Read by QxMD icon Read

Bronchospasm intubation

Rachael Day, Sally M Bradberry, Gillian Jackson, David J Lupton, Euan A Sandilands, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Liquid laundry detergent capsules contain concentrated liquid laundry detergent in a water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol membrane. OBJECTIVE: To review 4652 exposures reported to the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service (NPIS) and to assess the impact of regulatory changes on potential toxicity. METHODS: Telephone enquiries to the NPIS and returned questionnaires for these products were analyzed for the period January 2008 to December 2018...
March 20, 2019: Clinical Toxicology
Holly M Clark, Mark A Saxen, Juan F Yepes, James E Jones, Laquia A Vinson, George J Eckert, Qing Tang
Purpose: Use of general anesthesia (GA) for comprehensive dental treatment of children is an essential health benefit. Pediatric dentists utilize dentist anesthesiologists to provide GA for dental rehabilitation of severe early childhood caries. Dentist anesthesiologists deliver GA using intubated or nonintubated GA. The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of respiratory complications when intubated versus nonintubated general anesthesia was completed by dentist anesthesiologists in a pediatric dentistry setting...
January 15, 2019: Pediatric Dentistry
Yann-Fuu Kou, Mark Sakai, Gopi B Shah, Ron B Mitchell, Romaine F Johnson
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To study rates of respiratory complications/interventions among inpatient tonsillectomy patients in the United States and identify risk factors for these events. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database review. METHODS: Children (age < 18 years) undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy in 2006, 2009, and 2012 were studied using the Kids Inpatient Database, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
November 9, 2018: Laryngoscope
Narongkorn Saiphoklang, Jeerayuth Auttajaroon
BACKGROUND: Weaning from mechanical ventilation is classified as simple, difficult, or prolonged according to weaning process. Theoretically, simple weaning group usually has better clinical outcomes than non-simple group; however, the results of previous studies were still inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of ventilator weaning and causes of weaning failure. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed between June and December 2013 in all patients (n = 164) who required mechanical ventilation with endotracheal intubation in medical wards at Thammasat University Hospital, Thailand...
2018: PloS One
Gennaro D'Amato, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Lorenzo Cecchi, Maria D'Amato
Thunderstorm asthma (TA) refers to the sudden increase of acute bronchospasm following a storm during pollen seasons, necessitating primary care facilities by general practioner (GP) visits, Emergency Department (ED) admissions and hospitalizations, sometimes also endotracheal intubation for severe asthma and near fatal asthma (NFA). In the scientific literature, there are descriptions of epidemics of TA in various geographical areas of the world (1-8) and climate change scenarios indicate there will be an increase in the intensity and frequency of heavy rainfall episodes, including thunderstorms, in all the world...
September 22, 2018: Allergy
Xiaobin Fang, Quansheng Xiao, Qianling Xie, Ren Liao, Tao Zhu, Shiyang Li, Zhenyan Bo
In comparison to elective cesarean delivery, emergency cesarean delivery under endotracheal intubation is associated with higher risk of life-threatening airway problems. In this retrospective study, we evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of using SUPREME laryngeal mask airway (SLMA) in emergency cesarean delivery under general anesthesia (GA). The study included a total of 1039 paturients undergoing emergency cesarean delivery under GA with SLMA from January 2015 to December 2015 at Quanzhou Children's and Women's Hospital...
August 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Polyhronis Ieropoulos, Vassilios Tassoudis, Nick Ntafoulis, Ioanna Mimitou, George Vretzakis, George Tzovaras, Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Menelaos Karanikolas
Objective: The existing evidence separately correlates morbid obesity with difficult intubation and bronchospasm. However, there is a lack of data on whether anaesthesia provider manipulations during difficult intubation contribute to an increased ratio of bronchospasm in these patients. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of data prospectively taken from 50 morbidly obese patients involved in a previously published study. A possible difficult intubation was preoperatively investigated by recording the following specific physical examination indices: Mallampati and Cormack-Lehane (CL) classifications, cervical spine mobility (CSM), thyromental distance (Td) and patients' ability to open their mouth (mouth opening)...
August 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Nana Li, Linjia Zhu, Jie Sun, Yinbing Pan, Mei Gao
RATIONALE: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) refers to the weakening trachea or the trachea loss of structural integrity of airway cartilaginous structures. It causes tracheal stenosis, resulting in significantly high rates of mortality. Bronchoplasty by high-pressure balloon dilation under general anesthesia is a simple but effective and safe method to treat tracheobronchial stenosis. However, recurrent postoperative dyspnea after extubation due to tracheal collapse is still a challenge for anesthetists...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mary Ellen Warner, David P Martin, Mark A Warner, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten
Background: Angelman syndrome is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, ataxia, seizures, happy demeanor, distinctive craniofacial features, high vagal tone, and gamma-amino butyric acid receptor abnormalities. The aim of this report is to review our experience of patients with Angelman syndrome undergoing anesthetic management. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed perioperative course of patients with Angelman syndrome who underwent procedures under anesthesia from 2000 to 2016...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Usman Maqsood, Nehal Patel
We describe a case of near-fatal asthma, treated successfully by initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 29-year-old woman, known asthmatic on steroid inhalers, inhaled/nebulised bronchodilators, long-term oral prednisolone, theophylline and montelukast, presented with acute shortness of breath. She deteriorated following initial treatment with nebulised bronchodilators and magnesium sulfate requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Severe bronchospasm ensued following mechanical ventilation and peak airway pressures remained at 55 cm H2 O with intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure(PEEP) of 14 cm H2 O...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Marten N Basta, John E Fiadjoe, Albert S Woo, Kenneth N Peeples, Oksana A Jackson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors for adverse perioperative events (APEs) after cleft palatoplasty to develop an individualized risk assessment tool. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary institutional. PATIENTS: Patients younger than 2 years with cleft palate. INTERVENTIONS: Primary Furlow palatoplasty between 2008 and 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Adverse perioperative event, defined as laryngo- or bronchospasm, accidental extubation, reintubation, obstruction, hypoxia, or unplanned intensive care unit admission...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
V Perilli, P Aceto, P Ancona, R De Cicco, D Papanice, S Magalini, G Pepe, V Cozza, D Gui, C Lai, L Sollazzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the role of surgical setting (urgent vs. elective) and approach (open vs. laparoscopic) in affecting postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) prevalence in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After local Ethical Committee approval, 409 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery between January and December 2014 were included in the final analysis. PPCs were defined as the development of one of the following new findings: respiratory failure, pulmonary infection, aspiration pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis on chest X-ray, bronchospasm or un-planned urgent re-intubation...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Do-Won Lee, Eun-Soo Kim, Wang-Seok Do, Han-Bit Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim
Background: Endotracheal intubation during anesthesia induction may increase airway resistance (Raw ) and decrease dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn ). We hypothesized that prophylactic treatment with a transdermal β2-agonist tulobuterol patch (TP) would help to reduce the risk of bronchospasm after placement of the endotracheal tube. Methods: Eighty-two American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) category I or II adult patients showing obstructive patterns were divided randomly into a control and a TP group (n = 41 each)...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
S Praveena Seevaunnamtum, Nazhan Afeef Mohd Ariff Ghazali, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin, Alwi Muhd Besari, N H Nik Fariza, Sanihah Che Omar, Saedah Ali, M Z Rhendra Hardy, Mohd Erham Mat Hassan, N M Nik Abdullah
Endobronchial Tuberculosis is hazardous in causing circumferential narrowing of tracheobronchial tree despite the eradication of tubercle bacilli in the initial insult from Pulmonary Tuberculosis. They may present as treatment resistant bronchial asthma and pose challenge to airway management in the acute setting. We present a 25 year-old lady who was newly diagnosed bronchial asthma with a past history of Pulmonary Tuberculosis that had completed treatment. She presented with sudden onset of difficulty breathing associated with noisy breathing for 3 days and hoarseness of voice for 6 months...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Abdullah E Laher, Sean K Buchanan
The management of the critically ill patients with asthma can be rather challenging. Potentially devastating complications relating to this presentation include hypoxemia, worsening bronchospasm, pulmonary aspiration, tension pneumothorax, dynamic hyperinflation, hypotension, dysrhythmias, and seizures. In contrast to various other pathologies requiring mechanical ventilation, acute asthma is generally associated with better outcomes. This review serves as a practical guide to the physician managing patients with severe acute asthma requiring mechanical ventilation...
September 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Ségolène Arzalier-Daret, Clément Buléon, Marie-Laure Bocca, Pierre Denise, Jean-Louis Gérard, Jean-Luc Hanouz
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation has been associated with an increased incidence of medical errors and can jeopardise patients' safety during medical crisis management. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of sleep deprivation on the management of simulated anaesthesia crisis by residents in anaesthesiology. METHODS: A randomised, comparative, monocentric crossover study involving 48 residents in anaesthesia was performed on a high fidelity patient simulator...
April 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Michael A Bruno, Tomas Drabek, Mioara D Manole
A previously healthy 7-month-old male infant presented for evaluation of fever, deceased oral intake, and intermittent noisy breathing. Physical examination revealed neck tenderness. Soft tissue neck radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scan supported a diagnosis of retropharyngeal swelling with extension to the superior mediastinum. Surgical exploration was planned, and endotracheal intubation was performed in the operating room. Significant cardiorespiratory derangements developed immediately after the tracheal tube was inserted, including hypotension, hypoxia, and bradycardia with signs of cardiac ischemia...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Christopher Sattler, Franklin Chiao, David Stein, Denise Murphy
A 3-day-old, 2.2-kg former 34-week premature infant with imperforate anus required loop ileostomy surgery. At delivery, the child had respiratory distress. Endotracheal intubation was "confirmed" by detection of exhaled carbon dioxide with a Pedi-Cap (Covidien, Dublin, Ireland) and subsequent chest x-ray. On arrival to the operating room, the pulse oximeter reading was 100% despite a large leak around the endotracheal tube and high-airway pressures. Packing the throat reduced the leak and increased the tidal volume...
July 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
Marzieh R Honardar, Karen L Posner, Karen B Domino
This retrospective case series analyzed 45 malpractice claims for delayed detection of esophageal intubation from the Anesthesia Closed Claims Project. Inclusion criteria were cases from 1995 to 2013, after adoption of identification of CO2 in expired gas to verify correct endotracheal tube position as a monitoring standard by the American Society of Anesthesiologists. Forty-nine percent (95% confidence interval 34%-64%) occurred in the operating room or other anesthesia location where CO2 detection equipment should have been available...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"