Read by QxMD icon Read

Vitamin D melanogenesis

Hassan Ibrahim, Moustafa El Taieb, Zeinab El Gamel, Abdel Rahman El Saied
BACKGROUND: Narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) is the gold standard in the treatment of vitiligo. 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH- vitamin D) might play a physiological role in photo-induced melanogenesis in human skin so the association between vitamin D levels and vitiligo still needs to be investigated more thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: we aim to investigate the influence of cumulative doses of NB-UVB phototherapy on vitamin D in patients with vitiligo and their correlation with NB-UVB-induced pigmentation...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Richard A Sturm, David L Duffy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Ebru Karagün, Can Ergin, Sevim Baysak, Gönül Erden, Habibullah Aktaş, Özlem Ekiz
INTRODUCTION: Vitiligo is a common acquired pigmentary skin disorder. Vitamin D is responsible for skin pigmentation, increases tyrosinase activity and melanogenesis, and exhibits immunoregulatory functions. Low levels of vitamin D are associated with many autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and alopecia areata. Few reports have evaluated serum vitamin D levels in vitiligo patients, and their results are conflicting...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Reham William Doss, Abdel-Aziz El-Rifaie, Yasser M Gohary, Laila A Rashed
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a progressive depigmenting disorder characterized by loss of functional melanocytes from the epidermis. The etiopathogenesis of vitiligo is still unclear. Vitamin D has stimulatory effects on melanocytes and acts through its nuclear Vitamin D receptor (VDR) on target cells. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to declare the role of Vitamin D in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 30 vitiligo patients and 30 age, gender-matched healthy controls...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Tomasz Wasiewicz, Paulina Szyszka, Miroslawa Cichorek, Zorica Janjetovic, Robert C Tuckey, Andrzej T Slominski, Michal A Zmijewski
Deregulated melanogenesis is involved in melanomagenesis and melanoma progression and resistance to therapy. Vitamin D analogs have anti-melanoma activity. While the hypercalcaemic effect of the active form of Vitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3) limits its therapeutic use, novel Vitamin D analogs with a modified side chain demonstrate low calcaemic activity. We therefore examined the effect of secosteroidal analogs, both classic (1,25(OH)2D3 and 25(OH)D3), and novel relatively non-calcemic ones (20(OH)D3, calcipotriol, 21(OH)pD, pD and 20(OH)pL), on proliferation, colony formation in monolayer and soft-agar, and mRNA and protein expression by melanoma cells...
March 24, 2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Manu Sehrawat, Tarlok Chand Arora, Amrita Chauhan, Hemanta Kumar Kar, Amitabh Poonia, Vijayeeta Jairath
Cholecalciferol (vitamin D) might play a physiological role in photo-induced melanogenesis in human skin. We estimated the levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] before, during, and after Narrow Band Ultraviolet B (NBUVB) radiation in patients of vitiligo and their correlation with NBUVB induced pigmentation. Thirty patients of vitiligo and equal number of age and sex matched controls were recruited for the study. Vitiligo patients were treated with NBUVB thrice weekly for 12 weeks. [25(OH)D] levels and Vitiligo Area and Severity Index (VASI) were calculated at 0 (baseline), 6, and 12 weeks...
2014: ISRN Dermatology
Khalid AlGhamdi, Ashok Kumar, Noura Moussa
Vitiligo is a common pigmentary disorder caused by the destruction of functional melanocytes. Vitamin D is an essential hormone synthesized in the skin and is responsible for skin pigmentation. Low levels of vitamin D have been observed in vitiligo patients and in patients with other autoimmune diseases. Therefore, the relationship between vitamin D and vitiligo needs to be investigated more thoroughly. We reviewed the literature to date regarding the role of vitamin D in skin pigmentation. Our review revealed that vitamin D deficiency has been identified in many conditions, including premature and dysmature birth, pigmented skin, obesity, advanced age, and malabsorption...
November 2013: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Andrzej T Slominski, Tae-Kang Kim, Wei Li, Ae-Kyung Yi, Arnold Postlethwaite, Robert C Tuckey
Research over the last decade has revealed that CYP11A1 can hydroxylate the side chain of vitamin D3 at carbons 17, 20, 22 and 23 to produce at least 10 metabolites, with 20(OH)D3, 20,23(OH)2D3, 20,22(OH)2D3, 17,20(OH)2D3 and 17,20,23(OH)3D3 being the main products. However, CYP11A1 does not act on 25(OH)D3. The placenta, adrenal glands and epidermal keratinocytes have been shown to metabolize vitamin D3 via this CYP11A1-mediated pathway that is modified by the activity of CYP27B1, with 20(OH)D3 (the major metabolite), 20,23(OH)2D3, 1,20(OH)2D3, 1,20,23(OH)3D3 and 17,20,23(OH)3D3 being detected, defining these secosteroids as endogenous regulators/natural products...
October 2014: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
S Leoty-Okombi, S Bonnet, D Rival, V Degrave, X Lin, B Vogelgesang, V André-Frei
Tyrosinase is the rate-limiting enzyme in the melanogenesis process. It remains the most efficient way to downregulate melanin production and improve unsightly pigmentary disorders. The aim of our investigations was to find a structurally characterized molecule with better efficacy than existing molecules without cell toxicity. We focused our investigations on compounds that could act as substrate-mimicking inhibitors of tyrosinase and identified N-feruloyldopamine as the best candidate. In vitro, N-feruloyldopamine inhibited human tyrosinase with higher efficacy than the reference inhibitor arbutin without cell toxicity at least up to 100 μM as measured in cultured normal human epidermal melanocytes (NHEMs)...
March 2013: Journal of Cosmetic Science
Chih-Hung Lee, Shi-Bei Wu, Chien-Hui Hong, Hsin-Su Yu, Yau-Huei Wei
The human skin is an integral system that acts as a physical and immunological barrier to outside pathogens, toxicants, and harmful irradiations. Environmental ultraviolet rays (UV) from the sun might potentially play a more active role in regulating several important biological responses in the context of global warming. UV rays first encounter the uppermost epidermal keratinocytes causing apoptosis. The molecular mechanisms of UV-induced apoptosis of keratinocytes include direct DNA damage (intrinsic), clustering of death receptors on the cell surface (extrinsic), and generation of ROS...
2013: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska, Wojciech Silny, Aleksandra Dańczak-Pazdrowska, Karolina Olek-Hrab, Bartosz Mańkowski, Krzysztof Osmola, Dorota Hojan-Jezierska, Leszek Kubisz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sunlight is the major source of the energy on Earth. Visible light, ultraviolet and infrared radiation are necessary to sustain life on our planet. However, besides the range of positive effects, such as photosynthesis in plants, warmth, vision, and synthesis of vitamin D, sunlight may also be responsible for negative biologic effects - sunburn, induction of photodermatoses or carcinogenesis. Ultraviolet is regarded as the major environmental, physical hazard to the human skin...
2012: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Andrzej T Slominski, Zorica Janjetovic, Tae-Kang Kim, Adam C Wright, Laura N Grese, Samuel J Riney, Minh N Nguyen, Robert C Tuckey
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To test the activity of novel hydroxyvitamin D(3) analogs (20(OH)D(3), 20,23(OH)(2)D and 1,20(OH)(2)D(3)) on normal and malignant melanocytes in comparison to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human epidermal melanocytes and human and hamster melanoma cells were used to measure effects on proliferation and colony formation in monolayer and soft agar. Cell morphology and melanogenesis were also analyzed. QPCR was used to measure gene expression...
September 2012: Anticancer Research
N G Jablonski
Functionally naked skin which comes in a range of colours is unique to the human species. This review summarises current evidence pertaining to the evolution of these attributes. The biggest changes in the integument occurred during the course of human evolution in equatorial Africa, under regimes of high daytime temperatures and high ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Loss of most functional body hair was accompanied by the evolution of an epidermis with a specialised stratum corneum and permanent, protective, eumelanin pigmentation...
March 2012: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Anna A Brożyna, Wojciech Jozwicki, Zorica Janjetovic, Andrzej T Slominski
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 affects proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis and protects DNA against oxidative damage with a net tumorostatic and anticarcinogenic effect. It acts through a specific nuclear receptor that is widely distributed through the body. Although a beneficial role of vitamin D in melanoma patients has been suggested, there is lack of information on the changes in the expression pattern of vitamin D receptor during progression of pigmented lesions. Using immunohistochemistry, we analyzed the expression of vitamin D receptor in 140 samples obtained form 82 patients, including 25 benign nevi, 70 primary cutaneous melanomas, 35 metastases, 5 re-excisions, and 5 normal skin biopsies...
May 2011: Human Pathology
Nina G Jablonski, George Chaplin
Human skin pigmentation is the product of two clines produced by natural selection to adjust levels of constitutive pigmentation to levels of UV radiation (UVR). One cline was generated by high UVR near the equator and led to the evolution of dark, photoprotective, eumelanin-rich pigmentation. The other was produced by the requirement for UVB photons to sustain cutaneous photosynthesis of vitamin D(3) in low-UVB environments, and resulted in the evolution of depigmented skin. As hominins dispersed outside of the tropics, they experienced different intensities and seasonal mixtures of UVA and UVB...
May 11, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yuto Kamei, Yuri Otsuka, Kouichi Abe
The effect of eight vitamin E analogues (d-alpha-, dl-alpha-, d-beta-, d-gamma-, and d-delta-tocopherols, d-alpha- and dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetates) and 2,2,5,7,8-pentamethyl-6-hydroxychroman (PMC) on melanogenesis were compared in mouse B16 melanoma cells. D-beta-tocopherol at 250 mug ml(-1) inhibited not only 28% of melanin synthesis in B16 cells, but also 34% of the tyrosinase activity, a very important cascade enzyme involved in the synthesis of melanin in melanoma cells. D-gamma-tocopherol also strongly inhibited up to 39% of melanin synthesis and 45% of the tyrosinase enzyme activity at the same concentration...
April 2009: Cytotechnology
Karin U Schallreuter, Sybille Hasse, Hartmut Rokos, Bhaven Chavan, Mohamed Shalbaf, Jennifer D Spencer, John M Wood
Cholesterol is important for membrane stability and is the key substrate for the synthesis of steroid hormones and vitamin D. Furthermore, it is a major component of the lipid barrier in the stratum corneum of the human epidermis. Considering that steroid hormone synthesis is taking place in epidermal melanocytes, we tested whether downstream oestrogen receptor/cAMP signalling via MITF/tyrosine hydroxylase/tyrosinase/pigmentation could be possibly modulated by cholesterol. For this purpose, we utilized human primary melanocyte cell cultures and human melanoma cells with different pigmentation capacity applying immunofluorescence, RT-PCR, Western blotting and determination of melanin content...
August 2009: Experimental Dermatology
Stanca Ariana Birlea, Gertrude-Emilia Costin, David Albert Norris
Vitiligo is a progressive depigmenting disorder affecting 0.5-2% of the population worldwide in which destruction of functional melanocytes from epidermis is a composite of multiple processes influencing melanocyte function and survival. A number of studies have recently reported that the treatment with vitamin D compounds or their combination with ultraviolet light or corticosteroids enhances repigmentation in vitiligo; however, the causal relationship at the cellular and molecular levels has not so far been investigated...
May 2009: Medicinal Research Reviews
S A Birlea, G-E Costin, D A Norris
The active metabolite of vitamin D3 - 1,25-(OH)2D3 - exerts most of its physiological and pharmacological actions through its nuclear receptor (VDR), regulating the transcriptional machinery of a variety of cell types. Basic research motivated by the detection of VDR in numerous target cells, has indicated potential therapeutic applications of VDR ligands in osteoporosis, cancer, secondary hyperparathyroidism and autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis...
April 2008: Current Drug Targets
Hyunkeun Song, Daeho Cho, Jun Ho Jeon, Seung Hyun Han, Dae Young Hur, Young Sang Kim, Inpyo Choi
The expression of vitamin D(3) up-regulating protein-1 (VDUP1) was up-regulated by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (VD3) treatment in B16 mouse melanoma cells. The functional effect of VDUP1 on B16F10 melanoma cells was demonstrated by reduction of Fas ligand and CD44 expression in cells transfected with VDUP1 antisense cDNA. Furthermore, intracellular reactive oxygen species level and cell proliferation were decreased in antisense transfectants compared with those in vector controls. However, melanin synthesis was up-regulated in antisense transfectants...
May 1, 2003: Immunology Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"