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Neonatology echo

C C Pang, W Pan, Z W Zhang, C B Zhou, Y F Li, X Zhang, F Z Han, Y X Sun, S Wang, J Zhuang
Objectives: Two cases who underwent fetal pulmonary valvuloplasty (FPV) for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) or critical pulmonary stenosis with intact ventricular septum (CPS-IVS) successfully were reported. The aim of the report was to explore the criteria for case selection, the technical essentials of FPV, and the postpartum outcome of the fetus. Methods: One case with PA-IVS and the other with CPS-IVS were enrolled in September 2016 and February 2017 in Guangdong General Hospital, and both cases were diagnosed with severe right ventricular dysplasia and tricuspid regurgitation by fetal echocardiogram...
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
J Nguyen, M Cascione, S Noori
OBJECTIVE: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is becoming increasingly available for neonatologists and pediatric subspecialists (PSS); however, concerns over potential litigation from possible missed diagnoses or incorrect management have been documented. This study aims to define the extent and quality of lawsuits filed against neonatologists and PSS related to POCUS. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study of all United States reported state and federal cases in the Westlaw database from January 1990 through October 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Yogen Singh, Samir Gupta, Alan M Groves, Anjum Gandhi, John Thomson, Shakeel Qureshi, John M Simpson
UNLABELLED: Targeted echocardiographic assessments of haemodynamic status are increasingly utilised in many settings. Application in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) is increasingly demanded but challenging given the risk of underlying structural lesions. This statement follows discussions in UK led by the Neonatologists with an Interest in Cardiology and Haemodynamics (NICHe) group in collaboration with the British Congenital Cardiac Association (BCCA) and the Paediatricians with Expertise in Cardiology Special Interest Group (PECSIG)...
February 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Carlos Antonio Tapia-Rombo, Moisés González-Arenas, Juan Carlos Carpio-Hernández, Jesús Enrique Santiago-Romo
OBJECTIVE: To determine a rate of internal diameter (ID), the narrowest of ductus arteriosus (DA)/body surface area (BSA) in preterm newborns (PTNB) for need for closure of DA either medically or surgically. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective (cohort), held in a Neonatology Service in February 2010 to January 2011. Inclusion criteria were PTNB from 28 to 36 weeks of gestation from 0 to 28 days after birth, which confirmed diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) by echocardiogram, taking the narrowest ID, who did not present heart complex congenital or other major malformations in other systems without pulmonary arterial hypertension, that had not received drug treatment with prostaglandin inhibitors to close the DA...
January 2013: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Dany E Weisz, Amish Jain, Patrick J McNamara, Afif EL-Khuffash
OBJECTIVES: Non-invasive cardiac output monitoring is a potentially useful clinical tool in the neonatal setting. Our aim was to evaluate a new method of non-invasive continuous cardiac output (CO) measurement (NICOM™) based on the principle of bioreactance in neonates. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 10 neonates underwent 97 paired NICOM and echocardiography (echo) assessments of left ventricular output (LVO). For each neonate, NICOM measurements of left ventricular stroke volume (SV) and LVO over a 2- to 4-hour period were correlated with blinded, simultaneous, discrete echo measurements of SV and LVO...
2012: Neonatology
Renee A Bornemeier, Brian K Eble, Robert D B Jaquiss, Michiaki Imamura
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital heart defect. It is typically diagnosed at a few months of age. The infant presents with cardiac failure secondary to left ventricular dysfunction from the coronary steal that develops as pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) falls. With the diagnosis made, surgical repair is typically performed expeditiously in order to try and restore left ventricular perfusion and stop the ongoing coronary steal. We present an unusual case of a preterm infant undergoing a routine echocardiogram, who was incidentally found to have an ALCAPA...
November 2008: Congenital Heart Disease
D J O'Rourke, A El-Khuffash, C Moody, K Walsh, E J Molloy
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with morbidity and mortality in premature neonates. METHODS: The effect of serial echocardiography performed by a neonatologist and early targeted medical PDA treatment was evaluated and compared to historical controls. One hundred ninety-two infants <1,500 g were included and 45 infants had a PDA. RESULTS: Serial echocardiography allowed significantly earlier identification and treatment of PDA versus awaiting the evolution of clinical signs...
May 2008: Acta Paediatrica
Afif F El-Khuffash, Eleanor J Molloy
Cardiac troponins have a major role in screening and diagnosis of myocardial ischaemia in adults and children. Their introduction has redefined the diagnosis of myocardial infarction in adults and provided valuable prognostic information. In the paediatric population, troponins show a good correlation with the extent of myocardial damage following cardiac surgery and cardiotoxic medication, and can be used as predictors of subsequent cardiac recovery and mortality. This review discusses the current established reference values in term and preterm infants and demonstrates their potential use in neonatology...
2008: Neonatology
H C Lee, N Silverman, S R Hintz
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a pilot study assessing a neonatologist's accuracy in diagnosing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using compact, portable ultrasound after limited training. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of premature infants scheduled for echocardiography for suspected PDA. A neonatologist with limited training performed study exams before scheduled exams. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated, compared to the scheduled echocardiogram interpreted by a cardiologist...
May 2007: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
M Walsh, D Coleman, J Murphy, A Twomey
The aim of our study was to look at the amount of training required to accurately assess ductal patency in very low birth weight infants and to show that this service could be provided by non-cardiologists. Training consisted of an introductory echocardiography course, a CD package, and a total of 3 hours of teaching with a paediatric cardiologist. All of this was accomplished within the 3 months preceding our study. All newborn infants less than 1500 grams or less than 30 weeks gestation had an echocardiogram performed in the first 48 hours of life...
September 2006: Irish Medical Journal
A S Azhar, H S Habib
The objective of this study was to determine the differences between neonatologists and pediatric cardiologists with regards to the initial assessment of neonatal heart murmur and to evaluate the role of echocardiography in this group of patients. During a period of 1 year, all neonates with heart murmur seen in pediatric cardiology consultation from neonatal intensive care units at the Children Hospital of Eastern Ontario and Ottawa General Hospital were included in this study. Neonates with heart murmur were initially evaluated clinically by a neonatologist and the most likely clinical diagnosis was recorded...
March 2006: Pediatric Cardiology
S Moss, D J Kitchiner, C W Yoxall, N V Subhedar
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is an investigation that is being used increasingly on the neonatal unit. There is some controversy as to whether this service can be provided safely and effectively by neonatologists or whether it should only be performed by paediatric cardiologists. AIMS: To describe (a) the indications for an echocardiogram, (b) the yield and range of positive findings, (c) the resulting changes in clinical management, and (d) the reliability of echocardiography in the hands of neonatologists when it is performed on the neonatal unit...
July 2003: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
P A Clark
In light of the November 1999 report of the Institute of Medicine on medical errors as a leading cause of death and injury, and the July 2000 report of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education citing violations of work-hour standards for residents and interns, there is a clear need for substantial changes in residency training. The author, a clinical bioethicist, uses his extended observations at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a major U.S. teaching hospital to outline specific concerns about residents' and interns' training, medical and otherwise, that create unnecessary hazards and other difficulties in the medical care of children...
May 2001: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
M M Vela-Huerta, A Vargas-Origel, A Olvera-López
The objective of this paper is to determine the frequency and outcome of asymmetrical septal hypertrophy (ASH) in large-for-gestational-age infants (LGA) born to diabetic (DM) and nondiabetic mothers (NDM), and to establish the relationship between ASH and maternal diabetes control. A comparative study was design to assess ASH in infants born to DM and NDM. The study was conducted in the Departments of Neonatology and Pediatric Cardiology of the "Hospital de Gineco-Pediatria 48", Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social from January to December 1997...
2000: American Journal of Perinatology
M Schmidt, H Fahnenstich, F Haverkamp, H Platz, M Hansmann, P Bartmann
Two cases of non-immunological hydrops fetalis (NIHF) presenting with massive ascites are reported; in both patients an oligosaccharid-pattern in the urine typical for sialidosis resp. galactosialidosis was found. The cerebral sonography of both patients showed streaky echo enhancement in the region of the thalamostriatal vessels, which was interpreted as calcification of the vessels. The courses of the patients were characterised by recurrent infections, hepatosplenomegaly and myoclonus. Relevant literature reports on a large variability in the clinical appearance of oligosaccharidoses...
September 1997: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
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