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Anxiety, children

Benjamin E Yerys, Birkan Tunç, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Ligia Antezana, Maya G Mosner, Jennifer R Bertollo, Lisa Guy, Robert T Schultz, John D Herrington
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms have worse functional outcomes and treatment response than those without ADHD symptoms. There is limited knowledge of the neurobiology of ADHD symptoms in ASD. Here, we test the hypothesis that aberrant functional connectivity of two large-scale executive brain networks implicated in ADHD-the frontoparietal and salience/ventral attention networks-also play a role in ADHD symptoms in ASD...
January 9, 2019: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Sonya V Troller-Renfree, George A Buzzell, Maureen E Bowers, Virginia C Salo, Alissa Forman-Alberti, Elizabeth Smith, Leanna J Papp, Jennifer M McDermott, Daniel S Pine, Heather A Henderson, Nathan A Fox
BACKGROUND: Children with the temperament of behavioral inhibition (BI) face increased risk for social anxiety. However, not all children with BI develop anxiety symptoms. Inhibitory control (IC) has been suggested as a moderator of the pathway between BI and social anxiety. This study uses longitudinal data to characterize development of IC and tests the hypothesis that IC moderates associations between early BI and later social anxiety symptoms. METHODS: Children completed a Go/Nogo task at ages 5, 7, and 10 years as part of a longitudinal study of BI (measured at 2-3 years) and social anxiety symptoms (measured at 12 years)...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Megan Jones Bell, Michael Zeiler, Rocío Herrero, Stefanie Kuso, Martina Nitsch, Ernestina Etchemendy, Sara Fonseca-Baeza, Elia Oliver, Tanja Adamcik, Andreas Karwautz, Gudrun Wagner, Rosa Baños, Cristina Botella, Dennis Görlich, Corinna Jacobi, Karin Waldherr
Background: The worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity is at alarming levels. Nearly one in three children in Europe is overweight or obese. Disordered eating and body image concerns are equally widespread and increase risk for more chronic and severe weight-related problems. Research has shown that online interventions that address both healthy weight regulation and body image can reduce risk for eating disorders and obesity simultaneously and are feasible to implement in school settings...
April 2019: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
Els Van de Vijver, Ann Van Gils, Laura Beckers, Yannick Van Driessche, Nicolette Dorien Moes, Patrick Ferry van Rheenen
AIM: To identify factors other than active disease and anemia that contribute to fatigue in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: We performed an electronic search in Medline and EMBASE from their inception to May 2017 using the search term "fatigue" or the related keywords "physical impairment" and "inflammatory bowel disease" with the filter "child" (age 0-18 years). Cross-sectional and case-control studies were included...
February 7, 2019: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Martina Smorti, Lucia Ponti, Franca Tani
Maternal symptomatology during pregnancy represents a significant risk factor for women and children. The main focus of this paper is to jointly investigate the role of maternal depression and anxiety during pregnancy on the well-being of the newborn, through their influences on the clinical aspects of labour. A longitudinal study was conducted on 167 pregnant women (Mage =32.07, SD = 4.50) recruited in the third trimester of gestation. The data was collected at two different times: the socio-demographical data and prenatal anxiety and depression were assessed at T1 (31-32 week of gestation); the clinical data on childbirth (duration of labour, administration of oxytocin and epidural analgesia) and the Apgar index of the newborn were registered at T2 (the day of childbirth)...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Lakshmanan Sivasundaram, Nikunj N Trivedi, Julian Gatta, Anne Y Ning, Chang-Yeon Kim, R Justin Mistovich
Childhood non-accidental trauma (NAT) is the second most common cause of death in children. Despite its prevalence, NAT is frequently unreported due to provider misdiagnosis or unawareness. The purpose of this study was to determine current risk factors and injury patterns associated with NAT. A retrospective review of the Kids' Inpatient Database was performed for the years 2009 and 2012. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the statistically significant risk factors for NAT. In 2009 and 2012, 174 442 children were hospitalized for fractures...
February 16, 2019: Clinical Pediatrics
Maria Cristina Matteucci, Luciana Scalone, Carlo Tomasetto, Giulia Cavrini, Patrizia Selleri
BACKGROUND: Literature suggests that Specific Learning Disorders (SpLD) can cause impairment of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and psychological well-being of children, and that this condition potentially affects parents' quality of life and well-being too. AIMS: This study aims first to explore HRQoL and psychological well-being among children with SpLD and second among mothers of children with SpLD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty children aged 8-14 years diagnosed as having SpLD and their mothers completed a battery of scales to assess children's HRQoL and psychological well-being...
February 14, 2019: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Zhaoqi Jia, Xinyi Li, Xin Yuan, Biao Zhang, Yuan Liu, Jing Zhao, Sen Li
BACKGROUND: The majority of the studies in this area focus on the psychological impact of having diabetic children or adolescents on parents, while a limited number of studies have investigated the effect of diabetes on the mental health status of family members in the general population. Thus, the aim of the current study is to explore the possible association between mental health disorders (depression, anxiety and panic) and diabetes status of family members among a national sample of adults in the United States...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Amanda L Stone, Lynn S Walker, Lauren C Heathcote, J Maya Hernandez, Molly C Basch, Anna C Wilson, Laura E Simons
Among youth with chroic pain, elevated somatic symptoms across multiple body systems have been associated with greater emotional distress and functional disability and could represent poor adaptation to pain. The Children's Somatic Symptoms Inventory (formerly the Children's Somatization Inventory) is commonly used to assess somatic symptoms in children. However, no studies have evaluated the clinical utility of the measure in the assessment of pediatric patients with chronic pain. This study evaluated the factor structure and clinical relevance of the 24-item Children's Somatic Symptoms Inventory (CSSI-24) in youth (n = 1150) with mixed chronic pain complaints presenting to a tertiary pain clinic...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Alison L Miller, Hurley Riley, Sarah E Domoff, Ashley N Gearhardt, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Julie C Lumeng
OBJECTIVE: The association between stress and eating remains unclear in children potentially due to factors that may moderate the association. We examined whether weight status or sex moderated associations between response to a stress induction and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), among low-income children. METHOD: Children (n = 223; M age = 7.8 years, SD = 0.7 years) participated in a stress induction protocol (modified Trier Social Stress Test for Children [TSST-C]) during which behavioral coding of observed anxiety and change in self-reported distress were measured...
February 13, 2019: Appetite
Ellen McAuley, Hannah Brophy, James Hayden, Benedetta Pettorini, Chris Parks, Shivaram Avula, Conor Mallucci, Barry Pizer
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) (WHO grade 1) are amongst the most common of childhood brain tumours and are generally amenable to resection, with surgery alone being curative in the majority of cases. There is, however, a lack of consensus regarding the frequency and duration of post-treatment MRI surveillance for these tumours. This is important, as follow-up imaging is a significant use of resources and often associated with patient and family anxiety...
February 15, 2019: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Jaeyoung Lee, Min Jung Kwak, Hyeon Ok Ju
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a social support program on the stress, anxiety, guilt, and life satisfaction levels among Korean mothers of children with precocious puberty. DESIGN AND METHODS: A non-equivalent control group and a non-synchronized design were used in this quasi-experiment study. Thirty-four mothers (divided into equal-sized experimental and control groups), 32-47 years of age, with children aged 6-11 years old, were recruited from a pediatric outpatient department at a national university hospital...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Thomas Stegemann, Monika Geretsegger, Eva Phan Quoc, Hannah Riedl, Monika Smetana
Background: In pediatric health care, non-pharmacological interventions such as music therapy have promising potential to complement traditional medical treatment options in order to facilitate recovery and well-being. Music therapy and other music-based interventions are increasingly applied in the clinical treatment of children and adolescents in many countries world-wide. The purpose of this overview is to examine the evidence regarding the effectiveness of music therapy and other music-based interventions as applied in pediatric health care...
February 14, 2019: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Jennifer S Silk, Rebecca B Price, Dana Rosen, Neal D Ryan, Erika E Forbes, Greg J Siegle, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Philip C Kendall, Cecile D Ladouceur
OBJECTIVE: Children who are fearful and anxious are at heightened risk for developing depression in adolescence. Treating anxiety disorders in pre/early adolescence may be one mechanism through which depressive symptoms later in adolescence can be prevented. We hypothesized that anxious youth who responded positively to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety would show reduced onset of depressive symptoms 2 years later compared to treatment non-responders, and that this effect would be specific to youth treated with CBT compared to an active supportive comparison treatment...
January 16, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Marike H F Deutz, Steven Woltering, Helen Vossen, Maja Deković, Anneloes L van Baar, Peter Prinzie
OBJECTIVE: High co-occurrence of externalizing and internalizing problems may underlie inconsistent findings regarding the relation between heart rate and psychopathology. In this study, heart rate measures are examined in relation to a general dysregulation profile, studied from both a variable- and person-centered approach. METHOD: The sample (N = 182) consisted of 8-12-year-old children referred for externalizing behaviors and typically-developing children (Mage = 9...
October 30, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Sonya V Troller-Renfree, George A Buzzell, Daniel S Pine, Heather A Henderson, Nathan A Fox
OBJECTIVE: Children with the temperament of Behavioral Inhibition (BI) face increased risk for developing an anxiety disorder later in life. However, not all children with BI manifest anxiety symptoms, and cognitive-control-strategy use may moderate the pathway between BI and anxiety. Individuals vary widely in the strategy used to instantiate control; the present study examined whether a more planful style of cognitive control (i.e. proactive control) or a more impulsive strategy of control (i...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Ida Drejer Djurhuus, Aida Bikic
BACKGROUND & AIM: This study investigates the effectiveness of the Cool Kids programme in two outpatient psychiatric clinics for children with anxiety. Efficacy studies find that 60-80% of programme completers improve. It is unclear if the intervention is as effective in real-life clinical treatment, as only one previous Danish effectiveness study has ever been conducted. The goal of all evidence-based interventions is the successful transition from research environments to standard care clinical practice, but there can be substantial differences in the environment, therapists' education and patient population in the two settings...
February 15, 2019: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Lorraine Fliek, Jeffrey Roelofs, Gerard van Breukelen, Peter Muris
This longitudinal study explored the relations between fear-enhancing parenting behaviors (modeling and threat information transmission) and children's cognitive biases and anxiety symptoms on three subsequent time points over a one-year period. Participants were 216 children aged 7-12 years (114 boys and 102 girls), and their mothers (n = 199) and/or fathers (n = 117). On each time point, children and parents completed the Parental Enhancement of Anxious Cognitions scale, which measures parental modeling and threat information transmission...
February 14, 2019: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Mojtaba Soltanlou, Christina Artemenko, Thomas Dresler, Andreas J Fallgatter, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Hans-Christoph Nuerk
Math anxiety impairs academic achievements in mathematics. According to the processing efficiency theory (PET), the adverse effect is the result of reduced processing capacity in working memory (WM). However, this relationship has been examined mostly with correlational designs. Therefore, using an intervention paradigm, we examined the effects of math anxiety on math learning. Twenty-five 5th graders underwent seven training sessions of multiplication over the course of 2 weeks. Children were faster and made fewer errors in solving trained problems than untrained problems after learning...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Yin Xu, Sam Norton, Qazi Rahman
This study tested the association between multiple prenatal and postnatal early life factors and adolescent sexual orientation in a longitudinal birth cohort. Factors included birth weight, gestational age, parental age at birth, number of older brothers and sisters, breastfeeding, maternal anxiety/depression, family socioeconomic position, parent-child relationships, parental absences, pubertal body mass index, and housing issues. We used data on 5,007 youth from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
February 14, 2019: Developmental Psychology
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