisms in parents of children with ID. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 consecutive consenting parents of children with ID were interviewed from child psychiatry outpatient department of a municipal-run tertiary care teaching hospital...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Helen Y Xu, Jacob Stroud, Renee K Jozanovic, Jon Clucas, Jake Jungwoo Son, Bonhwang Koo, Juliet Schwarz, Arno Klein, Rachel Busman, Michael P Milham
Selective Mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder often diagnosed in early childhood and characterized by persistent failure to speak in certain social situations but not others. Diagnosing SM and monitoring treatment response can be quite complex, due in part to changing definitions of and scarcity of research about the disorder. Subjective self-reports and parent/teacher interviews can complicate SM diagnosis and therapy, given that similar speech problems of etiologically heterogeneous origin can be attributed to SM...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Massimiliano Murgia, Rosanna Izzo, Alessandra Bettinelli, Chiara Di Maggio, Martina De Angelis, Massimiliano Mangone, Marco Paoloni, Andrea Bernetti, Andrea Torquati, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Valter Santilli
BACKGROUND: The Non-Communicating Children Pain Check List-Revised (NCCPC-R) is a clinical assessment tool used to assess and measure pain in children aged 3 to 18 years, with mental and intellectual disabilities, incapable to speaking. AIM: Aim of our study was to test the validity and reliability of the Italian version of the NCCPC- R in children with cognitive impairment, in order to obtain a valid tool for pain assessment in these children. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
August 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Julia Philipp, Michael Zeiler, Karin Waldherr, Stefanie Truttmann, Wolfgang Dür, Andreas F K Karwautz, Gudrun Wagner
PURPOSE: Epidemiological data are crucial to plan adequate prevention strategies. Thus, this study aims at obtaining the prevalence of mental health problems (MHP) and subthreshold psychiatric disorders based on a representative sample of Austrian adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 10-18 were recruited from Austrian schools. Emotional and behavioral problems were determined using the Youth Self-Report (YSR); the point prevalence of subthreshold psychiatric disorders was assessed using structured diagnostic interviews...
December 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Mengühan Araz Altay, Işık Görker
Introduction: In this study, the frequency of psychiatric comorbidity in children and adolescents who were diagnosed with specific learning disorder, the factors that affect the frequency of comorbidity, the subtypes of specific learning disorder and the effects on cognitive profile have been investigated. Methods: Our study was performed among 80 cases with the age range 6-15 years who diagnosed with specific learning disorder Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department between January and June 2015...
2018: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
Nancy Byatt, John Straus, Arielle Stopa, Kathleen Biebel, Leena Mittal, Tiffany A Moore Simas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the utilization and quality assessment of a population-based program to help health care providers address mental health and substance use disorders among pregnant and postpartum women, the Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program for Moms (MCPAP for Moms). METHODS: The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program for Moms builds health care providers' capacity to address perinatal mental health and substance use disorders through 1) trainings and toolkits, 2) telephonic access to perinatal psychiatric consultation, and 3) facilitating referral to community resources...
August 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mahesh Mahadevaiah, Raghavendra B Nayak
Context: Blue Whale Challenge is a phenomenon which gained its early foothold on the internet chatboards. It is a dare-based harmful game which has a list of fifty tasks which you perform culminating in one's death on the final task. The fatalities caused by individuals playing this game have been reported first in Russia and followed by at least twenty countries reporting it, including India. Aims: This study was conducted to assess perceptions and knowhow of the first responders in medical profession about online challenges...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
Anna L Scandinaro, Usman Hameed, Cheryl A Dellasega
Objective: To determine how primary care versus specialist practitioners assess and treat school-aged children with irritability. Methods: Seventeen providers from family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry participated in in-depth interviews from June to August 2016 about the process they use to evaluate irritability. Data on demographic traits and measures of confidence were also collected. Results: Primary care (family medicine and pediatrics) participants expressed frustration over the lack of time and specialized knowledge they had to accurately assess children with irritability, even though they were often the first clinician consulted when problems arose...
April 5, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Anna Sundby, Merete Watt Boolsen, Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Henrik Ullum, Thomas Folkmann Hansen, Ole Mors
BACKGROUND: Genomic sequencing of children in research raises complex ethical issues. This study aims to gain more knowledge on the attitudes towards the inclusion of children as research subjects in genomic research and towards the disclosure of pertinent and incidental findings to the parents and the child. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from interviews with a wide range of informants: experts engaged in genomic research, clinical geneticists, persons with mental disorders, relatives, and blood donors...
March 5, 2018: Human Genomics
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Mostafa Najafi, Shahla Akouchekian, Alireza Ghaderi, Behzad Mahaki, Mariam Rezaei
Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological problem during childhood. This study aimed to evaluate multiple intelligences profiles of children with ADHD in comparison with non-ADHD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was done on 50 children of 6-13 years old in two groups of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Jeanne Van Cleave, Chloe Holifield, James M Perrin
BACKGROUND: The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Project (MCPAP) provides telephone support from mental health specialists to primary care providers (PCPs). Understanding PCPs' use may inform implementation of similar programs. We sought to examine PCPs' decision-making process to use or not use MCPAP when encountering mental health problems. METHODS: We analyzed data regarding calls from PCPs to MCPAP from October 1, 2010, to July 31, 2011, and interviewed 14 PCPs with frequent use (≥7 calls) and infrequent use (≤4 calls)...
April 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Tjhin Wiguna, Raden Irawati Ismail, Noorhana Setyawati Winarsih, Fransiska Kaligis, Anggia Hapsari, Lina Budiyanti, Rini Sekartini, Susan Rahayu, Anthony P S Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: Several studies showed that DAT1 polymorphism closed related with ADHD although the results were not consistently found. Studies in China, South Korea, Japan revealed that 10-repeat allele gave a risk for ADHD. Based on that understanding, this study tried to identify whether the similar polymorphism of DAT1 was also apparent in Indonesian children with ADHD. METHOD: This was a case - control study. Case was 50 Indonesian origin children with ADHD and without any other mental disorders and metal retardation...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Lori Pbert, Linda Weinreb, Douglas Ziedonis, Jeroan Allison
PURPOSE: This pilot study was designed to inform a larger effectiveness trial by: (1) assessing the feasibility of the PRogram In Support of Moms (PRISM) and our study procedures; and, (2) determining the extent to which PRISM as compared to an active comparison group, the Massachusetts Child Access Psychiatry Program (MCPAP) for Moms alone, improves depression among perinatal women. METHODS: Four practices were randomized to either PRISM or MCPAP for Moms alone, a state-wide telephonic perinatal psychiatry program...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Elodie Courtabessis, Florence Pupier, Laurie Surig, Marie-Christine Picot, Erika Nogué, Valérie Macioce, Elizabeth Stein, Diane Purper-Ouakil
European guidelines advise on best practices for the diagnosis and non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to (1) assess whether clinician's decisions to initiate methylphenidate treatment in children diagnosed with ADHD are in accordance with European guidelines and (2) identify clinical factors associated with the decision to recommend methylphenidate prescription. 5 to 13-year-old patients with an ADHD diagnosis were consecutively evaluated in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in France...
March 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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