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knee and hip OA and running

Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl, Cynthia L Green, Mohit Bhandari, Jón Karlsson
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Background Running is a healthy and popular activity worldwide, but data regarding its association with osteoarthritis (OA) are conflicting. Objectives To evaluate the association of hip and knee OA with running and to explore the influence of running intensity on this association. Methods PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were used to identify studies investigating the occurrence of OA of the hip and/or knee among runners. A meta-analysis of studies comparing this occurrence between runners and controls (sedentary, nonrunning individuals) was conducted...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Christelle Nguyen, Rebecca Haddad, Paul Delamarche, Guillaume Paris, Clémence Palazzo, Serge Poiraudeau, François Rannou, Alexandra Roren
In this critical narrative review, we examine the role of physical activity (PA), recreational and elite sports in the development of knee/hip osteoarthritis (OA), taking into account the role of injury in this relationship. The process of article selection was unsystematic. Articles were selected on the basis of the authors' expertise, self-knowledge, and reflective practice. In the general adult population, self-reported diagnosis of knee/hip OA was not associated with low, moderate or high levels of PA. For studies using radiographic knee/hip OA as a primary outcome, the incidence of asymptomatic radiographic OA was higher for subjects with the highest quartile of usual PA than the least active subjects...
June 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Michael J Davison, Monica R Maly, Jonathan D Adachi, Michael D Noseworthy, Karen A Beattie
BACKGROUND: In individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA), fatty infiltration into thigh muscle is associated with poor physical performance and strength. However, it is not known whether this also occurs in the calf and if this impacts physical function. AIMS: We investigated the relationships between volumes of intramuscular fat (intraMF), intermuscular fat (IMF), subcutaneous fat (SCF), lean muscle and muscle adiposity, in the thighs compared to the calves of women with knee OA...
April 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Dahai Yu, George Peat, John Bedson, Kelvin P Jordan
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the consultation incidence of OA using population-based health care data in England and compare OA incidence figures with those derived in other countries. METHODS: A population-based health care database (Consultations in Primary Care Archive) in England was used to derive the consultation incidence of OA (overall and by joint site) using the maximum available run-in period method. These estimates, and their distribution by age and sex, were compared with those published from population-based health care databases in Canada, the Netherlands and Spain...
November 2015: Rheumatology
Jeffrey B Driban, Sara A Boehret, Easwaran Balasubramanian, Nicole M Cattano, Joseph Glutting, Michael R Sitler
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to determine the professionally-guided and self-guided medication and supplement use for joint symptom management among patients with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA) in an urban hospital-based outpatient orthopedic practice. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional. Patients diagnosed by radiographs and clinical symptoms with knee and/or hip OA were recruited from an inner-city hospital-based outpatient orthopaedic office. A total of 184 patients were queried for their participation...
2012: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Vibeke Strand, Lee S Simon, Maxime Dougados, George H Sands, Pritha Bhadra, Aurora Breazna, Jeff Immitt
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether "continuous" celecoxib is more efficacious than "intermittent" use in preventing osteoarthritis (OA) flares of the knee and/or hip. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, multicenter international study comparing efficacy and safety of continuous (daily) versus intermittent (as required during predefined OA flare) celecoxib 200 mg/day in 858 subjects, aged 18-80 years. The study consisted of 3 periods: (I) screening/washout visit; (II) open-label run-in with celecoxib; and (III) 22-week blinded treatment...
December 2011: Journal of Rheumatology
Catherine Munera, Margaret Drehobl, Nelson E Sessler, Craig Landau
BACKGROUND: This multicenter, parallel-group, 35-day study in adults with osteoarthritis (OA) pain evaluated the analgesic efficacy and safety of buprenorphine transdermal system (BTDS) designed for 7-day wear. METHODS: Patients with OA pain inadequately controlled with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs or patients who had taken opioids for OA pain within the past year entered a 7-day run-in period during which they took ibuprofen only. Patients with pain > or = on a 0-10 scale had their ibuprofen discontinued and were randomized into a 28-day double-blinded period to receive either BTDS at 1 of 3 dose levels (5, 10, or 20 microg/b) or placebo...
May 2010: Journal of Opioid Management
Beth Pollard, Diane Dixon, Paul Dieppe, Marie Johnston
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) proposes three main health outcomes, Impairment (I), Activity Limitation (A) and Participation Restriction (P), but good measures of these constructs are needed The aim of this study was to use both Classical Test Theory (CTT) and Item Response Theory (IRT) methods to carry out an item analysis to improve measurement of these three components in patients having joint replacement surgery mainly for osteoarthritis (OA)...
2009: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
R S Panush, C S Hanson, J R Caldwell, S Longley, J Stork, R Thoburn
Recreational exercise programs, particularly running, remain popular for a variety of reasons. It has been estimated that as many as 20 to 30 million Americans exercise, and that this includes perhaps 5 to 15 million runners/joggers. Until recently, scant information was available regarding long-term effects, if any, of exercise on the musculoskeletal system. We, and others, therefore studied and reported our observations on the possible association of the development of lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) in runners...
February 1995: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Lior Zeller, Shaul Sukenik
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common non-inflammatory joint disease. The hip and knee, the main weight-bearing joints, are most commonly affected. Previous trauma to the joints is strongly associated with OA. Participation in various sports activities, including fitness room activities, intensive running and cycling, is on the rise. These activities offer potential health benefits and have been advocated for the primary and secondary prevention of many diseases, including diabetes and coronary artery disease...
April 2008: Harefuah
Murray Rosenthal, Polly Moore, Eric Groves, Tad Iwan, Lisa Greenberg Schlosser, Zofia Dziewanowska, Andres Negro-Vilar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of once-a-day extended release of morphine sulfate AVINZA (A-MQD) on polysomnographic measures of sleep in a population of chronic osteoarthritic pain patients with sleep difficulties. DESIGN: Single-center, single-blind, placebo-lead-in, 30 mg or 60 mg. Patients' sleep and neurocognition were objectively measured at a sleep laboratory, and patients self-rated their pain, sleep, and other functions. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four participants (26 to 75 years old) complaining of sleep difficulties and chronic, stable pain secondary to hip or knee osteoarthritis...
May 2007: Journal of Opioid Management
H Schmitt, C Rohs, S Schneider, M Clarius
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to find what degenerative changes were present in the hip and knee joints of former elite marathon runners and how these subjects' joints differ from those of control persons. METHODS: Twenty former elite German marathon runners (active careers 1972-86) underwent clinical (FFbH-OA [hip joint] and AKSS [knee joint]) and radiographic (hip and knee joints, Kellgren and Lawrence classification) examination. X-Rays of the hip joints were compared with those of controls matched for age, gender and BMI who did not engage in much sport...
October 2006: Der Orthopäde
Jonas Weidow
This thesis aimed to study osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee and its subgroup with lateral wear (valgus knees). Anatomy, kinematics and kinetics (movements and moments) of the hip and knee joint and the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic procedures were evaluated. Our hypothesis was that there are biomechanical reasons for development of either lateral or medial OA. The wear pattern of the tibial plateau and the femoral condyles was delineated in 42 patients. The diagnostic accuracy of standing knee radiographs was validated in 34 and reproducibility and validity of the Ahlbäck classification was studied in 48 patients...
June 2006: Acta Orthopaedica. Supplementum
Richard Langford, Frank McKenna, Stuart Ratcliffe, Jozef Vojtassák, Ute Richarz
OBJECTIVE: Although common treatments for osteoarthritis (OA) pain, such as nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), simple analgesics, and weak opioids, provide relief in some cases, they fail to control pain or are poorly tolerated in many cases. Strong opioids have been used to successfully treat several types of noncancer pain but have rarely been tested in controlled studies. Therefore, we tested the effects of transdermal fentanyl (TDF) in patients with moderate-to-severe OA pain, in a placebo-controlled study...
June 2006: Arthritis and Rheumatism
Xavier Le Loët, Karel Pavelka, Ute Richarz
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the utility of transdermal fentanyl (TDF, Durogesic) for the treatment of pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, which was not adequately controlled by non-opioid analgesics or weak opioids. The second part of the trial, investigating TDF in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is reported separately. METHODS: Current analgesia was optimised during a 1-week run-in. Patients then received 28 days treatment with TDF starting at 25 microg/hr, with the option to increase the dose until adequate pain control was achieved...
2005: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Karel Pavelka, Xavier Le Loet, Olav Bjorneboe, Gabriel Herrero-Beaumont, Ute Richarz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transdermal fentanyl (TDF) for the treatment of pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis of the knee or hip (OA), which was not adequately controlled by non-opioid analgesics and/or weak opioids. METHODS: The study design incorporated a 1-week run-in period when current analgesic medications were optimised, a 28-day treatment period and a 1-week taper-off period. Patients with RA (n = 104) and OA (n = 159) started treatment with TDF 25 microg/h...
December 2004: Current Medical Research and Opinion
N E Lane, J W Oehlert, D A Bloch, J F Fries
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between running and radiographic hip osteoarthritis (OA), the progression of radiographic knee OA, and changes in bone mineral density (BMD) after 9 year followup in 28 members of a running club now aged 60-77 years and 27 nonrunner controls. METHODS: Running subjects and nonrunning controls were matched for age (+/- 2 years), years of education, and occupation. All subjects underwent rheumatologic examination, completed annual questionnaires, and had radiographs taken of the knees in 1984, 1986, 1989, and 1993 and of the hips in 1993...
February 1998: Journal of Rheumatology
M G Lequesne, N Dang, N E Lane
Participation in sports has evolved as a cause of osteoarthritis (OA), especially in hip and knee joints. OA often occurs at a relatively early age in adult life, in certain sports (soccer, rugby, racket sports and other track and field sports) and under certain conditions (high level of practice). We review preclinical considerations and published epidemiological studies. Joint overuse even without notable trauma is likely the main mechanism of OA both in these sports and in certain occupational activities (relative risk ranges from 1...
March 1997: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
T D Spector, P A Harris, D J Hart, F M Cicuttini, D Nandra, J Etherington, R L Wolman, D V Doyle
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee due to long-term weight-bearing sports activity in ex-elite athletes and the general population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 81 female ex-elite athletes (67 middle- and long-distance runners, and 14 tennis players), currently ages 40-65, recruited from original playing records, and 977 age-matched female controls, taken from the age-sex register of the offices of a group general practice in Chingford, Northeast London, England...
June 1996: Arthritis and Rheumatism
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