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B16 melanosome transfer

Yushi Katsuyama, Norihisa Taira, Masato Yoshioka, Yuri Okano, Hitoshi Masaki
The formation of skin pigmentation requires multiple steps, namely the activation of melanocytes, the synthesis of melanin, the transport of melanosomes to the tips of melanocyte dendrites and the transfer of melanosomes from melanocytes to surrounding keratinocytes. Recently, we reported that melanosomes accumulate in melanocytes when melanosome transport is disrupted and that they are then degraded by the autophagy system. In this study, we examined whether 3-O-glyceryl-2-O-hexyl ascorbate (VC-HG) suppresses melanogenesis through the activation of autophagy since VC-HG interferes with melanosome transport through the down-regulated expression of MyosinVa and Kinesin...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Barbara Bellei, Angela Pitisci, Emilia Migliano, Giorgia Cardinali, Mauro Picardo
Transfer of melanin-containing melanosomes from melanocytes to neighboring keratinocytes results in skin pigmentation. Pharmacological modulation of melanosomal transfer has recently gained much attention as a strategy for modifying normal or abnormal pigmentation. In this study, while investigating the impact of pyridinyl imidazole (PI) compounds, a class of p38 MAPK inhibitors, on melanocyte differentiation we observed that some, but not all PIs interfere with the physiological melanosome sorting producing a strong retention of melanin in the intracellular compartment associated with a general reduction of melanin synthesis...
April 2014: Cellular Signalling
Jan M Bruder, Zachary A Pfeiffer, Jonathan M Ciriello, Diana M Horrigan, Nadine L Wicks, Benjamin Flaherty, Elena Oancea
Melanocytes present in skin and other organs synthesize and store melanin pigment within membrane-delimited organelles called melanosomes. Exposure of human skin to ultraviolet radiation (UV) stimulates melanin production in melanosomes, followed by transfer of melanosomes from melanocytes to neighboring keratinocytes. Melanosomal function is critical for protecting skin against UV radiation, but the mechanisms underlying melanosomal movement and transfer are not well understood. Here we report a novel fluorescent melanosomal marker, which we used to measure real-time melanosomal dynamics in live human epidermal melanocytes (HEMs) and transfer in melanocyte-keratinocyte co-cultures...
2012: PloS One
Behrooz Kasraee, Damjan S Nikolic, Denis Salomon, Pierre Carraux, Lionel Fontao, Vincent Piguet, Gholamhossein R Omrani, Olivier Sorg, Jean-Hilaire Saurat
We assessed the ability of ebselen, a glutathione peroxidase mimic, to reduce pigmentation in various models. In murine B16 melanocytes, 25 μm ebselen inhibited melanogenesis and induced a depolymerisation of actin filaments. In co-cultures of B16 melanocytes with BDVII keratinocytes, a pretreatment of melanocytes with ebselen resulted in a strong inhibition of melanosome transfer to keratinocytes, as shown under optical and electron microscopy. In reconstructed epidermis, topical 0.5% ebselen led to a twofold decrease of melanin without affecting the density of active melanocytes...
January 2012: Experimental Dermatology
M Mochii, K Agata, G Eguchi
A full-length cDNA clone encoding a 115-kDa melanosomal matrix protein (MMP115) was isolated from a cDNA library constructed from poly(A)+ RNA of the chicken pigmented epithelial cells. Sequence analysis showed that the cDNA encoded a polypeptide of 762 amino acids, including a hydrophobic signal peptide. There are no membrane-spanning regions, but there are five N-linked glycosylation signals. A cysteine- and histidine-rich domain is present near the C-terminus. A sequence of 24 amino acids is repeated three times in the polypeptide...
February 1991: Pigment Cell Research
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