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genetice mutation

Daniel Navon, Gil Eyal
This article builds on Hacking's framework of "dynamic nominalism" to show how knowledge about biological etiology can interact with the "kinds of people" delineated by diagnostic categories in ways that "loop" or modify both over time. The authors use historical materials to show how "geneticization" played a crucial role in binding together autism as a biosocial community and how evidence from genetics research later made an important contribution to the diagnostic expansion of autism. In the second part of the article, the authors draw on quantitative and qualitative analyses of autism rates over time in several rare conditions that are delineated strictly according to genomic mutations in order to demonstrate that these changes in diagnostic practice helped to both increase autism's prevalence and create its enormous genetic heterogeneity...
March 2016: AJS; American Journal of Sociology
Laura Y Cabrera, B Lynn Beattie, Emily Dwosh, Judy Illes
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, a novel pathogenic genetic mutation associated with early onset familial Alzheimer disease was identified in a large First Nation family living in communities across British Columbia, Canada. Building on a community-based participatory study with members of the Nation, we sought to explore the impact and interplay of medicalization with the Nation's knowledge and approaches to wellness in relation to early onset familial Alzheimer disease. METHODS: We performed a secondary content analysis of focus group discussions and interviews with 48 members of the Nation between 2012 and 2013...
2015: SAGE Open Medicine
Susan M Cox, Rosalie C Starzomski
Critics of the new genetics argue that contemporary understandings of health and illness are becoming increasingly 'geneticized.' Salient implications of this critique are explored here within the context of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), a life-threatening genetic disease that causes fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys and progressive loss of renal function. Although PKD is very common, public awareness of the disease remains low and there is little clinical emphasis on hereditary aspects...
August 2004: New Genetics and Society
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