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Mechanism for stress related hair loss

Youn Hee Nam, Isabel Rodriguez, Seo Yeon Jeong, Thu Nguyen Minh Pham, Wanlapa Nuankaew, Yun Hee Kim, Rodrigo Castañeda, Seo Yule Jeong, Min Seon Park, Kye Wan Lee, Jung Suk Lee, Do Hoon Kim, Yu Hwa Park, Seung Hyun Kim, In Seok Moon, Se-Young Choung, Bin Na Hong, Kwang Won Jeong, Tong Ho Kang
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is one of the most common causes of disability, affecting over 466 million people worldwide. However, prevention or therapy of SNHL has not been widely studied. Avocado oil has shown many health benefits but it has not yet been studied in regards to SNHL. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of avocado oil on SNHL in vitro and in vivo and elucidate its mode of action. For the present study, we used enhanced functional avocado oil extract (DKB122). DKB122 led to recovery of otic hair cells in zebrafish after neomycin-induced otic cell damage...
January 8, 2019: Nutrients
Aurore Marie, Johann Meunier, Emilie Brun, Susanna Malmstrom, Veronique Baudoux, Elodie Flaszka, Gaëlle Naert, François Roman, Sylvie Cosnier-Pucheu, Sergio Gonzalez-Gonzalez
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is the most common sensory disorder in the elderly population. SAMP8 mouse model presents accelerated senescence and has been identified as a model of gerontological research. SAMP8 displays a progressive age-related decline in brain function associated with a progressive hearing loss mimicking human aging memory deficits and ARHL. The molecular mechanisms associated with SAMP8 senescence process involve oxidative stress leading to chronic inflammation and apoptosis. Here, we studied the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, on SAMP8 hearing loss and memory to determine the potential interest of this model in the study of new antioxidant therapies...
August 2018: Aging and Disease
He Li, Yongdong Song, Zuhong He, Xiaoyun Chen, Xianmin Wu, Xiaofei Li, Xiaohui Bai, Wenwen Liu, Boqin Li, Shanshan Wang, Yuechen Han, Lei Xu, Daogong Zhang, Jianfeng Li, Renjie Chai, Haibo Wang, Zhaomin Fan
Hearing loss is the most common sensory disorder in humans, and a significant number of cases is due to the ototoxicity of drugs such as cisplatin that cause hair cell (HC) damage. Thus, there is great interest in finding agents and mechanisms that protect HCs from ototoxic drug damage. It has been proposed that epigenetic modifications are related to inner ear development and play a significant role in HC protection and HC regeneration; however, whether the m6 A modification and the ethyl ester form of meclofenamic acid (MA2), which is a highly selective inhibitor of FTO (fatmass and obesity-associated enzyme, one of the primary human demethylases), can affect the process of HC apoptosis induced by ototoxic drugs remains largely unexplored...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Shuangyue Liu, Tao Xu, Xidi Wu, Yuhan Lin, Dongyan Bao, Yang Di, Tingting Ma, Yan Dang, Peili Jia, Jianqiao Xian, Aimei Wang, Yongxin Liu
Oxidative stress is considered to be a major contributor to age-related hearing loss (ARHL). Here, we investigated whether pomegranate peel extract (PPE) protected against hearing loss by decreased oxidative stress in the cochlea of D-galactose-induced accelerated aging mice. The aging mice exhibited an increase in hearing threshold shifts and hair cells loss, which were improved in the PPE-treated aging mice. The aging mice also exhibited an increase in 4-hydroxynonenal, the expression of protein phosphatase 1 nuclear targeting subunit (PNUTS), p53 and caspase-3, and a decrease in protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and MDM2 in the cochlea...
November 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
Laura Jadkauskaite, Pierre A Coulombe, Matthias Schäfer, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, Ralf Paus, Iain S Haslam
Widespread expression of the transcription factor, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2), which maintains redox homeostasis, has recently been identified in the hair follicle (HF). Small molecule activators of NRF2 may therefore be useful in the management of HF pathologies associated with redox imbalance, ranging from HF greying and HF ageing via androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata to chemotherapy-induced hair loss. Indeed, NRF2 activation has been shown to prevent peroxide-induced hair growth inhibition...
August 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Nazila Azhar, Nana Su, Lana Shabala, Sergey Shabala
This study has investigated mechanisms conferring beneficial effects of exogenous application of 24-epibrassinolides (EBL) on plant growth and performance under saline conditions. Barley seedlings treated with 0.25 mg l-1 EBL showed significant improvements in root hair length, shoot length, shoot fresh weight and relative water content when grown in the presence of 150 mM NaCl in the growth medium. In addition, EBL treatment significantly decreased the Na+ content in both shoots (by approximately 50%) and roots...
April 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Taro Koyama, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Takanori Hama, Kasumi Murakami, Rei Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the effect of scalp massage on hair in Japanese males and the effect of stretching forces on human dermal papilla cells in vitro. METHODS: Nine healthy men received 4 minutes of standardized scalp massage per day for 24 weeks using a scalp massage device. Total hair number, hair thickness, and hair growth rate were evaluated. The mechanical effect of scalp massage on subcutaneous tissue was analyzed using a finite element method...
2016: Eplasty
Yohei Honkura, Hirotaka Matsuo, Shohei Murakami, Masayuki Sakiyama, Kunio Mizutari, Akihiro Shiotani, Masayuki Yamamoto, Ichiro Morita, Nariyoshi Shinomiya, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori, Hozumi Motohashi
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is one of the most common sensorineural hearing deficits. Recent studies have demonstrated that the pathogenesis of NIHL is closely related to ischemia-reperfusion injury of cochlea, which is caused by blood flow decrease and free radical production due to excessive noise. This suggests that protecting the cochlea from oxidative stress is an effective therapeutic approach for NIHL. NRF2 is a transcriptional activator playing an essential role in the defense mechanism against oxidative stress...
January 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Desmond J Tobin
Humans are social animals that communicate disproportionately via potent genetic signals imbued in the skin and hair, including racial, ethnic, health, gender, and age status. For the vast majority of us, age-related hair pigment loss becomes the inescapable signal of our disappearing youth. The hair follicle (HF) pigmentary unit is a wonderful tissue for studying mechanisms generally regulating aging, often before this becomes evident elsewhere in the body. Given that follicular melanocytes (unlike those in the epidermis) are regulated by the hair growth cycle, this cycle is likely to impact the process of aging in the HF pigmentary unit...
2015: Current Problems in Dermatology
Daniel Nätt, Ingela Johansson, Tomas Faresjö, Johnny Ludvigsson, Annika Thorsell
BACKGROUND: Childhood stress leads to increased risk of many adult diseases, such as major depression and cardiovascular disease. Studies show that adults with experienced childhood stress have specific epigenetic changes, but to understand the pathways that lead to disease, we also need to study the epigenetic link prospectively in children. RESULTS: Here, we studied a homogenous group of 48 5-year-old children. By combining hair cortisol measurements (a well-documented biomarker for chronic stress), with whole-genome DNA-methylation sequencing, we show that high cortisol associates with a genome-wide decrease in DNA methylation and targets short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs; a type of retrotransposon) and genes important for calcium transport: phenomena commonly affected in stress-related diseases and in biological aging...
2015: Clinical Epigenetics
Douglas E Vetter
Hearing loss afflicts approximately 15% of the world's population, and crosses all socioeconomic boundaries. While great strides have been made in understanding the genetic components of syndromic and non-syndromic hearing loss, understanding of the mechanisms underlying noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) have come much more slowly. NIHL is not simply a mechanism by which older individuals loose their hearing. Significantly, the incidence of NIHL is increasing, and is now involving ever younger populations. This may predict future increased occurrences of hearing loss...
September 1, 2015: Biochemical Pharmacology
E Olivetto, E Simoni, V Guaran, L Astolfi, A Martini
Hearing loss may be genetic, associated with aging or exposure to noise or ototoxic substances. Its aetiology can be attributed to vascular injury, trauma, tumours, infections or autoimmune response. All these factors could be related to alterations in cochlear microcirculation resulting in hypoxia, which in turn may damage cochlear hair cells and neurons, leading to deafness. Hypoxia could underlie the aetiology of deafness, but very few data about it are presently available. The aim of this work is to develop animal models of hypoxia and ischemia suitable for study of cochlear vascular damage, characterizing them by electrophysiology and gene/protein expression analyses...
September 2015: Hearing Research
Raquel Martínez-Vega, Francisco Garrido, Teresa Partearroyo, Rafael Cediel, Steven H Zeisel, Concepción Martínez-Álvarez, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Isabel Varela-Nieto, María A Pajares
Nutritional imbalance is emerging as a causative factor of hearing loss. Epidemiologic studies have linked hearing loss to elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) and folate deficiency, and have shown that folate supplementation lowers tHcy levels potentially ameliorating age-related hearing loss. The purpose of this study was to address the impact of folate deficiency on hearing loss and to examine the underlying mechanisms. For this purpose, 2-mo-old C57BL/6J mice (Animalia Chordata Mus musculus) were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 65 each) that were fed folate-deficient (FD) or standard diets for 8 wk...
February 2015: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Minal Patel, Qunfeng Cai, Dalian Ding, Richard Salvi, Zihua Hu, Bo Hua Hu
Acoustic trauma, one of the leading causes of sensorineural hearing loss, induces sensory hair cell damage in the cochlea. Identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in regulating sensory hair cell death is critical towards developing effective treatments for preventing hair cell damage. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to participate in the regulatory mechanisms of inner ear development and homeostasis. However, their involvement in cochlear sensory cell degeneration following acoustic trauma is unknown...
2013: PloS One
Chul Han, Shinichi Someya
Hearing loss is the most common sensory disorder in the elderly population. Overall, 10% of the population has a hearing loss in the US, and this age-related hearing disorder is projected to afflict more than 28 million Americans by 2030. Age-related hearing loss is associated with loss of sensory hair cells (sensory hearing loss) and/or spiral ganglion neurons (neuronal hearing loss) in the cochlea of the inner ear. Many lines of evidence indicate that oxidative stress and associated mitochondrial dysfunction play a central role in age-related neurodegenerative diseases and are a cause of age-related neurosensory hearing loss...
July 2013: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Ambrose R Kidd Iii, Jianxin Bao
Hearing loss is a common age-associated affliction that can result from the loss of hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) in the cochlea. Although hair cells and SGNs are typically lost in the same cochlea, recent analysis suggests that they can occur independently, via unique mechanisms. Research has identified both environmental and genetic factors that contribute to degeneration of cochlear cells. Additionally, molecular analysis has identified multiple cell-signaling mechanisms that likely contribute to pathological changes that result in hearing deficiencies...
2012: Gerontology
Julien Menardo, Yong Tang, Sabine Ladrech, Marc Lenoir, François Casas, Christophe Michel, Jérôme Bourien, Jérôme Ruel, Guy Rebillard, Tangui Maurice, Jean-Luc Puel, Jing Wang
AIMS: In our aging society, age-related hearing loss (ARHL) or presbycusis is increasingly important. Here, we study the mechanism of ARHL using the senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) which is a useful model to probe the effects of aging on biological processes. RESULTS: We found that the SAMP8 strain displays premature hearing loss and cochlear degeneration recapitulating the processes observed in human presbycusis (i.e., strial, sensory, and neural degeneration)...
February 1, 2012: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Inna Meltser, Barbara Canlon
Glucocorticoids are hormones released following stress-related events and function to maintain homeostasis. Glucocorticoid receptors localize, among others, to hair cells, spiral ligament and spiral ganglion neurons. Glucocorticoid receptor-induced protection against acoustic trauma is found by i) pretreatment with glucocorticoid agonists; ii) acute restraint stress; and iii) sound conditioning. In contrast, glucocorticoid receptor antagonists exacerbate hearing loss. These findings have important clinical significance since synthetic glucocorticoids are commonly used to treat hearing loss...
November 2011: Hearing Research
F-L Chi, M-Q Yang, Y-D Zhou, B Wang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the therapeutic efficacy of dexamethasone administered topically to the round window niche, following acoustic trauma induced by intensive impulse noise, in guinea pigs. METHODS: Adult, male, albino guinea pigs with a normal Preyer's reflex were exposed to 80 impulse noises (peak value 167 dB, duration 0.5 ms, interval 2 s). Dexamethasone (40 mg/ml) or saline was then topically applied to the round window niche. Each animal's auditory brainstem response was measured before and one day after exposure, and three weeks after topical treatment...
July 2011: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Michael S Prowse, Matt Wilkinson, Jonathan B Puthoff, George Mayer, Kellar Autumn
We tested the hypothesis that an increase in relative humidity (RH) causes changes in the mechanical properties of the keratin of adhesive gecko foot hairs (setae). We measured the effect of RH on the tensile deformation properties, fracture, and dynamic mechanical response of single isolated tokay gecko setae and strips of the smooth lamellar epidermal layer. The mechanical properties of gecko setae were strongly affected by RH. The complex elastic modulus (measured at 5 Hz) of a single seta at 80% RH was 1...
February 2011: Acta Biomaterialia
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