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Rabies attitude | Page 2

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/29726121/meeting-the-urgent-need-for-rabies-education-in-haiti
#21
M O V Osinubi, N Fenelon, J L Dyer, R Franka, M Etheart, A Ali, M Birhane, N Phaimyr Jn Charles, A Destine, N Saleme, C Newman, K Crowdis, C Lutfy, C E Rupprecht, R M Wallace, V R Johnson
The highest rate of human rabies deaths reported in the Americas is in Haiti, and most of these deaths result from rabies virus infections that occur after individuals are bitten by infected dogs and do not receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis. One barrier to rabies prevention in Haiti is a lack of knowledge about this disease among healthcare professionals and community members. During the past 4 years, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has collaborated with public health officials and partners to develop, test and refine educational materials aimed at filling this need for rabies education...
May 3, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29522517/a-rabies-lesson-improves-rabies-knowledge-amongst-primary-school-children-in-zomba-malawi
#22
Jordana L Burdon Bailey, Luke Gamble, Andrew D Gibson, Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Ian G Handel, Richard J Mellanby, Stella Mazeri
Rabies is an important neglected disease, which kills around 59,000 people a year. Over a third of these deaths are in children less than 15 years of age. Almost all human rabies deaths in Africa and Asia are due to bites from infected dogs. Despite the high efficacy of current rabies vaccines, awareness about rabies preventive healthcare is often low in endemic areas. It is therefore common for educational initiatives to be conducted in conjunction with other rabies control activities such as mass dog vaccination, however there are few examples where the efficacy of education activities has been assessed...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29386576/analogies-of-the-classical-euler-top-with-a-rotor-to-spin-squeezing-and-quantum-phase-transitions-in-a-generalized-lipkin-meshkov-glick-model
#23
Tomáš Opatrný, Lukáš Richterek, Martin Opatrný
We show that the classical model of Euler top (freely rotating, generally asymmetric rigid body), possibly supplemented with a rotor, corresponds to a generalized Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick (LMG) model describing phenomena of various branches of quantum physics. Classical effects such as free precession of a symmetric top, Feynman's wobbling plate, tennis-racket instability and the Dzhanibekov effect, attitude control of satellites by momentum wheels, or twisting somersault dynamics, have their counterparts in quantum effects that include spin squeezing by one-axis twisting and two-axis countertwisting, transitions between the Josephson and Rabi regimes of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a double-well potential, and other quantum critical phenomena...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29067191/awareness-of-rabies-and-response-to-dog-bites-in-a-bangladesh-community
#24
Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K Bhowmik, Md S Rana, Aung S Prue Marma, Muhammad B Hossain, Nitish C Debnath, Be-Nazir Ahmed
Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people's awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating dog bites in Satkhira Sadar, a south-western sub-district of Bangladesh. Of the total 3200 households (HHs) surveyed, the majority of the respondents have heard about rabies (73%) and there was a high level of awareness that dog bite is the main cause of rabies (86%), and that rabies can be prevented by vaccination (85%)...
August 2016: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28761600/-evaluation-of-knowledge-attitudes-practices-of-the-populations-in-the-health-districts-of-benoye-laoukassy-moundou-and-south-n-djamena-towards-canine-rabies-in-chad
#25
Rolande Mindekem, Monique Lechenne, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Jakob Zinsstag, Laurent Tinoaga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou
INTRODUCTION: Canine rabies remains a concern in Africa as well as in Chad. Our study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the populations towards the appropriate management of people exposed to canine rabies and effective fight against it. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study in four health districts in Chad in July and in September 2015. Data were collected from households recruited by three-stage random sampling by means of a questionnaire...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#26
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28692657/improper-wound-treatment-and-delay-of-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-animal-bite-victims-in-china-prevalence-and-determinants
#27
Qiaoyan Liu, Xiaojun Wang, Bing Liu, Yanhong Gong, Naomie Mkandawire, Wenzhen Li, Wenning Fu, Liqing Li, Yong Gan, Jun Shi, Bin Shi, Junan Liu, Shiyi Cao, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: Rabies is invariably a fatal disease. Appropriate wound treatment and prompt rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) are of great importance to rabies prevention. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of improper wound treatment and delay of rabies PEP after an animal bite in Wuhan, China. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted among animal bite victims visiting rabies prevention clinics (RPCs)...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28569185/the-impact-of-poverty-on-dog-ownership-and-access-to-canine-rabies-vaccination-results-from-a-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-survey-uganda-2013
#28
Ryan MacLaren Wallace, Jason Mehal, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Sergio Recuenco, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Modupe Osinubi, Victor Tugumizemu, Jesse D Blanton, Amy Gilbert, Joseph Wamala
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a neglected disease despite being responsible for more human deaths than any other zoonosis. A lack of adequate human and dog surveillance, resulting in low prioritization, is often blamed for this paradox. Estimation methods are often employed to describe the rabies burden when surveillance data are not available, however these figures are rarely based on country-specific data. METHODS: In 2013 a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey was conducted in Uganda to understand dog population, rabies vaccination, and human rabies risk factors and improve in-country and regional rabies burden estimates...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28449830/barriers-to-patient-centered-care-in-hypertension
#29
EDITORIAL
Doreen M Rabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28415972/community-based-survey-during-rabies-outbreaks-in-rangjung-town-trashigang-eastern-bhutan-2016
#30
Tenzin Tenzin, Jamyang Namgyal, Sangay Letho
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28385500/successful-strategies-implemented-towards-the-elimination-of-canine-rabies-in-the-western-hemisphere
#31
REVIEW
Andres Velasco-Villa, Luis E Escobar, Anthony Sanchez, Mang Shi, Daniel G Streicker, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Fernando Vargas-Pino, Veronica Gutierrez-Cedillo, Inger Damon, Ginny Emerson
Almost all cases of human rabies result from dog bites, making the elimination of canine rabies a global priority. During recent decades, many countries in the Western Hemisphere have carried out large-scale dog vaccination campaigns, controlled their free-ranging dog populations and enforced legislation for responsible pet ownership. This article reviews progress in eliminating canine rabies from the Western Hemisphere. After briefly summarizing the history of control efforts and describing the approaches listed above, we note that programs in some countries have been hindered by societal attitudes and severe economic disparities, which underlines the need to discuss measures that will be required to complete the elimination of canine rabies throughout the region...
July 2017: Antiviral Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28290915/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-rabies-risk-in-community-members-and-healthcare-professionals-p%C3%A3-tionville-haiti-2013
#32
N Fenelon, P Dely, M A Katz, N D Schaad, A Dismer, D Moran, F Laraque, R M Wallace
Haiti has the highest human rabies burden in the Western Hemisphere. There is no published literature describing the public's perceptions of rabies in Haiti, information that is critical to developing effective interventions and government policies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey of 550 community members and 116 health professionals in Pétionville, Haiti in 2013 to understand the perception of rabies in these populations. The majority of respondents (85%) knew that dogs were the primary reservoir for rabies, yet only 1% were aware that bats and mongooses could transmit rabies...
June 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28089844/familial-cluster-of-exposure-to-a-confirmed-rabid-dog-in-travelers-to-algeria
#33
Sylvie Antwi, Philippe Parola, Doudou Sow, Victoria Sornin, Maxime Henrion, Philippe Gautret
A 10 person-family originating from Algeria traveled in rural Algeria for the purpose of visiting friends and relatives without seeking pre-travel advice, did not received pre-travel rabies immunization, and were exposed to a confirmed rabid dog including 8 within less than 4 days of arrival. Three received suckling mouse brain rabies vaccine although WHO strongly recommends that its production and administration be discontinued and seven received insufficient doses of equine rabies immune globulin abroad. Rabies treatment was completed on returning to France...
March 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28057047/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-on-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-pharmacovigilance-and-consumer-pharmacovigilance-among-community-pharmacists-in-lalitpur-district-nepal
#34
Nisha Jha, Devendra Singh Rathore, Pathiyil Ravi Shankar, Shital Bhandary, Rabi Bushan Pandit, Sudesh Gyawali, Mohamed Alshakka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance activities are in a developing stage in Nepal. ADR reporting is mainly confined to healthcare professionals working in institutions recognized as regional pharmacovigilance centers. Community pharmacists could play an important role in pharmacovigilance. This study was conducted among community pharmacists in Lalitpur district to examine their knowledge and attitude about pharmacovigilance before and after an educational intervention. METHODS: Knowledge and attitude was studied before, immediately after and 6 weeks following the intervention among 75 community pharmacists...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28040481/estimating-the-intra-cluster-correlation-coefficient-for-evaluating-an-educational-intervention-program-to-improve-rabies-awareness-and-dog-bite-prevention-among-children-in-sikkim-india-a-pilot-study
#35
Aashima Auplish, Alison S Clarke, Trent Van Zanten, Kate Abel, Charmaine Tham, Thinlay N Bhutia, Colin R Wilks, Mark A Stevenson, Simon M Firestone
BACKGROUND: Educational initiatives targeting at-risk populations have long been recognized as a mainstay of ongoing rabies control efforts. Cluster-based studies are often utilized to assess levels of knowledge, attitudes and practices of a population in response to education campaigns. The design of cluster-based studies requires estimates of intra-cluster correlation coefficients obtained from previous studies. This study estimates the school-level intra-cluster correlation coefficient (ICC) for rabies knowledge change following an educational intervention program...
May 2017: Acta Tropica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27884124/community-based-interventions-to-enhance-knowledge-protective-attitudes-and-behaviors-towards-canine-rabies-results-from-a-health-communication-intervention-study-in-guangxi-china
#36
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hairong Wu, Jiao Chen, Lianbin Zou, Liefeng Zheng, Weichao Zhang, Zhenmu Meng, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Youming Wang, Jingli Kang, Xiangdong Sun
BACKGROUND: In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical components of modern rabies control and prevention programs, available studies have not adequately investigated the relative efficacy of their implementation in at-risk populations. This study aims to measure and compare the effect on knowledge and protective behavior towards rabies of health education interventions that include a novel Short Messaging Service via cell phone (SMS) and rabies health information sessions (IS)...
November 24, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27477842/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-law-enforcement-officers-on-rabies-and-animal-control-issues-in-kansas
#37
A Straily, I Trevino-Garrison
Rabies is a deadly zoonoses endemic in the United States, including Kansas. Animal control programmes that emphasize vaccination of dogs and cats, removal of stray animals and enforcement of licensure programmes have historically been essential in reducing the risk of rabies exposures to humans (Beran, 1991). Kansas does not mandate the use of animal control officers [ACOs] and in areas where there is no designated animal control officer, law enforcement officers [LEOs] are required to fill that role. Little is known about LEOs' knowledge of rabies, their current practices in responding to animal-related calls or if they receive any specialized training to perform the duties of an ACO...
March 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27334892/free-roaming-dogs-in-nepal-demographics-health-and-public-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#38
G Massei, A R Fooks, D L Horton, R Callaby, K Sharma, I P Dhakal, U Dahal
In Nepal, most dogs are free to roam and may transmit diseases to humans and animals. These dogs often suffer from malnutrition and lack basic health care. Minimal information is available about their demographics and about public attitudes concerning dogs and diseases. We carried out a study in Chitwan District (central Nepal), to collect baseline data on free-roaming owned dog demographics, assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of dog owners concerning dogs and rabies, evaluate rabies vaccination coverage and anthelmintic treatment of dogs, measure dogs' response to rabies vaccination and assess dog health through body condition scores and parasites...
February 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27289251/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-adolescent-vaccination-among-adolescents-parents-and-teachers-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#39
REVIEW
Leila H Abdullahi, Benjamin M Kagina, Tali Cassidy, Esther F Adebayo, Charles S Wiysonge, Gregory D Hussey
INTRODUCTION: Vaccines are the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions available to avert vaccine-preventable diseases and deaths. Despite global progress in adolescent health, many adolescents in Africa still get sick and die from vaccine-preventable diseases due to lack of vaccination. Adolescents, parents and teachers are key players in the development and implementation of adolescent vaccination policies. Optimal knowledge, attitudes and practices towards adolescent vaccination among these key players may improve vaccine uptake among adolescents...
July 25, 2016: Vaccine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27047163/animal-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-pets-or-livestock-owners-and-knowledge-and-awareness-on-zoonoses-in-a-university-community
#40
Emmanuel J Awosanya, H O Akande
AIM: We investigated the attitude of pets or livestock owning households in a university community to animal health care services and assessed the knowledge and awareness level of the residents on zoonoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on demography, pet or livestock ownership, animal health care seeking behavior, awareness and knowledge of zoonoses from 246 households. We did descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis to determine the level of association in discrete variables between owners and non-owners of pets or livestock at a significant level of p<0...
July 2015: Veterinary World
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