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Peter Josse Roetman, Sebastian Lundström, Catrin Finkenauer, Robert Rafaël Joseph Marie Vermeiren, Paul Lichtenstein, Olivier Frederiek Colins
OBJECTIVE: Parental mental disorders (MD) and child early-onset disruptive behavior (DB) are well-established risk factors for poor outcomes in adolescence. However, it is not clear whether parental MD increases risk of future maladjustment among children who already display DB. METHOD: Parents of 9-year-old children reported on child DB, while a patient registry was used to determine parental MD. At follow-ups at 15 (N = 6319) and 18 years (N = 3068) information about various problems were collected via registries, parent- and, self-reports...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Joseph Ciarrochi, Baljinder K Sahdra, Patricia H Hawley, Emma K Devine
Resource control theory (RCT) posits that both antisocial and prosocial behaviors combine in unique ways to control resources such as friendships. We assessed students ( N = 2,803; 49.7% male) yearly from junior (grades 8-10) to senior high school (11-12) on antisocial (A) and prosocial (P) behavior, peer nominated friendship, and well-being. Non-parametric cluster analyses of the joint trajectories of A and P identified four stable profiles: non-strategic (moderately low A and P), bi-strategic (moderately high on A and P), prosocial (moderately low A and moderately high on P), and antisocial (moderately low on P, and very high on A)...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Trevor Gedeon, Joanne Parry, Birgit Völlm
Background and aims: Antisocial personality disorder is an enduring mental disorder associated with significant disease burden and treatment difficulties. This is apparent within forensic populations. There is growing evidence to suggest that treatment with oxytocin could have some benefit in treating a range of psychiatric disorders. There are no reviews studying the use of oxytocin for patients with ASPD. We aim to present the first literature review on the use of oxytocin in patients with ASPD. Method: We searched relevant databases for original research on effect of oxytocin upon persons with a diagnosis of ASPD or healthy participants with symptoms seen in ASPD...
2019: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Claudia Rodriguez-Ruiz, José Antonio Muñoz-Reyes, Marta Iglesias-Julios, Santiago Sanchez-Pages, Enrique Turiegano
Prosocial third-party punishment (3PP) is a punitive behavior against antisocial individuals, which might explain extended cooperativeness in humans. 3PP shows sexual dimorphism, being more frequent in men than in women. We studied whether sexually dimorphic features related to sexual hormones during development (facial dimorphism and 2D:4D) influence the tendency to engage in 3PP in a sample of 511 women and 328 men. After playing a Prisoner's Dilemma, participants had to decide whether to penalize the defection of a third player who had exploited his/her counterpart's cooperation...
March 12, 2019: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Reza Mansouri, Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Morteza Naderan, Mohammad Soleimani, Fatemeh Minaei Zangi, Dianaalsadat Matini
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of various personality disorders in patients with open globe injuries caused by violent eye trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred patients were divided equally to case and control groups. The case group was selected from admitted patients with open globe injury following a violent act. We considered open globe injuries not involved in violence as the control group. All patients interviewed using SCID-II questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean age was 30...
March 11, 2019: Eye
Luis Villalobos-Gallegos, Sonia Pérez-Matus, Rosario Valdez-Santiago, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
This study assesses the individual contribution of youth symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (before the age of 15) in past-month suicidal behavior in adults with substance use disorders. Youth antisocial symptoms and Suicidal Behavior were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Indicators of youth antisocial symptoms were significantly associated with suicide outcomes; lack of remorse (OR =2.68 CI 95% 1.37, 5.25) and sexual assault with planning, and destruction of property to attempt (OR =4...
March 11, 2019: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Carolina Pletti, Jean Decety, Markus Paulus
Moral identity, or moral self, is the degree to which being moral is important to a person's self-concept. It is hypothesized to be the "missing link" between moral judgment and moral action. However, its cognitive and psychophysiological mechanisms are still subject to debate. In this study, we used Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to examine whether the moral self concept is related to how people process prosocial and antisocial actions. To this end, participants' implicit and explicit moral self-concept was assessed...
March 11, 2019: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Justin D Garwood, John W McKenna, Garrett J Roberts, Stephen Ciullo, Mikyung Shin
The importance of social studies and civics education is increasing, as evidenced by the growing number of states requiring coursework in this area for graduation and its growing presence in school accountability frameworks. Social studies instruction is critical for all students so that they may understand their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens and how their actions can influence their communities. Students who exhibit antisocial behaviors, such as those with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD), may especially benefit from social studies and civics education as it promotes college and career readiness and provides opportunities to engage in social problem solving and perspective taking...
March 10, 2019: Behavior Modification
Nathan J Kolla, Sylvain Houle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to provide a comprehensive discussion of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) studies of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and aggression. RECENT FINDINGS: Among ASPD males with high impulsivity, the density of brainstem serotonin (5-HT) transporters shows a relationship with impulsivity, aggression, and ratings of childhood trauma. 5-HT1B receptor (R) binding in the striatum, anterior cingulate cortex, and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) correlated with anger, aggression, and psychopathic traits in another study of violent offenders, most of whom were diagnosed with ASPD...
March 9, 2019: Current Psychiatry Reports
Sylvia M van der Pal, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Martha A Grootenhuis, Aleid G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, Gijsbert H W Verrips
BACKGROUND: The achievement of age-specific developmental milestones in youth is of great importance to the adjustment in adult life. Young adults who were born preterm, might go through a different developmental trajectory and transition into adulthood than their peers. This study aimed to compare the psychosocial developmental trajectory of young adults who were born preterm with peers from the general population. Young adults from the POPS (Project On Preterm and Small for gestational age infants) cohort study, born in 1983 in the Netherlands, completed online the Course of Life Questionnaire (CoLQ - achievement of psychosocial developmental milestones) at 28 years of age...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes
Samuel W Hawes, Rebecca Waller, Wesley K Thompson, Luke W Hyde, Amy L Byrd, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Raul Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Callous-unemotional (CU) traits are critical to developmental, diagnostic, and clinical models of antisocial behaviors (AB). However, assessments of CU traits within large-scale longitudinal and neurobiologically focused investigations remain remarkably sparse. We sought to develop a brief measure of CU traits using items from widely administered instruments that could be linked to neuroimaging, genetic, and environmental data within already existing datasets and future studies...
March 8, 2019: Psychological Medicine
Alexandra Sebastian, Wolfgang Retz, Oliver Tüscher, Daniel Turner
The prevalence of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is significantly higher among offenders compared to the prevalence found in the general population. Both disorders share important diagnostic characteristics and thus it has been suggested that they might follow a common developmental pathway. In this narrative review, we first discuss the potential links of disorder inherent symptoms such as impulsivity and emotion regulation difficulties and how they might elevate the risk of violent delinquency...
March 4, 2019: Neuropharmacology
Dana M Prince, Bernadette Hohl, Bronwyn A Hunter, Azure B Thompson, Samantha L Matlin, Alice J Hausman, Jacob Kraemer Tebes
Neighborhood context, including the physical and social environment, has been implicated as important contributors to positive youth development. A transactional approach to neighborhood asserts that place and people are mutually constitutive; negative perceptions of place are intrinsically bound with negative portrayals of stigmatized groups, including youth. Adult perceptions of neighborhood youth may contribute to an increased sense of alienation and youth antisocial behavior. This study uses street-intercept interviews with adults (N = 408) to examine the relationship between neighborhood conditions and adult support for neighborhood youth...
March 2019: American Journal of Community Psychology
Eric L Thibodeau, Katherine E Masyn, Fred A Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti
This study used a structural equation mixture model to examine associations between child maltreatment, polygenic risk, and indices of adaptive functioning. Children aged 6 to 13 years (N = 1,004), half maltreated, half nonmaltreated, were recruited to attend a research day camp. Multi-informant indicators of prosocial behavior, antisocial behavior, withdrawn behavior, and depression were collected and used in a latent class analysis. Four classes emerged, characterizing "well-adjusted," "externalizing," "internalizing," and "socially dominant" groups...
March 6, 2019: Development and Psychopathology
Thomas W Wojciechowski
Antisocial personality disorder is a mental illness that is a major public health concern. Both post-traumatic stress disorder and association with antisocial peers have been found to be associated with increased risk for diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder. Despite this, past research has yet to examine the interrelatedness of these three constructs from a developmental perspective. This study sought to examine the effect of post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescence on the risk for antisocial personality disorder diagnosis in adulthood and the relevance of differences in developmental patterns of degree of association with antisocial peers in adolescence as an additional risk factor...
February 20, 2019: Psychiatry Research
Bradley T Kerridge, S Patricia Chou, Roger P Pickering
Objective: To compare prevalence rates of alcohol, nicotine, and other drug use and major psychiatric disorders (major depressive disorder, persistent depression, bipolar I disorder, agoraphobia, social and specific phobias, and antisocial, schizotypal, and borderline personality disorders) between US-born and foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites and between early entry versus later-entry foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Methods: Data were derived from face-to-face interviews in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (N = 36,309)...
February 28, 2019: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Allison Stuppy-Sullivan, Arielle Baskin-Sommers
Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a costly clinical condition. Previous studies identify executive dysfunction and reward sensitivity as factors contributing to APD. However, empirical evidence supporting the role of these factors in APD is mixed. The present study aimed to identify and specify APD-related dysfunction in cognitive and reward factors. In a sample of incarcerated males ( N = 116), we administered three tasks targeting distinct cognitive (perception, executive functioning, and probabilistic decision-making) and reward (magnitude and consciousness) factors...
February 28, 2019: Personality Disorders
Ing-Marie Nilsson, Susanne Brogårdh-Roth, Johanna Månsson, EwaCarin Ekberg
AIM: To evaluate the frequency of TMD pain among adolescents with a history of preterm birth compared to a matched control group. METHODS: A group of 192 preterm-born adolescents was followed up at the age of 17-19 years and compared to matched controls. Self-report questionnaires included screening questions about TMD pain, chronic diseases, general health, depression, anxiety, anger, antisocial behavior, and self-concept. TMD pain was defined as answering 'yes' to one or both of the following questions: "Do you have pain in the temple, face, temporomandibular joint, or jaws once a week or more?" and "Do you have pain when you open your mouth wide or chew once a week or more often?" Data analysis was performed using chi-square test and logistic regression model with likelihood ratio test...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Takahiro Osumi, Koki Tsuji, Midori Shibata, Satoshi Umeda
The processing of social stimuli generated by one's own voluntary behavior is an element of social adaptation. It is known that self-generated stimuli induce attenuated sensory experiences compared with externally generated stimuli. The present study aimed to examine this self-specific attenuation effect on early stimulus processing in the case of others' facial expressions during interpersonal interactions. In addition, this study explored the possibility that the self-specific attenuation effect on social cognition is modulated by antisocial personality traits such as Machiavellianism...
January 2019: Psychiatry Research
A Maiese, M dell'Aquila, S Romano, A Santurro, A De Matteis, M Scopetti, M Arcangeli, R La Russa
The freedom-restraining measures used during Involuntary Health Treatment (IHT) are highly criticized in the medical community. Physical restraint techniques are currently largely used worldwide in Psychiatry. The use of restraints against the patient's will can be considered a serious intrusion of basic human rights and even an act of violence against the patient. In all cases, the restraint should not lead to injuries or damage to the patient's health and should be implemented with a respect of the human rights and dignity...
January 2019: La Clinica Terapeutica
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