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Sitting balance test

Bergthora Baldursdottir, Susan L Whitney, Alfons Ramel, Palmi V Jonsson, Brynjolfur Mogensen, Hannes Petersen, Ella K Kristinsdottir
BACKGROUND: Asymmetric vestibular function, decreased plantar sensation, postural control and functional ability have been associated with fall-related wrist fractures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether multi-sensory training (MST) improves postural control, vestibular function, foot sensation and functional ability among people with fall-related wrist fractures compared to wrist stabilization training (WT). METHODS: This was an assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
February 11, 2019: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Brittany Hornby, Rebecca McClellan, Lucy Buckley, Kimberley Carson, Tiffany Gooding, Hilary J Vernon
BACKGROUND: Barth syndrome (BTHS) is an X-linked disorder caused by defects in TAZ with key clinical features including cardiomyopathy, neutropenia and skeletal myopathy. In order to gain a better understanding of the range of clinical features, identify targets for monitoring, and increase knowledge of natural history of the disease, we conducted muscle strength testing, functional exercise capacity testing, physical activity assessment, balance assessment and motion reaction time testing in 33 affected individuals and 14 controls...
February 11, 2019: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Mayumi Wagatsuma, Taehoon Kim, Paulo Sitagata, Eunbi Lee, Konstantinos Vrongistinos, Taeyou Jung
BACKGROUND: Impaired balance and weak muscle strength are common deficits associated with stroke. Limited research has examined the relationship between balance and strength in people post-stroke. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between balance and muscular strength in people post-stroke. METHODS: A total of 11 people with chronic stroke, who were community dwelling and ambulatory, completed balance and strength assessments. A computerized dynamic posturography system was used for Limits of Stability (LOS) test, Sit-to-Stand (STS) test, and the Modified Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction on Balance (mCTSIB)...
February 11, 2019: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Ruopeng Sun, Roberto G Aldunate, Vignesh R Paramathayalan, Rama Ratnam, Sanjiv Jain, Daniel G Morrow, Jacob J Sosnoff
Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. The first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent technology advancement offers the possibility of objective, lowcost and self-guided fall risk assessment. The present work evaluated the preliminary validity and usability of a Kinect camera-based selfinitiated fall risk assessment system in a hospital setting. A convenience sample of 29 female participants (77...
January 31, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Thomas Gerhardy, Katharina Gordt, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Michael Schwenk
Background : Decreasing performance of the sensory systems' for balance control, including the visual, somatosensory and vestibular system, is associated with increased fall risk in older adults. A smartphone-based version of the Timed Up-and-Go (mTUG) may allow screening sensory balance impairments through mTUG subphases. The association between mTUG subphases and sensory system performance is examined. Methods : Functional mobility of forty-one community-dwelling older adults (>55 years) was measured using a validated mTUG...
February 1, 2019: Sensors
Yong-Hao Pua, David B Matchar
OBJECTIVES: Identifying strong predictors for falls and mobility limitations in older adults with a falls-related emergency department visit is crucial. This study aimed to compare, in this clinical population, the incremental predictive value of the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) component tests for incident falls, injurious falls, and mobility limitations. DESIGN AND MEASURES: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 323 community-dwelling older adults with a falls-related emergency department visit participated...
January 30, 2019: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Sónia Cristina Antunes Dos Santos, Daniela Maria Pias de Figueiredo
The fear of falling constitutes a real risk factor for falls. It has also been associated with functional decline, decreased quality of life and increased social isolation among the elderly population. This study analyzed predictors of the fear of falling in elderly Portuguese people that live in the community. A cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 98 participants (57.1% women; mean age 74.07 ± 8.74 years) was conducted. Data were collected with a protocol which includes a questionnaire for sociodemographic and health information, the Activity Specific Balance Confidence Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Lubben Social Network Scale-6, the Timed Up and Go, and Five Times Sit to Stand Test...
January 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Afshin Moghadasi, GholamAli Ghasemi, Ebrahim Sadeghi-Demneh, Masoud Etemadifar
CONTEXT: Muscle weakness and sensory deficits cause impaired balance and walking abilities which are prerequisites for independent activity of daily living in people with multiple sclerosis. Recent physical exercises tailored to improve the activity of daily living people with multiple sclerosis have focused on the functional training. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of total body resistance exercise suspension training on mobility, proprioception and muscle strength of the knee in people with multiple sclerosis...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Adriano Zanardi da Silva, Vera Lúcia Israel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of dual-task aquatic exercises on functional mobility, balance and gait of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: A randomized, single-blind trial was used. Twenty-eight (28) individuals met the inclusion criteria and were randomized in the Experimental Group (EG) and Control Group (CG). EG was subjected to a dual-task aquatic exercise program, twice a week for 10 weeks. Each session lasted 40 min, in a heated pool (33 °C)...
February 2019: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Taweesak Janyacharoen, Ponlapat Yonglitthipagon, Saowanee Nakmareong, Natanol Katiyajan, Paradee Auvichayapat, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
This study aimed to investigate the effect of ancient boxing exercise on the strength of leg muscles and quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis. The subjects were divided into 2 groups, control group (CG) and experimental group (EG). The average aged of control and experimental group were 60.3±6.8 and 59.0±7.8 years, respectively. All volunteers were interviewed for basic information, evaluation of the criteria of research and sign consent to participate in the research. The outcome measurement consisted of five time sit to stand test, 6-min walk test, flexibility by sit and reach test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, knee injury and osteoarthritis outcomes score (KOOS) and quality of life of World Health Organization Thai brief version (WHOQOL-BERF-THAI)...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Evelien Van Roie, Stijn Van Driessche, Bas Huijben, Remco Baggen, Rob C van Lummel, Christophe Delecluse
Human ageing is accompanied by a progressive decline in leg-extensor power (LEP). LEP is typically measured with specialized and expensive equipment, which limits the large-scale applicability. Previously, sensor-based trunk kinematics have been used to estimate the vertical power required to elevate the body's center of mass during functional tests, but the link with LEP and age remains to be investigated. Therefore, we investigated whether a body-fixed sensor-based analysis of power during stair ascent (SA) and sit-to-stand (STS) is positively related to LEP and whether its ability to detect age-related declines is similar...
2019: PloS One
Wolfgang Fitz, Pinak Shukla, Ling Li, Richard D Scott
Background: Techniques that allow early muscle activation, such as closed kinetic chain (CKC) and open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises, may play a beneficial role in the early rehabilitation of the reconstructed knee. However, current rehabilitation regimens have not been shown to reverse post-operative quadriceps activation failure and weakness. To investigate whether patients who use a continuous active motion (CAM) device that follows closed kinetic chain principles have better early post-operative functional improvements than patients who use a continuous passive motion (CPM) device that follows the principles of open kinetic chain principles...
November 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Canan Şanal Toprak, Mehmet Tuncay Duruöz, Osman Hakan Gündüz
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the static and dynamic balance disorders of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to disclose the relationships with clinical, functional, and radiological findings of lower extremities. Patients and methods: A total of 81 patients with RA (15 males, 66 females; mean age 48.9±10.4 years; range 22 to 67 years) were compared with 84 age and sex-matched healthy controls (14 males, 70 females; mean age 45.9±12.1 years; range 24 to 70 years)...
September 2018: Archives of Rheumatology
Ronny Bergquist, Michaela Weber, Michael Schwenk, Synnøve Ulseth, Jorunn L Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken, Kristin Taraldsen
BACKGROUND: Many balance and strength tests exist that have been designed for older seniors, often aged ≥70 years. To guide strategies for preventing functional decline, valid and reliable tests are needed to detect early signs of functional decline in young seniors. Currently, little is known about which tests are being used in young seniors and their methodological quality. This two-step review aims to 1) identify commonly used tests of balance and strength, and 2) evaluate their measurement properties in young seniors...
January 9, 2019: BMC Geriatrics
Paolo Solla, Lucia Cugusi, Matilde Bertoli, Andrea Cereatti, Ugo Della Croce, Danilo Pani, Laura Fadda, Antonino Cannas, Francesco Marrosu, Giovanni Defazio, Giuseppe Mercuro
OBJECTIVES: Among different exercise models proposed for individuals with Parkinson's disease (IwPD), the popularity of traditional forms of dance is increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Sardinian folk dance (Ballu Sardu, BS) on functional performance and motor and nonmotor symptoms in IwPD. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial. SETTINGS: Outpatient health clinic. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Twenty IwPD (13M, 7F; 67...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Yuto Goto, Yohei Otaka, Ken Suzuki, Seigo Inoue, Kunitsugu Kondo, Eiji Shimizu
AIM: To elucidate the incidences and circumstances of falls and fall-related injuries, and to explore the physical characteristics of community-dwelling ambulatory stroke survivors who experienced falls. METHODS: A total of 144 community-dwelling ambulatory survivors of hemiparetic stroke (mean age 68.0 years [SD 10.4 years]) who were undergoing rehabilitation in an adult daycare center participated in this prospective study. The mean duration from stroke onset was 5...
January 8, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Maria Bjerk, Therese Brovold, Dawn A Skelton, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Astrid Bergland
Background: falls have serious consequences for quality of life (QOL) and contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. Home care is an important arena to address falls prevention and QOL, but this vulnerable group of older adults is underrepresented in health research. This study explores the effects of a falls prevention exercise programme on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), physical function and falls self-efficacy in older fallers receiving home care. Methods: the study design is a parallel-group randomised controlled trial...
January 7, 2019: Age and Ageing
Tamis W Pin, Penelope B Butler
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility and potential efficacy of a six-week interactive computer play training on balance and gross motor function in children with moderate cerebral palsy. DESIGN: A pilot single-blinded matched randomized controlled study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 18 children with moderate cerebral palsy were recruited, paired according to age and severity of cerebral palsy and randomized into intervention group or control group...
January 2, 2019: Clinical Rehabilitation
Davy Vancampfort, Hannelore Vandael, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Noemi Hagemann, Filip Bouckaert, Tine Van Damme
Low physical fitness and physical inactivity have been recognized as prominent behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality. To date, no studies have ystematically assessed physical fitness and physical activity in patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD) vs. a healthy comparison group. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess and compare the physical fitness and physical activity levels in patients with AUD against healthy controls. Thirty inpatients with AUD (22 males, 40...
August 8, 2018: Alcohol
Matthias Hellberg, Peter Höglund, Philippa Svensson, Naomi Clyne
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is recommended to patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the level of evidence is still low. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared two different and self-administered exercise training programs in a representative CKD population. METHODS: This single centre RCT included 151 non-dialysis dependent CKD patients, irrespective of age and comorbidity. Self-administered exercise training of 150 minutes per week was prescribed for 4 months and consisted of 60 minutes endurance training in combination with 90 minutes of either strength or balance training (strength versus balance group)...
2018: PloS One
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