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Migraines and gluten sensitivity

Jessi Erlichman, Amanda Hall, Amy Dean, Bridget Godwin, Maria Mascarenhas
Food is essential for life. Yet, poor food choices may cause poor health. Dietary manipulation is frequently integrated into the management of common chronic pediatric conditions. Parents seek dietary information to have more control over child's condition and to avoid side effects of medicine. This article reviews selected diets for a few common pediatric disorders including eczema, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, headache and migraine, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, and irritable bowel syndrome.
June 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Arnold E Eggers
Except for a few diseases of molecular mimicry such as rheumatic fever, post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis in children, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy, the cause of autoimmune diseases is unknown. Most autoimmune diseases are remitting-relapsing and the pathophysiology of either the initial attack or subsequent relapses is a mystery. Migraine headaches in systemic lupus erythematosus patients are statistically associated with disease activity, i.e. the patients with bad lupus are the ones who get migraine...
May 2013: Medical Hypotheses
Alexandra K Dimitrova, Ryan C Ungaro, Benjamin Lebwohl, Suzanne K Lewis, Christina A Tennyson, Mark W Green, Mark W Babyatsky, Peter H Green
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of headache in clinic and support group patients with celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) compared with a sample of healthy controls. BACKGROUND: European studies have demonstrated increased prevalence of headache of patients with celiac disease compared with controls. METHODS: Subjects took a self-administered survey containing clinical, demographic, and dietary data, as well as questions about headache type and frequency...
February 2013: Headache
Piotr Miśkiewicz, Anna Kępczyńska-Nyk, Tomasz Bednarczuk
Abstract Coeliac disease (CD, sometimes called gluten-sensitive enteropathy or nontropical sprue) is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine of autoimmune origin. It occurs in genetically predisposed people and is induced by a gluten protein, which is a component of wheat. The prevalence of histologically confirmed CD is estimated in screening studies of adults in the United States and Europe to be between 0.2% and 1.0%. The results of previous studies have indicated that the prevalence of CD is increased in patients with other autoimmune disorders such as: autoimmune thyroid diseases, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and Addison's disease...
2012: Endokrynologia Polska
Roger K Cady, Kathleen Farmer, J Kent Dexter, Jessica Hall
This article explores possible relationships between migraine, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), celiac disease (CD), and gluten sensitivity. These seemingly distinct medical entities curiously share many common epidemiological, psychosocial, and pathophysiological similarities. Considerable evidence is emerging to support a concept that experiencing significant threatening adverse events creates a state of hypervigilance in the nervous system, which associates with exaggerated response to future threats and episodic attacks of migraine and IBS...
June 2012: Current Pain and Headache Reports
L Benjilali, M Zahlane, L Essaadouni
Celiac disease (CD), also known as gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is a prevalent auto-immune disorder. The silent form of CD seems to be more frequent than expected. CD has been associated with neurologic and psychiatric disorders, notably cerebellar ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, epilepsy, dementia and depression. Migraine is a rare complication of CD. We report a case of CD revealed by a migraine. Apparently no case of celiac disease revealed by migraine has been reported in the literature.
May 2012: Revue Neurologique
Rodney Philip Kinvig Ford
Gluten causes symptoms, in both celiac disease and non-celiac gluten-sensitivity, by its adverse actions on the nervous system. Many celiac patients experience neurological symptoms, frequently associated with malfunction of the autonomic nervous system. These neurological symptoms can present in celiac patients who are well nourished. The crucial point, however, is that gluten-sensitivity can also be associated with neurological symptoms in patients who do not have any mucosal gut damage (that is, without celiac disease)...
September 2009: Medical Hypotheses
S Benito Conejero, C Díaz Espejo, J M López Domínguez, E Pujol de la Llave
Coeliac disease is a gluten sensitive enteropathy, autoimmune in origin, which has been traditionally regarded as a gastrointestinal disease. Years later it has been reported an extraintestinal affection. A huge number of neurological syndromes of unknown cause had been initially described in association with coeliac disease, with total or partial response to a gluten free-diet. A specific kind of occipital cerebral calcifications in relation to coeliac disease has been also described, and sometimes it means the existence of a syndrome called "Gobby's Syndrome"...
March 2006: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Khalafalla O Bushara
Celiac disease (CD) long has been associated with neurologic and psychiatric disorders including cerebellar ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, epilepsy, dementia, and depression. Earlier reports mainly have documented the involvement of the nervous system as a complication of prediagnosed CD. However, more recent studies have emphasized that a wider spectrum of neurologic syndromes may be the presenting extraintestinal manifestation of gluten sensitivity with or without intestinal pathology. These include migraine, encephalopathy, chorea, brain stem dysfunction, myelopathy, mononeuritis multiplex, Guillain-Barre-like syndrome, and neuropathy with positive antiganglioside antibodies...
April 2005: Gastroenterology
Adrian J Wills, David J Unsworth
Coeliac disease is the prototypical gluten-sensitive disease. Clinico-pathological features heal on a gluten-free diet and relapse when gluten is reintroduced. An immunopathology is suspected. A number of neurological syndromes may be associated with coeliac disease but it is unclear whether these are directly or indirectly caused by gluten ingestion. It has been proposed that idiopathic ataxias and central nervous system white matter disease are gluten-sensitive syndromes. This is an exciting hypothesis because it offers new therapeutic possibilities including simple exclusion diets...
October 2002: Current Opinion in Neurology
A J Wills, B Turner, R J Lock, S L Johnston, D J Unsworth, L Fry
Dermatitis herpetiformis and coeliac disease are gluten sensitive diseases, which have common immunopathological and genetic mechanisms. Neuropsychiatric complications have been reported in up to 26% of patients with coeliac disease. This is probably an overestimate, because of the chance associations with some common neurological conditions such as epilepsy. The pathogenesis is speculative but it has been postulated that gluten is neurotoxic possibly via immune mechanisms. The frequency of neurological dysfunction in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis has not been characterised...
February 2002: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
R Finn
Food sensitivity is a common condition presenting with various clinical syndromes including migraine, urticaria, gluten enteropathy, Crohn's disease and irritable bowel syndrome. It is a heterogeneous condition affecting different organ systems and is also aetiologically diverse with subgroups due to allergy, pharmacological reactions, enzyme deficiencies and psychological causes. Clinical acceptance of food sensitivity has been delayed by the use of dubious diagnostic techniques by a minority of practitioners and the lack of laboratory diagnostic tests, but several double blind studies have now fully validated the existence of food sensitivity syndromes...
September 1992: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
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