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psychosocial rehabilitation

Turhan Kahraman, Sema Savci, Asiye Tuba Ozdogar, Zumrut Gedik, Egemen Idiman
INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery training delivered at home via telerehabilitation is a novel rehabilitation concept. The aim was to investigate the effects of telerehabilitation-based motor imaging training (Tele-MIT) on gait, balance and cognitive and psychosocial outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). METHODS: This randomized, controlled pilot trial included pwMS and healthy individuals. pwMS were randomly divided into two groups, intervention and control...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Evangelia Chrysikou
The pluralism that characterized the development of psychiatric services around the world created a variety of policies, care models and building types, and fostered experimental approaches. Increased complexities of care, institutional remnants, stigma, and the limited diagnostic and interventional accuracy of psychiatric treatments resulted in institutional behaviors surviving, even in newly built facilities. This was raised by research on awarded psychiatric buildings. The locus of the research comprised two acute psychiatric wards in London...
2019: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Schaub Annette, Falkai Peter
The Sixth Kraepelin Symposium was held at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich in October 2018, covering reports from 12 working groups (Keith H. Nuechterlein, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles; Kim T. Mueser, Ph.D., Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, U.S.A.; Dominic Dwyer, Ph.D, Hospital LMU, Munich; David Fowler, Ph.D. University of Sussex, Brighton, U.K.; Martin Hautzinger, Ph.D., University of Tübingen; Nikolaos Koutsouleris, M...
February 5, 2019: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Joy B Parrish, Emily Fields
Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) is relatively rare, but as technology and neuroimaging advance, an increasing number of cases are identified, and our understanding of how multiple sclerosis (MS) impacts the developing brain improves. There are consistent findings in the literature highlighting the impact of MS and other demyelinating diseases on cognitive functioning and cognitive development. We also have a better understanding of how POMS impacts psychosocial functioning and functional outcomes in daily living...
February 4, 2019: Children
Chyrisse Heine, Michelle Slone
Vast literature exists detailing the identification and management of central auditory processing disorder in children: however, less information is available regarding central auditory processing disorder in the adult population. This study aimed to document the diagnostic and management procedure for adults presenting at a multidisciplinary clinic due to concerns regarding their listening and central auditory processing skills. This retrospective study was a case file audit of two adults (a male, aged 37 years and a female, aged 44 years) who presented at a multidisciplinary (audiology and speech pathology) clinic for a hearing and central auditory processing evaluation...
2019: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Fanny Poget, Tiffany Blackburn, Fanny Descloux, Helen Fiddler
OBJECTIVES: To explore the patients' experiences of participating in an exercise group following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). DESIGN: Hermaneutic phenomenological qualitative study of two focus groups. SETTING: Outpatient care, private rehabilitation centre. PARTICIPANTS: Nine adults who had participated in an exercise group led by a physiotherapist following ACLR. RESULTS: Three major themes emerged from the data: psychosocial factors, physical outcomes and identity of the exercise group...
December 26, 2018: Physiotherapy
Felicity J Broadbent, Janene M Swalwell
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of a chronic, unpredictable, and incurable disease such as multiple sclerosis can have profound effects on emotional wellbeing. The Sailing Sclerosis Foundation provided an opportunity for 94 individuals living with multiple sclerosis from 16 countries to challenge themselves by sailing aboard the Oceans of Hope yacht, as it circumnavigated the globe over a 17-month period in 2014 and 2015. We explored the psychosocial outcomes of this unique journey. METHODS: Deductive thematic analysis was used to analyze 206 blogs posted online by participants to the Sailing Sclerosis website during and after their journey...
February 1, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Laurelie R Wall, Rebecca L Nund, Elizabeth C Ward, Petrea L Cornwell, Delena I Amsters
PURPOSE: Voice and communication changes can occur following cervical spinal cord injury due to dysfunction of the respiratory and phonatory subsystems. Few studies have explored the "lived experience" of communication changes post cervical spinal cord injury. Furthermore, the impacts of these changes on community activity/participation and requirements for psychosocial adjustment have not been well-elucidated. The current study explored the experience of communication changes in non-ventilated individuals following cervical spinal cord injury, using a biopsychosocial framework...
January 29, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Cecile J Proctor, Lisa A Best
BACKGROUND: In spite of the increased focus of education and awareness programs on prevention and safety surrounding Acquired Brain Injury (ABI), over 50,000 Canadians and 900,000 Americans sustain a brain injury every year. Given the psychological impact of an ABI, there is a growing body of literature examining the links between injury, mental health, and life satisfaction in brain injury survivors; specifically, changes in leisure activities, employment, and the struggles with injury related deficits contribute to increased social isolation, depression, and loneliness...
January 22, 2019: Disability and Health Journal
Nicolas Franck, Laura Bon, Marie Dekerle, Julien Plasse, Catherine Massoubre, Romain Pommier, Emilie Legros-Lafarge, Nemat Jaafari, Nathalie Guillard-Bouhet, Clélia Quilès, Geoffroy Couhet, Hélène Verdoux, Benjamin Gouache, Brice Martin, Sophie Cervello, Caroline Demily, Julien Dubreucq
OBJECTIVE: The REHABase project is a French observational, prospective, and multicenter cohort study of serious mental illness and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), launched in 2016 for a planned minimum duration of 15 years. The aim is to characterize the care and quality-of-life needs of participants. This article presents initial results from data collection. METHODS: Psychosocial, cognitive, and functional data were collected at baseline, annually, and after rehabilitation care...
January 29, 2019: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Jennifer Gravrok, Tiffani Howell, Dan Bendrups, Pauleen Bennett
PURPOSE: Companion dogs can provide psychosocial benefits for their owners. Assistance dogs reportedly provide similar benefits, while also performing specific tasks. These psychosocial benefits may increase their handler's quality of life and ability to thrive - defined as having the ability to grow and flourish, especially in the face of adversity. Currently, no studies compare assistance dogs' effectiveness to companion dogs' in assisting their handler/owner to thrive, an important comparison given that companion dogs are typically less expensive to acquire, and more readily available...
January 28, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jessica M Brooks, Kanako Iwanaga, Brandi Parker Cotton, Jon Deiches, John Blake, Chungyi Chiu, Blaise Morrison, Fong Chan
The study purpose was to evaluate pain catastrophizing and psychological distress as mediators for the relationship between perceived mindfulness and depressive symptoms in people with chronic pain. We conducted an online cross-sectional survey with 211 adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain recruited from U.S. clinics and community networks. A serial multiple mediation analysis was performed using ordinary least-squares regressions and a bootstrap testing approach. Pain catastrophizing and psychological distress, independently and jointly, mediated the relationship between mindfulness and depressive symptoms...
April 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation
Ylenia Longobardi, Vezio Savoia, Francesco Bussu, Luciana Morra, Giorgia Mari, Domenico A Nesci, Claudio Parrilla, Lucia D'Alatri
BACKGROUND: Acquisition and acceptance of the alaryngeal voice, psychological state, and Quality of Life (QoL) of laryngectomized patients. METHODS: Thirty-two patients who underwent total laryngectomy were included in the study; 17 of them were treated by a psychologist and a speech therapist (experimental group); 15 performed only speech therapy (control group). RESULTS: The experimental group showed a significant improvement in all parameters of the INFVo scale, in the score of the Environment subscale and in the total score of the I-SECEL (Self-Evaluation of Communication Experiences after Laryngeal Cancer); in the Depression, Obsession-Compulsion and Paranoia areas of the SCL-90-R (Symptom Check List-90-Revised); and in the Social area (REL) of the WHOQOL-B (World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief)...
January 26, 2019: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kuhnt Susanne, Friedrich Michael, Schulte Thomas, Esser Peter, Hinz Andreas
INTRODUCTION: Having a better understanding of predictors of cancer-related fatigue makes it easier to early identify patients at risk of suffering from long-term fatigue. The aim of this longitudinal study was to identify factors that predict long-term fatigue 6 months after discharge from a rehabilitation clinic using a multidimensional conceptualization. METHOD: A mixed sample of cancer survivors (N = 948) were recruited while in-patient at a rehabilitation clinic...
January 24, 2019: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Mariana B Bronstrup, Marina Rl Palmeiro, Rosemary Sa Shinkai
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of prosthetic rehabilitation on quality of life (QoL) in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and in edentulous patients with implant-supported complete dentures (ICD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CLP (n = 20) and ICD (n = 26) patients completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Nine patients with an OHIP-14 score above the 75th percentile were interviewed. Data were interpreted using inductive content analysis and triangulation...
January 2019: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Tzong-Yun Tsai, C Anton Fries, Jo-Chun Hsiao, Chung-Chen Hsu, Yu-Te Lin, Shih-Heng Chen, Chih-Hung Lin, Fu-Chan Wei, Cheng-Hung Lin
BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are an important metric in evaluating treatment efficacy of reconstructive surgery. Toe-to-hand transfer can restore vital prehensile function however this surgery is complex, extensive rehabilitation is required, and there are concerns about donor site morbidity. This study longitudinally explores the benefits of this procedure, from the patients' perspective, using PROMs. METHODS: 23 patients who underwent free toe-to-hand transfers from 2012 to 2015 were evaluated pre- and post-operatively using the following validated questionnaires; the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ), the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Lower Limb Outcomes Questionnaire (LFQ)...
January 21, 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Margaret Black, Lynda R Matthews, Michael J Millington
PURPOSE: Employability assessment helps in deciding to pay or decline Australian total and permanent disability insurance claims, yet it has not been critically examined. This paper reviews employability assessment from forensic vocational assessment, life insurance/superannuation, and legal perspectives. METHODS: In a scoping review, we searched six multidisciplinary databases and various industry-specific resources. Items pertinent to forensic employability/vocational assessment and life insurance total and permanent disability claims were included...
January 24, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Alix Vincent, David Da Fonseca, Karine Baumstarck, Isabelle Charvin, Rafael Alcaraz-Mor, Marie-Pascale Lehucher-Michel
PURPOSE: This pilot study describes the socio-professional development and quality of life of young adults with Asperger syndrome in France. METHODS: Those young adults, between 18 and 30 years old, receiving care in a child psychiatry department for autistic spectrum disorder, were requested to respond to the Ad Hoc, World Health Organization Quality Of Life - Bref and Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaires regarding their socio-professional background and feelings about their future...
January 22, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Paula A Dabovich, Jaklin A Eliott, Alexander C McFarlane
Many health behaviours and outcomes in veterans can be attributed to issues of identity. Identity is informed by core values, which are critical to service organisations that demand unity, including the military, but the intersection between values, identity, and adaptation to serious wounds, injuries, and illnesses remains relatively unexplored. This article elucidates the relationship between values, identity, and adaptation during rehabilitation in high-risk military personnel through examination of the experiences of 13 Australian combat soldiers undergoing rehabilitation for serious wounds, injuries, and mental health conditions...
January 9, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Fei-Hsiu Hsiao, Wen-Hung Kuo, Guey-Mei Jow, Ming-Yang Wang, King-Jen Chang, Yu-Ming Lai, Yu-Ting Chen, Chiun-Sheng Huang
OBJECTIVES: This 14-month study aimed to examine the changes of quality of life following breast cancer surgery and associations of such changes with depression and anxiety levels, and protective factors (attachment styles in close relationship, and meaning in life) based on positive psychology theory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with breast cancer were recruited within one week of completion of breast cancer surgery. They were asked to complete several questionnaires to measure the generic and breast cancer specific quality of life, depression and anxiety levels, attachment styles in close relationship, and meaning in life...
January 4, 2019: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
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