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Hadas Pahima, Pier Giorgio Puzzovio, Francesca Levi-Schaffer
The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family of receptors (SLAMF) is a group of receptors belonging to the CD2 family. It is composed of several members expressed on many hematopoietic cells. Most of the receptors interact in a homophilic fashion with neighboring cells. Their distribution and binding properties, together with their ability to function as both activating and inhibitory receptors, put them as key players in the immune system regulation. Several SLAM family receptors have been extensively investigated...
October 24, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Joseph D Malaer, Armando M Marrufo, Porunelloor A Mathew
Signaling Lymphocyte Activation Molecule (SLAM) family receptors are expressed on different types of hematopoietic cells and play important role in immune regulation in health and disease. 2B4 (CD244, SLAMF4) and CS1 (CD319, CRACC, SLAMF7) were originally identified as NK cell receptors regulating NK cell cytolytic activity. 2B4 is expressed on all NK cells, a subpopulation of T cells, monocytes and basophils. Unlike other activating and inhibitory receptors, 2B4 (CD244) interaction with its ligand CD48 has been shown to mediate both activating and inhibitory functions...
October 19, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Matthew A Dragovich, Adam Mor
The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family is comprised of nine distinct receptors (SLAMF1 through SLAMF9) that are expressed on hematopoietic cells. All of these receptors, with the exception of SLAMF4, are homotypic by nature as downstream signaling occurs when hematopoietic cells that express the same SLAM receptor interact. The SLAM family receptor function is largely controlled via SLAM associated protein (SAP) family adaptors. The SAP family adaptors consist of SAP, Ewing sarcoma associated transcript (EAT)-2, and EAT-2-related transducer (ERT)...
July 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Maria P Karampetsou, Denis Comte, Katalin Kis-Toth, Vasileios C Kyttaris, George C Tsokos
Genome-wide linkage analysis studies (GWAS) studies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) identified the 1q23 region on human chromosome 1, containing the Signaling Lymphocytic Activation Molecule Family (SLAMF) cluster of genes, as a lupus susceptibility locus. The SLAMF molecules (SLAMF1-7) are immunoregulatory receptors expressed predominantly on hematopoietic cells. Activation of cells of the adaptive immune system is aberrant in SLE and dysregulated expression of certain SLAMF molecules has been reported...
2017: PloS One
Anselm Mak, Susannah I Thornhill, Hui Yin Lee, Bernett Lee, Michael Poidinger, John E Connolly, Anna-Marie Fairhurst
The signalling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) family receptors play important roles in modulating immune responses. Previous studies in murine models and patients have suggested an association of the SLAM family (SLAMF) members with the development of autoimmunity, particularly systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Since previous investigations on CD244 expression have focussed on NK and T cells, the aim of this study was to evaluate the surface expression of major SLAMF members across monocytes and polymorphonuclear cells in an Asian SLE cohort and explore their potential associations with SLE-related disease activity and autoantibodies...
March 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Allison Cabinian, Daniel Sinsimer, May Tang, Youngsoon Jang, Bongkum Choi, Yasmina Laouar, Amale Laouar
BACKGROUND: Interactions between host immune cells and gut microbiota are crucial for the integrity and function of the intestine. How these interactions regulate immune cell responses in the intestine remains a major gap in the field. AIM: We have identified the signalling lymphocyte activation molecule family member 4 (SLAMF4) as an immunomodulator of the intestinal immunity. The aim is to determine how SLAMF4 is acquired in the gut and what its contribution to intestinal immunity is...
May 2018: Gut
Anu Chaudhary, Mara Leite, Bridget R Kulasekara, Melissa A Altura, Cassandra Ogahara, Eli Weiss, Wenqing Fu, Marie-Pierre Blanc, Michael O'Keeffe, Cox Terhorst, Joshua M Akey, Samuel I Miller
Mutations in genes encoding autophagy proteins have been associated with human autoimmune diseases, suggesting that diversity in autophagy responses could be associated with disease susceptibility or severity. A cellular genome-wide association study (GWAS) screen was performed to explore normal human diversity in responses to rapamycin, a microbial product that induces autophagy. Cells from several human populations demonstrated variability in expression of a cell surface receptor, CD244 (SlamF4, 2B4), that correlated with changes in rapamycin-induced autophagy...
July 25, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Joyce K Hu, Jordan C Crampton, Michela Locci, Shane Crotty
SAP (SH2D1A) is required intrinsically in CD4 T cells to generate germinal center responses and long-term humoral immunity. SAP binds to SLAM family receptors, including SLAM, CD84, and Ly108 to enhance cytokine secretion and sustained T cell:B cell adhesion, which both improve T follicular helper (Tfh) cell aid to germinal center (GC) B cells. To understand the overlapping roles of multiple SLAM family receptors in germinal center responses, Slamf1Δ/Δ Slamf5Δ/Δ Slamf6Δ/Δ triple gene disruption (Slamf1,5,6Δ/Δ) mice were generated using CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing to eliminate expression of SLAM (CD150), CD84, and Ly108, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Boaz Job van Driel, Gongxian Liao, Pablo Engel, Cox Terhorst
The SLAMF family (SLAMF) of cell surface glycoproteins is comprised of nine glycoproteins and while SLAMF1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 are self-ligand receptors, SLAMF2 and SLAMF4 interact with each other. Their interactions induce signal transduction networks in trans, thereby shaping immune cell-cell communications. Collectively, these receptors modulate a wide range of functions, such as myeloid cell and lymphocyte development, and T and B cell responses to microbes and parasites. In addition, several SLAMF receptors serve as microbial sensors, which either positively or negatively modulate the function of macrophages, dendritic cells, neutrophils, and NK cells in response to microbial challenges...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Katalin Kis-Toth, Denis Comte, Maria P Karampetsou, Vasileios C Kyttaris, Lakshmi Kannan, Cox Terhorst, George C Tsokos
OBJECTIVE: Engagement of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family member 4 (SLAMF4; CD244, 2B4) by its ligand SLAMF2 (CD48) modulates the function and expansion of both natural killer cells and a subset of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. Because the cytotoxicity of CD8+ T lymphocytes isolated from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is known to be impaired, the aim of this study was to assess whether the expression and function of the checkpoint regulator SLAMF4 are altered on CD8+ T cells from patients with SLE...
January 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Michael S O'Keeffe, Joo-Hye Song, Gongxian Liao, Jaime De Calisto, Peter J Halibozek, J Rodrigo Mora, Atul K Bhan, Ninghai Wang, Hans-Christian Reinecker, Cox Terhorst
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intraepithelial T lymphocyte cells (IEL) are the first immune cells to respond to pathogens; they help maintain the integrity of the epithelial barrier. We studied the function of the mouse glycoprotein Signaling Lymphocyte Activation Molecule Family receptor (SLAMF) 4 (encoded by Slamf4) on the surface of CD8αβ αβ T-cell receptor (TCR)(+) IELs, and the roles of these cells in homeostasis of the small intestine in mice. METHODS: SLAMF4(-) CD8(+) αβTCR(+) cells isolated from spleens of OT-I Rag1(-/-) mice were induced to express gut-homing receptors and transferred to C57BL/6J mice; levels of SLAMF4(+) cells were measured in small intestine tissues...
May 2015: Gastroenterology
Anna-Maria Georgoudaki, Sorosh Khodabandeh, Speranta Puiac, Catrine M Persson, Maria K Larsson, Max Lind, Oscar Hammarfjord, Tara H Nabatti, Robert P A Wallin, Ulf Yrlid, Mikael Rhen, Vinay Kumar, Benedict J Chambers
Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) receptors have an important role in the development of immune responses because of their roles, for exampe, in NK cell cytotoxicity and cytokine production by NK, T cells and myeloid cells. The SLAM receptor CD244 (2B4, SLAMf4) is expressed on a variety of immune cell types but most of its functions have been examined on NK and T cells. In the present study, we investigated expression and function of CD244 in murine subsets of dendritic cells (DCs). We report that all subsets of murine DCs examined expressed CD244, although the expression levels of CD244 varied between subsets...
July 2015: Immunology and Cell Biology
Katalin Kis-Toth, George C Tsokos
Signaling lymphocyte activation molecule family (SLAMF)2/CD48 is a coactivator and adhesion molecule on cells with hematopoietic origin. It ligates mainly SLAMF4 on effector/memory CD8(+) T cells and NK cells, suggesting a potential role during viral infection, with SLAMF2 acting as a ligand to activate SLAMF4-bearing cells. The ability of SLAMF2 to signal on its own after it is engaged and the functional consequences are largely unknown. We found that cytosolic DNA-activated dendritic cells (DCs) upregulate the expression of SLAMF2 molecules...
May 1, 2014: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Timothy J Wilson, Lee I Garner, Clive Metcalfe, Elliott King, Stefanie Margraf, Marion H Brown
SLAM family receptors regulate activation and inhibition in immunity through recruitment of activating and inhibitory SH2 domain containing proteins to immunoreceptor tyrosine based switch motifs (ITSMs). Binding of the adaptors, SAP and EAT-2 to ITSMs in the cytoplasmic regions of SLAM family receptors is important for activation. We analysed the fine specificity of SLAM family receptor phosphorylated ITSMs and the conserved tyrosine motif in EAT-2 for SH2 domain containing signalling proteins. Consistent with the literature describing dependence of CRACC (SLAMF7) on EAT-2, CRACC bound EAT-2 (KD = 0...
2014: PloS One
Christian Straub, Marie-Luise Neulen, Birgit C Viertlboeck, Thomas W Göbel
The SLAM family of membrane receptors is involved in the regulation of immune responses by controlling cytokines production, cytotoxicity as well as cell development, differentiation and proliferation, but has only been described in chickens, recently. The aim of this study was to characterize the avian homologue to mammalian SLAMF4 (CD244, 2B4), a cell surface molecule which belongs to the SLAM family of membrane receptors. We generated a SLAMF4 specific monoclonal antibody (mab) designated 8C7 and analyzed the SLAMF4 expression on cells isolated from various lymphoid organs...
February 2014: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Yovana Pacheco, Anna P McLean, Janine Rohrbach, Filippos Porichis, Daniel E Kaufmann, Daniel G Kavanagh
Various cosignaling molecules on T cells can contribute to activation, inhibition, or exhaustion, depending on context. The surface receptor signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family receptor CD244 (2B4/SLAMf4) has been shown to be capable of either inhibitory or enhancing effects upon engagement of its ligand CD48 (SLAMf2). We examined phenotypes of CD8 T cells from HIV(+) and HIV(neg) human donors, specific for HIV and/or respiratory syncytial virus. Cultured and ex vivo CD8 T cells expressed PD-1, CD244, and TIM-3...
September 1, 2013: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Christian Straub, Birgit C Viertlboeck, Thomas W Göbel
The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family of receptors is critically involved in the immune regulation of lymphocytes but has only been detected in mammals, with one member being present in Xenopus. Here, we describe the identification, cloning, and analysis of the chicken homologues to the mammalian SLAMF1 (CD150), SLAMF2 (CD48), and SLAMF4 (CD244, 2B4). Two additional chicken SLAM genes were identified and designated SLAMF3like and SLAM5like in order to stress that those two receptors have no clear mammalian counterpart but share some features with mammalian SLAMF3 and SLAMF5, respectively...
January 2013: Immunogenetics
Daniel R Brown, Silvia Calpe, Marton Keszei, Ninghai Wang, Shannon McArdel, Cox Terhorst, Arlene H Sharpe
Several genes within a syntenic region of human and mouse chromosome 1 are associated with predisposition to systemic lupus erythematosus. Analyses of lupus-prone congenic mice have pointed to an important role for the signaling lymphocyte activation molecule family (slamf)6 surface receptor in lupus pathogenesis. In this article, we demonstrate that a second member of the Slamf gene family, Slamf4 (Cd244), contributes to lupus-related autoimmunity. B6.Slamf4(-/-) mice spontaneously develop activated CD4 T cells and B cells and increased numbers of T follicular helper cells and a proportion develop autoantibodies to nuclear Ags...
July 1, 2011: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Jose De Salort, Jordi Sintes, Laia Llinàs, Jessica Matesanz-Isabel, Pablo Engel
The SLAM (CD150) family receptors are leukocyte cell-surface glycoproteins involved in leukocyte activation. These molecules and their adaptor protein SAP contribute to the effective germinal center formation, generation of high-affinity antibody-secreting plasma cells, and memory B cells, thereby facilitating long-term humoral immune response. Multi-color flow cytometric analysis was performed to determine the expression of CD48 (SLAMF2), CD84 (SLAMF5), CD150 (SLAM or SLAMF1), CD229 (Ly9 or SLAMF3), CD244 (2B4 or SLAMF4), CD319 (CRACC, CS1, or SLAMF7), and CD352 (NTB-A or SLAMF6) on human cell lines and B-cell subsets...
January 30, 2011: Immunology Letters
Beatriz Rodríguez-Bayona, Ana Ramos-Amaya, José A Brieva
Plasma cells (PCs) are specialized in antibody (Ab) production and they are, therefore, responsible for maintaining humoral immune responses. The human PC compartment is heterogeneous. PCs from inductive secondary lymphoid organs and from peripheral blood (PB) show less capability for prolonged survival and Ab production than bone marrow (BM) PCs, a pool consisting of fully mature cells. The HLDA9 workshop has allowed the use of labeled-monoclonal Abs (moAbs) recognizing a variety of recently identified lymphocyte modulatory surface receptors...
January 30, 2011: Immunology Letters
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