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Nutrition screening

Leelatulasi Salwoom, Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abd Rahman, Abu Bakar Salleh, Fairolniza Mohd Shariff, Peter Convey, David Pearce, Mohd Shukuri Mohamad Ali
In recent years, studies on psychrophilic lipases have been an emerging area of research in the field of enzymology. This study focuses on bacterial strains isolated from anthropogenically-influenced soil samples collected around Signy Island Research Station (South Orkney Islands, maritime Antarctic). Limited information on lipase activities from bacteria isolated from Signy station is currently available. The presence of lipase genes was determined using real time quantification PCR (qPCR) in samples obtained from three different locations on Signy Island...
February 16, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hamada AbdElgawad, Ahmed M Saleh, Soad Al Jaouni, Samy Selim, Mahmoud O Hassan, Mohammed A M Wadaan, Ahmed M Shuikan, Hussein S Mohamed, Wael N Hozzein
Actinobacteria have received much attention due to their capacity for plant growth promotion, a promising approach in sustainable development of agriculture. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is an important crop, particularly in semi-arid regions of the world, due to the high nutritional and health-promoting values of its fruits. The present study was conducted to investigate the utilization of actinobacteria as an approach to support soil fertility and enhance production and functional food value of date palm fruits in a semi-arid environment...
February 11, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Meghan Finch, Fiona Stacey, Jannah Jones, Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: While it is recommended that childcare services implement policies and practices to support obesity prevention, there remains limited evidence to inform policy and practice. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of performance review and facilitated feedback in increasing the implementation of healthy eating and physical activity-promoting policies and practices in childcare services. METHODS: The study was conducted with childcare services in the Hunter New England region of New South Wales, Australia...
February 18, 2019: Implementation Science: IS
Sang-Mi Park
BACKGROUND: Korea has the highest rate of suicide in the world and has held this rank for the last decade. Suicide has risen especially sharply among 45- to 54-year-old Koreans; there were about 32.1 suicides per 100,000 individuals in 2015, and this contributed significantly to the rising suicide rate in Korea. Recently, adverse work conditions, including insecure employment and shift work, have been suggested as a suicide risk factor. However, little is known about the influence of insecure employment on suicidal ideation among middle-aged adults...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Ah Reum Khang, Hye Won Lee, Dongwon Yi, Yang Ho Kang, Seok Man Son
Purpose: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide, and it is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to estimate the prevalence of NAFLD defined by the fatty liver index (FLI), in order to investigate the association between FLI and metabolic disorders and to determine the cutoff value of FLI to screen for MetS. Subjects and methods: This study utilized a national representative sample of Korean adults (the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys) which was conducted in 2010-2011...
2019: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Anca Matei, Gabriele Saccone, Joshua P Vogel, Anthony B Armson
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions aimed at preventing PTB can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of systematic reviews on the effectiveness and safety of primary and secondary preterm birth prevention interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search of the Cochrane, PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL databases was conducted on 2 September 2015, and updated on 21 November 2016...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Suqing Zheng, Wenping Chang, Wenxin Xu, Yong Xu, Fu Lin
Artificial sweeteners (AS) can elicit the strong sweet sensation with the low or zero calorie, and are widely used to replace the nutritive sugar in the food and beverage industry. However, the safety issue of current AS is still controversial. Thus, it is imperative to develop more safe and potent AS. Due to the costly and laborious experimental-screening of AS, in-silico sweetener/sweetness prediction could provide a good avenue to identify the potential sweetener candidates before experiment. In this work, we curate the largest dataset of 530 sweeteners and 850 non-sweeteners, and collect the second largest dataset of 352 sweeteners with the relative sweetness (RS) from the literature...
2019: Frontiers in Chemistry
Emilia Krypotou, Mariela Scortti, Christin Grundström, Melanie Oelker, Ben F Luisi, A Elisabeth Sauer-Eriksson, José Vázquez-Boland
To optimize fitness, pathogens selectively activate their virulence program upon host entry. Here, we report that the facultative intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes exploits exogenous oligopeptides, a ubiquitous organic N source, to sense the environment and control the activity of its virulence transcriptional activator, PrfA. Using a genetic screen in adsorbent-treated (PrfA-inducing) medium, we found that PrfA is functionally regulated by the balance between activating and inhibitory nutritional peptides scavenged via the Opp transport system...
February 12, 2019: Cell Reports
Simranpal Dhanju, Sidney H Kennedy, Susan Abbey, Joel Katz, Aliza Weinrib, Hance Clarke, Venkat Bhat, Karim Ladha
Background and aims The co-morbidity between pain and depression is a target of interest for treatment. However most of the published literature on the topic has used clinical cohorts as the population of interest. The goal of this study was to use a nationally representative sample to explore how health outcomes varied across pain and depression status in a cohort sampled from the general US population. Methods This was a cross-sectional analysis of adults ≥18 years in the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 13, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Maricruz Rivera-Hernández, Momotazur Rahman, Omar Galárraga
OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of Seguro Popular (SP) on preventive care utilization among low-income SP beneficiaries and uninsured elders in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fixed-effects instrumental-variable (FE-IV) pseudo-panel estimation from three rounds of the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (2000, 2006 and 2012). RESULTS: Our findings suggest that SP has no significant effect on the use of preventive services, including screening for diabetes, hypertension, breast cancer and cervical cancer, by adults aged 50 to 75 years...
2019: Salud Pública de México
Sheila Chanani, Anagha Waingankar, Neena Shah More, Shanti Pantvaidya, Armida Fernandez, Anuja Jayaraman
This study reviews the performance of a community-based nutrition programme in preventing and treating wasting without complications among children under age three in urban informal settlements of India. Implemented by a non-profit organization, with national (Integrated Child Development Services [ICDS]) and city-level (Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai [MCGM]) government partners, the programme screened 7,759 children between May 2014 and April 2015. During this period, the programme admitted 705 moderately wasted and 189 severely wasted children into the treatment group and 6,820 not wasted children into the prevention group...
January 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Bianca D Arney, Stacey A Senter, Avital C Schwartz, Taylor Meily, Stacy Pelekhaty
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition is linked to improved patient outcomes during critical illness. Nutrition care is further enhanced by registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN) order-writing privileges, which improve the implementation of nutrition interventions. The purpose of this performance improvement project was to evaluate the effect of RDN order-writing privileges on enteral nutrition (EN) order compliance and nutrition delivery in selected intensive care units (ICUs) at a university-affiliated teaching hospital...
February 11, 2019: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Chunhua Song, Jingjing Cao, Feng Zhang, Chang Wang, Zengqing Guo, Yuan Lin, Yingying Shi, Wen Hu, Yi Ba, Hongxia Xu, Wei Li, Hanping Shi
Malnutrition is a problem affecting tumor patients greatly. This study aims to investigate whether demographic characteristics are related to the malnutrition of cancer patients. Twenty-three thousand nine hundred and four (23,904) patients with 16 common malignant tumors were enrolled in the study. Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) was used as a screening tool to assess the nutritional risk of patients and analysis of variance was used to compare PG-SGA scores of patients. Correlations between PG-SGA scores and demographic characteristics were evaluated by correlation analysis...
February 9, 2019: Nutrition and Cancer
Laure Alexandre-Heymann, Amal Y Lemoine, Samir Nakib, Nathalie Kapel, Séverine Ledoux, Etienne Larger
AIMS: Altered pancreatic exocrine function can be observed in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we evaluated the potential nutritional consequences of this dysfunction. METHODS: Serum concentrations of nutritional markers, including albumin, cholesterol, triacylglycerol, vitamins A, D, and E, were assessed in a cohort of 468 patients (137 with type 1 diabetes and 331 with type 2 diabetes), after exclusion of the patients with a CRP > 10 mg/l...
February 10, 2019: Acta Diabetologica
Jessica Ramsay, Jacob Morton, Marie Norris, Shibani Kanungo
Organic acids (OAs) are intermediary products of several amino acid catabolism or degradation via multiple biochemical pathways for energy production. Vitamins or co-factors are often quintessential elements in such degradation pathways and OA metabolism. OAs that result from enzyme defects in these pathways can be identified in body fluids utilizing gas chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques (GC/MS). OAs are silent contributor to acid base imbalance and can affect nitrogen balance and recycling. Since OA production occurs in distal steps of a specific amino acid catabolism, offending amino acid accumulation is not characteristic...
December 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Ermal Aliu, Shibani Kanungo, Georgianne L Arnold
Amino acids serve as key building blocks and as an energy source for cell repair, survival, regeneration and growth. Each amino acid has an amino group, a carboxylic acid, and a unique carbon structure. Human utilize 21 different amino acids; most of these can be synthesized endogenously, but 9 are "essential" in that they must be ingested in the diet. In addition to their role as building blocks of protein, amino acids are key energy source (ketogenic, glucogenic or both), are building blocks of Kreb's (aka TCA) cycle intermediates and other metabolites, and recycled as needed...
December 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Rabia Boulahssass, Sebastien Gonfrier, Noémie Champigny, Sandra Lassalle, Eric François, Paul Hofman, Olivier Guerin
Todays challenge in geriatric oncology is to screen patients who need geriatric follow-up. The main goal of this study was to analyze factors that identify patients, in a large cohort of patients with solid tumors, who need more geriatric interventions and therefore specific follow-up. Between April 2012 and May 2018, 3530 consecutive patients were enrolled in the PACA EST cohort (France). A total of 3140 patients were finally enrolled in the study. A Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) was performed at baseline...
February 7, 2019: Cancers
Manami Bhattacharya, Paul L Reiter, Annie-Laurie McRee
Over 43 million immigrants live in the United States (U.S.). Foreign-born populations experience multiple disparities related to human papillomavirus (HPV), including higher cervical cancer mortality rates, yet little research has examined the prevalence of genital HPV infection among this population. We used data from 1,822 women and 1,622 men ages 20-59 in the U.S. who participated in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Participants reported their nativity status (foreign- vs...
February 8, 2019: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Megan L Hammersley, Anthony D Okely, Marijka J Batterham, Rachel A Jones
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) obesity programs offer benefits to traditionally delivered programs and have shown promise in improving obesity-related behaviors in children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a parent-focused, internet-based healthy lifestyle program for preschool-aged children, who are overweight or at or above the fiftieth percentile for body mass index (BMI) for their age and sex, on child BMI, obesity-related behaviors, parent modeling, and parent self-efficacy...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Deena R Zimmerman, Gina Verbov, Naomi Edelstein, Chen Stein-Zamir
PURPOSE: Pediatric preventive health services are delivered in many different formats throughout the world. In Israel, these services for young children are provided in designated Maternal Child Health Clinics (MCHC). The history and operation of Israel's MCHC have been described primarily in the Hebrew language medical literature with most of these reports being over a decade old. This paper provides an up to date summary of the evolution and current care in Israel's one-hundred-year old model for the provision of preschool preventive health services...
February 7, 2019: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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