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UVB fibroblast aging

Ji Suk Choi, Woo Lee Cho, Yeo Jin Choi, Jae Dong Kim, Hyun-A Park, Su Yeon Kim, Jae Hyung Park, Dong-Gyu Jo, Yong Woo Cho
Ultraviolet-B (UVB) irradiation causes imbalance between dermal matrix synthesis and degradation through aberrant upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which leads to overall skin photoaging. We investigated the effects of extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from human adipose-derived stem cells (HASCs) on photo-damaged human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). EVs were isolated from conditioned media of HASCs with tangential flow filtration and characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), western blotting, micro RNA (miRNA) arrays, cytokine arrays and liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
2019: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
Kyoung-Jin Lee, Kyeong Han Park, Jang-Hee Hahn
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation of the sunlight, especially UVA and UVB, is the primary environmental cause of skin damage, including topical inflammation, premature skin aging, and skin cancer. Previous reports show that activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in human skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes after UV exposure induces the expression and release of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and subsequently leads to the production of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and growth factor basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)...
January 23, 2019: Molecules and Cells
Cheng-Che E Lan
Solar radiation is one of fundamental elements sustaining and maintaining life on earth. Previous studies on health effects from the sun exposure mostly focused on ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Although exposure to the solar radiation likely occurs in an environment with elevated temperature, the effects and interactions of elevated environmental temperature with UV radiation on the skin, especially in the context of ageing and carcinogenesis, have not been carefully examined. It is known that UVA radiation results in reduced production and increased degradation of dermal collagen, contributing to photoageing of the skin...
February 2019: Experimental Dermatology
Dan Hao, Xiang Wen, Lian Liu, Lian Wang, Xianli Zhou, Yanmei Li, Xin Zeng, Gu He, Xian Jiang
Ultraviolet radiation is markedly increased because of pollution and the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. Excessive exposure to sunlight can negatively affect the skin, resulting in sunburn, photo-aging, or skin cancer. In this study, we first determined the photoprotective effect of sanshool, a major component in Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on UVB-irradiated responses in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and nude mouse. We found that sanshool treatment can protect cells against the effects of UVB irradiation by (i) increasing cell viability, (ii) inhibiting MMP expression, and (iii) inducing autophagy...
January 8, 2019: Cell Death & Disease
Ilaria Penna, Ennio Albanesi, Rosalia Bertorelli, Tiziano Bandiera, Debora Russo
Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure is the primary factor responsible for skin photoaging, affecting all the skin layers, mainly through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), activation of inflammatory responses, and apoptosis. In keeping with this evidence, exogenous supplementation with dietary antioxidants has been shown to provide photoprotective benefits. Moreover, oral administration of hyaluronic acid (HA) has been proved to reduce the signs of aged skin, such as wrinkles, and increase hydration and elasticity...
December 27, 2018: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Jung-Eun Yang, Hien T T Ngo, Eunson Hwang, Seul A Seo, Sul Woong Park, Tae-Hoo Yi
Exposure of skin to UVB radiation is associated with skin thickening, erythema, deep wrinkles, and marked losses of elasticity, resilience, and hydration. To find effective anti-aging materials, scientists have studied not only natural nutritional sources, but also biotransformed metabolites. Although Hibiscus syriacus L., the national flower of Korea has been used extensively throughout history, it has not yet been examined for possible anti-aging effects. In this study, skin anti-aging effects of H. syriacus L...
December 17, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Se-Ho Park, Seung-Su Lee, Myun-Ho Bang, Sung Kwan Jo, Kwang-Hwan Jhee, Seun-Ah Yang
This study was undertaken to determine the effects of enzyme-treated Zizania latifolia (ETZL) and of its major compound tricin on skin photo-aging and to investigate the mechanisms involved. It was found ETZL and tricin suppressed matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production and increased type I-procollagen production in UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). Furthermore, ETZL and tricin significantly up-regulated the expressions of the antioxidant enzymes HO-1 and SOD1, reduced UVB-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) induction by ROS and thereby attenuated activator protein-1 (AP-1) expression...
December 9, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Furong Fan, Yufei Li, Yi Liu, Li Shao, Juehua Yu, Ziwei Li
Co-culture methods are widely used in tissue engineering to drive tissue formation with the direct or indirect interaction of multiple cell types. Klotho is a novel biomarker involved in aging. In this study, we evaluated the protective effects of klotho overexpressed adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) against ultraviolet radiation B (UVB)-induced photoaging in co-cultured human skin fibroblasts (HSF2 cell line). Furthermore, the involvement of P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling was investigated...
December 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shuanghai Hu, Jinhua Huang, Shiyao Pei, Yujie Ouyang, Yufang Ding, Ling Jiang, Jianyun Lu, Liyang Kang, Lihua Huang, Hong Xiang, Rong Xiao, Qinghai Zeng, Jing Chen
Ultraviolet (UV)-induced pigmentation is very common in clinical practice, but the current treatments are rarely effective, accompanied by some side effects. Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (GLP) is a natural antioxidant with no toxic side effects, which can antagonize UVB-induced fibroblast photo aging. The study aims to explore the role of GLP in inhibiting UVB-induced melanogenesis and its possible mechanism. The expression of melanogenesis genes such as microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosine (TYR), tyrosinase related protein 1 (TYRP1), tyrosinase related protein 2 (TYRP2), ras-related protein Rab-27A (Rab27A), and Myosin shows an upward trend after exposure of B16F10 and PIG1 cells to UVB irradiation, but GLP can downregulate the expression of genes related to UVB-induced melanogenesis...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Genji Imokawa
Exposure of human skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes significant damage to that tissue. The effects of UV on the skin mainly include acute inflammation (erythema/edema) and abnormal keratinization wherein prostaglandin E2 (produced by cyclooxygenase-2), interleukin-8 and transglutaminase 1 (a major regulatory factor of keratinization), play pivotal roles. Later phases of UV-induced skin reactions include hyperpigmentation, wrinkle formation and carcinogenesis, the former two being associated with the UVB-induced production and/or secretion of endothelin-1, stem cell factor and granulocyte macrophage colony stimulatory factor by keratinocytes in the epidermis...
October 19, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Weijie Wen, Jianwen Chen, Liugang Ding, Xia Luo, Xueping Zheng, Qi Dai, Qianqian Gu, Cui Liu, Ming Liang, Xiaolei Guo, Peiqing Liu, Min Li
BACKGROUND: Astragalus membranaceus is a fundamental herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine and has attracted significant attention due to its anti-inflammatory, and longevity effects. However, its anti-photoaging property remains to be defined. Autophagy plays important roles in regulating cell homeostasis and aging processes. Whether regulation of autophagy could be an efficient way for anti-photoaging is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and the possible mechanism of astragaloside on anti-photoaging in UVB-induced photoaging cell model...
September 14, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Eunson Hwang, Pei Lin, Hien T T Ngo, Tae-Hoo Yi
Syzygium aromaticum L., commonly named clove, is widely used in the food industry due to its antioxidant and antibacterial capabilities. However, little information is available regarding its role in resisting skin photoaging. This study investigated 50% ethanol extract of Syzygium aromaticum L. (SA) and eugenol (EO) for anti-aging effects in UVB-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) and hairless mice. In vitro, SA and EO suppressed matrix metalloproteinase-1, 3 (MMP-1 and MMP-3) secretion as well as the activator protein 1 (AP-1) phosphorylation...
September 19, 2018: Food & Function
Yun-A Park, Sung Ryul Lee, Jin Woo Lee, Hyun Jung Koo, Seon-A Jang, Seung-Won Yun, Hyun Ju Kim, Jeong Suk Woo, Myung Rye Park, Se Chan Kang, Youn Kyu Kim, Eun-Hwa Sohn
Angelica tenuissima root has historically been used as a traditional medicine in Korea. Previous studies have identified the anti-melanogenic effects of the extract of A. tenuissima root fermented by Aspergillus oryzae (FAT). This study investigated the protective effects of FAT against ultraviolet light B exposure (UVB; 30 mJ/cm2 ) in HaCaT (human keratinocyte) or Hs68 (human foreskin fibroblast) skin cells. FAT treatment was able to stimulate wound healing rate at the basal condition. FAT also favored the maintenance and/or improvement of extracellular matrix impairment caused by UVB irradiation through: 1) upregulation of procollagen Type-1 synthesis and secretion; 2) suppression of MMP-1 and elastase expression...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Suwen Liu, Lu You, Yanxue Zhao, Xuedong Chang
Ultraviolet (UV) B radiation can cause skin aging by increasing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production and collagen degradation, leading to the formation of wrinkles. This study investigated whether hawthorn polyphenol extract (HPE) protects against UVB-induced skin photoaging using HaCaT human keratinocytes, normal human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), and mice. Analysis of the phenol composition of HPE by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry showed that chlorogenic acid (13.5%), procyanidin B2 (19...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mingwu Deng, Dong Li, Yichen Zhang, Guangdong Zhou, Wei Liu, Yilin Cao, Wenjie Zhang
Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), resulting in the aging of dermal fibroblasts. Crocin, a bioactive constituent of Crocus sativus, possesses anti‑oxidation effects. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of crocin on UVB‑induced dermal fibroblast photoaging. Human dermal fibroblasts were isolated and cultured with different concentrations of crocin prior to and following exposure to UVB irradiation. The senescent phenotypes of cells were evaluated, including cell proliferation, cell cycle, senescence‑associated β‑galactosidase (SA‑β‑gal) expression, intracellular ROS, expression of antioxidant protein glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX‑1) and extracellular matrix protein collagen type 1 (Col‑1)...
August 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Myeongsik Oh, Jinhee Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Won Jong Rhee, Ju Hyun Park
Stem cells and their paracrine factors have emerged as a resource for regenerative medicine. Many studies have shown the beneficial effects of paracrine factors secreted from adult stem cells, such as exosomes, on skin aging. However, to date, few reports have demonstrated the use of exosomes derived from human pluripotent stem cells for the treatment of skin aging. In this study, we collected exosomes from the conditioned medium of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and investigated the effect on aged human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs)...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Dengke Qin, Runjian Ren, Chuanlong Jia, Yongzhou Lu, Qingjian Yang, Liang Chen, Xinyuan Wu, Jingjing Zhu, Yu Guo, Ping Yang, Yiqun Zhou, Ningwen Zhu, Bo Bi, Tianyi Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation alters multiple molecular pathways in the skin, thereby inducing skin photoaging. Murine dermal fibroblasts (MDFs) were subjected to a series of 4 sub-cytotoxic UVB doses (120 mJ/cm2), resulting in changes in cell shape, DNA damage, cell cycle arrest, extracellular matrix variations, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and alterations in major intracellular antioxidant and cellular autophagy levels. Rapamycin (RAPA) is a new macrolide immunosuppressive agent that is primarily used in oncology, cardiology, and transplantation medicine and has been found to extend the lifespan of genetically heterogeneous mice...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Ramesh Kumar Santhanam, Sharida Fakurazi, Syahida Ahmad, Faridah Abas, Intan Safinar Ismail, Yaya Rukayadi, Muhammad Tayyab Akhtar, Khozirah Shaari
The antiphoto aging property of Zanthoxylum rhetsa obtained from Pangkor Island, Malaysia, was evaluated. Solvent fractions of different polarity obtained from the methanolic extract of the bark material were initially tested for anticollagenase and antielastase activities. The ethyl acetate fraction showed bioactivity against the protease enzymes. Hence, it was subjected to further purification via column chromatography, to yield a major constituent, hesperidin. Subsequently, the ethyl acetate fraction and hesperidin were tested for their effects against UVB-induced cytotoxicity and expressions of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α), NF-κB, and MMPs (MMP1, 3, and 9) in human dermal fibroblasts (HDF)...
August 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Marie Toutfaire, Elise Dumortier, Antoine Fattaccioli, Martine Van Steenbrugge, Charlotte M Proby, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux
Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common type of non-melanoma skin cancer in white-skinned populations. cSCC is associated with sun exposure and aging, which is concomitant with an accumulation of senescent cells in the skin. The involvement of senescent cells in carcinogenesis has been highlighted in several cancer types and an interaction between cSCC cells and senescent cells is proposed, but still little explored. Tumor-associated effects are mostly attributed to the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)...
May 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Hong-Il Kim, Yong-Un Jeong, Jong-Hyeon Kim, Young-Jin Park
Citrus fruits contain various types of flavonoids with powerful anti-aging and photoprotective effects on the skin, and have thus been attracting attention as potential, efficacious skincare agents. Here, we aimed to investigate the chemical composition of Citrus unshiu and its protective effects on photoaging. We isolated and identified a bioactive compound, 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF), from C. unshiu peels using ethanol extraction and hexane fractionation. HMF inhibited collagenase activity and increased type I procollagen content in UV-induced human dermal fibroblast neonatal (HDFn) cells...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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