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Moe Zandy, Li Rita Zhang, Diana Kao, Fahra Rajabali, Kate Turcotte, Alex Zheng, Megan Oakey, Kate Smolina, Ian Pike, Drona Rasali
INTRODUCTION: The association between health outcomes and socioeconomic status (SES) has been widely documented, and mortality due to unintentional injuries continues to rank among the leading causes of death among British Columbians. This paper quantified the SES-related disparities in the mortality burden of three British Columbia's provincial injury prevention priority areas: falls among seniors, transport injury, and youth suicide. METHODS: Mortality data (2009 to 2013) from Vital Statistics and dissemination area or local health area level socioeconomic data from CensusPlus 2011 were linked to examine age-standardized mortality rates (ASMRs) and disparities in ASMRs of unintentional injuries and subtypes including falls among seniors (aged 65+) and transport-related injuries as well as the intentional injury type of youth suicide (aged 15 to 24)...
February 2019: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Hossein-Ali Nikbakht, Sadaf Sahraian, Haleh Ghaem, Afshan Javadi, Maryam Janfada, Soheil Hassanipour, Ali-Reza Mirahmadizadeh
PURPOSE: In Iran, cancers are the third leading cause of death, and gastrointestinal cancers are the primary cause of mortality among all the cancers. This study aimed to determine the trend of crude and age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) for different types of gastrointestinal cancers over an 11-year period in Fars province (Iran). METHODS: In this study, all the mortality data for gastrointestinal cancers were derived from the Electronic Death Registration System (EDRS) between 2005 and 2015...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Xiaoduo Wen, Denggui Wen, Yi Yang, Yuetong Chen, Kohei Akazawa, Yunjiang Liu, Baoen Shan
According to GLOBOCAN 2012, age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of cervical cancer in developed and less developed countries is 9.9 vs. 15.7 per 100,000 population per year. This disparity is related to inequity in access to screening. Urban rural disparity in access to cervical cancer screening is similar in China. We aim to assess urban rural disparity in ASIR.Using population-based tumor registration data collected by us in urban Shijiazhuang city (with incidence data available for 1,217,437 women in 2012) and in Shexian County (with incidence data available for 197,416 women since 2000), we compared ASIR of cervical cancer between the two populations in 2012...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tahira Kootbodien, Kerry Wilson, Nonhlanhla Tlotleng, Vusi Ntlebi, Felix Made, David Rees, Nisha Naicker
Work-related tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health concern in low- and middle-income countries. The use of vital registration data for monitoring TB deaths by occupation has been unexplored in South Africa. Using underlying cause of death and occupation data for 2011 to 2015 from Statistics South Africa, age-standardised mortality rates (ASMRs) were calculated for all persons of working age (15 to 64 years) by the direct method using the World Health Organization (WHO) standard population. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate mortality odds ratios (MORs) for occupation groups, adjusting for age, sex, year of death, province of death, and smoking status...
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Mazvita Sengayi, Elvira Singh, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: HPV infection causes several cancers which include cervical, vaginal, vulval, penile and oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). Understanding the burden of HPV-related cancers is important for guiding cancer prevention and treatment interventions. METHODS: To inform policy, we analysed trends of age-standardised incidence (ASIR) and mortality (ASMR) rates for HPV-related head and neck (HNC) and anogenital cancers (AGC) in South Africa between 1994 and 2013. RESULTS: A total of 1 028 330 incident cancers and 617 044 cancer-related deaths were reported during the study period...
December 14, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Yao Cheng, Yaqiong Yan, Jie Gong, Niannian Yang, Shaofa Nie
Purpose: Following the implementation of breast cancer (BC) control strategies for years in Central China, the outcome needs to be evaluated and further strategies based on long-term surveillance should be formulated. Therefore, we examined the trends of BC incidence and mortality during 1990-2014 and projected them to 2024 in Wuhan, Central China. Patients and methods: The incidence and mortality data of BC were extracted from the Wuhan Cancer Registry. The average annual percentage changes (AAPCs) of the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) were analyzed using Joinpoint regression...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Eloy F Ruiz, J Smith Torres-Roman, Sebastian A Servan, Jose F Martinez-Herrera, Miguel A Arce-Huamani, Greta Carioli, Carlo La Vecchia
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer mortality rates in South America are among the highest in the world. In Peru, stomach cancer has the highest absolute number of cancer deaths in both sexes combined. We estimated mortality rates for stomach cancer in Peru by sex and geographical region between 2008 and 2015. METHODS: We obtained death data for stomach cancer from the Peruvian Ministry of Health database. We estimated the age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) per 100,000 persons using the direct method and the world standard population...
December 3, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Kou Kou, Xiaolei Guo, Peter Baade, Zilong Lu, Zhentao Fu, Jie Chu, Aiqiang Xu, Jiandong Sun
Purpose: Almost half of the global esophageal cancer (EC) deaths occurred in China. This study aims to examine the geographic spread of EC mortality in two periods in a large Chinese population. Methods: Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMRs) for 140 county-level units in Shandong Province during the periods 1970-74 and 2011-13 were derived using data from the First National Cause-of-Death Survey and the Shandong Death Registration System, respectively. ASMRs were smoothed using Area-to-Area Poisson kriging technique...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sonia Alejandra Pou, Maria del Pilar Diaz, Guillermo Angel Velazquez
Background: With 18.6% of total deaths due to malignant tumors in 2016, cancer is the second leading death cause in Argentina. While there is a broad consensus on common risk factors at the individual cancer level, those operating at a contextual level have been poorly studied in developing countries. The objective of our study was to identify socio-environmental patterns in Argentina (2010), emphasizing quality of life, and to explore their associations with the spatial distribution of cancer mortality in the country...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Bruno Detournay, Thomas Borel, Matthieu Trancart, Corinne Emery, Carole Coudray-Omnès
OBJECTIVES: To identify criteria used by French health authorities to assess the clinical added value (ASMR) of drugs seeking reimbursement. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the opinions of the transparency committee (TC) of the French national authority for health (HAS) between March, 2014 and October, 2016 in ten therapeutic areas. TC opinions content was coded and analysed using descriptive statistics and logistic models. RESULTS: The database comprised 160 opinion texts, which included ASMR assessments using a 5 level scale (1=highest ASMR 5=no ASMR)...
November 2, 2018: Thérapie
Bryson C Lochte, Sean A Guillory, Craig A H Richard, William M Kelley
Introduction : The "autonomous sensory meridian response" (ASMR) is a neologism used to describe an internal sensation of deep relaxation and pleasant head tingling which is often stimulated by gentle sounds, light touch, and personal attention. Methods : An fMRI-based methodology was employed to examine the brain activation of subjects prescreened for ASMR-receptivity (n=10) as they watched ASMR videos and identified specific moments of relaxation and tingling. Results : Subjects who experienced ASMR showed significant activation in regions associated with both reward (NAcc) and emotional arousal (dACC and Insula/IFG)...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
C Garbe, U Keim, T Eigentler, T Amaral, A Katalinic, B Holleczek, P Martus, U Leiter
OBJECTIVES: To characterize incidence and mortality trends of cutaneous melanoma (CM) in Germany to extrapolate these data until 2030. METHODS: We evaluated data from the Centre for Cancer Registry Data (1999-2012), and from the Saarland cancer registry (1970-2012). Age standardized (according to the European Standard Population, WHO 1976) incidence and mortality rates (ASIRs, ASMRs) and crude incidence and mortality rates (CIRs, CMRs) were analyzed. RESULTS: In entire Germany, ASIRs increased by 55% to 19...
November 2, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Liting Xi, Jinzhou Zhu, Huixian Zhang, Merlin Muktiali, Chunfang Xu, Airong Wu
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the patterns and trends of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer epidemics in Chinese population have been changing. AIMS: To present the epidemiological trends and geographic distributions of four major GI cancers (esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer and colorectal cancer) in China from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: It used standardized data extracted from the National Central Cancer Registry database. RESULTS: The age-standardized incidence rates (ASIR) of esophageal cancer decreased from 16...
October 22, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Amit Abraham, Hekmat Alrouh, Ravinder Mamtani
INTRODUCTION: With the increase of Qatar's total population, primarily due to the influx of healthy male migrant labor, worldwide attention has been focused on deaths among these migrant workers. OBJECTIVE: To describe adult mortality trends in Qataris (nationals) and non-Qataris (migrants) from all causes, cardiovascular and circulatory disease, neoplasms, and injuries, 1989-2015. METHODS: We retrieved Qatar's vital registration data by nationality, sex, age group, year, and codes of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases, Ninth and Tenth Revisions...
2018: PloS One
Jasim N Al-Asadi, Sarah J Ibrahim
Background: Worldwide, childhood cancer is rare. In addition, a distinct variation in both incidence and type distribution was reported between countries. Aim: To estimate the incidence and mortality rates of childhood cancer in Basrah, Iraq during 2012-2016. Methods: This registry based descriptive study included children aged 0-14 years with primary cancer who were newly diagnosed in Basrah during 2012-2016. The types of malignant tumors were classified according to International Classification of Childhood Cancer, Version 3 (ICCC-3)...
August 24, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Beverley K Fredborg, James M Clark, Stephen D Smith
Background: Autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR) is a perceptual phenomenon in which specific audiovisual stimuli frequently elicit tingling sensations on the scalp and neck. These stimuli ("ASMR triggers") are typically social in nature (e.g., watching someone brush their hair, hearing whispering,) and often elicit a calm and positive emotional state that may last up to several minutes. ASMR experiences phenomenologically overlap with mindfulness; however, no research has directly examined how mindfulness might relate to ASMR...
2018: PeerJ
Agnieszka B Janik McErlean, Michael J Banissy
Background: Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a sensory experience elicited by auditory and visual triggers, which so far received little attention from the scientific community. This self-reported phenomenon is described as a relaxing tingling sensation, which typically originates on scalp and spreads through a person's body. Recently it has been suggested that ASMR shares common characteristics with another underreported condition known as misophonia, where sounds trigger negative physiological, emotional and behavioural responses...
2018: PeerJ
Giulia Lara Poerio, Emma Blakey, Thomas J Hostler, Theresa Veltri
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) describes the experience of tingling sensations in the crown of the head, in response to a range of audio-visual triggers such as whispering, tapping, and hand movements. Public interest in ASMR has risen dramatically and ASMR experiencers watch ASMR videos to promote relaxation and sleep. Unlike ostensibly similar emotional experiences such as "aesthetic chills" from music and awe-inspiring scenarios, the psychological basis of ASMR has not yet been established...
2018: PloS One
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000s have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardised incidence (ASIR) (1994-2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004-2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Sorin Ioacara, Elisabeta Sava, Olivia Georgescu, Anca Sirbu, Simona Fica
AIMS: As there are no published articles on country-level diabetes-related mortality in Romania, we aimed to investigate this aspect for the 1998-2015 period. METHODS: Anonymized demographic and diabetes-related mortality data (underlying or first secondary cause of death) were retrospectively obtained from the National Institute of Statistics/Eurostat microdata. Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) and their annual percentage change (APC) were analysed. RESULTS: During 1998-2015, 4,567,899 persons died in Romania, among whom, diabetes was responsible for 168,854 cases...
August 2018: Acta Diabetologica
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