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Qualitative research methods

Anna T Crouch
This qualitative grounded theory case study aimed to explore the perceptions of the impact of dyslexia on nursing and midwifery students and of the coping strategies they develop and/or use to help them cope in practice. The questions addressed were: 1. What is the perceived impact of dyslexia on the nursing and midwifery student in clinical practice? 2. How are any difficulties associated with dyslexia managed by the nursing or midwifery student? 3i. What strategies can help and support nursing and midwifery students with dyslexia? 3ii...
January 4, 2019: Nurse Education in Practice
Gail Dovey-Pearce, Sophie Walker, Sophie Fairgrieve, Monica Parker, Tim Rapley
Patient and public involvement in research includes non-academics working with researchers, on activities from consultative tasks, to joint working, and on user-led initiatives. Health and social care funding bodies require involvement in research projects. A current debate focuses on a perceived lack of empirical "proof" to demonstrate the impact of involvement upon the quality of research. It is also argued that the working relationships between researchers and those becoming involved need to be understood more fully...
February 15, 2019: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Lara J Maxwell, Dorcas E Beaton, Beverley J Shea, George A Wells, Maarten Boers, Shawna Grosskleg, Clifton O Bingham, Philip G Conaghan, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Maarten P de Wit, Laure Gossec, Lyn March, Lee S Simon, Jasvinder A Singh, Vibeke Strand, Peter Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.1 methodology for core domain set selection. METHODS: The "OMERACT Way for Core Domain Set selection" framework consists of 3 stages: first, generating candidate domains through literature reviews and qualitative work, then a process of consensus to obtain agreement from those involved, and finally formal voting on the OMERACT Onion. The OMERACT Onion describes the placement of domains in layers/circles: mandatory in all trials/mandatory in specific circumstances (inner circle); important but optional (middle circle); or research agenda (outer circle)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Rheumatology
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Nicola Valè, Eleonora Kirilova Dimitrova, Stefano Mazzoleni, Elena Battini, Mirko Filippetti, Alessandro Picelli, Andrea Santamato, Michele Gravina, Leopold Saltuari, Nicola Smania
Background: The combined use of Robot-assisted UL training and Botulinum toxin (BoNT) appear to be a promising therapeutic synergism to improve UL function in chronic stroke patients. Objective: To evaluate the effects of Robot-assisted UL training on UL spasticity, function, muscle strength and the electromyographic UL muscles activity in chronic stroke patients treated with Botulinum toxin. Methods: This single-blind, randomized, controlled trial involved 32 chronic stroke outpatients with UL spastic hemiparesis...
2019: Frontiers in Neurology
J Leston, C Crisp, C Lee, E Rink
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to work with tribal communities to define and develop their own healthcare services and strategies for positive change regarding injection drug use, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The secondary objective of this study was to incorporate community capacity building strategies to develop and sustain programming and resources to optimize tribal communities' responsiveness to reduce health disparities...
February 11, 2019: Public Health
Shelley A Wilkinson, Maxine O'Brien, Sally McCray, Desley Harvey
BACKGROUND: Translating research into clinical practice is challenging for health services. Emerging approaches in implementation science recognise the need for a theory-driven approach to identify and overcome barriers to guideline adherence. However, many clinicians do not have the capacity, confidence, or expertise to realise change in their local settings. Recently, two regional sites participated in a facilitated implementation project of an evidence-based model of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) care in dietetics, supported by a team at a metropolitan centre...
February 14, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
Christopher G Kemp, Brooke A Jarrett, Churl-Su Kwon, Lanxin Song, Nathalie Jetté, Jaime C Sapag, Judith Bass, Laura Murray, Deepa Rao, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Interventions to alleviate stigma are demonstrating effectiveness across a range of conditions, though few move beyond the pilot phase, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Implementation science offers tools to study complex interventions, understand barriers to implementation, and generate evidence of affordability, scalability, and sustainability. Such evidence could be used to convince policy-makers and donors to invest in implementation. However, the utility of implementation research depends on its rigor and replicability...
February 15, 2019: BMC Medicine
Janet M Turan, Melissa A Elafros, Carmen H Logie, Swagata Banik, Bulent Turan, Kaylee B Crockett, Bernice Pescosolido, Sarah M Murray
BACKGROUND: 'Intersectional stigma' is a concept that has emerged to characterize the convergence of multiple stigmatized identities within a person or group, and to address their joint effects on health and wellbeing. While enquiry into the intersections of race, class, and gender serves as the historical and theoretical basis for intersectional stigma, there is little consensus on how best to characterize and analyze intersectional stigma, or on how to design interventions to address this complex phenomenon...
February 15, 2019: BMC Medicine
Sage Brown, Katherine Rittenbach, Sarah Cheung, Gail McKean, Frank P MacMaster, Fiona Clement
OBJECTIVE: No universal definition for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) exists. This lack of consensus reduces the generalizability of study findings and limits the ability to study TRD. In addition, anecdotally, there may be a difference between the definitions of TRD within research and those applied in practice. Thus, the objective of this work was to identify current common definitions of TRD used in both research and clinical practice. METHOD: A systematic review of published literature was conducted to document TRD definitions...
February 14, 2019: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Elizabeth May Carr, Gary Dezhi Zhang, Jane Hung Yeong Ming, Zarrin Seema Siddiqui
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce new approaches to conduct qualitative research that may provide valuable insight into issues related to education, training and patient care in psychiatry. CONCLUSIONS: A variety of data-collection tools is available for researchers and practitioners in psychiatry. These can be used independently or in conjunction with other quantitative and qualitative methods.
February 14, 2019: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Anu Manchikanti Gómez, Stephanie Arteaga, Elodia Villaseñor, Jennet Arcara, Bridget Freihart
CONTEXT: Researchers have developed various measures of pregnancy ambivalence in an effort to capture the nuance overlooked by conventional, binary measures of pregnancy intention. However, the conceptualization and operationalization of the concept of ambivalence vary widely and may miss the complexity inherent in pregnancy intentions, particularly for young people, among whom unintended pregnancy rates are highest. METHODS: To investigate the utility and accuracy of current measures of pregnancy ambivalence, a mixed-methods study was conducted with 50 young women and their male partners in northern California in 2015-2016...
February 14, 2019: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Mahmood Nekoei-Moghadam, Narges Heidari, Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili, Majid Heidarijamebozorgi
INTRODUCTION: Although slum emerged in industrialized countries, today, all cities in the world are somehow facing this phenomenon. Slums create many problems in different areas, especially health for residents. Therefore, this research was conducted with the aim of identifying the health problems of the slum residents of Kerman city by using the social determinant of health approach. METHOD: The present study is an applied study that was carried out qualitatively using semistructured interviews...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Shenae Calleja, Fakir M Amirul Islam, Jonathan Kingsley, Rachael McDonald
INTRODUCTION: Adults living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can experience many factors that may impact their everyday lives. Striving for optimal health and enduring a healthy lifestyle comes with the ability to access appropriate healthcare services, yet adults with ASD have unmet healthcare needs. The barriers and enablers of healthcare access for adults with ASD remain unclear. We will conduct a systematic review to explore what is currently known about healthcare access for adults with ASD, this will determine the level and appropriateness of access to healthcare services to better support the lives of adults with ASD...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Felicia Skelton, Lindsey Ann Martin, Charlesnika T Evans, Jennifer Kramer, Larissa Grigoryan, Peter Richardson, Mark E Kunik, Ivy Oiyee Poon, S Ann Holmes, Barbara W Trautner
BACKGROUND: Bacteriuria, either asymptomatic (ASB) or symptomatic, urinary tract infection (UTI), is common in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Current Veterans Health Administration (VHA) guidelines recommend a screening urinalysis and urine culture for every veteran with SCI during annual evaluation, even when asymptomatic, which is contrary to other national guidelines. Our preliminary data suggest that a positive urine culture (even without signs or symptoms of infection) drives antibiotic use...
February 14, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
Erin C Smith, Frederick M Burkle
IntroductionIn the years following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City (New York USA), otherwise known as 9/11, first responders began experiencing a range of health and psychosocial impacts. Publications documenting these largely focus on firefighters. This research explores paramedic and emergency medical technician (EMT) reflections on the long-term impact of responding to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. METHODS: Qualitative methods were used to conduct interviews with 54 paramedics and EMTs on the 15-year anniversary of 9/11...
February 2019: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ben Goldacre, Henry Drysdale, Aaron Dale, Ioan Milosevic, Eirion Slade, Philip Hartley, Cicely Marston, Anna Powell-Smith, Carl Heneghan, Kamal R Mahtani
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies between pre-specified and reported outcomes are an important source of bias in trials. Despite legislation, guidelines and public commitments on correct reporting from journals, outcome misreporting continues to be prevalent. We aimed to document the extent of misreporting, establish whether it was possible to publish correction letters on all misreported trials as they were published, and monitor responses from editors and trialists to understand why outcome misreporting persists despite public commitments to address it...
February 14, 2019: Trials
Jayakrishnan Ajayakumar, Andrew Curtis, Steve Smith, Jacqueline Curtis
There has been a move towards using mixed method approaches in geospatial research to gain context in understanding health related social patterns and processes. The central premise is that official data is often too reductionist and misses' nuances that can help explain causality. One example is the geonarrative, a spatially relevant commentary or interview that can be mapped by content and/or location. While there have been several examples of geonarratives being used by researchers, there is no commonly available software that can easily transfer the associated text into spatial data...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shefaly Shorey, Esperanza Debby Ng
BACKGROUND: Transitioning into parenthood can be stressful as parents struggle to cope with new parenting responsibilities. Although perinatal care in hospitals aims to improve parental outcomes, there is a general consensus that it is suboptimal and insufficient. Therefore, many studies have designed intervention methods to supplement support for parents during this stressful period. However, studies often focus on parental outcomes as indicators of their interventions' success and effectiveness...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
James D Harrison, Sanjay Reddy, Rhianon Liu, Shelley R Adler, Maria T Chao
OBJECTIVE: To explore an interprofessional group of health care providers' perspectives on the facilitators and barriers to implementation of an inpatient acupuncture service for pain and symptom management. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: An urban, academic, tertiary care health system. SUBJECTS: Key interprofessional health care providers, including physicians, nurses, and administrators. Methods/interventions: We used interviews and focus group with questions guided by the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework to explore three domains of implementation-evidence, context, and facilitation...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Jasvinder K Sekhon, Jennifer Oates, Ian Kneebone, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client group. AIMS: To identify current training in counselling for speech-language therapists to address psychological well-being in people affected by post-stroke aphasia...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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