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Stiff baby

Hidetoshi Matsukawa, Kazutaka Uchida, Manabu Shirakawa, Shinichi Yoshimura
During surgical treatment of cerebral aneurysm, thin-walled or severe atherosclerotic aneurysms on the middle cerebral artery are sometimes observed. Owing to the vulnerability or stiffness of the aneurysm, simple neck clipping is usually difficult. We aimed to describe a sling-wrap clipping method using a polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet for thin-walled or atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery aneurysms. The sling-wrap clipping method was performed in six patients with middle cerebral artery aneurysms. After the distal Sylvian approach, the aneurysm and parent artery were slung up like a baby sling by using a transparent PGA sheet...
January 21, 2019: Neurosurgical Review
Poonam Mudgil, Douglas Borchman, Aparna Ramasubramanian
Babies have the most stable tears and people with dry eye have the least stable tears. Meibum may contribute to tear film stability, so in this study, the hydrocarbon chain conformation and rheology of meibum from babies was studied for the first time. Infrared spectroscopy was used to measure lipid phase transitions. Rheology was measured using Langmuir film technology. Meibum from 25 donors 1 to 13 years old was compared with meibum from 18 donors 13 to 25 years old. The phase transition temperature and lipid order (stiffness) increased with increasing age from 1 to 25 years...
November 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ka Ying Bonnie Ng, Nigel A B Simpson, Janet E Cade, Darren C Greenwood, Harry J Mcardle, Etienne Ciantar, Nisreen A Alwan
BACKGROUND: In adults, arterial stiffness measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV) is regarded as a predictor of cardiovascular disease. Infant vascular development depends on factors related to pregnancy, including maternal blood pressure (BP). This study assessed the association between maternal BP in pregnancy and infant brachio-femoral PWV at age 2-6 weeks. METHODS: The Baby Vascular health and Iron in Pregnancy (Baby VIP) study is a birth cohort which measured PWV and heart rate (HR) in 284 babies in Leeds, UK, at 2-6 weeks after birth...
2018: PloS One
Lai-Man Chan, Ho-Hsiung Lin, Sheng-Mou Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: To report detailed clinical history and management of maternal listeria infection in the first trimester. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old woman at 11 gestational weeks was infected by Listeria monocytogenes with clinical symptoms of acute onset of a fever with subsequent headache and neck stiffness, and was treated with intravenous ampicillin at 2 g every 4 h for 3 weeks. A healthy, unaffected male baby was delivered at term. Histopathologic examination of the placenta did not reveal any chorioamnionitis, granulomas, microabscesses or vasculitis...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Nicole I Wolf, Johannes Zschocke, Cornelis Jakobs, Dietz Rating, Georg F Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Juliette Piard, George K Essien Umanah, Frederike L Harms, Leire Abalde-Atristain, Daniel Amram, Melissa Chang, Rong Chen, Malik Alawi, Vincenzo Salpietro, Mark I Rees, Seo-Kyung Chung, Henry Houlden, Alain Verloes, Ted M Dawson, Valina L Dawson, Lionel Van Maldergem, Kerstin Kutsche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Shier Nee Saw, Jess Yi Ru Low, May Han Huang Ong, Yu Wei Poh, Citra Nurfarah Zaini Mattar, Arijit Biswas, Choon Hwai Yap
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) is a serious and prevalent pregnancy complication that is due to placental insufficiency and IUGR babies suffer significantly higher risks of mortality and morbidity. Current detection rate for IUGR is generally poor and thus an alternative diagnostic tool is needed to improve the IUGR detection. Elastography, a non-invasive method that measures the tissue stiffness, has been proposed as one such technique. However, to date, we have limited information on the mechanical properties of IUGR placenta...
July 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
A Hoshino, A Yamada, R Tanabe, S Noda, K Nakaoka, Y Oku, C Katayama, M Haraikawa, H Nakano, M Harada, K Uenishi, M Goseki-Sone
OBJECTIVES: The relationships between calcaneal bone mass and dietary/lifestyle habits in women at 3-4 months postpartum were examined in the context of osteoporosis prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We measured bone mass using calcaneal ultrasound in mothers who brought their 3- to 4-month-old babies to healthcare centers in Japan for health examination and administered a self-report questionnaire on physical characteristics and dietary/lifestyle habits to those who agreed to participate in the survey...
November 2017: Public Health
Gregory K Davis, Lynne Roberts, George Mangos, Amanda Henry, Franziska Pettit, Anthony O'Sullivan, Caroline S E Homer, Maria Craig, Samuel B Harvey, Mark A Brown
BACKGROUND: Women who have had hypertension in pregnancy are at greater risk of long term cardiovascular disease (CVD). Little is known about their cardiovascular risk postpartum or the effects on the woman's mental health and the outcomes of their infants. In this project we will study the physiological and psychological health of women and the physical health and development of their infants six months, two years and five years after birth. We will establish normal blood pressure (BP) and metabolic function for women who were normotensive in pregnancy and use these to assess women who had gestational hypertension (GH) or preeclampsia (PE)...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
Luca Lombardo, Enrico Sacchi, Maria Larosa, Francesco Mollica, Valentina Mazzanti, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Giuseppe Siciliani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the mechanical properties of the screws used for rapid expansion of the upper jaw. METHODS: Ten types of expansion screw were assessed, seven with four arms: Lancer Philosophy 1, Dentaurum Hyrax Click Medium, Forestadent Anatomic Expander type "S", Forestadent Anatomic Expander type "S" for narrow palates, Forestadent Memory, Leone A 2620-10 with telescopic guide, and Leone A 0630-10 with orthogonal arms; and three with two arms: Dentaurum Variety S...
December 2016: Progress in Orthodontics
Giancarlo Nicosia, Domenico Cicala, Giuseppe Mirone, Pietro Spennato, Vincenzo Trischitta, Claudio Ruggiero, Gianluigi Guarneri, Mario Muto, Giuseppe Cinalli
INTRODUCTION: Acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) is an infrequent but potentially fatal cause of strokes in both adults and children, and it is usually due to vertebral artery dissection (VAD). VAD has been found to be usually a consequence of traumatic vertebral artery injury. ABAO usually presents with symptoms of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) of the posterior circulation or transient ischemic attack (TIA). It may lead to death or long-term disability if not promptly recanalized. Basilar artery recanalization in children can be achieved safely and with excellent clinical outcome using endovascular thrombectomy with the new generation self-expanding and retrievable stents...
February 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
J Weickenmeier, R de Rooij, S Budday, P Steinmann, T C Ovaert, E Kuhl
UNLABELLED: Brain stiffness plays an important role in neuronal development and disease, but reported stiffness values vary significantly for different species, for different brains, and even for different regions within the same brain. Despite extensive research throughout the past decade, the mechanistic origin of these stiffness variations remains elusive. Here we show that brain tissue stiffness is correlated to the underlying tissue microstructure and directly proportional to the local myelin content...
September 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Sahar Ahmed Fathi Hammoudah, Lama Mohammed El-Attar
Infantile systemic hyalinosis (ISH) (OMIM 228600) is a rare fatal autosomal recessive disorder characterized by extensive deposition of hyaline material in many tissues. Consanguinity has been recorded in many cases. Herein we present two new Saudi cases with review of the literature. Our first proband was a 9 month-old male who was the first baby for parents descended from a closed consanguineous pedigree. The second proband was a 13 month-old male who was the first baby for consanguineous parents (3(rd) C)...
May 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Sofus Rabow, Per Olofsson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in maternal ECG ST index, blood pressure (BP), cardiac left ventricular (LV) ejection function and vascular tone/stiffness in large and small arteries occurring during elective cesarean section (CS) in spinal anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six women were monitored with photoplethysmographic digital pulse wave (PW) analysis (DPA) before and after spinal anesthesia, after delivery of the baby, after 5 IU oxytocin bolus IV, and 5 min later...
April 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Bin Huang, Lindsey Carlson Drehfal, Ivan M Rosado-Mendez, Quinton W Guerrero, Mark L Palmeri, Heather A Simmons, Helen Feltovich, Timothy J Hall
Cervical softness is a critical parameter in pregnancy. Clinically, preterm birth is associated with premature cervical softening and postdates birth is associated with delayed cervical softening. In practice, the assessment of softness is subjective, based on digital examination. Fortunately, objective, quantitative techniques to assess softness, and other parameters associated with microstructural cervical change are emerging. One of these is shear wave speed (SWS) estimation. In principle, this allows objective characterization of stiffness because waves travel more slowly in softer tissue...
September 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Nisreen A Alwan, Janet E Cade, Harry J McArdle, Darren C Greenwood, Helen E Hayes, Etienne Ciantar, Nigel A B Simpson
BACKGROUND: In animal studies, iron deficiency during pregnancy has been linked to increased offspring cardiovascular risk. No previous population studies have measured arterial stiffness early in life to examine its association with maternal iron status. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between maternal iron status in early pregnancy with infant brachio-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS: The Baby VIP (Baby's Vascular Health and Iron in Pregnancy) study is a UK-based birth cohort which recruited 362 women after delivery from the Leeds Teaching Hospitals postnatal wards...
2015: Neonatology
Maria Sode Rønne, Preben Berg Nielsen, Christian Backer Mogensen
Stiff baby syndrome (hyperekplexia) is a rare genetic disorder. The condition can easily be misdiagnosed as epilepsy or severe sepsis because of hypertonicity and seizure-like episodes and has an increased risk of severe apnoea and sudden infant death. Tapping of the nasal bridge inducing a startle response is the clinical hallmark. We report cases of two sisters born with stiff baby syndrome with hypertonicity, exaggerated startle reaction and cyanosis. The syndrome has a good prognosis if treated with clonazepam and both cases were developmental normal after one year...
February 24, 2014: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Neichma Fargas Berríos, Inés García, Lourdes García Fragoso, Juan Rivera González, Jocelyn Montalvo Ortiz, Marisel Vázquez Correa, Marta Valcárcel
Hyperekplexia or Stiff Baby Syndrome is an uncommon disorder of non-epileptic movements with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Neonates present exaggerated startle response to sensory stimuli and temporary muscular rigidity. We report two neonates from the northern center of Puerto Rico who presented involuntary movements, hypertonia and apnea during first days of life, being treated with anticonvulsants without improvement. Both were diagnosed with hyperekplexia due to the clinical evolution associated to normal EEG and head radiologic studies...
2013: Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
Satarupa Mukherjee, Prithwish Roy, Souvik Mitra, Moumita Samanta, Sukanta Chatterjee
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal mortality rate (NMR) continues to remain quite high, one important cause being preterm deliveries. The main obstacle in the pathway towards decreasing NMR is identification of babies in need of extra care. To analyze the utility of newborn foot length as a proxy measure for birth weight and gestational age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study done in a hospital of eastern India with 351 babies during 4 months. Right foot length of each recorded using a plastic, stiff ruler...
October 2013: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Amos Pines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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