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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757970/-relationship-between-pathological-internet-use-and-sleep-problems-in-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Johanna Klar, Peter Parzer, Julian Koenig, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Romuald Brunner, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Relationship Between (Pathological) Internet Use and Sleep Problems in a Longitudinal Study Excessive or pathological Internet use has already been associated with sleep disorders, but the direction of the connection remains still uncertain. The relationship between (pathological) Internet use and sleep problems in adolescence was investigated by a representative longitudinal survey of data from a sample of 1,060 students from Heidelberg and the surrounding area (SEYLE study). The students, on average 15 years old, responded at a baseline and after one year to a survey on sleep and Internet use...
February 2019: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755031/the-mediating-role-of-mood-in-the-relationship-among-sleep-perseverative-cognition-and-subjective-health-complaints-in-musicians
#2
Regina K Studer, Carole Nielsen, Petra L Klumb, Horst Hildebrandt, Urs M Nater, Pascal Wild, Raphaël Heinzer, José Haba-Rubio, Brigitta Danuser, Patrick Gomez
OBJECTIVE: Subjective health complaints (SHC) are frequent in musicians. These complaints may be particularly distressing in this population because they are performance relevant. This paper aims at testing a model positing that (a) perseverative cognition (PC) predicts sleep duration/quality, (b) sleep duration/quality predicts SHC and (c) mood is a mediator of these associations. DESIGN: Participants were 72 music students (mean age (SD): 22.7 (3.0) years), and the assessment period consisted of seven consecutive days, with a solo performance on the fifth day...
February 12, 2019: Psychology & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746048/quality-of-sleep-and-depression-in-college-students-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
João Dinis, Miguel Bragança
Background: Nowadays, sleep-related problems are a prevalent occurrence among university students. Poor sleep quality is one of the most studied aspects of sleep complaints, affecting from 10% to 50% of this population. Poor sleep quality consequences are many and have a profound impact in the student's psychobiological health. University students live through a period of psychological challenge and adaptation, since the transition from high school to professional life. Abrupt autonomy challenges students to deal with many choices, from their academic and social life to their intimate habits...
July 2018: Sleep Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746046/sleep-quality-and-its-association-with-psychological-distress-and-sleep-hygiene-a-cross-sectional-study-among-pre-clinical-medical-students
#4
Mojtaba Rezaei, Moein Khormali, Samaneh Akbarpour, Khosro Sadeghniiat-Hagighi, Mansour Shamsipour
Objective: This study aimed to investigate subjective sleep quality and its association with demographics, psychological health, and sleep hygiene related behaviors in pre-clinical medical students. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire consisting of demographics, sleep hygiene behaviors, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS21) was handed out to all medical students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences at pre-clinical stage...
July 2018: Sleep Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746044/sleep-disturbances-academic-performance-depressive-symptoms-and-substance-use-among-medical-students-in-bogota-colombia
#5
Julián Esteban Barahona-Correa, Juan Diego Aristizabal-Mayor, Pieralessandro Lasalvia, Álvaro J Ruiz, Patricia Hidalgo-Martínez
Objective: Poor sleep patterns are common in undergraduates and may turn them prone to mood disorders, substance abuse and impaired academic performance. The aim of this study was to assess sleep disturbances among medical students, and whether associations with academic performance, depressive symptoms or substance use were present. Methods: Cross-sectional study in which 544 medical students of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogota, Colombia were included...
July 2018: Sleep Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744449/predictors-of-problematic-internet-use-in-school-going-adolescents-of-bhavnagar-india
#6
Sneha B Vadher, Bharat N Panchal, Ashok U Vala, Imran J Ratnani, Kinjal J Vasava, Rishi S Desai, Aayushi H Shah
BACKGROUND: Problematic Internet use (PIU) is the inability of individuals to control their Internet use, resulting in marked distress and/or functional impairment in daily life. AIM/OBJECTIVE: We assessed the frequency of PIU and predictors of PIU, including social anxiety disorder (SAD), quality of sleep, quality of life and Internet-related demographic variables among school going adolescents. METHODS: This was an observational, single-centered, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 1,312 school going adolescents studying in Grades 10, 11 and 12 in Bhavnagar, India...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736399/sex-differences-in-lifestyle-behaviors-among-u-s-college-freshmen
#7
Melissa D Olfert, Makenzie L Barr, Camille C Charlier, Geoffrey W Greene, Wenjun Zhou, Sarah E Colby
Within lifestyle behavior research, the sex of populations causes differences in behaviors and outcomes of studies. This cross-sectional study investigated lifestyle behavior patterns in college students, examining sex differences in four areas: Nutrition, physical activity, sleep, and stress. Data from over 1100 college freshmen across 8 United States universities were used for this cross-sectional analysis. Self-reported data assessed fruit and vegetable intake, fat percent intake, physical activity, perceived stress, and sleep quality...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732633/psychometric-properties-of-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-in-ethiopian-university-students
#8
Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Majed Alamri, Abdulrhman Albougami, Mohammad Yunus Ali Khan, Dejen Nureye, D Warren Spence, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
BACKGROUND: Daytime sleepiness is highly prevalent across the globe. The Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) is the most widely used tool for screening daytime sleepiness. The psychometric properties of the ESS have not been comprehensively examined in African populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design with simple random sampling was used in the present study. The study recruited 600 students from Mizan-Tepi University, Ethiopia, of which 329 (age = 18-28 years and body mass index = 21...
February 7, 2019: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30722058/nocturnal-heart-rate-variability-moderates-the-association-between-sleep-wake-regularity-and-mood-in-young-adults
#9
Lei Gao, Peng Li, Chelsea Hu, Tommy To, Melissa Patxot, Brigid Falvey, Patricia M Wong, Frank A J L Scheer, Chen Lin, Men-Tzung Lo, Kun Hu
Study Objectives: Sleep-wake regularity (SWR) is often disrupted in college students and mood disorders are rife at this age. Disrupted SWR can cause repetitive and long-term misalignment between environmental and behavioral cycles and the circadian system which may then have psychological and physical health consequences. We tested whether SWR was independently associated with mood and autonomic function in a healthy adult cohort. Methods: We studied 42 college students over a 3-week period using daily sleep-wake diaries and continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings...
February 5, 2019: Sleep
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721844/sleep-problem-suicide-and-self-harm-in-university-students-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Kirsten Russell, Stephanie Allan, Louise Beattie, Jason Bohan, Kenneth MacMahon, Susan Rasmussen
Suicide and self-harm behaviours represent public health concerns, and university students are a particularly high risk group. Identifying modifiable risk factors for the development and maintenance of suicidal thoughts and behaviours is a research priority, as prevention is crucial. Research examining the relationship between poor sleep and self-harm/suicidality within university students is, for the first time, systematically evaluated, critically appraised, and synthesised. This literature consistently demonstrates that insomnia and nightmares are associated with elevated suicide risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviours within this subpopulation of young adults...
January 23, 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714819/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depression-anxiety-and-symptoms-of-stress-in-vocational-college-nursing-students-from-sichuan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yanli Zeng, Guofu Wang, Caixia Xie, Xiuying Hu, Jan D Reinhardt
Nursing students from vocational college programs contribute to over 60% of the nursing student population in China. However, there remains a lack of systematic, quantitative studies examining the prevalence of mental health problems in this population. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms and associated factors in vocational college nursing students in Sichuan, China. A total of 554 nursing students from vocational colleges participated in this cross-sectional study...
February 4, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711667/sleep-related-functional-impairment-as-a-moderator-of-risky-drinking-and-subsequent-negative-drinking-consequences-in-college-students
#12
Patricia A Goodhines, Michelle J Zaso, Les A Gellis, Aesoon Park
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep quality and insufficient total sleep time have been shown to modify the relationship between college drinking and negative drinking consequences. This study aimed to examine whether prospective associations between risky drinking and negative drinking consequences similarly differ by sleep-related functional impairment, which is novel to the literature. METHOD: Data were obtained from a 2-month prospective study of 157 college drinkers (mean age = 19 years [SD = 1...
January 28, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707168/comparison-of-nighttime-and-daytime-operation-on-outcomes-of-kidney-transplant-with-deceased-donors-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Qi-Hang Guo, Qian-Long Liu, Xiao-Jun Hu, Yang Li, Jin Zheng, Wu-Jun Xue
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant is always emergent operations and frequently need to be performed at nighttime to reduce cold ischemia time (CIT). Previous studies have revealed that fatigue and sleep deprivation can result in adverse consequences of medical procedures. This study aimed to evaluate whether nighttime operation has adverse impact on kidney transplant. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of recipients accepted kidney transplant from deceased donors in one center from 2014 to 2016 was performed...
January 30, 2019: Chinese Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706960/how-confession-characteristics-impact-juror-perceptions-of-evidence-in-criminal-trials
#14
Jeremy J Shifton
A confession is one of the most impactful pieces of evidence that can be presented in a criminal trial, yet very little is known about how perceptions of evidence change based on characteristics of the confession. While researchers know that "circumstances of the setting", such as length of interrogation, number of interrogators, and lack of sleep, increase the likelihood of false confessions, less is known about whether juror perceptions of the confession are impacted by these factors. The current research builds on the existing literature by evaluating the impact of these situational confession factors to determine whether jurors give weight to characteristics that are known to increase the likelihood of a false confession...
February 1, 2019: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30697098/a-profile-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviors-sleep-and-dietary-habits-of-saudi-college-female-students
#15
Hana A Alzamil, Manan A Alhakbany, Nora A Alfadda, Sarah M Almusallam, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported valid comprehensive data on lifestyle habits of Saudi college females. In addition, studies on sedentary behaviors (SBs) and the duration of sleep of Saudi college students are rare. Saudi females appear to be less physically active and therefore, at a higher risk of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate lifestyle patterns of Saudi college females, including physical activity (PA), SBs, duration of sleep, and dietary habits...
January 2019: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690460/u-s-soldiers-and-foreign-language-school-stressors-and-health
#16
Maurice L Sipos, Alexa A Lopez, Jennifer Nyland, Maura R Taylor, Jennifer McDonald, Matthew L LoPresti, Oscar A Cabrera, Amy B Adler
Introduction: While previous studies have examined the stress of the military training environment, studies have not systematically examined the stress associated with attending the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC). Service members assigned to DLIFLC endure intense academic pressure to succeed while meeting military requirements. Thus, not only are traditional academic stressors likely to be of concern but there are other academic and military-related stressors that have to managed by students...
January 23, 2019: Military Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685851/physical-activity-and-sleep-quality-in-relation-to-mental-health-among-college-students
#17
Amer K Ghrouz, Majumi Mohamad Noohu, Md Dilshad Manzar, David Warren Spence, Ahmed S BaHammam, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations and interactive effects of physical activity and sleep quality on mental health among Indian college students. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Indian college students. The sociodemographic data and body mass index were obtained from a convenience sample of 617 college students, age range from 18 to 30 years, including both genders (314 men, 51%). All participants completed three questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 26, 2019: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684792/interactive-effect-of-sleep-duration-and-physical-activity-on-anxiety-depression-in-adolescents
#18
Sayoko Ogawa, Yuko Kitagawa, Masako Fukushima, Hiromi Yonehara, Atsushi Nishida, Fumiharu Togo, Tsukasa Sasaki
Although effects of sleep duration and physical activity (PA) have been demonstrated on mental health in adolescents, their interactive effect has not been studied. This cross-sectional study first examines this interactive effect on anxiety/depression in adolescents. A total of 983 Japanese students aged 12-17 were studied, using a self-report questionnaire. The interaction of sleep duration and amount of PA and their main effects on anxiety/depression, assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), were investigated employing multiple regression, adjusting for grade and sex...
December 18, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684441/evaluation-of-a-mobile-device-survey-system-for-behavioral-risk-factors-shape-app-development-and-usability-study
#19
Ingrid Oakley-Girvan, Juan M Lavista, Yasamin Miller, Sharon Davis, Carlos Acle, Jeffrey Hancock, Lorene M Nelson
BACKGROUND: Risk factors, including limited exercise, poor sleep, smoking, and alcohol and drug use, if mitigated early, can improve long-term health. Risk prevalence has traditionally been measured using methods that now have diminished participation rates. With >75% of American citizens owning smartphones, new data collection methods using mobile apps can be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a mobile device-based survey system for behavioral risk assessment...
January 11, 2019: JMIR formative research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683284/experiences-of-college-students-who-are-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Jennifer Saylor, Kathleen M Hanna, Christina J Calamaro
PURPOSE: To gain insight and understanding of emerging adult experiences after a diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and prior to or during college life experiences. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative research design using a focus group was conducted with 12 college students recently diagnosed with T1DM during emerging adulthood. The focus group took place during a College Diabetes Network retreat. Using Braun and Clarke's six phase process, two researchers independently conducted a thematic analysis from the transcribed, verbatim audiotaped narratives...
January 2019: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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