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Value-based sitagliptin

Xiangjun Qiu, Saili Xie, Lei Ye, Ren-Ai Xu
In the present study, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) approach was designed to concurrently measure the levels of ertugliflozin and sitagliptin in rat plasma with diazepam as the internal standard (IS). Acetonitrile-based protein precipitation was applied for sample preparation, then analytes (ertugliflozin and sitagliptin) were subjected to gradient elution chromatography with a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile (A) and 0.1% formic acid in water (B). Ertugliflozin was monitored by m/z 437...
December 19, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Saiful F Haq, Anirudh P Shanbhag, Subbulakshmi Karthikeyan, Imran Hassan, Kannan Thanukrishnan, Abhishek Ashok, Sunilkumar Sukumaran, S Ramaswamy, Nagakumar Bharatham, Santanu Datta, Shalaka Samant, Nainesh Katagihallimath
INTRODUCTION: Chemical industries are constantly in search of an expeditious and environmentally benign method for producing chiral synthons. Ketoreductases have been used as catalysts for enantioselective conversion of desired prochiral ketones to their corresponding alcohol. We chose reported promiscuous ketoreductases belonging to different protein families and expressed them in E. coli to evaluate their ability as whole-cell catalysts for obtaining chiral alcohol intermediates of pharmaceutical importance...
December 3, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
Yundong Xie, Lihua Shao, Qiutang Wang, Yue Bai, Zizhang Chen, Na Li, Yanhong Xu, Yiping Li, Guangde Yang, Xiaoli Bian
Nitric oxide (NO) dysfunction has been found to be an important factor in both the development and progression of diabetic complications due to its many roles in the vascular system. Multifunctional compounds with hypoglycemic and endothelial protective action will be promising agents for the treatment of diabetes and its complications. In this study, a series of novel NO-donating sitagliptin derivatives and relevant metabolites were synthesized and evaluated as potential multifunctional hypoglycemic agents...
October 15, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Anthony H Barnett, Simon Arnoldini, Barnaby Hunt, Gowri Subramanian, Christina Stentoft Hoxer
AIMS: The recent LIRA-SWITCH trial showed that switching from sitagliptin 100 mg to liraglutide 1.8 mg led to statistically significant and clinically relevant improvements in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) and body mass index (BMI). Based on these findings, the aim of the present study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of switching from sitagliptin to liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes in the UK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IQVIA CORE Diabetes Model Version 8...
August 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Shelby D Reed, Yanhong Li, Jose Leal, Larry Radican, Amanda I Adler, Joakim Alfredsson, John B Buse, Jennifer B Green, Keith D Kaufman, Axel Riefflin, Frans Van de Werf, Eric D Peterson, Alastair M Gray, Rury R Holman
AIMS: TECOS, a cardiovascular safety trial ( identifier: NCT00790205) involving 14 671 patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, demonstrated that sitagliptin was non-inferior to placebo for the primary composite cardiovascular outcome when added to best usual care. This study tested hypotheses that medical resource use and costs differed between these 2 treatment strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information concerning medical resource use was collected on case report forms throughout the trial and was valued using US costs for: Medicare payments for hospitalizations, medical procedures and outpatient visits, and wholesale acquisition costs (WAC) for diabetes-related medications...
July 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
John F Marcinak, Melvin S Munsaka, Paul B Watkins, Takashi Ohira, Neila Smith
INTRODUCTION: Fasiglifam (TAK-875) is a G protein-coupled receptor 40 agonist that was being investigated for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A development program was terminated late in phase III clinical trials due to liver safety concerns. METHODS: The liver safety of fasiglifam was assessed from data based on six phase II and nine phase III double-blind studies and two open-label studies with emphasis on pooled data from 15 double-blind studies from both global and Japanese development programs...
June 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Hiroshi Sakura, Naotake Hashimoto, Kazuo Sasamoto, Hiroshi Ohashi, Sumiko Hasumi, Noriko Ujihara, Tadasu Kasahara, Osamu Tomonaga, Hideo Nunome, Masashi Honda, Yasuhiko Iwamoto
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus fluctuate throughout the year. However, there are few studies that have evaluated the therapeutic effect of hypoglycemic agents while considering such fluctuations. In a multicenter study (Januvia Multicenter Prospective Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Study), pretreatment patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into seven groups and given sitagliptin for 1 year. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the differences in the therapeutic effect, and the efficacy of sitagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus based on the month the administration of the drug began as a subanalysis of the Januvia Multicenter Prospective Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Study...
September 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Risa Takayanagi, Takumi Uchida, Koji Kimura, Yasuhiko Yamada
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists (liraglutide, exenatide, lixisenatide) have recently been used as anti-diabetes drugs. We examined relationships of the binding occupancy of GLP-1 receptors (Φ) and their clinical efficacy after administration of GLP-1 receptor agonists. Next, by focusing on changes of GLP-1 concentration after administration of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (vildagliptin, alogliptin, sitagliptin, linagliptin), we analyzed the relationship between Φ and clinical efficacy...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Huan Huang, Sharash Shetty, Elise Bauer, Kathleen Lang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose initial dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4-i) dosage was concordant with prescribing information (label) recommendations in the United States. METHODS: Adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who initiated a DPP4-i (linagliptin, sitagliptin, saxagliptin) between 1 January 2011 and 30 June 2014 were identified using electronic medical records and administrative claims, with index date being the date of first observed DPP4-i treatment...
June 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Li-Guo Wang, Hui Wang, Qin Liu, Wei-Chang Hua, Chang-Ming Li
The efficacy and safety of seven regimens based on metformin (placebo plus metformin, dapagliflozin plus metformin, vildagliptin plus metformin, saxagliptin plus metformin, empagliflozin plus metformin, exenatide plus metformin and sitagliptin plus metformin) on type 2 diabetes (T2D) were compared based on network meta-analysis. PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were applied in the computer-based retrieval process. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which were related with the above seven regimens based on metformin in the treatment of T2D were included in this study...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ryo Kodera, Kenichi Shikata, Akihiko Nakamura, Satoru Okazaki, Ryo Nagase, Tatsuaki Nakatou, Shigeru Haisa, Kazuyuki Hida, Katsuhiro Miyashita, Hirofumi Makino
Objective Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are the most frequently prescribed oral hypoglycemic agents in Japan. Although a relationship between the efficacy of DPP-4 inhibitors and the body mass index (BMI) has been reported, this relationship is controversial. We investigated whether the BMI value affects the glucose-lowering efficacy of sitagliptin in obese Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods One hundred sixty-two outpatients with inadequate glycemic control were divided into four groups based on their baseline BMI values...
2017: Internal Medicine
Yu-Wei Chen, Jun-Sing Wang, Wayne H-H Sheu, Shih-Yi Lin, I-Te Lee, Yuh-Min Song, Chia-Po Fu, Chia-Lin Lee
INTRODUCTION: A high hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level are associated with greater inflammatory status, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors can suppress inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between HGI and the therapeutic effect of DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study followed 468 patients with type 2 diabetes receiving DPP-4 inhibitor treatment for 1 year. Estimated HbA1c was calculated using a linear regression equation derived from another 2969 randomly extracted patients with type 2 diabetes based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level...
2017: PloS One
Risa Takayanagi, Takumi Uchida, Koji Kimura, Yasuhiko Yamada
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are used clinically as therapeutic agents for the treatment of diabetes. To determine the rate of DPP-4 inhibition induced by these inhibitors, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters were used to theoretically examine the relationship between the rate of DPP-4 inhibition and clinical efficacy following the administration of four different DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, vildagliptin, alogliptin, linagliptin) by focusing on the increase in the level of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) induced by their administration...
May 2017: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
Giulia Buonaiuto, Valentina De Mori, Alessandra Braus, Annalisa Balini, Denise Berzi, Rita Carpinteri, Franco Forloni, Giancarla Meregalli, Gian Luca Ronco, Antonio C Bossi
OBJECTIVES: The UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Risk Engine (RE) provides the best risk estimates available for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D), so it was applied to patients on persistent sitagliptin treatment. DESIGN: A 'real-world' retrospective, observational, single-center study. SETTING: The study was performed in a general hospital in Northern Italy in order: (1) to validate UKPDS RE in a cohort of Italian participants with T2D without prespecified diabetes duration, with/without cardiovascular (CV) disease, treated with sitagliptin; (2) to confirm CV risk gender difference; (3) to evaluate the effect on metabolic control and on CV risk evolution obtained by 'add-on' persistent sitagliptin treatment...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Lucie Sromova, Petr Busek, Helena Posova, Jana Potockova, Pavel Skrha, Michal Andel, Aleksi Sedo
AIM: To assess intraindividually the effects of DPP-IV inhibition on the subpopulations of immune cells in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) patients during the course of treatment with sitagliptin. METHODS: In this open label non-randomized observational study with a control group DM2 patients were examined before the initiation of the DPP-IV inhibitor administration (sitagliptin 100mg once daily) and then after 4weeks and 12months. Inhibition of the blood plasma DPP-IV enzymatic activity was determined by a chromogenic assay, the immunophenotyping of the blood cell subpopulations was performed using flow cytometry and blood plasma cytokine concentrations were quantified using an array-based multiplex ELISA...
August 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Dongyang Liu, Xifeng Ma, Yang Liu, Huimin Zhou, Chongtie Shi, Frank Wu, Ji Jiang, Pei Hu
PURPOSE: To predict the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) profiles of imigliptin, a novel DPP-4 inhibitor, in first-in-human (FIH) study based on the data from preclinical species. METHODS: Imigliptin was intravenously and orally administered to rats, dogs, and monkeys to assess their PK/PD properties. DPP-4 activity was the PD biomarker. PK/PD profiles of sitagliptin and alogliptin in rats and humans were obtained and digitized from literatures. PK/PD profiles of all dose levels for each drug in each species were analyzed using modeling approach...
June 30, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Rasmus Skovgaard, Uffe Jon Ploug, Barnaby Hunt, William J Valentine
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that clinical outcomes for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus can be improved through multifactorial treatment. The key challenges in the successful treatment of type 2 diabetes include maintaining tight glycemic control, minimizing the risk of hypoglycemia, controlling cardiovascular risk factors, and reducing or controlling weight. The aim of the present analysis was to evaluate the cost per patient achieving a composite clinical end point (glycosylated hemoglobin <7%, with no weight gain and no hypoglycemic events) in patients with type 2 diabetes in Quebec, Quebec, Canada, receiving liraglutide 1...
August 2015: Clinical Therapeutics
Rita Mohan Dallumal, Siew Siang Chua, David Bin-Chia Wu, Shireene Ratna Vethakkan
Aim. The present study was conducted to determine the glycaemic effects of sitagliptin in type 2 diabetes patients. Methods. Data was collected from patient medical records of a major teaching hospital in Malaysia, from 2009 to 2012. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values prior to and up to 12 months after the initiation of sitagliptin were analysed. The change in HbA1c values was accounted for based on a generalized linear model generated using the Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) method. Results and Discussion...
2015: International Journal of Endocrinology
Hayam M Lotfy, Dalia Mohamed, Shereen Mowaka
Simple, specific, accurate and precise spectrophotometric methods were developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of the oral antidiabetic drugs; sitagliptin phosphate (STG) and metformin hydrochloride (MET) in combined pharmaceutical formulations. Three methods were manipulating ratio spectra namely; ratio difference (RD), ratio subtraction (RS) and a novel approach of induced amplitude modulation (IAM) methods. The first two methods were used for determination of STG, while MET was directly determined by measuring its absorbance at λmax 232 nm...
2015: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Cătălin Buiu, Speranta Avram, Daniel Duda-Seiman, Adina L Milac, Corina Duda-Seiman, Liliana Pacureanu, Florin Borcan
Xanthine-based molecules such as serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors are compounds often used in improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients and also used for their effects as mild stimulants and as bronchodilators, notably in treating asthma symptoms. Here, we aim to better understand the molecular features affecting activity of xanthine-based DPP4 inhibitors such as sitagliptin and related compounds and use these features to de novo predict improved sitagliptin derivatives...
2014: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
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