Read by QxMD icon Read

Periodontal disease interventions

Anca Matei, Gabriele Saccone, Joshua P Vogel, Anthony B Armson
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions aimed at preventing PTB can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of systematic reviews on the effectiveness and safety of primary and secondary preterm birth prevention interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search of the Cochrane, PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL databases was conducted on 2 September 2015, and updated on 21 November 2016...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Oddy Folgerts, Yvonne A B Buunk-Werkhoven, Ronald Batenburg
INTRODUCTION: Diseases such as periodontal disease and halitosis have a negative impact on both the economy and the quality of life worldwide; thus, poor oral health has become a public health concern. The aim of this study was to characterise the oral health status of visitors to a public health consumer's exhibition using demographic and social characteristics and consumers' periodontal health condition. METHODS: During this cross-sectional study in 2010-2014, 1,223 visitors completed a questionnaire...
February 4, 2019: International Dental Journal
Patrick Finbarr Allen, Cristiane Da Mata, Martina Hayes
BACKGROUND: Chronic dental and oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease, continue to be a significant health problem among older adults. Given the rapidly changing profile of the ageing population, and their complex health needs, there is a need to develop new evidence-based approaches to oral health care. Recently, care philosophies have been developed that take a minimally invasive, functionally oriented, approach to oral health care with a focus on providing a reduced, but healthy, natural dentition which can be maintained with support of better oral hygiene...
February 1, 2019: Gerodontology
Louise Dunphy, Rhodri Williams
Gingival bleeding is a common intraoral finding, typically associated with inflamed tissues and periodontal disease. It is easily provoked by periodontal probing or toothbrushing. Spontaneous gingival bleeding rarely occurs and may be the only sign of systemic bleeding problems such as thrombocytopenia, leukaemia or coagulopathy. In pregnancy, acute onset of thrombocytopenia may occur in systemic disorders such as severe pre-eclampsia, HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) or the acute fatty liver of pregnancy...
January 17, 2019: BMJ Case Reports
Pranav Parashar, Ankita Parashar, Nidhi Saraswat, Pooja Pani, Nishant Pani, Satyam Joshi
Aims and Objectives: The colonization of the respiratory pathogens has been found in the oral cavity. In the high-risk patients for lung infection; the risk factor is the high colonization of the respiratory pathogens in the oral cavity. The present study was performed with an aim to investigate the relationship between periodontal health and respiratory diseases. Material and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the individuals who were attending the outpatient department of dentistry and those who signed the informed consent to participate in the study...
November 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Aleksandra Skoczek-Rubińska, Joanna Bajerska, Katarzyna Menclewicz
Periodontal diseases affect up to 90% of the population worldwide. Deficiencies in vitamins, minerals and polyphenolic compounds, whose main sources are fruit and vegetables (F&V), may predispose to these diseases. The PICO (Patient, Intervention of interest, Comparison or Control Intervention, and Outcome) question was: What is the effect of F&V intake on the outcomes of periodontal diseases, observed in either experimental or observational studies of human populations suffering from periodontitis or gingivitis, compared to controls without intervention or healthy people...
December 27, 2018: Dental and medical problems
N Zhou, H M Wong, Y F Wen, C McGrath
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral diseases among human beings. Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have poor oral health and limited access to dental care. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of strategies in caries and gingivitis prevention among children and adolescents with ID. METHODS: Four electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Scopus) were searched from their commencement date to 17 April 2017...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Maria Grazia Albano, Jean François d'Ivernois, Vincent de Andrade, Gérard Levy
INTRODUCTION / BACKGROUND: In odontology, chronic diseases and chronic conditions (such as chronic periodontitis, temporomandibular disorders, chronic orofacial pain) justify patient education to self-care. This strategy of secondary or tertiary prevention, even if officially recognized, is still less known compared to health education, a form of primary prevention. We wanted to make the point of recent studies devoted to patient education. Thus, the purpose of our study is to give an updated picture of patient education in odontology, describing, through an analysis of the international literature from 2006 to 2016, its characteristics and development...
December 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Davidson Fróis Madureira, Izabella Lucas De Abreu Lima, Giselle Cabral Costa, Elizabeth Maria Bastos Lages, Carolina Castro Martins, Tarcília Aparecida Da Silva
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate human gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) as a potential biomarker for diagnosis of periodontal disease (International prospective register of systematic reviews [PROSPERO] number: CRD42015020199). METHODS: An electronic search for TNF-α in human GCF was conducted until May 17, 2018. Data from systemically healthy patients with healthy periodontium or periodontal disease were incorporated...
December 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Hee-Jung Lim, AeJung Im, Han-A Cho
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with visual impairment cannot recognize early-stage oral diseases, thus fail to receive prompt treatment. AIMS: To evaluate the association between visual impairment and dental care utilization in patients aged ≥65 years. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed annual pooled data collected by the Korean Health Panel between 2011 and 2014; a total of 1472 patients and 13,285 dental visits were analyzed...
November 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Eun S Park, Hyeon W Yim, Kang S Lee
Dental anxiety causes patients to refuse or delay treatment, which may exacerbate oral diseases. The aim of the current randomized controlled trial was to determine whether progressive muscle relaxation therapy could relieve dental anxiety. The trial included 68 periodontal patients with dental anxiety scores of ≥13 who were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a control group (n = 34 per group). The intervention group was administered progressive muscle relaxation therapy for 20 min and oral health education for 15 min before periodontal treatment once per week for 4 wk...
November 14, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Michael Raedel, Heinz-Werner Priess, Steffen Bohm, Barbara Noack, Yvonne Wagner, Michael H Walter
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate tooth loss after periodontal treatment. METHODS: The data was collected from the digital database of a major German national health insurance company. Periodontal treatment was the intervention in the treatment group. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses on the patient level with the primary outcome extraction were carried out over four years. A control group without treatment was matched and analysed. Differences were tested with the Log-Rank-test...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Kuo-Ting Sun, Shih-Chueh Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Jui-Ting Hsu, I-An Chen, I-Ting Wu, Kalaiselvi Palanisamy, Te-Chun Shen, Chi-Yuan Li
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting oral health. Evidence shows possible association between T1DM and periodontal diseases (PDs). We conducted a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan, with a 14-year follow-up to investigate the risk of PDs in T1DM patients. METHODS: We used data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. The T1DM cohort was identified with newly diagnosed T1DM from 1998 to 2011...
October 31, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Uislen B Cadore, Marília B L Reis, Sergio H L Martins, Marcos de M Invernici, Arthur B Novaes, Mario Taba, Daniela B Palioto, Michel R Messora, Sergio L S Souza
BACKGROUND: This double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial assessed the efficacy of multiple sessions of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) as an adjunct to surgical periodontal treatment (ST) in patients with severe chronic periodontitis (SCP). METHODS: Sixteen patients with SCP were treated with aPDT+ST (test group, TG) or ST only (control group, CG), in a split-mouth design. aPDT was applied at 0, 2, 7, and 14 postoperative days only in TG. All patients were followed up for 90 days after surgery...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Mohammad Sultan Alakhali, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Khaled Al-Haddad, Esam Halboub
OBJECTIVES: Many animal and human studies have shown associations between periodontitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Hence, the present systematic review sought to investigate such a potential association. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science databases were thoroughly searched to identify all relevant studies. The eligibility criteria were all observational (cross-sectional studies, case-control, cohort studies, and case reports) and interventional studies that assessed the relationship between periodontitis and NAFLD in humans...
December 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Audrey Peteuil, Corinne Rat, Sahar Moussa-Badran, Maud Carpentier, Jean-François Pelletier, Frederic Denis
Objective: The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of a therapeutic educational program in oral health (TEPOH) for persons with schizophrenia (PWS). Design: In a qualitative study, we explored the representation of oral health before and after a TEPOH. Clinical Setting : PWS are at greater risk of decayed and missing teeth and periodontal diseases. In a previous publication, we described the different steps in building a TEPOH by taking into account the experiences of PWS concerning oral health quality of life...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Małgorzata Woźniewicz, Paulina M Nowaczyk, Anna Kurhańska-Flisykowska, Marzena Wyganowska-Świątkowska, Małgorzata Lasik-Kurdyś, Jarosław Walkowiak, Joanna Bajerska
Periodontal disease is highly prevalent worldwide, and consumption of certain foods, such as fruits, seem to improve the effectiveness of periodontal therapy (PT) due to their antiadhesive, immunomodulatory, and antioxidative properties. We hypothesized that the cranberry functional beverage (CFB) consumed for eight weeks improves gingival inflammation indices via inhibition of dental plaque, and alterations in antioxidant status, and systemic inflammation in patients with gingivitis. In this two-arm randomized controlled study, fifty participants were divided into an experimental group (CFB), administered daily with 750 ml CFB, or a control group administered the same amount of water...
October 2018: Nutrition Research
Hadi Bazyar, Hassan Gholinezhad, Leila Moradi, Parvin Salehi, Faezeh Abadi, Maryam Ravanbakhsh, Ahmad Zare Javid
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis are two common chronic diseases with bidirectional relationship. Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of these two diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin supplementation in adjunct with non-surgical periodontal therapy on periodontal status, serum melatonin and inflammatory markers in type 2 DM patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind clinical trial study, 50 type 2 DM patients with CP were randomly allocated to the intervention and control groups...
October 16, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Mattias Pettersson, Jean Pettersson, Anders Johansson, Margareta Molin Thorén
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the titanium (Ti) content of biopsies from patients with severe peri-implantitis or controls without Ti exposure. BACKGROUND: Peri-implantitis is considered to be an infectious disease, but recent studies have shown that Ti can aggravate inflammation in combination with bacterial products. The Ti content of peri-implantitis and periodontitis (controls) tissue is unknown. METHODS: Thirteen patients referred for peri-implantitis and eleven for periodontitis treatment were included in the study...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Masaya Akashi, Nagisa Nanba, Junya Kusumoto, Takahide Komori
In brief, perioperative oral intervention consists of elimination of odontogenic foci and maintenance of oral hygiene in patients undergoing surgery. The importance of oral intervention before, during, and after medical treatments is well-known, especially in cancer patients, because odontogenic foci such as untreated deep dental caries or periodontitis can cause systemic infection in patients with myelosuppression resulting from chemotherapy. Although perioperative oral intervention is currently recommended for patients with cardiovascular disease, its efficacy in this population has not been established...
October 5, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"