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regional and usg

Mehmet Eser Sancaktar, Gülser Saylam, Bülent Öcal, Ahmet Uluat, Ömer Bayır, Erman Çakal, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz
Backround/aim: Papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) frequently metastasize to regional lymph nodes. Our purpose was to investigate the predictive role of tumor location for lymph node metastasis pattern in PTCs. Materials and methods: Medical records of 110 PTC patients were reviewed retrospectively. Tumor location was determined as upper, middle, and lower pole according to ultrasonography (USG) findings. The effects of age, sex, tumor size, and location on lymph node metastasis were investigated...
February 11, 2019: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Ian R Waite, Mark D Munn, Patrick W Moran, Chris P Konrad, Lisa H Nowell, Mike R Meador, Peter C Van Metre, Daren M Carlisle
During 2014, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project assessed stream quality in 75 streams across an urban disturbance gradient within the Piedmont ecoregion of southeastern United States. Our objectives were to identify primary instream stressors affecting algal, macroinvertebrate and fish assemblages in wadeable streams. Biotic communities were surveyed once at each site, and various instream stressors were measured during a 4-week index period preceding the ecological sampling...
April 10, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Eyüp Aydoğan, Betül Kozanhan
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) applications are important in the practice of the anesthesiology and algology in our country as well as in the world. Despite the positive effect on the patient care of the UGRA, there is concern that ultrasound probes may be used repeatedly and assume a vector role in pathogen transport. There is no standard protocol in our country to provide basic hygiene before UGRA techniques, which is a part of the daily practices of anesthesiologists...
January 2019: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Gözde Derindağ, Özkan Miloğlu, Muhammed Akif Sümbüllü
Buccal bifurcation cyst (BBC) is an uncommon inflammatory odontogenic cyst that generally occurs at the buccal region of the permanent mandibular first molars in children aged 6-8 years. The diagnosis of BBC cannot be made from the histopathologic features; therefore, diagnosis is primarily based on specific clinical and radiographic findings. In this case report, we present the clinical and radiological findings, including ultrasonography (USG) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, of a 10-year-old boy who was referred with a complaint of swelling on the lower right jaw...
July 26, 2018: Oral Radiology
S Shahi, Anupam Raj Upadhyay, Anuj Devkota, Tridip Pantha, Dipendra Gautam, Dhundi Raj Paudel
INTRODUCTION: Carotid body tumors also known as parganglioma or chemodactomas are one of the rare tumors of head and neck which present as slow growing masses in the neck region. We present a case of 40 years female with painless slow growing mass over left side of her neck for 6 months. Diagnosis was made on basis of clinical history, examination and radiological findings. Tumor was graded as Shamblin grade II. She was managed with excision of the tumor without preoperative embolisation...
October 25, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mustafa Akkaya, Nurdan Cay, Safa Gursoy, Mehmet Emin Simsek, Mesut Tahta, Metin Doğan, Murat Bozkurt
AIM: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is generally the preferred method for assessing lesions of the knee cartilage and subchondral bone. There have been a few cartilage imaging studies using real-time elastosonography (RTE), which has increased in importance and range of use in recent years. The aim of this cadaveric study was to assess the efficacy of a new diagnostic method combining USG and RTE and also to perform intra-articular examinations together with arthroscopy. METHODS: A total of 12 fresh unpaired human knees were examined...
October 15, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Sameer Ramesh Zope, Abhishek A Talathi, Avadhut Kamble, Selabh Thakur, Pradeep Dilip Taide, Vaibhav Kumar, Harkanwal Preet Singh
Introduction: Ultrasonography (USG) is found to be important in identifying various soft-tissue pathologies in the orofacial region. Therefore, its features should be studied and documented in these lesions so that a more appropriate provisional diagnosis can be made. Aim: This study aims to study ultrasonographic features in various kinds of swellings in the orofacial region. Materials and Methods: The study grouped consists of 30 patients of both sexes (20 males and 10 females) with an age range of 15-70 years complaining of swellings in the orofacial region...
July 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
Balakrishnan M Acharya, Pramod Devkota, Suman K Shrestha, Nabeesman S Pradhan, Shiraz Ahmad
Synovial chondromatosis is a benign arthropathy rarely seen in diarthrodial joints. Extra-articular bilateral symmetrical synovial chondromatosis of shoulder is the rarest variety. The diagnosis is established with the help of imaging modalities and histopathological examinations. This report describes a case of a 39-year-old woman who presented with symmetrical, progressively increasing swelling over the bilateral shoulder region, of 12-18 months duration, with dull ache and restricted movements of the shoulder joints...
September 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Hilmi Erdem Sumbul, Ayse Selcan Koc, Derya Demirtas
BACKGROUND: Increased carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) and increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in hypertension (HT) patients are indicators of asymptomatic organ damage. The relationship between carotid IMT and CF-PWV has been shown; studies comparing CF-PWV and IMT values within different vascular regions are limited. We aimed to investigate the relationship between IMT value measured from different anatomical regions and CF-PWV, and the localization of IMT that determines increased CF-PWV best...
August 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Sayan Nath, Debesh Bhoi, Virender Kumar Mohan, Praveen Talawar
The postoperative pain management in open thoracotomy is very crucial as the effective analgesia can prevent respiratory and thrombotic complications and lead to early mobilization and discharge. The thoracic epidural analgesia is the gold standard in such surgeries; however, there are few adverse effects such as hypotension, dural puncture, and contralateral block that always warrants safer alternative. Recently, with the advent of ultrasound, the regional anesthetic techniques are getting more popular to avoid such complications...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Neriman Mor, Tülay Diken Allahverdi, Ertuğrul Allahverdi, Ümit Yener Tekdoğan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the serological and radiological analysis and medical and surgical treatment results of patients diagnosed with cystic echinococcosis (CE). METHODS: Records belonging to a total of 67 patients diagnosed with CE who presented to the Kars Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine Research Hospital's Surgical Outpatient unit between January 2012 and December 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Of 67 CE cases, 53 (79...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Sakthivel Chinnakkulam Kandhasamy, Thangadurai Ramasamy Raju, Ashok Kumar Sahoo, Gopalakrishnan Gunasekaran
Cystic lymphangioma of the parotid gland is an uncommon congenital lymphatic malformation. Its occurrence in patients of advanced age is infrequent. Patients usually present with painless soft swelling, often having experienced a long duration of symptoms. Lymphangioma among the salivary glands frequently involves the parotid gland. When evaluating cystic lesions of the parotid gland, cystic lymphangioma should be included in the differential diagnosis in addition to Warthin's tumor, branchial cyst, cystic pleomorphic adenoma, and cystic mucoepidermoid tumor...
May 18, 2018: Curēus
Adesola Ojo Ojoawo, Elijah Oluwatobiloba Malomo, Emmanuel Olufemi Olusegun, B Matthew Olatokunbo Olaogun
The study examined the effect of pulsed therapeutic ultrasound in management of patients with incessant pain at lower region of the back (PWIPLB) in comparison with kneading massage (KM). Fifty PWIPLB recruited purposively were randomly assigned into ultrasound group (USG) and KM group (KMG) equally. Subjects received back extension exercises as baseline treatment. USG received pulse ultrasound (PUS) while KMG was treated using KM. The treatments were administered 2 times weekly for a 6-week period. Severity of pain (SP) and inability of patient (IoP) were evaluated at baseline, 3rd week and 6th week of treatment...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Kenneth Belitz, Elise Watson, Tyler D Johnson, Jennifer Sharpe
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) previously identified and mapped 62 Principal Aquifers (PAs) in the U.S., with 57 located in the conterminous states. Areas outside of PAs, which account for about 40% of the conterminous U.S., were collectively identified as "other rocks." This paper, for the first time, subdivides this large area into internally-consistent features, defined here as Secondary Hydrogeologic Regions (SHRs). SHRs are areas of other rock within which the rocks or deposits are of comparable age, lithology, geologic or physiographic setting, and relationship to the presence or absence of underling PAs or overlying glacial deposits...
July 3, 2018: Ground Water
Philippe Magazzeni, Denis Jochum, Gabriella Iohom, Gérard Mekler, Eliane Albuisson, Hervé Bouaziz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For superficial surgery of anteromedial and posteromedial surfaces of the upper arm, the medial brachial cutaneous nerve (MBCN) and the intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) must be selectively blocked, in addition to an axillary brachial plexus block. We compared efficacy of ultrasound-guided (USG) versus conventional block of the MBCN and the ICBN. METHODS: Eighty-four patients, undergoing upper limb surgery, were randomized to receive either USG (n = 42) or conventional (n = 42) block of the MBCN and the ICBN with 1% mepivacaine...
November 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Sathish Kandasamy, Ramkumar Govindarajalou, Sunitha Vellathussery Chakkalakkoombil, Prasanth Penumadu
Hepatobiliary system involvement is frequently seen as part of disseminated tubercular infection. But primary isolated hepatobiliary tuberculosis with no evidence of tuberculosis elsewhere in the body is extremely rare. Isolated hepatobiliary tuberculosis can cause diagnostic dilemma as the clinical, laboratory and imaging features are non-specific in majority of the cases. We report the case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with hepatobiliary tuberculosis with no pulmonary or extra hepatic involvement...
June 6, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Tarun Mittal, Ashish Dey, Rahul Siddhartha, Abhilash Nali, Bimla Sharma, Vinod Malik
BACKGROUND: Pain following bariatric surgery can be quite troublesome and prolongs recovery. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a new regional anesthetic technique to reduce postoperative pain and is an important part of current analgesic regimen for many abdominal surgeries. The primary objective of our study was to assess the efficacy of the TAP block in controlling postoperative pain in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Secondary outcomes assessed in this study were postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), time to ambulate, readiness for discharge, and whether it leads to improved patient satisfaction...
December 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Fernando Fernández-Ramírez, Luis M Hurtado-López, Mario A López, Eva Martínez-Peñafiel, Norma E Herrera-González, Luis Kameyama, Omar Sepúlveda-Robles
Thyroid cancer is the most frequent endocrine malignancy, and its incidence and prevalence are increasing worldwide. Despite its generally good prognosis, the observed mortality rates are higher in the less-developed regions. This indicates that timely diagnosis and appropriate initial management of this disease are important to achieve a positive outcome. We performed an observational study in order to describe the frequency of the BRAF 1799T>A mutation in Mexican mestizo patients with thyroid nodules, a scarcely studied ethnic group with large populations...
2018: BioMed Research International
Pankaj S Jha, Varsha Rote-Kaginalkar, Prashant Titare, Manoj B Jadhav
Developmental defects of the thyroid gland are very rare. The common developmental abnormalities are ectopic thyroid, hemiagenesis and agenesis of thyroid gland. These developmental defects may or may not be associated with deranged thyroid function tests. Ultrasonography (USG) is the initial modality of choice for thyroid hemiagenesis but further evaluation by computed tomography (CT) scan or nuclear scan should be done to look for ectopic thyroid tissue rest. Here, we report a rare case of a 9-year-old female having hemiagenesis of the right thyroid lobe and isthmus along with dual ectopic thyroid tissue at prehyoid and infrahyoid regions of the neck presenting as a midline neck swelling and subclinical hypothyroidism...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Hoehun Ha, Wei Tu
Suicide is a serious but preventable public health issue. Several previous studies have revealed a positive association between altitude and suicide rates at the county level in the contiguous United States. We assessed the association between suicide rates and altitude using a cross-county ecological study design. Data on suicide rates were obtained from a Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), maintained by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Altitude data were collected from the United States Geological Survey (USGS)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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