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Thoracic and lung ultrasound

Ali Fuat Tekin, Bekir Turgut, Fatih Öncü
We aimed to emphasize which method should be prioritized by comparing the ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) guidance for percutaneous transthoracic biopsy of pleural-based lung lesions in terms of comorbidity, diagnostic success, time, and costs.Approximately 700 biopsy procedures performed between 2014 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The files of these patients and picture archiving and communication system were scanned.Size and localization of the lesion, pathological diagnosis, comorbidity status, pneumothorax complications at the end of the procedure, and whether or not a thoracic tube was placed due to pneumothorax were recorded...
March 6, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Nazmy Edward Seif, Ahmed Mohamed ELbadawy
Background: The aim of this randomized controlled study is to compare the safety and efficacy of thoracic spinal versus thoracic epidural anesthesia for open nephrectomy in patients with obstructive/restrictive lung disease. Methods: Sixty patients with mild to moderate chronic obstructive/restrictive lung disease undergoing open nephrectomy were randomized into two groups, 30 patients each. The thoracic spinal group (TSA) group received ultrasound guided mid-thoracic spinal anesthesia, and the thoracic epidural group (TEA) group received thoracic epidural anesthesia...
January 2019: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Adam C Adler
Lung isolation for pediatric thoracic surgery is especially challenging in a patient with chronic lung infection and need to protect the nonoperative lobes from the spread of infection during anesthesia and surgery. Typically, for pediatric thoracic surgery, a mainstem intubation or placement of an intraluminal bronchial blocker is sufficient for lung isolation. The patient whose case is reported here suffered from a pleuropulmonary blastoma compressing the left lower lobe bronchus and resultant chronic infection involving the left lower lobe...
January 25, 2019: A&A Practice
J Berman, D Francoz, S Dufour, S Buczinski
Among the different clinical presentations of bovine respiratory disease, active pneumonia, defined as an infection of the lower airway with signs of inflammation, is the most important to diagnose correctly so appropriate treatment can be initiated. Diagnostic tests that accurately identify cases of active pneumonia are lacking; however, thoracic ultrasonography (TUS) seems promising. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the accuracy of TUS compared to reference tests for the diagnosis of active pneumonia in pre-weaned calves, using a latent-class model method (LCM)...
January 1, 2019: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Gino Soldati, Marcello Demi, Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Libertario Demi
Thoracic ultrasound is employed for the diagnosis of many thoracic diseases and is an accepted detection tool of pleural effusions, atelectasis, pneumothorax, and pneumonia. However, the use of ultrasound for the evaluation of parenchymal lung disease, when the organ is still aerated, is a relatively new application. Areas covered: The diagnosis of a normal lung and the differentiation between a normally aerated lung and a lung with interstitial pathology is based on the interpretation of ultrasound artifacts universally known as A and B-Lines...
February 2019: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
D V Plotkin, M V Sinitsyn, M N Reshetnikov, S V Kharitonov, M S Skopin, I A Sokolina
AIM: To analyze diagnosis and treatment of patients with tuberculous peritonitis, to develop the algorithms for instrumental examination and differential diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 48 patients with tuberculous peritonitis. The examination included radiography, abdominal and thoracic computed tomography, ultrasound, and laparoscopy. All patients underwent histological, cytological, microbiological and molecular-genetic analysis of abdominal exudate and peritoneal biopsy...
2018: Khirurgiia
Emanuela Roldi, Paolo Inghileri, Ophélie Dransart-Raye, Silvia Mongodi, Pierre-Grégoire Guinot, Francesco Mojoli, Belaïd Bouhemad
BACKGROUND: Left double-lumen tubes (LDLTs) are used in thoracic surgery to allow one-lung ventilation. Their size is usually chosen on the basis of clinical parameters (height, sex). Double-lumen endobronchial tubes are frequently undersized/oversized, risking tube displacement or tracheal trauma. A correlation between ultrasound tracheal diameter and left main bronchus dimension has been demonstrated. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesised that the insertion of undersized/oversized double-lumen tubes is frequent when the size is selected using standard criteria, and that the use of ultrasound to estimate tracheal diameter may help to reduce the frequency of insertion of oversized tubes...
March 2019: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Carlotta Biagi, Luca Pierantoni, Michelangelo Baldazzi, Laura Greco, Ada Dormi, Arianna Dondi, Giacomo Faldella, Marcello Lanari
BACKGROUND: Guidelines currently do not recommend the routine use of chest x-ray (CXR) in bronchiolitis. However, CXR is still performed in a high percentage of cases, mainly to diagnose or rule out pneumonia. The inappropriate use of CXR results in children exposure to ionizing radiations and increased medical costs. Lung Ultrasound (LUS) has become an emerging diagnostic tool for diagnosing pneumonia in the last decades. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of LUS for the detection of pneumonia in hospitalized children with bronchiolitis and to evaluate the agreement between LUS and CXR in diagnosing pneumonia in these patients...
December 7, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Hussein Awad Hussein, Cagri Binici, Rudolf Staufenbiel
Background: Respiratory troubles have economic impacts in countries where livestock industry is an important segment of the agricultural sector, as well as these problems may cause significant economic losses for bovine producers. Various practical methods are used to assess diseases that affect the bovine respiratory system. Ultrasonography is a noninvasive tool that has been used frequently in diagnosis of various animal diseases. The present study was designed to establish whether thoracic ultrasonography is a diagnostic tool for detection of respiratory troubles in weaned buffalo and cattle calves, as well as to assess its prognostic value in comparison with clinical respiratory scores...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Xiao Lu, ChunShuang Wu, YuZhi Gao, Mao Zhang
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy has been shown to reduce the need for mechanical ventilation and decrease the duration of hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stays for patients with a severely compromised respiratory system. This study aims to observe the evolution of lung aeration via lung ultrasound score (LUS) in a chest-injured population who had been treated with HFNC oxygen therapy, and to assess the benefit of the HFNC oxygen therapy in trauma patients...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sherif Assaad, Wolf B Kratzert, Albert C Perrino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Excessive accumulation of extravascular lung water (EVLW) resulting in pulmonary edema is the most feared complication following thoracic surgery and lung transplant. ICUs have long relied on chest radiography to monitor pulmonary status postoperatively but the increasing recognition of the limitations of bedside plain films has fueled development of newer technologies, which offer earlier detection, quantitative assessments, and can aide in preoperative screening of surgical candidates...
February 2019: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Tudor P Toma, Marco Trigiani, Alessandro Zanforlin, Riccardo Inchingolo, Mauro Zanobetti, Lucia Sammicheli, Emanuele G Conte, Giuseppe Buggio, Liliana Villari, Giampietro Marchetti
Ultrasound examination is traditionally considered a safe and repeatable exam, but its use is highly operator dependent. Because of this, lack of sufficient operator skills could lead to diagnostic errors and damage to patient safety related to unnecessary tests or interventional procedures. The indications for lung ultrasound include: diagnosis, quantification, and follow-up of different conditions for which acute respiratory failure or chest pain are the main clinical presentation. Clinician should have theoretical and practical knowledge on: physics and technology of ultrasound, indications and methodology of US examination, normal echographic thoracic anatomy and identification and detection of signs of pleuro-pulmonary pathology...
November 27, 2018: Panminerva Medica
Bérengère Dequéant, Quentin Pascal, Héloïse Bilbault, Elie Dagher, Maria-Laura Boschiroli, Nathalie Cordonnier, Edouard Reyes-Gomez
A 6-y-old neutered male ferret ( Mustela putorius furo) was presented because of a 1-mo history of progressive weight loss, chronic cough, and hair loss. On clinical examination, the animal was coughing, slightly depressed, moderately hypothermic, and had bilateral epiphora. Thoracic radiography was suggestive of severe multinodular interstitial pneumonia. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed hepatosplenomegaly and mesenteric and pancreaticoduodenal lymphadenopathy. Fine-needle aspiration of the pancreaticoduodenal lymph node, followed by routine Romanowsky and Ziehl-Neelsen stains, revealed numerous macrophages containing myriad acid-fast bacilli, leading to identification of mycobacteriosis...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Fady Samy Saad, Samia Yehia El Baradie, Maha Abdel Wahab Abdel Aliem, Mohamed Metwally Ali, Tamer Ahmed Mahmoud Kotb
Background: Thoracotomy needs adequate powerful postoperative analgesia. This study aims to compare the safety and efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) and thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for perioperative analgesia in cancer patients having lung lobectomy. Patients and Methods: This clinical trial involved 90 patients with lung cancer scheduled for lung lobectomy randomly divided into three groups according to the type of preemptive regional block...
October 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Alvin Shao Qiang Ong, Aik Hau Tan, Devanand Anantham, Kiran Sharma, Shera Tan, Therese Sophie Lapperre, Kah Yee Tham, Rehena Sultana, Mariko Siyue Koh
Background: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has a high diagnostic yield and low complication rate. Whilst it has been included in international guidelines for the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer, current results are mostly based on EBUS experts performing EBUS-TBNA in centres of excellence. The impact of simulation training on diagnostic yield, complications, scope damage and repair cost in a real-world teaching hospital is unclear. Methods: A review of our hospital EBUS-TBNA registry from August 2008 to December 2016 was performed...
September 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Jeffrey Gardecki, Kishan Patel, Omid Rowshan
Thoracic ultrasound has become an increasingly valuable tool in the evaluation of critically ill patients in the emergency department (ED). The utility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to identify suspected pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, pleural effusion and pneumonia has been well established (Pagano et al.; Brogi et al.; Cortellaro et al.; Irwin and Cook [1-4]). The 2014 American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Ultrasound Imaging Compendium included lung and pleural ultrasound with the primary indication of identifying pneumothorax and pleural effusion as part of the core POCUS indications for all emergency physicians [5]...
February 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hajo Findeisen, Corinna Trenker, Jens Figiel, Brandon H Greene, Konrad Görg, Christian Görg
PURPOSE:  To describe the vascularization of peripheral lung carcinoma in CEUS and to compare with B-mode ultrasound (US) and clinical data. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  From April 2004 until September 2015, n = 89 patients with peripheral lung carcinoma were investigated by B-mode US and CEUS. The extent (EE: hypoechoic, hyperechoic), homogeneity (HE: homogeneous, inhomogeneous) and time of enhancement (TE) have been defined. Early pulmonary-arterial enhancement (PA) before contrast floating to the thoracic wall was differentiated from simultaneous or delayed bronchial-arterial enhancement (BA)...
October 17, 2018: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Takahiro Nakajima, Ichiro Yoshino
Recent advance in bronchology and interventional pulmonology contributes to improve the quality of patient care in thoracic surgery. Narrow band imaging (NBI) combined with high definition bronchoscopy clearly visualize the aberrant tumor vessels on the mucosa of endobronchial malignancy. It helps the preoperative surgical planning for the clear bronchial margin during the surgery. The index of hemoglobin (IHb) show the approximate amount of hemoglobin within the mucosal surface and we use the IHb for the evaluation of local circulation of bronchial anastomosis after bronchoplasty...
September 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Songping Cui, Hui Li, Bo Tian, Chunfeng Song, Bin Hu
BACKGROUND: The Previous study has indicated that the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after lung cancer surgery is not uncommon. The aim of this study is to analyze the risk factors of postoperative VTE in lung cancer patients and provide a clinical basis for further prevention and treatment of VTE. METHODS: This study was a single-center study. From July 2016 to December 2017, all patients with lung cancer who underwent surgery in our department were enrolled into this study...
October 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
David J Feller-Kopman, Chakravarthy B Reddy, Malcolm M DeCamp, Rebecca L Diekemper, Michael K Gould, Travis Henry, Narayan P Iyer, Y C Gary Lee, Sandra Z Lewis, Nick A Maskell, Najib M Rahman, Daniel H Sterman, Momen M Wahidi, Alex A Balekian
BACKGROUND: This Guideline, a collaborative effort from the American Thoracic Society, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and Society of Thoracic Radiology, aims to provide evidence-based recommendations to guide contemporary management of patients with a malignant pleural effusion (MPE). METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel developed seven questions using the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, and Outcomes) format. The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach and the Evidence to Decision framework was applied to each question...
October 1, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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