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leptomeningeal metastasis

Mengxi Ge, Qiong Zhan, Zhenzhen Zhang, Xiaoyu Ji, Xinli Zhou, Ruofan Huang, Xiaohua Liang
BACKGROUND: The nucleic acid mutation status in intracranial metastasis is markedly significant clinically. The goal of the current study was to explore whether the tumor-associated mutations can be detected by different next-generation sequencing (NGS) pipelines in paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples from lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LM). METHODS: Paired CSF cell free DNA (cfDNA), CSF cells, plasma and formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples of primary tumors were collected from 29 LAC patients with LM to detect the mutations by different NGS pipelines...
February 12, 2019: BMC Cancer
Emilie Le Rhun, Patrick Devos, Thomas Boulanger, Marion Smits, Dieta Brandsma, Roberta Rudà, Julia Furtner, Johann-Martin Hempel, Tjeerd J Postma, Patrick Roth, Tom J Snijders, Frank Winkler, Sebastian Winklerhofer, Antonella Castellano, Elke Hattingen, Jaume Capellades, Thierry Gorlia, Martin van den Bent, Patrick Y Wen, Martin Bendzus, Michael Weller
Background: A scorecard to evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings during the course of leptomeningeal metastases (LM) has been proposed by the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) group. Methods: To explore the feasibility of the LANO scorecard, cerebrospinal MRI of 22 patients with LM from solid tumors were scored by 10 neuro-oncologists and 9 neuroradiologists at baseline and at follow-up after treatment. Raters were blinded for clinical data including treatment...
January 23, 2019: Neuro-oncology
Mutlu Onur Güçsav, Aysu Ayrancı, Gülru Polat, Gülistan Karadeniz, Fatma Demirci Üçsular, Özgür Öztekin, Mediha Tülin Bozkurt, Murat Akyol, Enver Yalnız
Leptomeningeal metastasis is a very rare complication of infiltration of leptomeninges and subarachnoid space with malignant cells. It is an indicator of poor prognosis. Its incidence is 3.8% in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). This rate is higher in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the first choice in the diagnosis. The diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastasis is difficult and often bypassed because it is rare and does not cause gross mass lesions such as brain metastasis...
December 2018: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Sanziana Ri Schiopu, Gregor Habl, Matthias Haefner, Sonja Katayama, Klaus Herfarth, Juergen Debus, Florian Sterzing
Purpose: Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is an increasingly common complication of late-stage systemic cancer, for which there is no standard treatment. We analyzed outcome and toxicity in patients with LM undergoing craniospinal irradiation via helical tomotherapy (HT-CSI) at our institution. Patients and methods: The charts of 15 patients diagnosed with LM and undergoing HT-CSI between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively assessed. Main neoplasms included breast cancer, lung cancer, and lymphoma...
2019: Cancer Management and Research
Ya-Lan Wu, Qian Zhao, Lei Deng, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Juan Zhou, Yan-Ying Li, Min Yu, Lin Zhou, Bing-Wen Zou, You Lu, Yong-Mei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of a first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) treatment on the clinical features of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) progression and outcome in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated advanced NSCLC patients receiving effective first-generation EGFR TKI treatment (e.g., treatment > 6 months) at our institution between January 2008 and February 2014...
January 2019: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Koichi Mitsuya, Yoko Nakasu, Nakamasa Hayashi, Shoichi Deguchi, Toshiaki Takahashi, Haruyasu Murakami, Tateaki Naito, Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, Akira Ono, Kazushige Wakuda, Hideyuki Harada
PURPOSE: Management of leptomeningeal metastasis-related hydrocephalus (LM-H) is particularly challenging regarding the control of severe headache, nausea, and vomiting due to intracranial hypertension. To investigate the improvements of performance status and outcome with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt surgery for LM-H in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Data on patients with leptomeningeal metastasis-related hydrocephalus from lung adenocarcinoma diagnosed by MR imaging and/or cytological examination were retrospectively analyzed...
2019: PloS One
Gregory M Shackleford, Min Y Mahdi, Rex A Moats, Debra Hawes, Hung C Tran, Jonathan L Finlay, Tuan Q Hoang, Ellis F Meng, Anat Erdreich-Epstein
Leptomeningeal metastasis remains a difficult clinical challenge. Some success has been achieved by direct administration of therapeutics into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circumventing limitations imposed by the blood brain barrier. Here we investigated continuous infusion versus bolus injection of therapy into the CSF in a preclinical model of human Group 3 medulloblastoma, the molecular subgroup with the highest incidence of leptomeningeal disease. Initial tests of selected Group 3 human medulloblastoma cell lines in culture showed that D283 Med and D425 Med were resistant to cytosine arabinoside and methotrexate...
2019: PloS One
Kazuya Miyoshi, Hirotoshi Takahashi, Maya Uno, Masaaki Akai, Eiji Moriyama, Tomio Nakagawa, Tsunehisa Nomura
Leptomeningeal metastasis(LM)is a rare complication in patients with breast cancer. We report 3 cases of LMs in patients with breast cancer who were treated with intrathecal methotrexate via an Ommaya reservoir. In 2 patients, a significant neurological improvement was observed, whereas in 1 patient there was no response. The overall survivals for the patients who experienced improvements were 22 and 9 months. Although we have no evidence for the efficacy of intrathecal chemotherapy for LMs in patients with breast cancer, its effects for some patients could be promising, after reservoir management and drug selection establishment...
December 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sylvie Berthier, Louis Larrouquère, Pierre Champelovier, Edwige Col, Christine Lefebvre, Cécile Cottet-Rouselle, Josiane Arnaud, Catherine Garrel, François Laporte, Jean Boutonnat, Patrice Faure, Florence Hazane-Puch
Glioblastoma multiform (GBM) tumors are very heterogeneous, organized in a hierarchical pattern, including cancer stem cells (CSC), and are responsible for development, maintenance, and cancer relapse. Therefore, it is relevant to establish new GBM cell lines with CSC characteristics to develop new treatments. A new human GBM cell line, named R2J, was established from the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) of a patient affected by GBM with leptomeningeal metastasis. R2J cells exhibits an abnormal karyotype and form self-renewable spheres in a serum-free medium...
December 21, 2018: Cancers
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEPreoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a feasible alternative to postoperative SRS and may lower the risk of radiation necrosis (RN) and leptomeningeal disease (LMD) recurrence. The study goal was to report the efficacy and toxicity of preoperative SRS in an expanded patient cohort with longer follow-up period relative to prior reports.METHODSThe records for patients with brain metastases treated with preoperative SRS and planned resection were reviewed. Patients with classically radiosensitive tumors, planned adjuvant whole brain radiotherapy, or no cranial imaging at least 1 month after surgery were excluded...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
David M Routman, Elizabeth Yan, Sujay Vora, Jennifer Peterson, Anita Mahajan, Kaisorn L Chaichana, Nadia Laack, Paul D Brown, Ian F Parney, Terry C Burns, Daniel M Trifiletti
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is increasingly utilized to treat the resection cavity following resection of brain metastases and recent randomized trials have confirmed postoperative SRS as a standard of care. Postoperative SRS for resected brain metastases improves local control compared to observation, while also preserving neurocognitive function in comparison to whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). However, even with surgery and SRS, rates of local recurrence at 1 year may be as high as 40%, especially for larger cavities, and there is also a known risk of leptomeningeal disease after surgery...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
T C Jiang, Z Y Pan, G Z Yang, S L Gong, L H Dong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Rupesh Kotecha, Vinai Gondi, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Priscilla K Brastianos, Minesh P Mehta
Brain metastases are the most common malignancy encountered in the central nervous system (CNS), with up to 30-40% of cancer patients developing brain metastases at some point during the course of their disease. The management of brain metastasis is rapidly evolving and the roles of local therapies such as whole-brain radiation therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, and resection along with systemic therapies are in flux. An emphasis on the neurocognitive side effects associated with treatment has gained prominence...
2018: F1000Research
Ruofan Huang, Mengxi Ge, Xinli Zhou, Xiaoyu Ji, Li Liao, Xiaohua Liang, Qiong Zhan
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are associated with leptomeningeal metastases (LM) of nonsmall cell lung cancer and sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. Owing to the difficulty of obtaining carcinomatous meningeal tissue for analysis, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) might be an alternative. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the EGFR mutation detection in the CSF of lung adenocarcinoma patients with LM. METHODS: Twenty-five lung adenocarcinoma patients with LM diagnosed by CSF cytology were retrospectively evaluated...
November 16, 2018: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Ruiqi Chen, Chuanyuan Tao, Chao You, Yan Ju
BACKGROUND: Intracranial germinomas are uncommon and constitute less than 1% of all intracranial tumors. They usually arise in the midline of the brain, most commonly in the pineal region. Pineal germinomas tend to spread through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). However, pineal germinomas with fast-developing diffuse subarachnoid/leptomeningeal dissemination are extremely rare, especially in young children. METHODS: The case of a 4-year-old boy with a pineal germinoma who died of diffuse subarachnoid/leptomeningeal dissemination 1 month after radiotherapy is reported...
November 19, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Rituparna Biswas, Subhash Gupta, K P Haresh, Anirban Halder, G K Rath
Giant cell glioblastoma (GCG) is a rare subtype of classic glioblastoma multiforme with favorable prognosis and little is known about its metastatic potential. We hereby present a unique case of GCG in a 7-year-old child who developed spinal and spinal leptomeningeal metastasis during adjuvant therapy. She succumbed to it in spite of salvage therapy.
July 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Yan Xu, Min Hu, Meizhuo Zhang, Wei Zhong, Xiaolu Yin, Yun Sun, Minjiang Chen, Jing Zhao, Xiaoyan Si, Hanping Wang, Xiaotong Zhang, Li Zhang, Ji Li, Hongzhi Guan, Zhenfan Yang, Mengzhao Wang
OBJECTIVE: Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) secondary to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a devastating complication associated with poor prognosis. Diagnosis and assessment of responses in LM have been challenging due to limitation of traditional imaging tools and lack of standard evaluation criteria until very recently. To bridge this gap, we conducted the first prospective, observational study in cytologically diagnosed NSCLC-LM patients (NCT02803619). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 49 NSCLC-LM patients were enrolled...
November 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Yutong Zhang, Rui Ban, Qiang Shi, Chenglin Tian
BACKGROUND: The measurement of carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen series biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), is useful for the diagnosis of brain metastasis and leptomeningeal metastases to a certain extent. Their serum/CSF ratios may be of benefit to earlier diagnosis and treatment. However, the normal reference values of the ratios were not available. Accordingly, in this study we analyzed the serum/CSF ratios of tumor markers levels in non-neoplastic diseases patients for possible normal values...
November 4, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Masakuni Sakaguchi, Toshiya Maebayashi, Takuya Aizawa, Naoya Ishibashi
AIM: To evaluate outcomes of breast cancer patients with confirmed dural metastasis (DM) alone who received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of thirty-three breast cancer patients who received WBRT to treat intracranial metastasis were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical presentation of DM-only was compared with that of brain metastasis (BM)/leptomeningeal metastasis (LM). RESULTS: Eight patients had DM and 25 patients had BM/LM...
November 2018: Anticancer Research
Hyojeong Kim, Eun Mi Lee
BACKGROUND: Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is an uncommon, but devastating complication of advanced cancer and has no standard treatment. Herein, we analyzed the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with solid tumors who were diagnosed with LM. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2017, we retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients with solid tumors who were diagnosed with LM. RESULTS: A total of 58 patients were enrolled in this study...
October 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
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