Read by QxMD icon Read


Ji Li, Yan Liu, Bin Wang, Xun Sun, Xiangwei Meng
RATIONALE: Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare malignancy that only accounts for <2% of all primary esophageal tumors. Here, we report the even rarer occurrence of PMME in combination with poorly differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the stomach. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old man was presented to the hospital with >1 month of eating dysphagia. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan only found a space-occupying lesion in the lower esophagus with moderate enhancement...
March 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrea Anderloni, Francesco Auriemma, Alessandro Fugazza, Edoardo Troncone, Luis Maia, Roberta Maselli, Silvia Carrara, Ferdinando D'Amico, Paul J Belletrutti, Alessandro Repici
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) with stone extraction is the standard treatment for choledocholithiasis. After stone retrieval, balloon-occluded cholangiography is generally performed to confirm bile duct clearance but can miss residual stones particularly in patients with residual small-sized stones, a large bile duct or pneumobilia. In addition, difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones requiring advanced endoscopic techniques for retrieval are a potential risk factor for choledocholithiasis recurrence...
March 2019: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Tian-Zhang Song, Han-Dan Zhang, Zan Zuo, Yong-Tang Zheng
HIV infection induces pathological changes in the intestinal mucosa. Here, a successful endoscopy was performed on the colon of a Chinese rhesus macaque by using Olympus CV170 gastroscope. The stability on postoperative recovery and the integrity of biopsy tissue implied a possibility of achieving AIDS longitudinal intestinal research on macaques.
March 7, 2019: Journal of Medical Primatology
Y Xu, M Xiang, F Cheng, H T Shi, J Gao, S He, Z C Mei, H Zhang
Objective: To differentiate the inflow and outflow channels of gastric varices in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients using multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT), and to assess the relationship between calculable CT volume of gastric varices and the amount of tissue adhesive. Methods: 97 cases with cirrhotic gastric varices who were admitted from November 2013 to August 2017 were selected. The type and shape of gastric varices were observed before tissue glue injection treatment by MSCT. The correlation between CT volume of gastric varices and the amount of tissue adhesive was evaluated by Spearman rank correlation coefficient and Univariate linear regression analysis...
February 20, 2019: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Lingchuan Guo, Zhiju Liu, Yun Zhang, Qiuying Quan, Lili Huang, Yunyun Xu, Lei Cao, Xueguang Zhang
B7 negative costimulatory molecules are a group of molecules associated with the occurrence, development, and therapy of cancers. Here, we aimed to determine the clinical significance of PD-L1, B7-H3, and B7-H4 and their expression in CD8 and CD68 positive cells at different stages of gastric carcinogenesis.We detected PD-L1, B7-H3, B7-H4, CD8, and CD68 expression in samples by immunohistochemical staining of 62 chronic superficial gastritis (CSG) samples, 72 chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) samples, 68 low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LIN) samples, 65 high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HIN) samples obtained from gastroscopic biopsies and 50 gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) samples obtained from surgical resections...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Meike Stumpp, Sam Dupont, Marian Y Hu
The physiology of marine larvae has received considerable attention in the context of anthropogenic ocean acidification (OA). Many marine larvae including those of echinoderms, hemichordates, and mollusks are characterized by a developmental delay when exposed to reductions in seawater pH with the underlying mechanisms being largely unexplored. A key task in the frame of OA research lies in the identification of unifying physiological principles that may explain reductions in growth and development. The sea urchin larva has been identified as a good model organism, and energy allocations toward compensatory processes were found to be key factors affecting development...
2019: Methods in Cell Biology
Benjamin Walter, Simone Schmidbaur, Yannick Krieger, Alexander Meining
Background  En-bloc resection of large, flat lesions or early stages of cancer is challenging. No bimanual tasks are possible using standard endoscopes. Dual-channel endoscopes are not available everywhere and have a small distance between the channels. Patients and methods  A new external additional working channel (AWC) (Ovesco, Tuebingen, Germany) was designed and developed potentially enabling bimanual tasks. Fixed to the tip of a standard gastroscope or pediatric colonoscope, a second endoscopic tool can be inserted through the AWC and used for tissue retraction during endoscopic resection...
February 2019: Endoscopy International Open
S Panteleimonitis, G Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2019: Techniques in Coloproctology
Yankang Feng, Ming Cui, Yun He, Xilong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To establish a modified endoscopic Freka Trelumina placement (mEFTP) for modifying or substituting the traditional endoscopic Freka Trelumina placement (EFTP) and to explore the safety and feasibility of mEFTP in patients requiring enteral nutrition and gastrointestinal decompression in general surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of patients undergoing EFTP or mEFTP at General Surgery Department of 920 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force of the Chinese People's Liberation Army from January 2016 to January 2018...
January 25, 2019: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Paulien Janse, Philippe Nafteux, Matthias Lannoo, Piet-Hein Steger, Fernando Sirbu
The prevalence of morbid obesity has been increasing worldwide. Therefore, multiple laparoscopic adjustable gastric bandings (LAGBs) have been placed in Belgium in the nineties. The procedure was considered as minimal invasive with low morbidity rates. However, some publication cases suggest a possible association between LAGB and the onset of an esophageal cancer. We present a case of a 49-year-old female who consulted for dysphagia, epigastric pain, and anorexia 17 years after LAGB. An esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was diagnosed in the distal esophagus, close to the lap band...
January 18, 2019: Obesity Surgery
Vít Navrátil, Pavol Dvoran, Vladimír Urana, Jiří Ehrmann, Vlastimil Procházka
The literature shows, that the prevalence of functional dyspepsia is between 11 and 29.2 % in general population. The first goal of this study was to present a narrative review of the current findings of functional dyspepsia. The second goal was to find out the prevalence of functional dyspepsia in the II. Internal Clinic of Gastroenterology and Geriatry in Teaching Hospital of Olomouc (Czech Republic). According to the clinical experience, the prevalence of patients with functional dyspepsia seems to be not as high as literature shows...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Ju Huang, Xiang-Shu Xian, Liu-Ye Huang, Bo Zhang, Cheng-Rong Wu, Jun Cui
OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively reviewed 46 cases of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated by endoluminal endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) microsurgery in our gastrointestinal endoscopy center. We aimed to evaluate the EFR for the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originating from the muscularis propria. METHODS: A total of 46 patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from the muscularis propria layer from January 2012 to June 2015 were treated with EFR...
November 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Huahui Bian, Youyou Wang, Weibo Chen, Yusong Zhang, Zhixiang Zhuang, Rui Xia, Hong Dai, Junchao Feng, Wangyang Pu, Lei Chen, Wu Cai, Wentao Hu, Yulong Liu
The patient was contaminated with multiple radionuclides 38 years ago due to an accident. To investigate the effects of radionuclide contamination on humans, he has been followed up by examinations for many years. Long-term effects gradually emerge in these years. Lung cancer was diagnosed by medical examinations. Besides, chronic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia was indicated by gastroscopic biopsies, while colorectal polyps found by colonoscopy. All 13 colorectal polyps were removed, and radical surgery for lung cancer was performed...
October 2018: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Benjamin W Sykes, Mark Bowen, Jocelyn L Habershon-Butcher, Martin Green, Gayle D Hallowell
BACKGROUND: To date, risk factors for equine glandular gastric disease (EGGD) have not been described in Thoroughbred racehorses. OBJECTIVES: To determine management factors associated with EGGD, identify clinical signs in affected horses, and compare these to equine squamous gastric disease (ESGD). ANIMALS: The study was carried out on 109 Thoroughbred racehorses from 8 training yards (3 in the United Kingdom and 5 in Australia). METHODS: Gastroscopic examination alongside a questionnaire regarding management, feeding, exercise, and health...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Tarek Mazzawi, Gülen Arslan Lied, Dag André Sangnes, Magdy El-Salhy, Johannes R Hov, Odd Helge Gilja, Jan Gunnar Hatlebakk, Trygve Hausken
BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota alterations are important in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim was to investigate the effect of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on gut microbiota and the symptoms in patients with IBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 13 IBS patients according to Rome III criteria and 13 healthy donors. Freshly donated feces were administered to the descending part of the duodenum via a gastroscope. Feces were collected from donors and patients before FMT, and from the patients at 1, 3 and 12 weeks and donors and patients at 20/28 weeks after FMT...
2018: PloS One
Łukasz Nawacki, Agata Czyż, Piotr Bryk, Dorota Kozieł, Renata Stępień, Stanisław Głuszek
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 carcinogen. Its influence on the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer has been confirmed in many researches. The conclusion is obvious- early detection and eradication of Hp can prevent the development of the disease. METHODS: The objective of the study was to analyse the clinical and practical value of Carbon-13 urea breath test (UBT) in patients hospitalized due to pain complaints in the upper abdomen and dyspeptic symptoms...
June 4, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Shu-Ling Li, Enfeng Zhao, Li Zhao, Zi-Kai Wang, Wen Li
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been established in animal models and human studies, but few clinical studies have investigated transvaginal NOTES in the diagnosis of unexplained refractory ascites. We aimed to assess the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of transvaginal NOTES for the diagnosis of unexplained ascites in female patients. METHODS: A prospective study was done involving 3 female patients with unexplained ascites...
November 1, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Hejun Zhang, Xueqiong Nie, Zhiqiang Song, Rongli Cui, Zhu Jin
OBJECTIVES: Gastric hyperplastic polyp (GHP) commonly arises in the abnormal surrounding mucosa, including autoimmune metaplastic atrophic gastritis (AMAG). We aimed to compare clinicopathological features in patients with GHPs associated with AMAG with those in patients with GHPs associated with non-AMAG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1170 patients with GHP(s) were enrolled, and their clinical and pathological data were analyzed, retrospectively. RESULTS: The GHP patients were divided into 181 A-GHP (type A GHP, AMAG-associated GHP) participants, 312 B-GHP (type B GHP, Helicobacter pylori infection-associated GHP) participants, and 677 other GHP participants (non-A-GHP and non-B-GHP) based on pathological status of the surrounding non-polypoid mucosa...
October 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Dingyun Liu, Nini Rao, Xinming Mei, Hongxiu Jiang, Quanchi Li, ChengSi Luo, Qian Li, Chengshi Zeng, Bing Zeng, Tao Gan
Early diagnoses of esophageal cancer can greatly improve the survival rate of patients. At present, the lesion annotation of early esophageal cancers (EEC) in gastroscopic images is generally performed by medical personnel in a clinic. To reduce the effect of subjectivity and fatigue in manual annotation, computer-aided annotation is required. However, automated annotation of EEC lesions using images is a challenging task owing to the fine-grained variability in the appearance of EEC lesions. This study modifies the traditional EEC annotation framework and utilizes visual salient information to develop a two saliency levels-based lesion annotation (TSL-BLA) for EEC annotations on gastroscopic images...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Shahzad Latif, Noreen Akther, Sameen Amjed, Junaid Jafar, Bushra Saleem, Muhammad Usman, Tuaha Amjad, Waqas Maqsood, Humaira Waseem, Naim Ashraf
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of clarithromycin based standard triple therapy verses levofloxacin based first line therapy against Helicobacter pylori infection. METHODS: This prospective observational study was performed at Akhter Saeed Trust Teaching Hospital, Lahore, from May 2016 to 31st May 2017 and comprised of all patients with positive H. pylori, confirmed by gastroscopic biopsy; fulfill the inclusion criteria of this study. Patients were divided into two groups (Group A and Group B)...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"