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Cardio respiration pediatric

Alix E Seif, Brian T Fisher, Yimei Li, Kari Torp, Douglas P Rheam, Yuan-Shung V Huang, Tracey Harris, Ami Shah, Matthew Hall, Evan S Fieldston, Marko Kavcic, Marijana Vujkovic, L Charles Bailey, Leslie S Kersun, Anne F Reilly, Susan R Rheingold, Dana M Walker, Richard Aplenc
BACKGROUND: Deaths during induction chemotherapy for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) account for one-tenth of ALL-associated mortality and half of ALL treatment-related mortality. We sought to ascertain patient- and hospital-level factors associated with induction mortality. PROCEDURE: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of 8,516 children ages 0 to <19 years with newly diagnosed ALL admitted to freestanding US children's hospitals from 1999 to 2009 using the Pediatric Health Information System database...
May 2014: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
F González Martínez, M I González Sánchez, R Rodríguez Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the safety and efficacy of high-flow oxygen therapy for treatment of moderate to severe bronchiolitis in children admitted to the paediatric hospital wards. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on children < 18 months of age with bronchiolitis admitted to the paediatric ward of a tertiary-care teaching hospital during the 2011-12 respiratory season. Children were treated with a high-flow ventilation system (Fisher & Paykel)...
April 2013: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Giuseppe Bruschi, Tiziano Colombo, Fabrizio Oliva, Luca Botta, Nuccia Morici, Aldo Cannata, Claudia Vittori, Fabio Turazza, Andrea Garascia, Giovanna Pedrazzini, Maria Frigerio, Luigi Martinelli
OBJECTIVES: Heart transplantation (HTx) is still one of the most effective therapies for end-stage heart disease for patients with no other medical or surgical therapy. We report the results of our 25-year orthotropic HTx single-centre experience. METHODS: From November 1985, 905 orthotopic heart transplants have been performed at our centre. We exclude from the present analysis 13 patients who underwent re-transplantation and 14 pediatric cases (age at HTx <15 years)...
September 2013: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
G Hiremath, G Natarajan, D Math, S Aggarwal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) on cardio-respiratory status, need for prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)) and postoperative outcomes in infants with transposition of great arteries (TGA). STUDY DESIGN: Single-center retrospective review of consecutive neonates with dTGA. RESULT: BAS was performed in 42 (70%) infants and resulted in a significant increase in minimum (61 to 76%) and maximum (80 to 90%) oxygen (O(2)) saturations and a drop in FiO(2)...
July 2011: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
G Calza, F Lerzo, F Perfumo, I Borini, G Panizzon, R Moretti, P Grasso, A Virgone, L Zannini
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oxidative stress and myocardial damage after aortic crossclamping release (ACCR) during cardio pulmonary bypass (CPB) in children two parameters were investigated: total glutathione (GSH) and its oxidoreductive reactions (GSH/GSSG) as expression of oxidative stress, and plasmatic turnover of myocardial taurine (TAU) as expression of cell damage. METHODS: The study was divided in two periods: 1) first period: analysis of oxidative stress and myocardial damage in 18 children...
August 2002: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
O Paut, L Mély, L Viard, M A Silicani, J M Guys, J Camboulives
PURPOSE: Major gastric distension in the left hemithorax can threaten life in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) presenting after the neonatal period. After presentation of two pediatric cases, guidelines for the optimal care of these patients are given. CLINICAL FEATURES: Both children had respiratory and cardio-circulatory compromise on arrival. The diagnosis of late presenting CDH was made and the severity of symptoms was related to a voluminous distension of an intrathoracic stomach...
June 1996: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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