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Rabies attitude

Tinda Rabie
OBJECTIVE: In South Africa, appropriate criteria to measure the professional standing of professional nurses are essential. Internationally, there are professionalism scales by which to measure professionalism, but none could be identified that were particular to the South African context. Hall's Professionalism Scale consists of 50 items and was specifically developed to measure the attitudes and ideologies held by professionals in various professional occupations by measuring five attitudinal components of professionalism, namely: Sense of calling to the field; Autonomy; Using professional organisation as major referent; Belief in self-regulation; and Belief in public service...
August 6, 2019: BMC Research Notes
Klaus Abich, Alexander Abramovici, Bengie Amparan, Andreas Baatzsch, Brian Bachman Okihiro, David C Barr, Maxime P Bize, Christina Bogan, Claus Braxmaier, Michael J Burke, Ken C Clark, Christian Dahl, Katrin Dahl, Karsten Danzmann, Mike A Davis, Glenn de Vine, Jeffrey A Dickson, Serge Dubovitsky, Andreas Eckardt, Thomas Ester, Germán Fernández Barranco, Reinhold Flatscher, Frank Flechtner, William M Folkner, Samuel Francis, Martin S Gilbert, Frank Gilles, Martin Gohlke, Nicolas Grossard, Burghardt Guenther, Philipp Hager, Jerome Hauden, Frank Heine, Gerhard Heinzel, Mark Herding, Martin Hinz, James Howell, Mark Katsumura, Marina Kaufer, William Klipstein, Alexander Koch, Micah Kruger, Kameron Larsen, Anton Lebeda, Arnold Lebeda, Thomas Leikert, Carl Christian Liebe, Jehhal Liu, Lynette Lobmeyer, Christoph Mahrdt, Thomas Mangoldt, Kirk McKenzie, Malte Misfeldt, Phillip R Morton, Vitali Müller, Alexander T Murray, Don J Nguyen, Kolja Nicklaus, Robert Pierce, Joshua A Ravich, Gretchen Reavis, Jens Reiche, Josep Sanjuan, Daniel Schütze, Christoph Seiter, Daniel Shaddock, Benjamin Sheard, Michael Sileo, Robert Spero, Gary Spiers, Gunnar Stede, Michelle Stephens, Andrew Sutton, Joseph Trinh, Kai Voss, Duo Wang, Rabi T Wang, Brent Ware, Henry Wegener, Steve Windisch, Christopher Woodruff, Bernd Zender, Marcus Zimmermann
The Laser Ranging Interferometer (LRI) instrument on the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) Follow-On mission has provided the first laser interferometric range measurements between remote spacecraft, separated by approximately 220 km. Autonomous controls that lock the laser frequency to a cavity reference and establish the 5 degrees of freedom two-way laser link between remote spacecraft succeeded on the first attempt. Active beam pointing based on differential wave front sensing compensates spacecraft attitude fluctuations...
July 19, 2019: Physical Review Letters
Heather Venkat, Hayley D Yaglom, Laura Adams
Veterinarians play a crucial role in zoonotic disease detection in animals and prevention of disease transmission; reporting these zoonoses to public health officials is an important first step to protect human and animal health. Evidence suggests veterinarians and their staff are at higher risk for exposure to zoonoses because of possible interactions with infected animals. We examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of veterinarians regarding zoonotic disease reporting to public health agencies and associated infection prevention (IP) practices such as personal protective equipment (PPE) use, and the need for targeted education and outreach for veterinarians in Arizona...
August 1, 2019: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Arthur E Attema, Lisheng He, Alasdair J C Cook, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
OBJECTIVES: We contribute a new methodological approach to the ongoing efforts towards evaluating public health surveillance. Specifically, we apply a descriptive framework, grounded in prospect theory (PT), for the evaluation of decisions on disease surveillance deployment. We focus on two attributes of any surveillance system: timeliness, and false positive rate (FPR). METHODS: In a sample of 69 health professionals from a number of health related networks polled online, we elicited PT preferences, specifically respondents' attitudes towards gains, losses and probabilities (i...
May 1, 2019: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Harish Kumar Tiwari, Ian D Robertson, Mark O'Dea, Abi Tamim Vanak
Canine rabies is endemic in urban India. A questionnaire was administered to 204 residents of the urbanised municipality of Panchkula in north India to assess the influence of gender, age, family size, social status and dog ownership, over the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) towards rabies control and free-roaming dogs (FRD) in their locality. Bivariate analyses revealed significant knowledge gaps regarding crucial information on the control and transmission of rabies. Multivariable logistic regression models found that the respondents with a high/middle socio-economic status were likely to be more knowledgeable than those from low socio-economic levels (OR 3...
April 2019: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Mamadou Korka Diallo, Alpha Oumar Diallo, Anta Dicko, Vincent Richard, Emmanuelle Espié
BACKGROUND: Rabies remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Most fatal rabies cases, especially in children, result from dog bites and occur in low-income countries, such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rabies can be controlled through mass dog vaccination and human deaths prevented through timely and appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). As access to appropriate PEP remains a serious challenge for bite-victims, the aim of this study was to understand the use of PEP, to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices with respect to rabies and to identify risk factors related to non-compliance with PEP to define recommendations for improving PEP in Senegal...
April 11, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
Sangay Rinchen, Tenzin Tenzin, David Hall, Frank van der Meer, Basant Sharma, Kinzang Dukpa, Susan Cork
Rabies remains a disease of significant zoonotic and economic concern in rabies endemic areas of Bhutan. Rabies outbreaks in livestock threaten the livelihoods of subsistent farming communities and pose a potential public health threat. As a part of identifying approaches to prevent rabies in cattle, a Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) survey was conducted among cattle owners in selected rural areas of the southern rabies high-risk zone and low-risk zone in eastern Bhutan. Between March and April 2017, 562 cattle owners (281 in the east and 281 in the south) were interviewed using a questionnaire...
April 1, 2019: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Victoria J Brookes, Gurlal S Gill, Balbir B Singh, Bhupinder S Sandhu, Navneet K Dhand, Rabinder S Aulakh, Michael P Ward
In August 2015, a rabies outbreak occurred in bovines in a Punjab village, India; subsequently, a farmer in the same village died of rabies in October 2015. We surveyed farmers to describe the outbreak, the demographics and rabies prophylaxis administered to householders on case farms, and farmers' knowledge of rabies prevention and treatment. We used multiple correspondence analysis to guide investigation of associations between demographics, farm status and rabies knowledge, attitudes and practices. The number of affected bovines was unusually high; 15 cattle and buffalo died on 13 smallholder farms (attack rate 4%)...
May 2019: Zoonoses and Public Health
Lindonne Glasgow, Andre Worme, Emmanuel Keku, Martin Forde
OBJECTIVE: While Grenada attained a zero-human-rabies case status since 1970, the authors conducted the first study to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices that may contribute to this status as well as to receive feedback on the rabies control program in Grenada. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in July, 2017 with 996 households on the mainland. A questionnaire was administered to collect information on knowledge of rabies and prevention, vaccination practices, perception of institutional responsibilities for rabies control, and evaluation of the anti-rabies program...
January 2019: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Harish Kumar Tiwari, Abi Tamim Vanak, Mark O'Dea, Ian Duncan Robertson
The lack of awareness about dog-bite related rabies in the rural population of developing countries, including India, is a major impediment to controlling the incidence of disease in humans. A survey of 127 rural residents was undertaken in Shirsuphal village in western India using a structured questionnaire to assess the influence of demographic and pet/livestock owning characteristics on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the respondents towards rabies and free roaming dogs (FRD). Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed and the knowledge of the rural residents of Shirsuphal village was found to be significantly influenced by family size (OR 2...
January 25, 2019: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Rolande Mindekem, Monique Lechenne, Moto Doumagoum Daugla, Jakob Zinsstag, Laurent Tinoaga Ouedraogo, Salifou Salifou
INTRODUCTION: Rabies, an infectious disease mainly transmitted by dog bites, is fatal due to lack of appropriate knowledge-attitudes-practices (KAP). The KAP of healthcare providers are particularly important because of their presence in the communities and their profession and were evaluated in the present study. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based descriptive study was conducted in healthcare providers recruited from four health districts in Chad in 2015...
May 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Cinzia Marano, Melissa Moodley, Elaine Melander, Laurence De Moerlooze, Hans D Nothdurft
Background: Extensive global experience shows that rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) through vaccination is effective and well tolerated, yet many travellers opt not to be vaccinated when travelling to rabies-endemic countries. Previous research has identified several factors influencing the choices travellers make to reduce the risk of rabies, including cost, time constraint and perspective on the importance of vaccination. The objectives of this study were to assess travellers' awareness of rabies and advice-seeking attitudes and to evaluate travel clinics practices regarding rabies pre-travel advice...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Travel Medicine
Harish Kumar Tiwari, Abi Tamim Vanak, Mark O'Dea, Ian Duncan Robertson
The lack of awareness regarding rabies amongst rural primary care health staff and their adverse practices towards the management of dog-bite wounds is a major contributor to the high incidence of rabies infection and subsequent human mortality in India. A Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices survey was carried out involving 54 nursing and non-nursing staff working in 18 rural Primary Health centres and sub-centres around Baramati town of Pune district in Western India. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to assess factors that influenced knowledge of rabies and practices towards management of dog-bite related wounds...
2018: PloS One
Ying Chen, Yafei Tan, Shuzhen Yan, Liping Li
Dog-incurred injury is a serious public health concern worldwide, especially for children, responsible for numerous infectious diseases, such as rabies. Our study aims to investigate the current status of dog-incurred injury and its prevention among special groups of children. A cross-sectional study was conducted among migrant children (MC) and non-MC, "left-behind" children (LBC) and non-LBC in two cities in southern China. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data and experience with dog-incurred injury, to assess knowledge of dog behaviour and rabies prevention and attitudes in risk identification and practice in risk behaviour...
October 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Toni Rose M Barroga, Ilene S Basitan, Themis M Lobete, Rona P Bernales, Mary Joy N Gordoncillo, Emelinda L Lopez, Ronello C Abila
Rabies is endemic in the Philippines. To support the rabies campaign in the Bicol region at the southeastern part of Luzon, the BAI-OIE Stop Transboundary Animal Diseases and Zoonoses (STANDZ) Rabies project was implemented in the pilot provinces of Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Albay, and Masbate. A community awareness survey was conducted with the residents of these provinces to determine their knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on rabies during the start and end of the project. Qualitative, descriptive research was done with a structured KAP questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: Tropical medicine and infectious disease
Hazumu Kadowaki, Phuc Pham Duc, Kazuo Sato, Pham Thi Minh Phuong, Katsuro Hagiwara, Kohei Makita
Rabies is a fatal zoonosis, and in Vietnam, it remains problematic despite the availability of dog rabies vaccination. The purpose of this study was to clarify the socio-economic factors associated with voluntary rabies control measures among the general population using a "Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice" framework to provide health and veterinary authorities in Vietnam with baseline information for better planning of policy supports. A questionnaire survey with interviews was conducted in 495 households (64 mountainous and 431 plain-area households) in Thai Nguyen Province in September 2016...
September 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
K Bouaddi, A Bitar, A Ferssiwi, M Bouslikhane, A Fitani, P P Mshelbwala, S W Audu
Understanding the socioecology of domestic dog populations is essential for effective disease control, especially canine rabies. In Morocco, since 1986, the control efforts and plans put in place by the government have failed to eradicate this disease; this is because the management of the canine population was not taken into account during the establishment of these plans. It is against the background that this study was designed to estimate the dog population and determine its socioecological characteristics, as well as investigate the attitude of the inhabitants towards the dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Elly Hiby, Kadek Karang Agustina, Kate Nattras Atema, Gusti Ngurah Bagus, Janice Girardi, Mike Harfoot, Yacinta Haryono, Lex Hiby, Hendra Irawan, Levin Kalalo, Sang Gede Purnama, I Made Subrata, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Wayan Arya Utami, Pande Putu Januraga, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan
This study gained an understanding of dog demographics, owner behaviour, and knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to rabies in three villages in Sanur, Bali, providing insights for an intervention to improve responsible dog ownership. A combination of a census of all dogs, street surveys of roaming dogs, and a Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey was used to study both dogs and people. A total of 6009 dogs were recorded, of which only 3.3% appeared to be unowned; unowned dogs had poorer welfare and were more likely to be wary of attempted approaches by people...
July 5, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Hisham Rami, Hanan Hussien, Menan Rabie, Walaa Sabry, Marwa El Missiry, Reem El Ghamry
Although a growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness of behavioral family therapies for patients with schizophrenia, few studies have been carried out on the effectiveness of such programs for Egyptian patients. The current study translated and culturally adapted the Behavioral Family Psycho-Education Program (BFPEP) and conducted a preliminary efficacy evaluation for outpatients suffering from schizophrenia. Thirty patients received 14 sessions of culturally adapted Program (CA-BFPEP) and 30 received treatment as usual; all were followed up for 6 months...
October 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Galileu Barbosa Costa, Amy Gilbert, Benjamin Monroe, Jesse Blanton, Sali Ngam Ngam, Sergio Recuenco, Ryan Wallace
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by lyssaviruses, with most human cases worldwide resulting from rabid dog bites. Although effective animal and human vaccines have been available for over 100 years, control efforts have not been adequately implemented on the global scale and rabies remains one of the greatest global zoonotic threats to human health. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Northern Cameroon to describe dog ownership characteristics, rates of dog bites, and post-bite healthcare seeking behaviors...
2018: PloS One
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