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Qian Li, Zhuo-Ming Li, Shu-Ya Sun, Lu-Ping Wang, Pan-Xia Wang, Zhen Guo, Han-Wei Yang, Jian-Tao Ye, Jing Lu, Pei-Qing Liu
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) exhibits various functions according to its subcellular location, which is finely conditioned by diverse post-translational modifications, such as acetylation. The nuclear HMGB1 may prevent from cardiac hypertrophy, whereas its exogenous protein is proven to induce hypertrophic response. This present study sought to investigate the regulatory relationships between poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) and HMGB1 in the process of pathological myocardial hypertrophy. Primary-cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were respectively incubated with three cardiac hypertrophic stimulants, including angiotensin II (Ang II), phenylephrine (PE), and isoproterenol (ISO), and cell surface area and the mRNA expression of hypertrophic biomarkers were measured...
July 20, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Sugam Kharel, Tiezheng Jia, Nattamai Bhuvanesh, Joseph H Reibenspies, Janet Blümel, John A Gladysz
Reactions of (O=)PH(OCH2 CH3 )2 and BrMg(CH2 )m CH=CH2 (4.9-3.2 equiv; m=4 (a), 5 (b), 6 (c)) give the dialkylphosphine oxides (O=)PH[(CH2 )m CH=CH2 ]2 (2 a-c; 77-81 % after workup), which are treated with NaH and then α,ω-dibromides Br(CH2 )n Br (0.49-0.32 equiv; n=8 (a'), 10 (b'), 12 (c'), 14 (d')) to yield the bis(trialkylphosphine oxides) [H2 C=CH(CH2 )m ]2 P(=O)(CH2 )n (O=)P[(CH2 )m CH=CH2 ]2 (3 ab', 3 bc', 3 cd', 3 ca'; 79-84 %). Reactions of 3 bc' and 3 ca' with Grubbs' first-generation catalyst and then H2 /PtO2 afford the dibridgehead diphosphine dioxides (4 bc', 4 ca'; 14-19 %, n'=2m+2); 31 P NMR spectra show two stereoisomeric species (ca...
June 5, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Hyung S Oh, Sravani Banerjee, David Aponte-Diaz, Suresh D Sharma, Jason Aligo, Maria F Lodeiro, Gang Ning, Rajni Sharma, Jamie J Arnold, Craig E Cameron
At the culmination of poliovirus (PV) multiplication, membranes are observed that contain phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P) and appear as vesicular clusters in cross section. Induction and remodeling of PI4P and membranes prior to or concurrent with genome replication has not been well studied. Here, we exploit two PV mutants, termed EG and GG, which exhibit aberrant proteolytic processing of the P3 precursor that substantially delays the onset of genome replication and/or impairs virus assembly, to illuminate the pathway of formation of PV-induced membranous structures...
April 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Shihang Zhou, Xiaohua Liang, Ni Wang, Linnan Shao, Weijian Yu, Ming Liu
OBJECTIVES: Although recent genome-wide association studies have identified a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV), it is unclear whether polymorphisms in the human platelet antigens (HPA) genes are associated with platelet count and MPV. The aim of this study was to determine the association of the HPA-2, -3, -5 and -15 polymorphisms with platelet count and MPV. METHODS: The HPA were genotyped by 5'-nuclease assay in 139 healthy Chinese Han individuals, while platelet count and MPV from the same samples were measured using an hematology cell analyzer...
September 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Ming-Hong Yen, Ching-I Huang, Min-Sheng Lee, Ya-Ping Cheng, Chia Jung Hsieh, Lien-Chai Chiang, Jung-San Chang
Artemisia capillaris (A. capillaris) is a common herbal drug used for thousands years in ancient China. A. capillaris has been empirically used to manage hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD), which is commonly caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71). EV71 can cause meningoencephalitis with mortality and neurologic sequelae without effective management. It is presently unknown whether A. capillaris is effective against EV71 infection. To test the hypothesis that it could protect cells from EV71-induced injury, a hot water extract of A...
March 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Kumiko Ishikawa-Sasaki, Shigeo Nagashima, Koki Taniguchi, Jun Sasaki
Positive-strand RNA viruses, including picornaviruses, utilize cellular machinery for genome replication. Previously, we reported that each of the 2B, 2BC, 2C, 3A, and 3AB proteins of Aichi virus (AiV), a picornavirus, forms a complex with the Golgi apparatus protein ACBD3 and phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase IIIβ (PI4KB) at viral RNA replication sites (replication organelles [ROs]), enhancing PI4KB-dependent phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) production. Here, we demonstrate AiV hijacking of the cellular cholesterol transport system involving oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP), a PI4P-binding cholesterol transfer protein...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Virology
Steven J van Beurden, Alinda J Berends, Annika Krämer-Kühl, Dieuwertje Spekreijse, Gilles Chenard, Hans-Christian Philipp, Egbert Mundt, Peter J M Rottier, M Hélène Verheije
Avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a respiratory pathogen of chickens, causing severe economic losses in poultry industry worldwide. Live attenuated viruses are widely used in both the broiler and layer industry because of their efficacy and ability to be mass applied. Recently, we established a novel reverse genetics system based on targeted RNA recombination to manipulate the genome of IBV strain H52. Here we explore the possibilities to attenuate IBV in a rational way in order to generate safe and effective vaccines against virulent IBV (van Beurden et al...
February 14, 2018: Vaccine
Amy G Briggs, Lori C Adams-Phillips, Brian D Keppler, Sophia G Zebell, Kyle C Arend, April A Apfelbaum, Joshua A Smith, Andrew F Bent
Pharmacological inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) or loss of Arabidopsis thaliana PARG1 (poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase) disrupt a subset of plant defenses. In the present study we examined the impact of altered poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation on early gene expression induced by the microbe-associate molecular patterns (MAMPs) flagellin (flg22) and EF-Tu (elf18). Stringent statistical analyses and filtering identified 178 genes having MAMP-induced mRNA abundance patterns that were altered by either PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3AB) or PARG1 knockout...
2017: PloS One
Shuya Sun, Yuehuai Hu, Qiyao Zheng, Zhen Guo, Duanping Sun, Shaorui Chen, Yiqiang Zhang, Peiqing Liu, Jing Lu, Jianmin Jiang
Cardiac fibrosis is involved in nearly all forms of heart diseases, and is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins by cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). We and others have reported the possibility of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), the founding subtype of the PARPs enzyme family, as a novel therapeutic target of heart diseases. The cardiac fibrotic induction of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) is mainly due to collagen expression, Smad3 and p53/JNK-mediated apoptosis...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Marwa M El-Sheikh, Rania M El-Hazek, Aiman S El-Khatib, Mona A El-Ghazaly
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) in doses of 5, 10 and 15 mg/kg on the inhibition of Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) when combined with ionizing radiation (IR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rats were treated intraperitonealy, one hour prior to irradiation at a dose level of 6 Gray (Gy) and were sacrificed 24 hours after irradiation. Control groups were run concurrently. RESULTS: IR led to an increase of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), nitrite as well as a decrease in total antioxidant capacity associated increase in myeloperoxidase (MPO) with the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)...
January 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Joseph S Clements, Rafique Islam, Baonan Sun, Fan Tong, Aaron D Gross, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Paul R Carlier
New public health insecticides are urgently required to prevent the spread of vector-borne disease. With the goal of identifying new K+ -channel-directed mosquitocides, analogs of the RH-5849 family of diacyl t-butylhydrazines were synthesized and tested for topical toxicity against adult Anopheles gambiae, the African vector of malaria. In total, 80N'-monoacyl and N, N'-diacyl derivatives of benzyl- and arylhydrazines were prepared. Three compounds (2bo, 2kb, 3ab) were identified that were more toxic than RH-5849 and RH-1266...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Hai-Feng Wang, Zong-Qi Wang, Ye Ding, Mei-Hua Piao, Chun-Sheng Feng, Guang-Fan Chi, Yi-Nan Luo, Peng-Fei Ge
AIMS: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been demonstrated to regulate neuronal death caused by ischemic insults via activation of apoptosis, but it still remains unclear whether ER stress participates in regulation of parthanatos, a new type of programmed cell death characterized by PARP-1 overactivation and intracellular accumulation of PAR polymer. METHODS: we used oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and human SH-SY5Y cells to simulate neuronal damage caused by ischemia...
January 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Mukesh Bhatt, Jajati K Mohapatra, Laxmi K Pandey, Nihar N Mohanty, Biswajit Das, Bikash R Prusty, Bramhadev Pattnaik
Inactivated purified whole virus vaccines are used for control of foot and mouth disease (FMD). ELISAs detecting antibodies to the nonstructural proteins (NSP), a marker of infection, are primarily used to differentiate FMD virus (FMDV) infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA). However, such DIVA assays have a limitation to their specificity since residual NSPs present in the relatively impure vaccines are suspected to induce an NSP-antibody response in the repeatedly vaccinated animals. Epitope-deleted negative marker vaccine strategy seems to have an advantage over the conventional vaccines in identifying the infected animals with accuracy...
January 2, 2018: Virus Research
Hao Sun, Xiaoqin Huang, Keqin Lin, Kai Huang, Jiayou Chu, Zhaoqing Yang, Shaohui Ma
BACKGROUND: Echovirus 6 (E6) infections are associated with aseptic meningitis and acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). But some infections, sometimes most of them, are asymptomatic. The mechanism of E6 virulence is unknown. Analyses of the molecular evolution of asymptomatic E6 may help understand why the infections show different manifestations. METHODS: Ninety-six stool samples of healthy children in Yunnan, China were collected and two E6 strains were isolated from them...
July 25, 2017: Virology Journal
Hiroyuki Nagaoka
This study found that the calibration curve of heme acquisition system A (HasA, a new reactive active species) immobilized by a porous ceramic particle (ImHApf; immobilized HasA from Pseudomonas fluorescens ) can be constructed in the range of 1750-1450 cm-1 using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis, and evaluated its catalytic efficiency. In the asymmetric oxidation of rac -1-(6-methoxynaphthalen-2-yl)ethanol ( rac - 1 : a naproxen precursor), a product ketone from the ( R )-isomer is desymmetrized using NaBH₄ and continuously reused even if treated with an organic solvent in 50 mM glycine-NaOH buffer at 40 °C in the absence of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(P)), leading to >99% enantiomeric excess and >90% chemical yield; the activity was calculated at 0...
October 25, 2016: Biomolecules
Jing Lu, Renwei Zhang, Huiqi Hong, Zuolong Yang, Duanping Sun, Shuya Sun, Xiaolei Guo, Jiantao Ye, Zhuoming Li, Peiqing Liu
The Forkhead box-containing protein, O subfamily 3 (FoxO3) transcription factor negatively regulates myocardial hypertrophy, and its transcriptional activity is finely conditioned by diverse posttranslational modifications, such as phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, methylation and glycosylation. Here, we introduce a novel modification of the FoxO3 protein in cardiomyocytes: poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) mediated by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1). This process catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent synthesis of polymers of ADP-ribose (PAR) and their subsequent attachment to target proteins by PARPs...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Minetaro Arita
Phosphatidylinositol-4 kinase III β (PI4KB) and oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) family I have been identified as the major targets of anti-enterovirus drug candidates. Resistance mutations in poliovirus (PV) to these inhibitors have been identified in viral 3A protein, represented by a G5318A (3A-Ala70Thr) mutation, but the mechanism of viral resistance to host PI4KB/OSBP inhibitors remained unknown. In this study, we found that a G5318A mutation enhances the basal levels of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) and of the 3A protein and decreases the levels of the 3AB protein during PV replication...
February 12, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
Michelle Davison, Todd J Treangen, Sergey Koren, Mihai Pop, Devaki Bhaya
The polymicrobial biofilm communities in Mushroom and Octopus Spring in Yellowstone National Park (YNP) are well characterized, yet little is known about the phage populations. Dominant species, Synechococcus sp. JA-2-3B'a(2-13), Synechococcus sp. JA-3-3Ab, Chloroflexus sp. Y-400-fl, and Roseiflexus sp. RS-1, contain multiple CRISPR-Cas arrays, suggesting complex interactions with phage predators. To analyze phage populations from Octopus Spring biofilms, we sequenced a viral enriched fraction. To assemble and analyze phage metagenomic data, we developed a custom module, VIRITAS, implemented within the MetAMOS framework...
2016: PloS One
Yi Zhang, Yuan Yu, Wenben Qiao, Yan Liu, Juan Zhou, Jianhong Xu, Bing Fan, Liyue Jiang, Wenhua Liang, Chuanfu Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To study the polymorphisms of human platelet antigen (HPA) 1-16 and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and -B loci among ethnic Han population from Shandong. METHODS: A total of 588 samples from platelet donors were genotyped for the above loci with sequence-specific primer PCR and sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe PCR. RESULTS: The frequencies of HPA-la, -1b, HPA-2a, -2b, HPA-3a, -3b, HPA-4a, -4b, HPA-5a, -5b, HPA-6a, -6b, HPA-15a, -15b were 0...
October 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Madala Uma, P P Rao, K Nagalekshmi, N R Hegde
Poliomyelitis, caused by poliovirus, is on the verge of eradication, and the world is preparing to shift from live to inactivated polio vaccine. In view of the requirement of non-infectious reagents, especially protein antigens, for surveillance during the final phase of poliovirus eradication, we have attempted to generate reagents that may be of use for the development of diagnostic tests. Polioviral proteins VP0, VP3, VP1, and 3AB were expressed in Escherichia coli using the autoinduction system, purified, and the proteins were used to raise antisera in rabbits...
December 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
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