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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684534/novel-biomolecules-of-ageing-sex-differences-and-potential-underlying-mechanisms-of-telomere-shortening-in-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Trine B Opstad, Are A Kalstad, Alf Åge Pettersen, Harald Arnesen, Ingebjørg Seljeflot
Telomere length (TL), growth differentiate factor (GDF)11, insulin growth factor (IGF)1, sirtuin (SIRT)1 and inflammatory processes have been related to ageing and age-related diseases, like coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the associations between leukocyte TLs (LTLs), chronological age, sex and comorbidities in CAD patients. Any covariations between LTL, GDF11, IGF1, SIRT-1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines were further assessed. METHODS: In 300 patients with stable CAD (age 36-81 years, 20% females), DNA and RNA were isolated from whole blood for PCR analysis and relative quantification of LTLs and gene-expression of GDF11, IGF1,SIRT1, IL-12, IL-18 and IFNƴ, respectively...
January 23, 2019: Experimental Gerontology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624990/mr-mineralocorticoid-receptor-induces-adipose-tissue-senescence-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-leading-to-vascular-dysfunction-in-obesity
#2
Clara Lefranc, Malou Friederich-Persson, Laura Braud, Roberto Palacios-Ramirez, Susanne Karlsson, Nabiha Boujardine, Roberto Motterlini, Frederic Jaisser, Aurelie Nguyen Dinh Cat
Adipose tissue (AT) senescence and mitochondrial dysfunction are associated with obesity. Studies in obese patients and animals demonstrate that the MR (mineralocorticoid receptor) contributes to obesity-associated cardiovascular complications through its specific role in AT. However, underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims to elucidate whether MR regulates mitochondrial function in obesity, resulting in AT premature aging and vascular dysfunction. Obese (db/db) and lean (db/+) mice were treated with an MR antagonist or a specific mitochondria-targeted antioxidant...
February 2019: Hypertension
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611892/the-effect-of-physical-stimuli-on-the-expression-level-of-key-elements-in-mitochondrial-biogenesis
#3
Andras Salamon, Rita Torok, Evelin Sumegi, Fanni Boros, Zsofia Gabriella Pesei, Mate Fort Molnar, Gabor Veres, Denes Zadori, Laszlo Vecsei, Peter Klivenyi
Proper mitochondrial function is crucial for intact cellular homeostasis. Mitochondrial dysfunction is clearly involved in the pathogenesis of most neurodegenerative- and age-related chronic disorders. The aim of this study is to stimulate cellular production of important compounds of mitochondrial biogenesis, namely in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC)- and Sirtuin (SIRT)-systems. We studied the effect of cold challenge and training on the mRNA expression levels of some compounds of these systems in different brain areas of mice...
January 3, 2019: Neuroscience Letters
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556451/serum-and-follicular-fluid-levels-of-sirtuin-1-sirtuin-6-and-resveratrol-in-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-an-observational-clinical-study
#4
József Bódis, Endre Sulyok, Tamás Kőszegi, Krisztina Gödöny, Viktória Prémusz, Ákos Várnagy
OBJECTIVE: This observational, clinical study was designed to assess the role of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), and resveratrol in in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Paired serum and follicular fluid (FF) samples were obtained from 30 consecutive patients (age: 36.43 ± 4.17 years, body mass index: 22.90 ± 2.05 kg/m2 , duration of infertility: 5.10 ± 2.80 years) who received IVF treatment. SIRT1, SIRT6, and resveratrol levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
December 16, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30556210/rs1894720-polymorphism-in-miat-increased-susceptibility-to-age-related-hearing-loss-by-modulating-the-activation-of-mir-29b-sirt1-pgc-1%C3%AE-signaling
#5
Shaojuan Hao, Le Wang, Kun Zhao, Xiaodan Zhu, Fanglei Ye
BACKGROUND: MIAT may be implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related hearing loss (AHL). This study aimed to clarify the effect of a MIAT signaling pathway on the risk of AHL. METHODS: Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assay, auditory brainstem response (ABR) and quantitative hair cell counts were used to compare the hearing functions in different groups of mice. 5,5,6,6-Tetrachloro-1,1,3,3-tetraethylbenzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide (JC-1) dye method was used to establish the potential association between mitochondrial dysfunction and aging...
December 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30534206/antidiabetic-efficacy-of-lactoferrin-in-type-2-diabetic-pediatrics-controlling-impact-on-ppar-%C3%AE-sirt-1-and-tlr4-downstream-signaling-pathway
#6
Waleed A Mohamed, Mona F Schaalan
The current study aims to investigate the antidiabetic efficacy of camel milk-derived lactoferrin and potential involvement of PPAR-γ and SIRT-1 via TLR-4/NFκB signaling pathway in obese diabetic pediatric population. Sixty young obese patients with type 2 diabetes were selected from the Pediatric Endocrine Metabolic Unit, Cairo University and were randomly divided among two age and sex-matched groups so as to receive either standard therapy without lactoferrin in one arm or to be treated with oral lactoferrin capsules (250 mg/day, p...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30498174/assessment-of-sirtuin-3-and-sirtuin-4-level-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-periodontitis-a-clinical-study
#7
Rashmi Laddha, Monica Mahajania, Amruta Khadse, Rajat Bajaj, Rashmi Jawade, Shashwati Choube
AIM: Periodontitis is considered as infection in periodontal supporting structure leading to tooth mobility and ulcerated periodontal pockets. The present study was conducted to assess Sirtuin 3 (SIRT 3) and SIRT 4 level in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 60 subjects. Subjects were divided into four groups, groups I to IV. Each group comprised of 15 subjects. In all subjects, fasting blood glucose level was assessed...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30390331/targeting-anti-aging-protein-sirtuin-sirt-in-the-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#8
Sadiya Bi Shaikh, Ashwini Prabhu, Yashodhar Prabhakar Bhandary
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe, incurable, age-associated respiratory disorder that has gained significance because of its unknown etiology and lack of therapeutic approaches. IPF causes maximum damage to the alveolar epithelial cells, thereby leading to lung remodeling and initiating epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). The actual molecular mechanisms underlying IPF still remain unclear, and knowledge about these mechanisms would be helpful in its diagnosis. Sirtuins (Sirt) are class of NAD+-dependent proteins, widely known to exert positive and protective effects on age-related diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and so on, and are also involved in regulating IPF...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30381838/sirt1-overexpression-attenuates-offspring-metabolic-and-liver-disorders-as-a-result-of-maternal-high-fat-feeding
#9
Long T Nguyen, Hui Chen, Amgad Zaky, Carol Pollock, Sonia Saad
KEY POINTS: Maternal high-fat diet (MHF) consumption led to metabolic and liver disorders in male offspring, which are associated with reduced sirtuin (SIRT)1 expression and activity in the offspring liver SIRT1 overexpression in MHF offspring reduced their body weight and adiposity and normalized lipid metabolic markers in epididymal and retroperitoneal adipose tissues SIRT1 overexpression in MHF offspring improved glucose tolerance, as well as systemic and hepatic insulin sensitivity SIRT1 overexpression ameliorated MHF-induced lipogenesis, oxidative stress and fibrogenesis in the liver of offspring...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30364275/microrna-212-5p-prevents-dopaminergic-neuron-death-by-inhibiting-sirt2-in-mptp-induced-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Sifan Sun, Xiaojuan Han, Xueting Li, Qiqi Song, Ming Lu, Miaomiao Jia, Jianhua Ding, Gang Hu
Recently, emerging evidences show that sirtuins (SIRTs) modulate aging progress and affect neurodegenerative diseases. For example, inhibition of SIRT2 has been recognized to exert neuroprotective effects in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, current SIRT2 inhibitors are lack of selective property distinguished from its homolog. In this study, we found that SIRT2 protein level was highly increased in PD model, which was negatively regulated by miR-212-5p. In detail, miR-212-5p transfection reduced SIRT2 expression and inhibited SIRT2 activity...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30355078/mechanisms-of-dysfunction-in-the-aging-vasculature-and-role-in-age-related-disease
#11
Anthony J Donato, Daniel R Machin, Lisa A Lesniewski
Advancing age promotes cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death in the United States and many developed nations. Two major age-related arterial phenotypes, large elastic artery stiffening and endothelial dysfunction, are independent predictors of future CVD diagnosis and likely are responsible for the development of CVD in older adults. Not limited to traditional CVD, these age-related changes in the vasculature also contribute to other age-related diseases that influence mammalian health span and potential life span...
September 14, 2018: Circulation Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30320359/lutein-protects-human-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-from-oxidative-stress%C3%A2-induced-cellular-senescence
#12
Seon Yeong Chae, Sun Young Park, Geuntae Park
Oxidative stress‑induced cellular senescence is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of age‑related macular degeneration (AMD). Characteristics of premature cellular senescence include a loss of proliferation, change in cell shape, irreversible cell cycle arrest, and elevated senescence‑associated β‑galactosidase (SA‑β‑gal) activity. It was hypothesized that lutein may have anti‑senescence potential and may be useful as a treatment for AMD. In the present study, premature cellular senescence was induced in ARPE‑19 cells via treatment with H2O2 and the effects of lutein application were confirmed by observing cell morphology, lysosome contents, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and SA‑β‑gal activity, and cell cycle progression...
December 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30304806/controversial-impact-of-sirtuins-in-chronic-non-transmissible-diseases-and-rehabilitation-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Alessia Mongelli, Carlo Gaetano
A large body of evidence reports about the positive effects of physical activity in pathophysiological conditions associated with aging. Physical exercise, alone or in combination with other medical therapies, unquestionably causes reduction of symptoms in chronic non-transmissible diseases often leading to significant amelioration or complete healing. The molecular basis of this exciting outcome-however, remain largely obscure. Epigenetics, exploring at the interface between environmental signals and the remodeling of chromatin structure, promises to shed light on this intriguing matter possibly contributing to the identification of novel therapeutic targets...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30298020/fibrogenic-secretome-of-sirtuin-1-deficient-endothelial-cells-wnt-notch-and-glycocalyx-rheostat
#14
REVIEW
Mark Lipphardt, Hassan Dihazi, Gerhard A Müller, Michael S Goligorsky
Sirtuins (SIRT) are ubiquitous histone and protein deacetylases and a member of this family, SIRT1, is the best-studied one. Its functions in endothelial cells encompass branching angiogenesis, activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, regulation of proapoptotic and proinflammatory pathways, among others. Defective SIRT1 activity has been described in various cardiovascular, renal diseases and in aging-associated conditions. Therefore, understanding of SIRT1-deficient, endothelial dysfunctional phenotype has much to offer clinically...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30189861/elevated-contextual-fear-memory-by-sirt6-depletion-in-excitatory-neurons-of-mouse-forebrain
#15
Hyopil Kim, Hyun-Seok Kim, Bong-Kiun Kaang
A class of NAD-dependent protein deacetylases, the Sirtuin (SIRT) family of proteins is involved in aging, cell survival, and neurodegeneration. Recently, SIRT proteins, including SIRT6, have been reported to be important in learning and memory. However, the role of SIRT6 in excitatory brain neurons in cognitive behaviors is not well characterized. We investigated how cognitive behaviors are affected by genetic SIRT6 depletion in excitatory neurons in the mouse forebrain. We generated a conditional knockout (cKO) mouse line by mating two transgenic lines, Floxed SIRT6 and CaMKIIa-Cre...
September 6, 2018: Molecular Brain
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30132522/moderate-calorie-restriction-attenuates-age%C3%A2-associated-alterations-and-improves-cardiac-function-by-increasing-sirt1-and-sirt3-expression
#16
Wei Yu, Jinjin Qin, Chunjuan Chen, Yucai Fu, Wei Wang
Calorie restriction (CR) extends the lifespan of mammals and improves cardiac function by attenuation of age‑associated alterations. Sirtuins (SIRT) are involved in these mechanisms, however, the extent to which CR affects cardiac function and sirtuin expression remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine to what extent CR affects cardiac function and sirtuin expression. A total of 60 female Sprague‑Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, including normal control (NC), 25% calorie restriction (25% CR), 45% calorie restriction (45% CR) and high‑fat diet (HF)...
August 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30131769/inverse-association-of-circulating-sirt1-and-adiposity-a-study-on-underweight-normal-weight-and-obese-patients
#17
Stefania Mariani, Maria R di Giorgio, Paolo Martini, Agnese Persichetti, Giuseppe Barbaro, Sabrina Basciani, Savina Contini, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Antonio Sarnicola, Alfredo Genco, Carla Lubrano, Aldo Rosano, Lorenzo M Donini, Andrea Lenzi, Lucio Gnessi
Context: Sirtuins (SIRTs) are NAD+-dependent deacetylases, cellular sensors to detect energy availability, and modulate metabolic processes. SIRT1, the most studied family member, influences a number of tissues including adipose tissue. Expression and activity of SIRT1 reduce with weight gain and increase in conditions of starvation. Objective: To focus on SIRT1 plasma concentrations in different conditions of adiposity and to correlate SIRT1 with fat content and distribution, energy homeostasis and inflammation in under-weight, normal-weight, and obese individuals...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30131726/acetylation-of-mitochondrial-proteins-in-the-heart-the-role-of-sirt3
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca M Parodi-Rullán, Xavier R Chapa-Dubocq, Sabzali Javadov
A growing number of studies have demonstrated the role of post-translational modifications of proteins, particularly acetylation, in human diseases including neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, and in aging. Acetylation of mitochondrial proteins has been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases such as myocardial infarction (ischemia-reperfusion) and heart failure. Indeed, over 60% of mitochondrial proteins contain acetylation sites, and most of these proteins are involved in mitochondrial bioenergetics...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30104552/effects-of-rhizome-extract-of-dioscorea-batatas-and-its-active-compound-allantoin-on-the-regulation-of-myoblast-differentiation-and-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-c2c12-myotubes
#19
Junnan Ma, Seok Yong Kang, Xianglong Meng, An Na Kang, Jong Hun Park, Yong-Ki Park, Hyo Won Jung
With the aging process, a loss of skeletal muscle mass and dysfunction related to metabolic syndrome is observed in older people. Yams are commonly use in functional foods and medications with various effects. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of rhizome extract of Dioscorea batatas (Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Chinese yam) and its bioactive compound, allantoin, on myoblast differentiation and mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle cells. Yams were extracted in water and allantoin was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
August 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30082184/clinical-utility-of-one-month-imaging-following-selective-internal-radiation-therapy
#20
S Young, A Taylor, J Golzarian, S Flanagan, D D'Souza, T Sanghvi
PURPOSE: The goal of this retrospective review was to determine the clinical relevance of one-month post-treatment imaging in the selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) patient population by reporting the incidence of change in clinical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2016, 85 patients underwent 109 SIRT treatments for either primary or secondary hepatic malignancies. There were 59 men and 26 women with a mean age of 62.4 years (range: 39-89 years)...
August 3, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
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