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CCN1 inhibitor

Afak Rasheed Salman Zaidi, Sadie Dresman, Charlotte Burt, Simon Rule, Lynn McCallum
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a comparatively rare non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterised by overexpression of cyclin D1. Many patients present with or progress to advanced stage disease within 3 years. MCL is considered an incurable disease with median survival between 3 and 4 years. We have investigated the role(s) of CCN1 (CYR61) and cell cycle regulators in progressive MCL. We have used the human MCL cell lines REC1 < G519 < JVM2 as a model for disease aggression. The magnitude of CCN1 expression in human MCL cells is REC1 > G519 > JVM2 cells by RQ-PCR, depicting a decrease in CCN1 expression with disease progression...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Martin Sidler, Karen J Aitken, Jia-Xin Jiang, Chris Sotiropoulos, Prateek Aggarwal, Arsalan Anees, Cynthia Chong, Aliza Siebenaller, Thenuka Thanabalasingam, J Maxwell White, Sanaa Choufani, Rosanna Weksberg, Bruno Sangiorgi, Jeff Wrana, Paul Delgado-Olguin, Darius J Bägli
Chronic bladder obstruction and bladder smooth muscle cell (SMC) stretch provide fibrotic and mechanical environments that can lead to epigenetic change. Therefore, we examined the role of DNA methylation in bladder pathology and transcriptional control. Sprague-Dawley female rats underwent partial bladder obstruction by ligation of a silk suture around the proximal urethra next to a 0.9-mm steel rod. Sham operation comprised passing the suture around the urethra. After 2 weeks, rats were randomized to normal saline or DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (DAC) at 1 mg/kg, three times/week intraperitoneally...
October 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Erawan Borkham-Kamphorst, Bettina Therese Steffen, Eddy van de Leur, Ute Haas, Ralf Weiskirchen
Portal fibroblasts are mesenchyme-derived fibroblasts surrounding the bile ducts, and activated into portal myofibroblasts (pMF) during cholestatic liver injury. pMF express α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and produce the fibrogenic extracellular matrix (ECM) collagen type I and fibronectin, playing important roles in portal fibrosis. A cholestatic bile duct-ligated (BDL) model is characterized by impaired hepatobiliary excretion of bile, leading to increased bile acid accumulation. Accumulation of bile acids is known to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress leading to liver damage and cell death...
November 2018: Cellular Signalling
Ming-Tsan Lin, I-Hsin Kuo, Cheng-Chi Chang, Chia-Yu Chu, Hsing-Yu Chen, Been-Ren Lin, Munisamy Sureshbabu, Hou-Jung Shih, Min-Liang Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Seon-Jin Lee, Meng Zhang, Kebin Hu, Ling Lin, Duo Zhang, Yang Jin
Pulmonary vasoconstriction and increased vascular resistance are common features in pulmonary hypertension (PH). One of the contributing factors in the development of pulmonary vasoconstriction is increased pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) contraction. Here we report that CCN1, an extracellular matrix molecule, suppressed PASMC contraction in response to hypoxia. CCN1 (Cyr61), discovered in past decade, belongs to the Cyr61-CTGF-Nov (CCN) family. It carries a variety of cellular functions, including angiogenesis and cell adhesion, death, and proliferation...
December 2015: Pulmonary Circulation
Yu Di, Yiou Zhang, Qingzhu Nie, Xiaolong Chen
Retinal neovascularization (RNV) is a characteristic pathological finding of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Cysteine-rich 61 [Cyr61, also known as CCN family member 1 (CCN1)] has been reported to mediate angiogenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms of CCN1/Cyr61-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling in ROP. The contribution of CCN1 to human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation and apoptosis under hypoxic conditions was determined using a cell counting kit‑8 (CCK-8) and Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining, respectively, as well as using siRNA targeting CCN1 (CCN1 siRNA)...
December 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Soojin Hwang, Hyeon-Ju Lee, Gyungah Kim, Kyung-Jong Won, Yoon Shin Park, Inho Jo
Although CCN1 (also known as cysteine-rich, angiogenic inducer 61, CYR61) has been reported to promote angiogenesis and neovascularization in endothelial cells (ECs), its effects on endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production have never been studied. Using human umbilical vein ECs, we investigated whether and how CCN1 regulates NO production. CCN1 acutely increased NO production in a time- and dose-dependent manner, which was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) at serine 1177 (eNOS-Ser(1177)), but not that of eNOS-Thr(495) or eNOS-Ser(114)...
December 2015: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
S Lee, S Shin, E Jung, D Park
The matricellular protein CCN1 is significantly elevated in acutely ultraviolet-irradiated human skin and negatively regulates collagen homeostasis by suppressing collagen synthesis and increasing collagen degradation. In this study, we established a stable cell line, termed CCN1-GFs, by transfection of the pAcGFP1-1-CCN1 promoter plasmid and examined its usefulness as a cell-based assay system for screening anti-aging ingredients. The promoter of the reporter plasmid pAcGFP1-1-CCN1 promoter was transfected into NIH3T3 cells using the Lipofectamine reagent...
August 2016: Cytotechnology
C-C Chen, K-H Kim, L F Lau
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and is on the rise in the United States. Previous studies showed that the matricellular protein CCN1 (CYR61) is induced during hepatic injuries and functions to restrict and resolve liver fibrosis. Here, we show that CCN1 suppresses hepatocarcinogenesis by inhibiting carcinogen-induced compensatory hepatocyte proliferation, thus limiting the expansion of damaged and potentially oncogenic hepatocytes. Consistent with tumor suppression, CCN1 expression is downregulated in human HCC...
March 10, 2016: Oncogene
Ki-Hyun Kim, Chih-Chiun Chen, Gianfranco Alpini, Lester F Lau
Liver cholestatic diseases, which stem from diverse etiologies, result in liver toxicity and fibrosis and may progress to cirrhosis and liver failure. We show that CCN1 (also known as CYR61), a matricellular protein that dampens and resolves liver fibrosis, also mediates cholangiocyte proliferation and ductular reaction, which are repair responses to cholestatic injury. In cholangiocytes, CCN1 activated NF-κB through integrin αvβ5/αvβ3, leading to Jag1 expression, JAG1/NOTCH signaling, and cholangiocyte proliferation...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Cheng-Yu Chen, Chen-Ming Su, Yuan-Li Huang, Chun-Hao Tsai, Lih-Jyh Fuh, Chih-Hsin Tang
Inflammatory response and articular destruction are common symptoms of osteoarthritis. Cysteine-rich 61 (CCN1 or Cyr61), a secreted protein from the CCN family, is associated with the extracellular matrix involved in many cellular activities like growth and differentiation. Yet the mechanism of CCN1 interacting with arthritic inflammatory response is unclear. This study finds CCN1 increasing expression of oncostatin m (OSM) in human osteoblastic cells. Pretreatment of αvβ3 monoclonal antibody and inhibitors of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), c-Src, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), and NF-κB inhibited CCN1-induced OSM expression in osteoblastic cells...
2014: PloS One
Xia Zhao, Eric Y Ding, Olivia M Yu, Sunny Y Xiang, Valerie P Tan-Sah, Bryan S Yung, Joe Hedgpeth, Richard R Neubig, Lester F Lau, Joan Heller Brown, Shigeki Miyamoto
Activation of RhoA, a low molecular-weight G-protein, plays an important role in protecting the heart against ischemic stress. Studies using non-cardiac cells demonstrate that the expression and subsequent secretion of the matricellular protein CCN1 is induced by GPCR agonists that activate RhoA. In this study we determined whether and how CCN1 is induced by GPCR agonists in cardiomyocytes and examined the role of CCN1 in ischemic cardioprotection in cardiomyocytes and the isolated perfused heart. In neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs), sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and endothelin-1 induced robust increases in CCN1 expression while phenylephrine, isoproterenol and carbachol had little or no effect...
October 2014: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Bor-Chyuan Su, Fan-E Mo
Cell proliferation from pre-existing cardiomyocytes is a major source of cells for normal mammalian myocardial renewal or for regeneration after myocardial injury. These proliferative cardiomyocytes may act differently from the postmitotic cardiomyocytes in a stressed heart. Extracellular matrix molecule CCN1 is produced to promote Fas ligand (FasL)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in mice with stress-induced cardiac injury. We aimed to investigate the effect of CCN1 on the proliferative cardiomyocytes. We used rat embryonic cardiomyoblast H9c2 cells to study the cardiotoxicity of CCN1...
June 2014: Cellular Signalling
Katherine Thompson, Hannah Murphy-Marshman, Andrew Leask
The potent profibrotic cytokine TGFβ induces connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is induced in fibroblasts in a fashion sensitive to SB-431542, a specific pharmacological inhibitor of TGFβ type I receptor (ALK5). In several cell types, TGFβ induces CCN1 but suppresses CCN3, which opposes CCN1/CCN2 activities. However, whether SB-431542 alters TGFβ-induced CCN1 or CCN3 in human foreskin fibroblasts in unclear. Here we show that TGFβ induces CCN1 but suppresses CCN3 expression in human foreskin fibroblasts in a SB-431542-sensitive fashion...
March 2014: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Hyung-Geun Moon, Yijie Zheng, Chang Hyeok An, Yoon-Keun Kim, Yang Jin
Inflammation involves in many cigarette smoke (CS) related diseases including the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lung epithelial cell released IL-8 plays a crucial role in CS induced lung inflammation. CS and cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) both induce IL-8 secretion and subsequently, IL-8 recruits inflammatory cells into the lung parenchyma. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which CSE triggers IL-8 release remain not completely understood. In this study, we identified a novel extracellular matrix (ECM) molecule, CCN1, which mediated CSE induced IL-8 secretion by lung epithelial cells...
2013: PloS One
Qing-Zhi Long, Ming Zhou, Xiao-Gang Liu, Yue-Feng Du, Jin-Hai Fan, Xiang Li, Da-Lin He
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) ranks among the most chemoresistant tumors, and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) predominates multidrug resistance mechanisms by reducing the accumulation of intracellular chemotherapy drugs such as vinblastine (VBL), which is considered the most effective chemotherapeutic agent for this neoplasia. Unfortunately, the mechanism by which the expression of P-gp is regulated and the ways to inhibit the function of P-gp are poorly understood. Our study was carried out to determine the possible role of CCN1 in P-pg-mediated drug resistance on the basis of the validated function of CCN1, an extracellular matrix protein, in promoting chemoresistance...
September 2013: Anti-cancer Drugs
Nan Wang, Rui Zhang, Shui-Jing Wang, Chun-Ling Zhang, Li-Bin Mao, Chun-Yu Zhuang, Yan-Yang Tang, Xue-Gang Luo, Hao Zhou, Tong-Cun Zhang
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are pluripotent progenitors that can differentiate into a variety of cell types. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the major factors of initiating and regulating angiogenesis. It has been reported that VEGF can induce MSCs differentiated into endothelial cells (ECs). However, the mechanism that VEGF-induced MSC differentiation is not completely understood. Here, we showed that VEGF induced human and rat bone marrow-derived MSCs differentiation to ECs. Rho family plays an important role in VEGF-induced endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis...
July 2013: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Shr-Jeng Jim Leu, Jung-Sung Sung, Mei-Yu Chen, Chih-Wei Chen, Jian-Yu Cheng, Tse-Yen Wang, Jeng-Jung Wang
CCN1, a secreted matrix-associated molecule, is involved in multiple cellular processes. Previous studies have indicated that expression of CCN1 correlates inversely with the aggressiveness of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC); however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Using three NSCLC cell line systems, here we show that long-term treatment of cells with the recombinant CCN1 protein led to a permanent cell cycle arrest in G1 phase; cells remained viable as judged by apoptotic assays. CCN1-treated NSCLC cells acquired a phenotype characteristic of senescent cells, including an enlarged and flattened cell shape and expression of the senescence-associated β-galactosidase...
September 2013: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Rebecca Klein, Simone Stiller, Isabella Gashaw
Endometrial cysteine-rich protein 61 (CYR61, CCN1) is a growth factor-inducible gene whose expression is elevated during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle and which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. This study aimed to define the mediators of epidermal growth factor (EGF) signalling on CYR61 expression in spontaneously immortalised human endometrial epithelial cells (HES) as a model system. After 30 min of EGF treatment, the receptor was phosphorylated and internalised as well as mRNA CYR61 increased in HES cells...
2012: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Hon Wai Koon, David Q Shih, Tressia C Hing, Jeremy Chen, Samantha Ho, Dezheng Zhao, Stephan R Targan, Charalabos Pothoulakis
We have shown that substance P (SP) and its neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) regulate intestinal angiogenesis by increasing expression of protein CYR61 (the cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61, or CCN1) in colonic epithelial cells. However, the mechanism involved in SP-induced CCN1 expression has not been studied, and the outcome of increased CCN1 expression in the development of colitis is not fully understood. Because histone deacetylase (HDAC) modulates transcription of several genes involved in inflammation, we investigated participation of HDAC in SP-induced CCN1 expression in human colonic epithelial NCM460 cells overexpressing NK-1R (NCM460-NK-1R) and in primary colonocytes...
November 2011: American Journal of Pathology
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