Read by QxMD icon Read

Probiotic vlbw

Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Ranadip Chowdhury, Tor A Strand, Nita Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are at risk of gut dysbiosis and neurodevelopmental deficits. Prebiotics and probiotics may modulate gut microbiota and influence brain functions. This review synthesizes literature on effect of prebiotic and/or probiotic supplementation in preterm VLBW on their neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Search was done using PubMed and CENTRAL. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in preterm infants (<37 weeks gestation) and/or infants with birth weight <1500 g that evaluated the effect of prebiotic and/or probiotic supplementation on neurodevelopmental outcomes were included...
October 18, 2018: Pediatric Research
Satsuki Totsu, Masaki Terahara, Satoshi Kusuda
Abstract: <AbstractText Label="Objective" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">To investigate the effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 on the development of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants at 18 months of corrected age. Design: Long-term follow-up study of a cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Patients: VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g) born between January 2010 and March 2011 and managed at 19 neonatal intensive care unit facilities assigned to two groups to account for the effect of probiotic cross-contamination within facilities...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
James Butcher, Sharon Unger, Jennifer Li, Nicole Bando, Guillaume Romain, Jane Francis, Walid Mottawea, David Mack, Alain Stintzi, Deborah L O'Connor
Background: Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW; born weighing <1500 g) infant feeding with mother's own milk (mother's milk) is associated with numerous beneficial health outcomes. Several interventions, including the prophylactic use of probiotics, are being adopted to promote a gastrointestinal microbiota favorable to the gut health of VLBW infants. An improved understanding of the microbiota that results from mother's milk feeding would therefore facilitate progress in this field. Objective: A preplanned primary objective of this research was to characterize the development of the gut microbiota in exclusively mother's milk-fed VLBW infants and describe the reference taxonomic profile that results from mother's milk feeding...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Andrea F Kane, Anisha D Bhatia, Patricia W Denning, Andi L Shane, Ravi Mangal Patel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if routine supplementation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG ATCC 53103 (LGG) is associated with a decreased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study of VLBW (<1500 g) infants at a single center from 2008 to 2016. LGG supplementation with Culturelle at a dose of 2.5 to 5 × 109 CFU/day began in 2014. We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate the association between LGG supplementation and necrotizing enterocolitis (modified Bell stage IIA or greater), after adjusting for potential confounders...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Paolo Manzoni, Ruben García Sánchez, Michael Meyer, Ilaria Stolfi, Lorenza Pugni, Hubert Messner, Silvia Cattani, Pasqua Maria Betta, Luigi Memo, Lidia Decembrino, Lina Bollani, Matteo Rinaldi, Maria Fioretti, Michele Quercia, Milena Maule, Elena Tavella, Alessandro Mussa, Chryssoula Tzialla, Nicola Laforgia, Fabio Mosca, Rosario Magaldi, Michael Mostert, Daniele Farina
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether exposure to inhibitors of gastric acidity, such as H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors, can independently increase the risk of infections in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from a multicenter, randomized controlled trial of bovine lactoferrin (BLF) supplementation (with or without the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG) vs placebo in prevention of late-onset sepsis (LOS) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Stefan Kurath-Koller, Christine Moissl-Eichinger, Gregor Gorkiewicz, Raimund Kraschl, Claudia Kanduth, Barbara Hopfer, Berndt Urlesberger, Bernhard Resch
Background: At the Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Medical University Graz, a unique regimen of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) prophylaxis in preterm infants showing a < 1500 g birth weight (i.e. very low birth weight, VLBW) is used. The regimen includes oral antibiotic and antifungal therapy and probiotic preparations as well as a standardised feeding regimen. The incidence of NEC in preterm infants treated by this regimen has been shown to be lower, reflecting 0...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
Bhawan Deep Garg, Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Nandkishor S Kabra
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most serious gastrointestinal emergencies in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm neonates, affecting 7-14% of these neonates. Due to the seriousness of the disease, prevention of NEC is the most important goal. Current evidence from systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that probiotics are the most promising intervention in reduction of the incidence of NEC in VLBW neonates. As per the evidence, prebiotics modulate the composition of human intestine microflora to the benefit of the host by suppression of colonization of harmful microorganism and/or the stimulation of bifidobacterial growth, decreased stool viscosity, reduced gastrointestinal transit time, and better feed tolerance...
August 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
John P Thomas, Tim Raine, Sanath Reddy, Gusztav Belteki
We performed an updated meta-analysis incorporating the results of recent randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to measure the effectiveness of probiotic supplementation in preventing necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and death in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, and to investigate any differences in efficacy by probiotic agent. Using meta-regression analysis, we assessed the contribution of other measured variables on the overall effect size and between-study variability. CONCLUSION: Overall, probiotics lead to significant reductions in NEC incidence and mortality in VLBW infants...
November 2017: Acta Paediatrica
A Shashidhar, P N Suman Rao, Saudamini Nesargi, Swarnarekha Bhat, B S Chandrakala
OBJECTIVE: To measure the efficacy of a probiotic formulation on time to reach full enteral feeds in VLBW (very low birth weight) newborns. DESIGN: Blinded randomized control trial. SETTING: A tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Southern India between August 2012 to November 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 104 newborns with a birth weight of 750-1499 g on enteral feeds. INTERVENTION: Probiotic group (n=52) received a multicomponent probiotic formulation of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium longum and Saccharomyces boulardii once a day at a dose of 1...
May 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Elda Dermyshi, Yizhong Wang, Chongbin Yan, Wenchao Hong, Gang Qiu, Xiaohui Gong, Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, probiotics have been one of the most studied interventions in neonatal medicine. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to analyse all studies (randomized controlled trials, RCTs, and observational studies) assessing the use of probiotics in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science...
2017: Neonatology
María Concepción Moreno Algarra, Verónica Fernández Romero, Tomás Sánchez Tamayo, María Gracia Espinosa Fernández, Enrique Salguero García
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is one of the primary objectives in the management of preterm infants. However, lack of evidence on the best strategy to achieve this objective has led to a great variability in feeding practices. This variability may be related to the differences in the incidence of complications, such as necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the variability in clinical practice regarding enteral feeding in SEN-1500 Spanish network...
November 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Tanjina Chowdhury, Muhammad Manajjir Ali, Muhammad Monir Hossain, Jugindra Singh, Abu Noyeem Muhammad Yousuf, Fatema Yasmin, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered probiotics in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Arandomized double blind controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Paediatrics Department of Sylhet M.A.G. Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet Bangladesh, from July 2012 to June 2015. METHODOLOGY: Preterm (28 - 33 weeks gestation) VLBW (birth weight 1000 - 1499 g) neonates were enrolled...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
S Viswanathan, C Lau, H Akbari, C Hoyen, M C Walsh
OBJECTIVE: Data from multiple clinical trials, mostly conducted outside the US, indicate that probiotic prophylaxis is an effective intervention for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Probiotics are routinely used in many countries. However, in the US, probiotic use in preterm infants is limited (6.7% of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in the US were exposed to probiotics in 2014, Vermont Oxford Network (VON)). Probiotic products are often considered in 'generic' terms, but considerable variation exists between commercially available probiotics in terms of their quantity and quality...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Tomás Sánchez-Tamayo, María Gracia Espinosa Fernández, Laura Affumicato, María González López, Verónica Fernández Romero, María Concepción Moreno Algarra, Enrique Salguero García
INTRODUCTION: An unexpected increase in the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) cases was observed in our hospital. Just in case, our feeding policy could be responsible, it was decided to conduct a systematic review and develop a clinical guideline regarding enteral nutrition of very low birth weight infants (VLBW). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the new feeding protocol in the incidence of NEC. METHOD: A "before" (2011) and "after" (May 2012 - April 2013) study was performed on the new feeding protocol...
December 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Melek Akar, Zeynep Eras, Mehmet Yekta Oncel, Sema Arayici, Nilufer Guzoglu, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Nurdan Uras, Serife Suna Oguz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neurodevelopment outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants supplemented with oral probiotics for the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was performed in a cohort of VLBW preterm infants enrolled in a single center randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of oral probiotics for the prevention of NEC. Cognitive and neuromotor developments were assessed by using the Bayley scales of infant development II...
February 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sharon Anderson
Common among preterm, very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal, infectious disease that remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among this high-risk population. To combat this devastating condition, research efforts have been redirected from treatment toward prevention strategies. Although there are several proposed risk-reduction strategies, one intervention gaining support is the administration of prophylactic enteral probiotics...
2015: Neonatal Network: NN
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Pediatric Research
Christoph Härtel, Annika Hartz, Julia Pagel, Jan Rupp, Anja Stein, Angela Kribs, Andreas Müller, Roland Haase, Christian Gille, Ralf Böttger, Jochen Kittel, Reinhard Jensen, Christian Wieg, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
BACKGROUND: NOD2 loss-of-function mutations, that is, R702W [rs2066844], G908R [rs2066845], and Leu1007fsinsC [rs5743293], have been linked to inflammatory bowel diseases. It is yet unknown whether these variants are also associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or focal intestinal perforation (FIP) in infants of very low birth weight (VLBW). METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we genotyped 9082 VLBW infants with European ancestry enrolled in a prospective, population-based cohort study of the German Neonatal Network...
February 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Xiao-Ling Wang, Xiong Li, Lan Kang, Sheng-Hui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of probiotic supplementation for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and reducing mortality in preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about probiotics for preventing NEC in preterm neonates were searched in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the ISI Web of Knowledge databases, China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Weipu and Wanfang Data from their establishment to March 2014...
August 2015: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"